Friedrich von Hügel was an influential Austrian Roman Catholic layman, religious writer, Modernist theologian and Christian apologist. Friedrich von Hügel was born in Florence, Italy, in 1852, to Charles von Hügel, serving as Austrian ambassador to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, a Scottish mother, Elizabeth Farquharson, a convert to Roman Catholicism; the young Friedrich was educated and in 1867 moved with his family to England, when he was fifteen, remaining there for the rest of his life. It has been suggested that Count Felix Sumarokov-Elston, an ataman of the Kuban Cossacks, was his elder half-brother. In 1873 he married Lady Mary Catherine Herbert, daughter of the statesman Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea, by Elizabeth Ash à Court-Repington, an ardent convert to Roman Catholicism and a philanthropist. Mary, like Hügel's mother and her own, was a convert; the couple had three daughters: Gertrude and Thekla, who became a Carmelite nun. Hügel remained an Austrian citizen until he found himself to be a "hostile alien" after Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary in August 1914.
He received it in December of the same year. Hügel was a Baron of the Holy Roman Empire, an inherited title, a frequent visitor to Rome. A self-taught biblical scholar, he was fluent in French and Italian, as well as his adopted English. A master of many subjects, he never held office in the Church, nor any academic post, nor did he earn a university degree. However, he is mentioned alongside John Henry Newman as one of the most influential Roman Catholic thinkers of his day; the scope of his learning was impressive, the list of his correspondents reads like a "who's who" of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century European religious leadership. In Italy, Hügel met two future popes, Achille Ratti and Eugenio Pacelli Pius XI and Pius XII. In Milan in 1901 Ratti helped him with his research at the Ambrosiana for The Mystical Element of Religion. Hügel did much to bring the work of the philosophers Eucken and Troeltsch to the attention of the English-speaking public, despite the hostility during and after the First World War to all things Germany.
Baron von Hügel was engaged in theological discussions with a wide group of scholars associated with the turn-of-the-century Modernist controversy. "He shared with other modernists a belief that science had raised new questions for religious faith and that undermined any naïve suppositions that believers could rely purely on dogmatic authority as a source of truth." His scholarly concerns included the relationship of Christianity to history, mysticism, the philosophy of religion, the rejection of much of the immanentism in nineteenth-century theology. He was a close friend of George Tyrrell, the two would exchange and proof each other's writing. Under Pope Pius X, prompted by conservatives such as Cardinal Rafael Merry del Val, there was a backlash against many of the Modernist thinkers, Hügel attempted to negotiate a middle way of restraint, while remaining true to the principles of intellectual rigour and free enquiry; when the University of Oxford granted him an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree in 1920, it was the first time since the Reformation that a Roman Catholic had been so honoured by that university.
The University of St. Andrews, where the Hügel archives are now located, had awarded him an honorary degree in 1914. Hügel died in 1925, he was buried, with the Benedictines of Downside, beside the abbey. His tombstone in an English country churchyard bears the simple inscription: "Whom have I in heaven but Thee?" Friedrich von Hügel's major work was The Mystical Element of Religion as Studied in St. Catherine of Genoa and Her Friends. Writing in The Guardian after Hügel's death, William Temple gave his judgement of its value: It is quite arguable that this is the most important theological work written in the English language during the last half-century, its greatness, like all true greatness in this field, consists in its combination of qualities found in separation from each other. It is a masterpiece of detailed critical study, yet it is a massive presentation of fundamental principle, it is a penetrating piece of psychological analysis, while it is a great achievement in constructive philosophy.
The most striking section of it — the introduction — has so permeated the thought of our time that its leading conception has become a commonplace among many who have never read the book, or who have never heard of it. This leading conception is, of course, the necessity of three elements in any religion, to be both full and living — the mystical, the intellectual, the institutional, his statement of the necessity of each of these, of the consequent need to harmonize and balance them, is unanswerable. Hügel's The Mystical Element of Religion is a critical but appreciative philosophy of mysticism. Yet, in many ways throughout this work von Hügel counsels the reader of mysticism's potential dangers; the mystical impulse is but one of the three elements that together with the other two co
Sañjaya was an ancient Javanese dynasty that ruled the Mataram kingdom in Java during first millennium CE. The dynasty was an active promoter of Hinduism in ancient Java. According to Canggal inscription, this dynasty appears to have been founded in 732 by Sañjaya; the Canggal inscription was discovered in Southwest from the town of Magelang. This inscription was written in south Indian Tamil Pallava letters and in Sanskrit, tells about the erection of a linga on the hill in Kunjarakunja area; this area is located at a noble island called Yawadwipa, blessed with abundance of rice and gold. This inscription tells that Yawadwipa was reigned by King Sanna, whose long period of reign was marked with wisdom and virtue. After king Sanna died, the kingdom fell into disunity. Confusion was widespread due to a lost of patron. Amidst this, Sanjaya ascended to the throne, he was the son of Sannaha. Sanjaya was a king who mastered holy scriptures, martial arts, military prowess, he conquered neighboring areas around his kingdom and his wise reign blessed his land with peace and prosperity for all his subjects.
King Sanna and Sanjaya was known in Carita Parahyangan, a book from period which tells the history of Pasundan. This book mentioned that Sanna was defeated by Purbasora, king of Galuh he retreated to mount Merapi. Sanna's successor, reclaimed Sanna's kingdom and ruled West Java, Central Java, East Java, Bali, he was involved in battle with Malayu and Keling. The main theme of Carita Parahyangan corresponds to Canggal inscription; this story suggested links of the dynasty. There are some theories regarding the Sañjaya-Sailendra relationship; some scholars suggested that there is no such things as Sanjaya dynasty, since there was only one dynasty called Sailendra that ruled central Java. This theory was proposed by Poerbatjaraka and suggested that there was only one kingdom and one dynasty, he holds that Sanjaya and all of his offspring were belongs to Sailendra family that were Shivaist. Another suggests that the Sañjaya dynasty was forced to the north of Java by the Sailendra dynasty, which emerged around 778.
The evidence for this event is based on the Kalasan inscription. During this period, the Sañjaya dynasty existed next to Sailendra dynasty in Central Java, much of the period was characterized by peaceful co-existence and cooperation; the association of Sailendra with Mahayana Buddhism began after the conversion of Raja Sankhara to buddhism. The Sailendran kings, successors of Panangkaran become Mahayana Buddhist too and gave Buddhism royal patronage in Java until the end of Samaratungga reign; this theory was based on Raja Sankhara Inscription, Sojomerto inscription and Carita Parahyangan manuscript. Shivaist Hindu gain royal patronage again since the reign of Pikatan, well until the end of the Medang kingdom. Another evidence pointed that Sailendra family was using old Malay language in some of their inscriptions, which suggested Sailendra dynasty's foreign origin in Sumatra and their connections with Srivijaya; this theory holds that the Sailendras, with their strong connections to Srivijaya, managed to gain control of Central Java and imposing overlordship on the Rakais including the Sañjaya, thus incorporated the kings of Mataram Sañjaya dynasty in their bureaucracy.
The center of the dynasty court seems to be located in South Kedu. Kingdoms of Java maintain a close relationship with Champa kingdom in mainland Southeast Asia since at least the reign of Sañjaya dynasty. Like the Javanese, the Cham are Indianized Austronesian people. An example of relationship can be seen in architectural features in Cham temples, that have many similarities with architectural styles of temples in central Java, built during the reign of Sañjaya dynasty. Rakai Pikatan, the crown prince of the Sañjaya Dynasty, wedded Pramodhawardhani, a daughter of Samaratungga, king of Sailendra. From that time onwards, the influence of Sañjaya, a Hindu adherer, began to emerge in Mataram, replacing the Buddhist Sailendra. Rakai Pikatan toppled king Balaputra, son of Samaratungga the brother of Pramodhawardhani; as a result, in 850, the Sañjaya Dynasty was the sole ruler in Mataram. This ended the Sailendra presence in Central Java and Balaputra retreated to Srivijaya in Sumatra, where he became the paramount ruler.
The information about Sañjaya Dynasty is found in the Balitung inscription dated 907. According to the Balitung inscription – when a ruler died, they transformed into a divine form. From this inscriptions, the scholars estimated the possible sequence of the ruling kings of Sañjaya dynasty: Sanjaya Panangkaran Panungalan Samaragrawira Rakai Garung Rakai Pikatan Rakai Kayuwangi known as Lokapala Balitung It was during the reign of the Sañjaya dynasty, the classic Javanese literature blossomed; the translations and adaptation of classic Hindu literatures into Old Javanese was conducted, such as the Kakawin Ramayana. Around 850s, Pikatan initiated the construction of the Prambanan temple in Central Java completed and expanded extensively by king Balitung. Prambanan temple complex is one of the largest Hindu temple in Southeast-Asia and its greatness rivalled Borobudur, which happened to be the biggest Buddhist temple in the world; the successions of Sañjaya kings after Balitung are: Daksa Tulodong W
The 1919 Rose Bowl, known at the time as the Tournament East-West Football Game, was a bowl game played on January 1, 1919, at Tournament Park in Pasadena, California. It was the 5th Rose Bowl Game. With the war just over, the game was played with players from the Mare Island Marines of California and the Great Lakes Navy from Great Lakes, Illinois. With college football teams depleted due to World War I, the Pasadena Tournament of Roses decided to stage the game with military personnel. With approval from President Woodrow Wilson, they invited the team from the Marine detachment at the Mare Island Naval Base for the second consecutive year, while it was the first appearance by a Navy team from the Naval Station Great Lakes. Game MVP and future Pro Football Hall of Fame coach and Chicago Bears owner George “Papa Bear” Halas holds the Rose Bowl record for the longest non-scoring pass interception return of 77 yards
The Kitsai language is an extinct member of the Caddoan language family. The French first record the Kichai people's presence along the upper Red River in 1701. By the 1840s Kitsai was spoken in southern Oklahoma, it is thought to be most related to Pawnee. The Kichai people today are enrolled in the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes and Tawakonie), headquartered in Anadarko, Oklahoma. Kitsai's consonant inventory consists of the phonemes shown in the chart below; the phoneme /c/ is analyzed below as a palatal stop though its typical realization is alveolar with delayed release, so as to not have an affricate "series" consisting of only one phoneme. /w/ is analyzed as a velar rather than a labial so as to not be the only labial consonant. Kitsai has the following vowel phonemes: Kitsai is documented in the still mostly-unpublished field notes of anthropologist Alexander Lesser, of Hofstra University. Lesser discovered five speakers of Kitsai in 1928 and 1929, none of whom spoke English. Communicating to the Kitsai speakers through Wichita/English bilingual translators, he filled 41 notebooks with Kitsai material.
Kai Kai was the last fluent speaker of Kitsai. She was lived eight miles north of Anadarko. Kai Kai worked with Lesser to record vocabulary and oral history and prepare a grammar of the language. In the 1960s, Lesser shared his materials with Salvador Bucca of the Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires, they published scholarly articles on Kitsai; some Kitsai words include the following: Sturtevant, William C. general editor, Raymond D. Fogelson, volume editor. Handbook of North American Indians: Southeast. Volume 14. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution, 2004. ISBN 0-16-072300-0. Kitsai, Native Languages Caddoan languages and peoples
Česká Ves is a village and municipality in Jeseník District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. The municipality covers an area of 24.51 square kilometres, has a population of 2,566.Česká Ves lies 3 kilometres north of Jeseník, 74 km north of Olomouc, 200 km east of Prague. It is about 13 km from the border with Poland; the river Bělá flows through Česká Ves, during the nationwide floods in 1997, the river rose up to 6 meters and half of the village was destroyed, including part of the main street, but it has now all been reconstructed. Česká Ves lies in a small valley, surrounded by forest and hills, the highest of, Praděd. According to the Austrian census of 1910 the village had 2,434 inhabitants, 2,419 of whom had permanent residence there. According to the census, all 2,419 permant residents spoke German as their native language; the most populous religious group were Roman Catholics with 2,417
James J. Kennedy is a Democratic Party politician, serving as a member of the New Jersey General Assembly representing the 22nd Legislative District since January 2016, he served as Mayor of Rahway, New Jersey from 1991 through 2010, when he declined to seek a sixth term. Kennedy won his first nomination in the 1990 Democratic primary election, when he contested the re-election for Daniel Martin, who at the time had been mayor for 20 years. Kennedy owns a local store, Kennedy Jewelers, adversely affected by the decline of the city's downtown area during the 1970s and 1980s, he was president of the Rahway Chamber of Commerce during the 80s. While serving on the board of trustees for the Rahway YMCA, Kennedy befriended Jim McGreevey, a lawyer residing in neighboring Woodbridge who would become New Jersey's governor. After McGreevey became governor, Kennedy joined a State Street Partners, a Trenton lobbying firm founded by Rocco F. Iossa, a former aide to Republican Congressman Dennis Gallo and counselor to GOP Governor Christine Todd Whitman.
After McGreevey resigned Kennedy started a business, Skye Consulting L. L. C. which has assisted local governments, redevelopment contractors and a foreign-owned water treatment and waste management utility company. Skye Consulting has been hired by local government officials in Burlington, Bound Brook, Mount Laurel, other New Jersey communities. Kennedy has advocated privatization of municipal assets at the World Water Forum in Mexico City and Marseille. Kennedy and his wife, Lori, a kindergarten teacher who retired in June 2011, have one son, who operates the jewelry store on a day-to-day basis; the couple had another child, who died when he was two years old. Following the retirement of incumbent Democratic Assemblywoman Linda Stender in 2015, Kennedy was chosen by the local Democratic County Committees over Fanwood Mayor Colleen Mahr to succeed Stender, he won the general election alongside incumbent Jerry Green that November. Science and Technology Commerce and Economic Development Transportation and Independent Authorities Each of the 40 districts in the New Jersey Legislature has one representative in the New Jersey Senate and two members in the New Jersey General Assembly.