From Hell is a graphic novel by writer Alan Moore and artist Eddie Campbell published in serial form from 1989 to 1998. The full collection was published in 1999 by Top Shelf Productions. Set during the Whitechapel murders of the late Victorian era, the novel speculates upon the identity and motives of Jack the Ripper; the novel depicts several true events surrounding the murders, although portions have been fictionalised the identity of the killer and the precise nature and circumstances of the murders. The title is taken from the first words of the "From Hell" letter, which some authorities believe was an authentic message sent from the killer in 1888; the collected edition is 572 pages long. The 2000 and editions are the most common prints; the comic was loosely adapted into a film, released in 2001. In 2000, the graphic novel was banned in Australia for several weeks after customs officers seized copies of the seventh issue from a shipment intended for Quality Comics. From Hell was serialized as one of several features in Taboo, an anthology comic book published by Steve Bissette's Spiderbaby Grafix.
After running in Taboo #2–7, Moore and Campbell moved the project to its own series, published first by Tundra Publishing by Kitchen Sink Press. The series was published in ten volumes between 1991 and 1996, an appendix, From Hell: The Dance of the Gull-catchers, was published in 1998; the entire series was collected in a trade paperback and published by Eddie Campbell Comics in 1999. A colorized Master Edition was serialized starting in September 2018. From Hell takes as its premise Stephen Knight's theory that the Jack the Ripper murders were part of a conspiracy to conceal the birth of an illegitimate royal baby fathered by Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence modified: the involvement of Walter Sickert is reduced, Knight's allegation that the child's mother was a Catholic has been dropped. Knight's theories have been described as "a good fictional read" whose "conclusions have been disproved numerous times". In an appendix added to the collected From Hell, Moore writes that he did not accept Knight's theory at face value, but considered it an interesting starting point for his own fictional examination of the Ripper murders, their era and impact.
However, in the serialised publication of Dance of the Gull-Catchers Moore included an "author's statement" which consisted of a blown-up panel from the prologue, depicting the psychic Robert James Lees confessing that although his visions were fraudulent, they were accurate: "I made it all up, it all came true anyway. That's the funny part."Moore and Campbell conducted significant research to ensure plausibility and verisimilitude. The collected From Hell features over forty pages of page-by-page notes and references, indicating which scenes are based wholly on Moore's own imagination and which are based upon specific named sources. Moore's opinions on the reliability of those references are indicated; the annotations are followed by an epilogue in comics format, The Dance of the Gull-Catchers, in which Moore and Campbell expand on the various theories of the Ripper crimes and the likelihood—or rather, the near-impossibility—of the true identity of the culprit being established. Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence known as Prince Eddy and fathers a child with Annie Crook, a shop girl in London's East End.
Prince Eddy had visited the area under an assumed name and Annie is unaware of her husband's royal position. Queen Victoria becomes aware of the marriage and has Albert separated forcibly from his wife, whom she places in an asylum. Victoria instructs her royal physician Sir William Gull to impair Annie's sanity, which he does by damaging or impairing her thyroid gland; the prince's daughter is taken to Annie's parents by the artist Walter Sickert, a friend of Eddy's who had accompanied him on his trips to the East End. Annie's father believes the child to be his through an incestuous relationship with his daughter. Sickert reluctantly leaves the child with Annie's parents; the scandalous matter is resolved, until a group of prostitutes — Annie's friends Mary Kelly, Polly Nichols, Anne Chapman, Liz Stride — who are aware of the illegitimate child and its royal connections, attempt to blackmail Sickert to pay off a gang of thugs who are threatening them. After Queen Victoria learns of the blackmail attempt, Gull is once again enlisted, this time to silence the group of women who are threatening the crown.
The police are complicit in the crimes — they are granted prior knowledge of Gull's intentions, are adjured not to interfere until the plot is completed. Gull, a high-ranking Freemason, begins a campaign of violence against the four women in Whitechapel, brutally murdering them with the aid of a carriage driver, John Netley. While he justifies the murders by claiming they are a Masonic warning to an apparent Illuminati threat to the throne, the killings are, in Gull's mind, part of an elaborate mystical ritual to ensure male societal dominance over women. While targeting Kelly, Gull kills Catherine Eddowes, using Kelly's name as an alias; as the killings progress, Gull becomes more and more psychologically unhinged, until he has a full psychic vision of the future while murdering a woman he believes to be Kelly. The story serves as an in-depth character study of Gull. Though rooted in factual biographical details of Gull's life, Moore admitted taki
Francis Lewis Clark was a prominent American industrialist. He disappeared on a business trip to California. In 1884 F. Lewis Clark established the C.&O. Mill and Elevator, the largest flouring mill in the Pacific Northwest. Mr. Clark was a founder of the America's Cup race, sold the land and carried the contract for Louis Davenport to build his famed Davenport Hotel. In 1898 Lewis Clark and his wife Winifred Clark retained the services of noted architect Kirtland Cutter to design a mansion on 7th Avenue in Spokane, Washington; this 14,400-square-foot mansion is used for offices, retains its natural woodwork and original features. In 1910 Clark constructed a second mansion on Idaho, as a summer home; the "Honeysuckle Lodge" was the most expensive home in Idaho at the time. This home is a country inn known as The Clark House; the house was designed by George Canning Wales of Boston. On May 10, 1904, Clark was a defendant in the case of "Chemung Mining Co vs Hanley."In 1906, Clark was vice-president of Spokane's Inland Railway Island Co.
On January 16, 1914, F. Lewis Clark, his chauffeur and valet drove Winifred Clark to the train station; the train was scheduled to depart at 11:30 p.m. Lewis Clark kissed his wife goodbye, left the train and walked to the limousine, he walked into the night. Clark mysteriously was never heard from again. According to a New York Times article from two days he was'believed by police to have committed suicide by jumping from a pier' in Santa Barbara, his hat had been found in the water. However, his body was never found. Winifred tried to manage the estate but by 1922 she was forced to sell all of her possessions. List of people who disappeared The Clark House
Bernard Coutaz was a French musical publisher, founder of the Harmonia Mundi label. Coutaz was born into a working-class family in Saint-Auban-sur-l'Ouvèze and studied at the Salesians of Don Bosco, but was asked to leave in 1945, during his novitiate, for having organized a Marxist study group. In the 1950s he became a journalist with the n'Témoignage chrétien. During this period Coutaz was an editor at Éditions ouvrières. At some time during this period Bernard Coutaz met Rudolf Ruby, a German sharing Coutaz' interests first in books in music. In 1958 Coutaz founded Harmonia Mundi, an independent label specializing in classical music in Paris with 26,50F in the bank. In the same year, or 1959, Rudolf Ruby founded Deutsche Harmonia Mundi in Freiburg-im-Breisgau; the name Harmonia Mundia was shared and each distributed the recordings of the other. The link was maintained until first BASF EMI, bought into the German label finally, DHM became part of BMG and Sony. In 1962 Coutaz relocated to Saint-Michel-l'Observatoire in Provence.
The label's first recording was of Slavonic liturgy sung by French monks. This was followed by a series dedicated to historic organs, for which Coutaz toured France and Germany with his recording equipment in his Citroën 2CV. A significant breakthrough occurred after hearing Alfred Deller in concert at Avignon. In a much recounted story Coutaz drove Deller to his farm, after a night of music and goat's cheese, by dawn Deller was convinced to join the Harmonia Mundi label. Deller's account of their first meeting, shows Coutaz' initial approach to artist management. "Then in 1967 the Consort was giving a concert in Avignon and Bernard Coutaz, head of Harmonia Mundi, came up afterwards and said he'd like to record us. We arranged things so as to start a small company within Deller Records. I would be the artistic director, Coutaz would handle the business..."The success of Deller's recordings, the artist-first management style of Coutaz and his wife Eva, attracted other loyal recording artists among them Philippe Herreweghe, René Jacobs, the Ensemble Clément Janequin.
Coutaz published the early recordings of Les Arts Florissants of William Christie. Many of Konrad Junghänel's first recordings were with Harmonia Mundi, to whom his Cantus Cölln came from DHM-BMG in 1997. Andreas Scholl was another artist to start with return to, Harmonia Mundi. Harmonia Mundia U. S. A. was set up in 1982 to distribute and record and manage artists in North America, among them Anonymous 4. Harmonia mundi Ibèrica performs a similar role in Spain and Portugal, as distributor and producer of local recordings such as Toldra's Catalan zarzuela El giravolt de maig. Éditions Bernard Coutaz publishes fiction. Bernard Coutaz was made Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur in 1993 and officier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. In 2009 he was awarded a Special Award by Gramophone Magazine, he died in Arles in 2010. Novels: 1952: Les dents agacées. Éditions de Témoignage chrétien 1953: Quand les ventres parlent. Éditions de Témoignage chrétien 1955: Civilisations, je vous hais! Éditions de la Table ronde.
1956: La Peur du gendarme. Éditions ouvrières. Journalism: 1956: Des "filles" vous parlent. Colette Coutaz, Bernard Coutaz, André Malary. Significant recordings: 1958 Chants de la Liturgie slavonne: Choeur des Moines de Chevetogne - Dom Grégoire Bainbridge, O. S. B. Dir. Harmonia mundi HMO 30.567 LP, mono. 1959- Orgues historiques d'Europe. Organists including Francis Chapelet, Michel Chapuis and René Saorgin. Purcell King Arthur. Alfred Deller Series: Harmonia Mundi Les Nouveaux Interprètes - debut recordings of young artists. BBC Music Magazine Obituary Gramophone Magazine obituary