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Friends Provident

Friends Provident was an organisation offering life insurance based in the United Kingdom. It was founded as a mutual Friendly Society for Quakers, although it was demutualised in 2001 and became a publicly listed company, no longer linked with the Religious Society of Friends. On 29 March 2011 Friends Provident changed its trading name to Friends Life, although its registered name remains as Friends Provident; the head office was located at 100 Wood Street in London. The registered office is at Dorking in Surrey, it is a member of the Association of British Insurers and is regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. It was listed on the London Stock Exchange and a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index until being acquired by buyout firm Resolution in November 2009. F&C Asset Management demerged from Friends Provident in 2009. In 2018, it merged into its parent company Aviva, it is now part of the Aviva group. The Company was founded by Samuel Tuke and Joseph Rowntree, both Quakers, in 1832 in Bradford as the Friends Provident Institution, a friendly society for members of the Religious Society of Friends.

In 1854 it became a mutual life assurance company. In 1918 it acquired Century Insurance and in 1926 it bought Liverpool Marine & General Insurance. Policies and membership of the Friends Provident Institution were only available to Quakers until 1915; until 1983, a minimum of five members of the Board of Directors of Friends Provident had to be Quakers. Today, Friends Provident does not have any formal link with the Religious Society of Friends. In 1986 it merged with UK Provident. In 1992 it became a foundation partner in the Eureko Alliance in association with AVCB, Topdanmark and Wasa; as part of this alliance, Friends Provident passed all of its non UK subsidiaries into Eureko. In 1993 it acquired the UK operations of National Mutual of Australia and in 1998 it acquired London & Manchester Assurance. In July 2001 it went through a process of demutualisation and was first listed on the London Stock Exchange; as part of the demutualisation the Friends Provident Foundation was endowed as an independent charity.

On 21 January 2008 JC Flowers made a bid of £4bn as an informal offer for the company. Resolution resumed talks with Friends Provident in July 2009 but was rejected twice, though Friends Provident agreed to a takeover in August 2009; the £1.86 billion acquisition closed in November 2009. On 29 March 2011 Friends Provident changed its name to Friends Life; the UK Life and Pensions business markets a range of life protection, income protection and investment products for individual customers and corporate clients throughout the UK. The International Life and Pensions business operates throughout Europe and the Middle East. Trevor Matthews joined the organisation as chief executive on 30 July 2008, his annual salary for this role is £720,000. Friends Provident was the first investment house in the UK to offer a ethical investment fund called the Stewardship fund. Friends Provident Life and Pension Limited - Provides life and investment services within the UK Friends Provident Life Assurance Limited - Provides life and investment services worldwide under English and Guernsey law.

Friends Provident International Limited - Formerly Royal and Sun Alliance International but was taken over in 2003. Provides life and investment services operates under the law of the Isle of Man. Friends Provident had large offices in a number of locations including Manchester, Clyst St. Mary in Exeter and Dorking, was the second largest employer in Salisbury. There are a few smaller area offices such as those in Bristol and Preston. Internationally Friends Provident had offices in Luxembourg, Hong Kong and Dubai. In 2009 the England and Wales Cricket Board announced that Friends Provident would be the title sponsor for the new Twenty20 competition, the Friends Provident T20. In 2007 Friends Provident signed a three-year deal to sponsor the domestic one-day cricket competition, The Friends Provident Trophy. Friends Provident were the main sponsor of Southampton F. C. from 1999 to 2006 and sponsored the St Mary's Stadium, from its construction in 2001 until 2006. During this time, the venue was known as the Friends Provident St. Mary's Stadium.

Official UK site F & C official site International site Clippings about Friends Provident in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW


Moises or Moisés is a male name common among people of Iberian origin. It is the Spanish and Tagalog equivalent of the name Moses. PlacesDoctor Moisés Bertoni, a village in the Caazapá department of Paraguay Sitio Liko liko di matagpuan St. Moises Padilla, a municipality in the Negros Occidental province of the Philippines Moisés Ville, a township in the Santa Fe province of ArgentinaBuildingsEstádio Moisés Lucarelli, a football stadium in São Paulo, Brazil Moisés Benzaquen Rengifo Airport, serving Yurimaguas, Peru Moisés E. Molina High School, in Western Park, Oak Cliff Dallas, United StatesOtherUn Amor en Moisés Ville, a 2001 Argentine drama film. Notable peopleMoisés Aldape, a Mexican professional road bicycle racer Moisés Alou, a Dominican-American former outfielder in Major League Baseball Moisés Arias, an American teen actor Moises Bicentini, an association football player from Curaçao Moisés Candelario, an international football player from Ecuador Moisés da Costa Amaral, a politician from East Timor Moisés Dueñas, a Spanish road racing cyclist Moisés García León, a Spanish footballer Moisés Giroldi, a Panamanian military commander noted for his coup attempt against Manuel Noriega Moisés Girón, a Salvadoran footballer Moisés Henriques, a Portuguese-Australian professional cricketer Moisés Hurtado, a Spanish footballer Moisés Kaufman, a Venezuelan playwright and director Moisés Matias de Andrade, a Brazilian professional football player Moisés Moleiro, a Venezuelan pianist and composer Moisés Moura Pinheiro, a Brazilian footballer Moisés Muñoz, a Mexican football goalkeeper Moisés Naím, a Venezuelan economist and columnist Moises Salinas, a Mexican professor and political activist Moisés Santiago Bertoni, a Swiss botanist Moisés Silva, a Cuban-American theologian Moisés Simons, a Cuban composer and orchestra leader Moisés Solana, a racing driver from Mexico Moises Teixeira da Silva, a Brazilian criminal and escaped convict Moisés Torrealba, a Venezuelan folk musician.

Moisés Tuʻu Hereveri, a Rapa Nui leader Moisés Valle known as "Yumurí", a Cuban musician Moisés Velasco, a Mexican football midfielder Moisés Villarroel, a Chilean football midfielder Moises Wolfenson, a former Peruvian Congressman

Hal Chase

Harold Homer Chase, nicknamed "Prince Hal", was an American professional baseball first baseman and manager in Major League Baseball viewed as the best fielder at his position. During his career, he played for the New York Highlanders, Chicago White Sox, Buffalo Blues, Cincinnati Reds, New York Giants. Babe Ruth and Walter Johnson named Chase the best first baseman and contemporary reports described his glovework as outstanding, he is sometimes considered the first true star of the franchise that would become the New York Yankees. In 1981, 62 years after his last major league game, baseball historians Lawrence Ritter and Donald Honig included him in their book The 100 Greatest Baseball Players of All Time. Despite being an excellent hitter and his reputation as a peerless defensive player, Chase's legacy was tainted by a litany of corruption, he gambled on baseball games, engaged in suspicious play in order to throw games in which he played. Chase attended Santa Clara College, he signed his first contract with the Los Angeles Angels of the Class-A Pacific Coast League in 1904.

The New York Highlanders selected Chase from Los Angeles in the 1904 Rule 5 draft on October 4, 1904. Chase joined the Highlanders in 1905, held out during March 1907, threatening to sign with the outlaw California League if the Highlanders did not increase his salary. Though he agreed to join the Highlanders in April 1907, he insisted on playing in the California League during the winter. After the Highlanders fired manager Clark Griffith during the 1908 season, Chase held out and insisted he would not play for new manager Kid Elberfeld. Chase loved playing in the off season in California leagues, and nearly every year, as the major league season approached, Chase looked for a way to remain playing in California. But due to the power of the National Agreement and insufficient finances of leagues and teams in California, Chase predictably returned to his major league team in honor of his contract. Chase served as player–manager in 1910 and 1911, he signed a three-year contract with the Yankees before the 1913 season, but they traded him to the Chicago White Sox for Babe Borton and Rollie Zeider on June 1, 1913.

Before the 1914 season, Chase jumped from the White Sox to the Buffalo Blues of the Federal League. White Sox owner Charles Comiskey filed an injunction to prevent Chase from playing citing a violation of the reserve clause. Chase challenged the injunction in court and won, becoming one of the only players to challenge the reserve clause; the ensuing animosity between Comiskey and Chase would permanently bar Chase from playing again in the American League. Following a spell in the short-lived Federal League, he went to the Reds. In 1916, Chase led the NL with a.339 batting average. On February 19, 1919, the Reds traded Chase to the New York Giants for Walter Holke and Bill Rariden. Chase faced allegations of wrongdoing as early as 1910, when his manager, George Stallings, claimed that Chase was "laying down" in games, but Stallings was unpopular with the team, Chase was slated to replace Stallings at the helm. Chase prevailed in the spat and became the manager of the team, at the age of 28, in 1911, a year he hit.315 with 82 RBI.

Chase was replaced as manager by Harry Wolverton, followed by Frank Chance in 1913. Chase battled injuries. Frank Chance stated that he worried that Chase was "laying down." Chance clarified that he was referring to the question whether Chase would put forth the effort necessary to overcome the current slump. Chance benched Chase, batting.212. On June 1, the Yankees announced that Chase had been traded to the Chicago White Sox for two infielders of modest abilities, Rollie Zeider and Babe Borton. There have been claims of wrongdoing by Chase during this era. Midway through the 1918 season, Chase paid pitcher Jimmy Ring $50 to throw a game against the Giants; when the Giants went to spring training for the 1920 season, Chase was not with them. It emerged that Chase had bribed Cubs outfielder Lee Magee not to hustle in certain games; when Magee confessed this to league president John Heydler behind closed doors, Heydler told Giants manager John McGraw to release Chase. Heinie Zimmerman implicated in bribing players, was released as well.

Since no American League team would sign him, Chase was blackballed from the major leagues. Rumors of his being the middleman between the players and the gamblers in the Black Sox Scandal have never been confirmed. A Chicago grand jury indicted him for his role in the scandal, but California refused extradition because of an incorrectly issued arrest warrant. In 1920, while playing for the minor Mission League, he attempted to bribe Spider Baum, a pitcher for the Salt Lake Bees of the Pacific Coast League, to lose a game to the Los Angeles Angels, it turned out to be one of the last games. In the aftermath of the Black Sox Scandal, newly appointed Commissioner of Baseball Kenesaw Mountain Landis declared no player who threw a game or promised to throw a game would be allowed in baseball—effectively ending any realistic chance of Chase returning to the majors. Chase was recruited and hired by the Nogales Internationals to play first base and manage the club for the 1923 season. Chase played for a team in Williams, playing games in other mining towns such as Jerome.

In early March 1925, newspapers reported that Chase was negotiating with

Bachok District

The Bachok District is one of the administrative districts or jajahan in the state of Kelantan, Malaysia. Situated east and about 25 km from Kota Bharu. At present the population is predominantly Malays, with Siamese make up as minorities; the main economy is agriculture apart from fishing and working in government and private sectors. Bachok Town is the centre of administration and transportation of the district. Other smaller towns are shown in the map below are famous for their wet markets and fair price groceries for the local folk. Bachok Town or Bandar Bachok declared as The Islamic Tourism Town or Bandar Pelancongan Islam by the incumbent mentri besar of Kelantan, Tuan Guru Hj. Datuk Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat effective 7 December 2010 equivalent to 1 Muharram 1432 H. There are several versions of the origin of the name of Bachok. According to one version, Bachok was named after a person called Tok Bachok, believed to be the first settler in the area. Traders from China anchored in Pengkalan Cina in Bachok long time ago to trade silk and spices.

The more popular version of the origin of Bachok's name, according to local inhabitants, originated from two Siamese words and Chak. Ban means village and Chak means nipa; the local Siamese called and still call this place Ban Chak referring to the more populated and a much earlier settlement to the south of Bachok town, the actual Kampung Nipah today. The Bachok town was part of the larger Kampung Nipah then; the pronunciation of Ban Chak was invariably changed to Bachok to suit the local Malay accent. In exercise of the powers conferred by subsection 4 of the Local Government Act 1976, the State Authority in consultation with the Minister of Housing and Local Government and the Secretary of the Election Commission hereby after the boundaries of Bachok District Council as the areas specified in the Schedule. Kenaf is a tropical plant of the mallow family that yields a fibre resembling jute that can be used for the production of cordage and textiles. Kenaf can be harvested after 120 days and its planting cycle is three seasons annually.

According to National Tobacco Board, the pioneer batch of Kenaf-growing farmers in Kelantan have proven that the crop is a good alternative to tobacco that has become less competitive in the plantation industry. It is valued at RM15 billion; this would make Kenaf the country's major commodity by the year 2010, he said, adding that the Republic of Korea is expected to be the first importing country for Malaysias Kenaf, at 50,000 tonnes a year. The Kenaf-planting project, capable of producing 15,000 tonnes of Kenaf per hectare, provides the tobacco farmers an alternative source of income when the AFTA is enforced. Under the projects initial phase, some 1,000 hectares of land would be planted with Kenaf including 700 hectares in Kelantan. Two Kenaf-processing mills were constructed at Air Tawar in Beris Lalang; the mill, equipped with RM600,000 worth of machinery is able to process 10 tonnes of Kenaf during eight hours of operations daily. The processed Kenaf is exported to Korea; this beach is facing the South China Sea with long sandy beach.

Pantai Irama is popular among the locals and visitors and hence, during the weekends, the beach will be packed with family and children. It is a common place to hold concerts and events, it is situated along the main road of Kota Bahru. This beach is only 14 kilometres from Kota Bharu, it has public toilets, a surau and various eateries. Most of its visitors are families but singles come here as well. Bukit Marak is a village in Bachok, Malaysia, located about 24 kilometres south of the state capital Kota Bharu, it is famous as the childhood home of Puteri Saadong, thus has great significance in the history of the Sultanate of Kelantan. The village derives its name from one of the last hillocks in the district; the hill has some attractions for tourists, draws thousands of visitors every weekend both for hiking and for sightseeing. Among these are a famous pool in which Puteri Saadong was believed to have bathed, three granite rocks at the peak of the hill resembling Puteri Saadong's favourite musical instrument.

However, the hill is being negatively affected by excavation of soil for use in land reclamation. Aside from the damage to the historical site, this may introduce the danger of mudslides and landslides during the monsoon season; the state government has offered to purchase the hill from its owners in accordance with the National Heritage Act 2005, in order to prevent further damage. Founded by the late Rashiddin Nik Nik Hussein and formally established in 2000. KRC many treasures of art -oriented Malay carving art langkasuka tombstone grave, pulpit, wall decor, architecture mosques and palaces of the east coast of Malaysia and Patani, Thailand is unique with its own motives. Kampung Balai is a village in Bachok and It is located 20 kilometers southeast of Kota Bharu. While ‘’Balai’’ means ‘’hall’’ in Malay, there is no known historical correlation between the village and ‘’hall’’. However, according to local inhabitants, “Balai” is derived from ‘’Ban Malai” or ‘’flower village’’ in Thai language.

It is believed that the low-lying area where the rice field was, now planted with tobacco, was once a shallow lake filled with flowering lotus. History The Thais of this village are

Letitia Ann Sage

Letitia Ann Sage was the first British woman to fly, making her ascent on 29 June 1785, in a balloon launched by Vincenzo Lunardi from St George's Fields in London. She is thought to have been an actress, who appeared at Covent Garden in 1773, at some point lived with a haberdasher whose name she took, calling herself "Mrs Sage", she is known to have resided for a time at No. 10, Charles Street, Covent Garden. She had two sisters, who were actresses: Mrs Sarah Ward and Mrs Kate Powell. Sarah was the wife of Thomas Ward, manager of the Manchester Theatre, whilst Kate's husband was Sparks Powell. A flight was first planned by Lunardi in September 1784, when he and Mrs Sage were due to ascend from London, but, as was common in the early days of ballooning, the weight proved too great to allow the balloon - which relied on an adequate supply of hydrogen - to get off the ground, Mrs Sage was obliged to get out, her place taken by three animals: a pigeon, a cat and a dog; the original plan was for Mrs Sage and Lunardi himself to make the ascent along with his assistant and another guest, Colonel Hastings, promised a place only if the balloon proved capable of carrying four passengers.

However, the balloon was unable to take off with the weight of all three passengers, so Lunardi got out, along with Hastings, their place was taken by Lunardi's friend and assistant, George Biggin, who had financed the flight. Biggin and Mrs Sage were in the air for an hour and a half coming to rest in a farmer's field near Harrow, where they were assisted in getting down by some schoolboys. In the course of the journey they had time to eat a meal and drink some wine, discarding the bottle over the side. Mrs Sage went on to write about her experiences in a short publication titled A Letter, Addressed to a Female Friend, By Mrs. Sage, the First English Female Aerial Traveller, printed in the year and sold at a price of one shilling. A depiction of the balloon flight, showing three passengers, had been created in advance by John Francis Rigaud. Mrs Sage gained some notoriety for her achievement, but by 1804 she was working at Sadler’s Wells Theatre, under the name of "Mrs Robinson", as a dresser and wardrobe keeper for Charles Dibdin the younger.

From there, she moved on to the Crow Street Theatre, to Drury Lane. Nothing is heard of her after 1817


Vezia is a municipality in the district of Lugano in the canton of Ticino in Switzerland. Vezia has an area, as of 1997, of 1.39 square kilometers. Of this area, 0.68 km2 or 48.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.39 km2 or 28.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.68 km2 or 48.9% is settled. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 2.9% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 26.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 15.1%. While parks, green belts and sports fields made up 4.3%. Out of the forested land, 23.0% of the total land area is forested and 5.0% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 16.5% is used for growing crops, while 5.8% is used for orchards or vine crops and 26.6% is used for alpine pastures. The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent a rose azure barbed and on a stalk with two yet branches leaved vert and in the chief gules a cross of the first. Vezia has a population of 1,914; as of 2008, 25.5% of the population are resident foreign nationals.

Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 18.8%. Most of the population speaks Italian, with German being second most French being third. Of the Swiss national languages, 96 speak German, 29 people speak French, 1,347 people speak Italian, 3 people speak Romansh; the remainder speak another language. As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 51.3 % female. The population was made up of 669 Swiss men, 281 non-Swiss men. There were 798 Swiss women, 202 non-Swiss women. In 2008 there were 21 live births to Swiss citizens and 4 births to non-Swiss citizens, in same time span there were 7 deaths of Swiss citizens and 3 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 14 while the foreign population increased by 1. There were 1 Swiss woman who immigrated back to Switzerland. At the same time, there were 6 non-Swiss men and 1 non-Swiss woman who immigrated from another country to Switzerland; the total Swiss population change in 2008 was an increase of 40 and the non-Swiss population change was an increase of 5 people.

This represents a population growth rate of 2.4%. The age distribution, as of 2009, in Vezia is. Of the adult population, 207 people or 10.6 % of the population are between 29 years old. 302 people or 15.5% are between 30 and 39, 348 people or 17.8% are between 40 and 49, 253 people or 13.0% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 238 people or 12.2% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 132 people or 6.8% are between 70 and 79, there are 71 people or 3.6% who are over 80. As of 2000, there were 671 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.3 persons per household. In 2000 there were 200 single family homes out of a total of 353 inhabited buildings. There were 50 multi-family buildings. There were 27 buildings in the municipality that were multipurpose buildings; the vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2008, was 0.24%. In 2000 there were 733 apartments in the municipality; the most common apartment size was the 4 room apartment of which there were 237.

There were 177 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 663 apartments were permanently occupied, while 58 apartments were seasonally occupied and 12 apartments were empty; as of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 11.8 new units per 1000 residents. The historical population is given in the following chart: S. Martino, a medieval settlement and place of worship and the Villa Negroni with its park are listed as Swiss heritage site of national significance. In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the FDP; the next three most popular parties were the CVP, the Ticino League and the SP. In the federal election, a total of 554 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 49.1%. In the 2007 Gran Consiglio election, there were a total of 1,104 registered voters in Vezia, of which 712 or 64.5% voted. 11 blank ballots and 2 null ballots were cast. The most popular party was the PLRT which received 27.0 % of the vote. The next three most popular parties were.

In the 2007 Consiglio di Stato election, 8 blank ballots were cast, leaving 704 valid ballots in the election. The most popular party was the LEGA which received 27.1 % of the vote. The next three most popular parties were; as of 2007, Vezia had an unemployment rate of 4.23%. As of 2005, there were 29 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 2 businesses involved in this sector. 131 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 18 businesses in this sector. 599 people were employed with 80 businesses in this sector. There were 773 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 41.8% of the workforce. In 2000, there were 637 workers who commuted into the mu