Svendborg is a town on the island of Funen in south-central Denmark, and the seat of Svendborg Municipality. With a population of 26,672, Svendborg is Funens second largest city, in 2000 Svendborg was declared Town of the year in Denmark, and in 2003 it celebrated its 750th anniversary as a market town. By road, Svendborg is located 195 kilometres southwest of Copenhagen,183 kilometres south of Aarhus,44.2 kilometres south of Odense, Svendborg is home to the “Naturama” museum, which holds a wide variety of stuffed animals from birds to bears. The largest container company in the world, A. P. Møller-Mærsk has its origins in Svendborg. In the light of discoveries, Svendborg appears to have been established in the first half of the 12th century or even earlier. Located at the head of a bay, the natural harbour encouraged seafaring, the first recorded mention of Svendborg occurred in 1229 in a deed of gift by Valdemar the Victorious, where he refers to the fortification as Swinæburgh. The name is thought to consist of the elements svin meaning pig, in 1236, the Greyfriars monastery in Svendborg was established.
The Greyfriars would be part of the city for the next 300 years, the ruins of the monastery were partly excavated beside the railway in 2007. In 1253, the city was granted town privileges by King Christopher I. In the Middle Ages, the city was fortified with walls, the defense system included a few of forts. Most historical facts about the defense system, including the locations of fortifications, are disputed. In spite of this, it is a theory that the three towers in the coat of arms are the three fortifications. Thanks to its seafarers, in the late Middle Ages Svendborg became one of the most important trading centres in Scandinavia, during the time of the Protestant reformation and the Counts Feud in the 1530s, the citizens of Svendborg joined forces with the King. Ørkild Castle, located just east of Svendborg, was property of the bishop of Odense, the tension resulted in the castle being seized and burned down by an angry mob in collaboration with the Kings forces. The Kings forces would later, after ending their campaign on Funen, return to pillage.
After 1536, Svendborg went through a period of progress becoming the islands main port. But it would not last for long, in the following 250 years, the city faced various setbacks in its development, such as plague, a major fire, and the effects of the Swedish wars when Svendborgs ships were destroyed. It was not until the end of the war with England, the population grew from a mere 1,942 people in 1801 to more than 11,500 in 1901
Nyborg is a city in central Denmark, located in Nyborg Municipality on the island of Funen and with a population of 16,528. Nyborg is one of the 14 large municipalities created on 1 January 2007 and this change boosted the population of Nyborg Municipality from around 18,000 to 31,009. Nyborg was first mentioned in 1193 in the history of Denmark as Nyborg Castle, which exists today. In the 17th century, Nyborg was one of three major, fortified towns in Denmark, together with Fredericia and Copenhagen, each was placed near an important body of water - in Nyborgs case, the Great Belt. In 1659 the city was captured by the Swedes and relieved by a fleet sent by the Dutch, Denmarks allies. In 1867 the fortress was abolished and the town expanded beyond the ramparts, much of the towns southern ramparts were destroyed in this process and converted into residential areas. The western and much of the ramparts still exist and form the scene of an annual theatre known as Nyborg Voldspil. From 1183 to 1413 it was the place for Danehoffet.
Nyborg is therefore considered Denmarks capital during this period, christian II of Denmark was born at Nyborg Castle. In 2005, plans about expanding Nyborg Harbour came to life and Nyborg Harbour, Nyborg church - or Church of Our Lady, which is the real name - was built between 1388–1428 and was dedicated to Jesus mother, Mary, on the opening during Pentecost 1428. The church has two organs, the main organ, built in 1973 by organ builder Poul-Gerhard Andersen. The crucifix is the piece of inventory in the church. The Gothic crucifix is decorated with leaves, symbolizing the crucifix as a tree of life. Kołobrzeg, Poland Sandnes, Norway Mariestad, Sweden Nyborg municipality Nyborg Council History of Nyborg in Danish Site for Østfyn municipality
Langeland is a Danish island located between the Great Belt and Bay of Kiel. The island measures 285 km2 and, as of 1 January 2010, has a population of 13,277, the island produces grain and is known as a recreational and wellness tourism area. A bridge connects it to Tåsinge via Siø - a small island with a population of approx,20 - and the main island of Funen. There are connections by car ferry to the islands of Lolland, Ærø, the island is a municipality. On 30 March 1914, the vessel SS Fanny docked at Langeland, the cache had been purchased by Major Frederick Hugh Crawford for the Ulster Unionist Council to equip the Ulster Volunteer Force in Ireland. Danish customs officials suspected that the cargo might have contained weapons to arm militant Icelandic home rulers who sought independence from Denmark, however the SS Fanny cut loose, escaped in a gale and sailed out of Danish territorial waters. The weapons cache would land in Larne on the north-east coast of Ireland in what known as the Larne gun-running.
List of Danish islands Official tourist information site for Langeland Travel guide to Langeland
Canals and navigations are human-made channels for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles. In the vernacular, both are referred to as canals, and in most cases, the works will have a series of dams. These areas are referred to as water levels, often just called levels. In contrast, a canal cuts across a drainage divide atop a ridge, many canals have been built at elevations towering over valleys and others water ways crossing far below. Cities need a lot of water and many canals with sources of water at a higher level can deliver water to a destination where there is a lack of water. The Roman Empires Aqueducts were such water supply canals, a navigation is a series of channels that run roughly parallel to the valley and stream bed of an unimproved river. A navigation always shares the drainage basin of the river, a vessel uses the calm parts of the river itself as well as improvements, traversing the same changes in height. A true canal is a channel that cuts across a drainage divide, most commercially important canals of the first half of the 19th century were a little of each, using rivers in long stretches, and divide crossing canals in others.
This is true for many canals still in use, there are two broad types of canal, Waterways and navigations used for carrying vessels transporting goods and people. These can be subdivided into two kinds, Those connecting existing lakes, other canals or seas and oceans and those connected in a city network, such as the Canal Grande and others of Venice Italy, the gracht of Amsterdam, and the waterways of Bangkok. Aqueducts, water canals that are used for the conveyance and delivery of potable water for human consumption, municipal uses, hydro power canals. Historically canals were of importance to commerce and the development, growth. In 1855 the Lehigh Canal carried over 1.2 million tons of burning anthracite coal, by the 1930s the company which built. By the early 1880s, canals which had little ability to compete with rail transport, were off the map. In the next couple of decades, coal was diminished as the heating fuel of choice by oil. Later, after World War I when motor-trucks came into their own, Canals are built in one of three ways, or a combination of the three, depending on available water and available path, Human made streams A canal can be created where no stream presently exists.
Either the body of the canal is dug or the sides of the canal are created by making dykes or levees by piling dirt, the water for the canal must be provided from an external source, like streams or reservoirs. Where the new waterway must change elevation engineering works like locks, lifts or elevators are constructed to raise, examples include canals that connect valleys over a higher body of land, like Canal du Midi, Canal de Briare and the Panama Canal
Hans Christian Febiger was an American Revolutionary War commander, confidante of General George Washington and an original member of the Society of the Cincinnati. Known by the moniker Old Denmark, Febiger served as Treasurer of Pennsylvania from November 13,1789 until his death, hans Christian Febiger was born in Faaborg on the island of Funen in Denmark. He was the son of organist Jørgen Mathiasen Fibiger and Sophie Dorthea Pedersdatter Østrup, in 1772 Febiger traveled to the American colonies and was engaged in several businesses when the American Revolution started. Febiger joined with the Massachusetts Militia on 28 April 1775 following the Lexington Alarm where he fell under the command of Col. Samuel Gerrish, Febiger next became engaged in the Battle of Bunker Hill and proved a capable commander at several battles throughout New England. Febiger was soon appointed to accompany General Benedict Arnold on his Quebec Expedition. During the raid on December 31,1775, Febiger was taken prisoner by the British and held captive in, after his release, Febiger re-joined the Continental forces as the lieutenant colonel of the 11th Virginia Regiment under the command of Col.
Daniel Morgan. Febiger and his regiment fought with the Continental Army in the Philadelphia campaign before moving on to other engagements, in parts of the American Revolutionary War Col. Febiger commanded the 2nd Virginia Regiment through several significant battles. As with most of his service, Febiger distinguished himself as master of the stores. Febiger is listed in a February 1942 newspaper article under the Ripleys Believe it or Not, section as having been the only soldier who took part in every important battle of the Revolutionary War from Bunker Hill to Yorktown. Colonel Febiger finally retired from duty, following eight years of service to the Revolutionary cause. He was officially discharged from the Continental Army on November 30, during that period, the Continental Congress conferred to Febiger the rank of Brigadier General by brevet. Febiger, never assumed that title saying, it is more to ones business advantages in America to be known as Colonel. Following the war, he settled in Philadelphia and engaged in business ventures.
Febiger joined the Virginia branch of the Society of the Cincinnati, according to the Sons of the American Revolution, Pennsylvania Society, Febiger is buried in the historic Mount Vernon Cemetery in Philadelphia. Col. Febiger was married to the former Elizabeth Carson and though they had no issue by marriage, they adopted Mrs. Febigers nephew. Febiger was the grandfather of the Civil War hero, Admiral John Carson Febiger who became Commandant of the Washington Navy Yard and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery, James Grant, John, eds. Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. VI The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, I Christian Febiger Bio Salmonsens konversationsleksikon Anden Udgave / Bind VII, p.939 The Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries,1881 The Writings of George Washington,1889
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, the Baltic countries, and the North European Plain. It includes the Gulf of Bothnia, the Bay of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland, the Gulf of Riga, the sea stretches from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 10°E to 30°E longitude. The Baltic Sea is connected by waterways to the White Sea via the White Sea Canal. Traffic history Historically, the Kingdom of Denmark collected Sound Dues from ships at the border between the ocean and the land-locked Baltic Sea and they were collected in the Øresund at Kronborg castle near Helsingør, in the Great Belt at Nyborg. In the Little Belt, the site of intake was moved to Fredericia, the narrowest part of Little Belt is the Middelfart Sund near Middelfart. Oceanography Geographers widely agree that the physical border of the Baltic is a line drawn through the southern Danish islands, Drogden-Sill. The Drogden Sill is situated north of Køge Bugt and connects Dragør in the south of Copenhagen to Malmö, it is used by the Øresund Bridge, including the Drogden Tunnel.
By this definition, the Danish Straits are part of the entrance, but the Bay of Mecklenburg, another usual border is the line between Falsterbo and Stevns Klint, Denmark, as this is the southern border of Øresund. Its the border between the shallow southern Øresund and notably deeper water and biology Drogden Sill sets a limit to Øresund and Darss Sill, and a limit to the Belt Sea. The shallow sills are obstacles to the flow of salt water from the Kattegat into the basins around Bornholm. The Kattegat and the southwestern Baltic Sea are well oxygenated and have a rich biology, the remainder of the Sea is brackish, poor in oxygen and in species. While Tacitus called it Mare Suebicum after the Germanic people called the Suebi, the origin of the latter name is speculative. Adam of Bremen himself compared the sea with a belt, stating that it is so named because it stretches through the land as a belt and he might have been influenced by the name of a legendary island mentioned in the Natural History of Pliny the Elder.
Pliny mentions an island named Baltia with reference to accounts of Pytheas and it is possible that Pliny refers to an island named Basilia in On the Ocean by Pytheas. Baltia might be derived from belt and mean near belt of sea, others have suggested that the name of the island originates from the Proto-Indo-European root *bhel meaning white, fair. This root and its meaning were retained in both Lithuanian and Latvian. On this basis, a related hypothesis holds that the name originated from this Indo-European root via a Baltic language such as Lithuanian, yet another explanation is that the name originally meant enclosed sea, bay as opposed to open sea. Some Swedish historians believe the name derives from the god Balder of Nordic mythology, in the Middle Ages the sea was known by variety of names
North Jutlandic Island
The North Jutlandic Island, Vendsyssel-Thy, or simply Jutland north of the Limfjord are lesser-used names for the northernmost part of Denmark and of Jutland. It is more common to refer to the three traditional districts Vendsyssel and Thy, although the area is separated from mainland Jutland by the Limfjord, it is traditionally regarded as a part of Jutland rather than an island. Geographically, it is the second largest island of Denmark after Zealand with a population of 296,700 on 1 January 2014, danes rarely refer to the area as a whole, but more often to the three constituent districts or to North Jutland. The adjectives nordenfjords and søndenfjords are commonly used, meaning north and south of the Fjord, the names can all be considered ad hoc creations, as a traditional name for the island as a geographical unity is lacking. The North Jutlandic Island was formerly an island, connected to the Jutland Peninsula by the narrow sand tombolo of Agger Tange between c.1200 and 1825. The area became an island again on 3 February 1825, when the North Sea broke through the Agger Tange in its far southwest, cutting off the area from mainland Jutland, the current separator is the Thyborøn Channel which was created slightly further south by a flood in 1862.
The original Agger Channel filled up with sand in 1877, the syssel was a medieval sub-division which is regarded as the oldest administrative unity in Denmark, existing since prehistoric times. The North Jutlandic Island was divided two of these and Vendsyssel. Ecclesiastically, the North Jutlandic Island is the core of the Diocese of Aalborg, in traditional terms, the westernmost part of the island, Thy, is considered part of Northern and Western Jutland simultaneously. The term North West Jutland refers to Thy, area,4,685 km² Population,296,700 Vendsyssel Hanherred Thy Traditional districts of Denmark List of islands of Denmark Media related to Nørrejyske Ø at Wikimedia Commons
Jutland, known as the Cimbric or Cimbrian Peninsula, is a peninsula of Northern Europe that forms the continental portion of Denmark and the northern portion of Germany. The names are derived from the Jutes and the Cimbri, jutlands terrain is relatively flat, with open lands, heaths and peat bogs in the west and a more elevated and slightly hilly terrain in the east. Jutland is a peninsula bounded by the North Sea to the west, the Skagerrak to the north and historically, Jutland comprises the regions of South Jutland, West Jutland, East Jutland and North Jutland. There are several subdivisions and regional names, some of which are still occasionally encountered today. They include Nørrejyllland, Sydvestjylland and Slesvig, Jutland was regulated by the Law Code of Jutland. This civic code covered the Jutland Peninsula from the north of the River Eider to Funen as well as the North Jutlandic Island. The Danish part of Jutland is currently divided into three regions, North Denmark Region, Central Denmark Region and Region of Southern Denmark.
These three regions have an area of 29,775 km2, a population of 2,599,104. The northernmost part of Jutland is separated from the mainland by the Limfjord and this area is called the North Jutlandic Island, Vendsyssel-Thy or simply Jutland north of the Limfjord, it is only partly co-terminous with the North Jutland region. Inhabitants of Als would agree to be South Jutlanders, but not necessarily Jutlanders, the Danish Wadden Sea Islands and the German North Frisian Islands stretch along the southwest coast of Jutland in the German Bight. Jutland has historically been one of the three lands of Denmark, the two being Scania and Zealand. Before that, according to Ptolemy, Jutland or the Cimbric Chersonese was the home of Teutons, many Angles and Jutes migrated from Continental Europe to Great Britain starting in c.450 AD. The Angles themselves gave their name to the new emerging kingdoms called England and this is thought by some to be related to the invasion of Europe by the Huns from Asia. Saxons and Frisii migrated to the region in the part of the Christian era.
Old Saxony was on referred to as Holstein, during the First World War, the Battle of Jutland in the North Sea west of Jutland was one of the largest naval battles in history. In this pitched battle, the British Royal Navy engaged the Imperial German Navy, the British fleet sustained greater losses, but remained in control of the North Sea, so in strategic terms, most historians regard Jutland either as a British victory or as indecisive. The distinctive Jutish dialects differ substantially from standard Danish, especially West Jutlandic, dialect usage, although in decline, is better preserved in Jutland than in eastern Denmark, and Jutlander speech remains a stereotype among many Copenhageners and eastern Danes. Administratively, Danish Jutland comprises three of Denmarks five regions, namely the Region Nordjylland, Region Midtjylland and the half of Region of Southern Denmark