Stuttgart is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Stuttgart is located on the Neckar river in a fertile valley known locally as the "Stuttgart Cauldron." It lies an hour from the Black Forest. Its urban area has a population of 609,219, making it the sixth largest city in Germany. 2.7 million people live in the city's administrative region and another 5.3 million people in its metropolitan area, making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Germany. The city and metropolitan area are ranked among the top 20 European metropolitan areas by GDP. Since the 6th millennium BC, the Stuttgart area has been an important agricultural area and has been host to a number of cultures seeking to utilize the rich soil of the Neckar valley; the Roman Empire conquered the area in 83 AD and built a massive castrum near Bad Cannstatt, making it the most important regional centre for several centuries. Stuttgart's roots were laid in the 10th century with its founding by Liudolf, Duke of Swabia, as a stud farm for his warhorses.
Overshadowed by nearby Cannstatt, the town grew and was granted a charter in 1320. The fortunes of Stuttgart turned with those of the House of Württemberg, they made it the capital of their county and kingdom from the 15th century to 1918. Stuttgart prospered despite setbacks in the Thirty Years' War and devastating air raids by the Allies on the city and its automobile production during World War II. However, by 1952, the city had bounced back and it became the major economic, industrial and publishing centre it is today. Stuttgart is a transport junction, possesses the sixth-largest airport in Germany. Several major companies are headquartered in Stuttgart, including Porsche, Mercedes-Benz, Daimler AG, Dinkelacker. Stuttgart is unusual in the scheme of German cities, it is spread across a variety of hills and parks. This surprises visitors who associate the city with its reputation as the "cradle of the automobile"; the city's tourism slogan is "Stuttgart offers more". Under current plans to improve transport links to the international infrastructure, the city unveiled a new logo and slogan in March 2008 describing itself as "Das neue Herz Europas".
For business, it describes itself as "Where business meets the future". In July 2010, Stuttgart unveiled a new city logo, designed to entice more business people to stay in the city and enjoy breaks in the area. Stuttgart is a city with a high number of immigrants. According to Dorling Kindersley's Eyewitness Travel Guide to Germany, "In the city of Stuttgart, every third inhabitant is a foreigner." 40% of Stuttgart's residents, 64% of the population below the age of five, are of immigrant background. Stuttgart nicknamed the "Schwabenmetropole" in reference to its location in the centre of Swabia and the local dialect spoken by the native Swabians, has its etymological roots in the Old High German word Stuotgarten, or "stud farm", because the city was founded in 950 AD by Duke Liudolf of Swabia to breed warhorses; the most important location in the Neckar river valley was the hilly rim of the Stuttgart basin at what is today Bad Cannstatt. Thus, the first settlement of Stuttgart was a massive Roman Castra stativa built c. 90 AD to protect the Villas and vineyards blanketing the landscape and the road from Mogontiacum to Augusta Vindelicorum.
As with many military installations, a settlement sprang up nearby and remained there after the Limes moved further east. When they did, the town was left in the capable hands of a local brickworks that produced sophisticated architectural ceramics and pottery; when the Romans were driven back past the Rhine and Danube rivers in the 3rd century by the Alamanni, the settlement temporarily vanished from history until the 7th century. In 700, Duke Gotfrid mentions a "Chan Stada" in a document regarding property. Archaeological evidence shows that Merovingian era Frankish farmers continued to till the same land the Romans did. Cannstatt is mentioned in the Abbey of St. Gall's archives as "Canstat ad Neccarum" in 708; the etymology of the name "Cannstatt" is not clear, but as the site is mentioned as condistat in the Annals of Metz, it is derived from the Latin word condita, suggesting that the name of the Roman settlement might have had the prefix "Condi-." Alternatively, Sommer suggested that the Roman site corresponds to the Civitas Aurelia G attested to in an inscription found near Öhringen.
There have been attempts at a derivation from a Gaulish *kondâti- "confluence". In 950 AD, Duke Liudolf of Swabia, son of the current Holy Roman Emperor Otto I, decided to establish a stud farm for his cavalry during the Hungarian invasions of Europe on a widened area of the Nesenbach river valley 5 kilometres south of the old Roman castrum; the land and title of Duke of Swabia remained in Liudolf's hands until his rebellion was quashed by his father four years later. In 1089, Bruno of Calw built the precursor building to the Old Castle. Stuttgart's viticulture, first documented in the Holy Roman Empire in the year 1108 AD
Toyama is the capital city of Toyama Prefecture, located on the coast of the Sea of Japan in the Chūbu region on central Honshū, about 200 km north of the city of Nagoya and 300 km northwest of Tokyo. As of 28 February 2018, the city had an estimated population of 417,878 in 176,643 households, a population density of 337 persons per km2, its total area was 1,241.77 square kilometres. The city has been designated an environmental model city by the national government for its efforts to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. Located in the middle of its prefecture, Toyama is a seaside city by the coast of the Sea of Japan, its municipal territory borders with the Gifu Prefecture and with the municipalities of Imizu, Tonami, Nanto and Takayama. The nearest towns are Imizu, Namerikawa, both by the sea and part of the Toyama urban area; the nearest city is Kanazawa, the capital of Ishikawa Prefecture, 65 km away. Toyama Prefecture Imizu Namerikawa Tonami Nanto Kamiichi Tateyama Funahashi Nagano Prefecture Ōmachi Gifu Prefecture Hida Takayama Per Japanese census data, the population of Toyama has grown over the past 40 years.
Foreign populations in Toyama: Toyama has a humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and cool winters. Precipitation is abundant throughout the year in July and from November through January. Despite winter in Toyama being mild, its position near the Sea of Japan places it within the heavy snow belt of Japan and on average 3.8 m of snow falls each season all of it from December through March, as well as experiencing some tremendous amounts of snowfall. The area of present-day Toyama city was part of ancient Etchū Province; the Toyama Plain is good farmland and it was a point of strategic and traffic importance since prehistoric times. During the Sengoku period, it was a battlefield, coming under the control of warlord Sassa Narimasa, who built a castle town around Toyama Castle and channeled rivers to bringing about a flourishing agricultural industry; the area subsequently became part of Kaga Domain under the Maeda clan during the Edo period, during which time a positive industrial promotion policy was implemented on the production of Chinese medicine and washi.
Thanks to the improvement of kitamaebune sea transportation routes, these industries thrived and Toyama became known nationwide as the province of medicine. After the Meiji Restoration, with the creation of the municipalities system, the city of Toyama was established on April 1, 1889, as one of the first 30 cities in Japan. Economically, the area developed heavy and chemical industries based on abundant hydroelectric electricity. Toyama has become one of the most influential cities on the Sea of Japan with its good water supply, drainage system and thriving agricultural, fishery and manufacturing industries. During World War II, Allied Prisoners of War were sent to Toyama as forced labor; the city was completely destroyed on the night of August 1–2, 1945. At the time of the bombing, the city was a center for aluminum, ball-bearing and special steel production; the city during the time had a population of around 150,000 residents. The city held Kakure Christians, or "Hidden Christians" in Japan, forced from Nagasaki into internment camps after the government tried to punish them for their Christian beliefs.
On April 1, 2005, the towns of Ōsawano and Ōyama, the towns of Fuchū and Yatsuo, the villages of Hosoiri and Yamada were merged into Toyama. Kaminiikawa District and Nei District were both dissolved as a result of this merger. Toyama has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 38 members. Hokuriku Electric Power Company, the regional power-supply monopoly, is based in Toyama. Bearing parts and industrial robot company Nachi-Fujikoshi and software company INTEC are headquartered in Toyama. Regional banks include Hokuriku Bank, First Bank of Toyama, Toyama Bank. Toyama College Toyama National College of Technology Toyama Prefectural University Toyama University of International Studies University of Toyama Toyama has 65 public elementary schools and 26 public middle schools operated by the city government. There is one public elementary school and one public middle school operated by the national government; the city has fourteen public high schools operated by the Toyama Prefectural Board of Education.
And one public combined middle/high school operated by the national government. There are seven private high schools. Toyama Airport West Japan Railway Company -Hokuriku Shinkansen Toyama West Japan Railway Company - Takayama Main Line Inotani - Nirehara - Sasazu - Higashi-Yatsuo - Etchū-Yatsuo - Chisato - Hayahoshi - Fuchū-Usaka - Nishi-Toyama - Toyama East Japan Railway Company - Takayama Main Line Inotani Ainokaze Toyama Railway Kureha - Toyama - Higashi-Toyama - Mizuhashi Toyama Chihō Railway - Main Line Inarimachi - Fujikoshi - Ōizumi - Minami-Toyama Toyama Chihō Railway Kamidaki Line Inarimachi- Fujikoshi - Ōizumi - Minami-Toyama - Asanamachi - Kamihori - Kosugi - Nunoichi - Kaihotsu - Tsukioka - Ōshō - Kamidaki - Daisenji Toyama Chihō Railway - Tateyama Line Arimineguchi - Hongū Toyama Light Rail Toyamakō Line Toyama City Tram Line Hokuriku Expressway National Route 8 National Route 41 National Route 359 National Route 360 National Route 415 National Route 471 National Route 472 Durham, North Carolina, United States, since June 1989 Mogi das Cruzes, São
Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Midi
The Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Midi is a step-entrance, low entry and low floor midibus produced by the Japanese manufacturer Mitsubishi Fuso since 1988. It is available as public buses and sightseeing buses ranged from lengths of 7.0m to 10.1m. The range can be built as either a bus chassis; the Mitsubishi Fuso MK Series was built between 1974 and 1988. The Aero Midi appeared in 1988 after the replacement for the MK Series; the Aero Midi ceased production in 2007 and replaced by the Aero Midi-S in 2008. After the Aero Midi-S ceased production in 2010, production of the Aero Midi city bus recommenced in the following year; the Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Midi is the low entry and smaller version of the low floor Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Star city bus. MK103H MK115 K-MK116 P-MK116/516 P-MK117/126/517 P-MM117/517 P-MJ117/527 U-MK117/517 U-MJ517/527 U-MM117/517 U-MK117/218/517/525/527/595/618 U-MJ217/628 KC-MK219/619 KC-MK219J KC-MJ218/629 KK-MK23/25/26/27 KK-MJ23/26 KK-ME17 PA-MK17/25/27 PA-MJ26 PA-ME17 SKG-MK27 TKG-MK27 The Aero Midi-S is a rebadged Nissan Diesel Space Runner RM and Nissan Diesel Space Runner JP.
A common design is that it has a rounded roof dome with a double-curvature windscreen and a separately mounted destination sign. PDG-AR820 PDG-AJ820 MK Tour 9m MK Line Non-step bus 10.5m, 9m MK Line One-step bus 9m MJ Tour 7m ME Line Non-step bus 7m Mitsubishi Fuso Truck & Bus Corporation List of buses Aero Midi Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Midi Worldwide "MK"
Kanagawa Prefecture is a prefecture located in Kantō region of Japan. The capital of the prefecture is Yokohama. Kanagawa is part of the Greater Tokyo Area. Kanagawa Prefecture is home to Hakone, two popular side trip destinations from Tokyo; the prefecture has some archaeological sites going back to the Jōmon period. About 3,000 years ago, Mount Hakone produced a volcanic explosion which resulted in Lake Ashi on the western area of the prefecture, it is believed. In the ancient era, its plains were sparsely inhabited. In medieval Japan, Kanagawa was part of the provinces of Musashi. Kamakura in central Sagami was the capital of Japan during the Kamakura period. During the Edo period, the western part of Sagami Province was governed by the daimyō of Odawara Castle, while the eastern part was directly governed by the Tokugawa shogunate in Edo. Commodore Matthew Perry landed in Kanagawa in 1853 and 1854 and signed the Convention of Kanagawa to force open Japanese ports to the United States. Yokohama, the largest deep-water port in Tokyo Bay, was opened to foreign traders in 1859 after several more years of foreign pressure, developed into the largest trading port in Japan.
Nearby Yokosuka, closer to the mouth of Tokyo Bay, developed as a naval port and now serves as headquarters for the U. S. 7th Fleet and the fleet operations of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. After the Meiji period, many foreigners lived in Yokohama City, visited Hakone; the Meiji government developed the first railways in Japan, from Shinbashi to Yokohama in 1872. The epicenter of the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake was deep beneath Izu Ōshima Island in Sagami Bay, it devastated Tokyo, the port city of Yokohama, surrounding prefectures of Chiba and Shizuoka, caused widespread damage throughout the Kantō region. The sea receded as much as 400 metres from the shore at Manazuru Point, rushed back towards the shore in a great wall of water which swamped Mitsuishi-shima. At Kamakura, the total death toll from earthquake and fire exceeded 2,000 victims. At Odawara, ninety percent of the buildings collapsed and subsequent fires burned the rubble along with anything else left standing. Yokohama and other major cities were damaged by the U.
S. bombing in 1945. Casualties amounted to more than several thousand. After the war, General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers for the Occupation of Japan, landed in Kanagawa, before moving to other areas. U. S. military bases still remain in Kanagawa, including Camp Zama, Yokosuka Naval Base, Naval Air Station Atsugi. In 1945, Kanagawa was the 15th most populous prefecture in Japan, with the population of about 1.9 million. In the years after the war, the prefecture underwent rapid urbanization as a part of the Greater Tokyo Area; the population as of September 1, 2014, is estimated to be 9.1 million. Kanagawa became the second most populous prefecture in 2006. Kanagawa is a small prefecture located at the southeastern corner of the Kantō Plain wedged between Tokyo on the north, the foothills of Mount Fuji on the northwest, the Sagami Bay and Tokyo Bay on the south and east; the eastern side of the prefecture is flat and urbanized, including the large port cities of Yokohama and Kawasaki.
The southeastern area nearby the Miura Peninsula is less urbanized, with the ancient city of Kamakura drawing tourists to temples and shrines. The western part, bordered by Yamanashi Prefecture and Shizuoka Prefecture on the west, is more mountainous and includes resort areas like Odawara and Hakone; the area, stretching 80 kilometres from west to east and 60 kilometres from north to south, contains 2,400 square kilometres of land, accounting for 0.64% of the total land area of Japan. As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. Topographically, the prefecture consists of three distinct areas; the mountainous western region features Hakone Volcano. The hilly eastern region is characterized by the Tama Hills and Miura Peninsula; the central region, which surrounds the Tama Hills and Miura Peninsula, consists of flat stream terraces and low lands around major rivers including the Sagami River, Sakai River, Tsurumi River, Tama River.
The Tama River forms much of the boundary between Tokyo. The Sagami River flows through the middle of the prefecture. In the western region, the Sakawa runs through a small lowland, the Sakawa Lowland, between Hakone Volcano to the west and the Ōiso Hills to the east and flows into Sagami Bay; the Tanzawa Mountain Range, part of the Kantō Mountain Range, contains Mount Hiru, the highest peak in the prefecture. Other mountains measure similar mid-range heights: Mount Hinokiboramaru, Mount Tanzawa, Mount Ōmuro, Mount Himetsugi, Mount Usu; the mountain range is lower in height southward leading to Hadano Basin to the Ōiso Hills. At the eastern foothills of the mountain range lies the Isehara Plateau and across the Sagami River the Sagamino plateau. Nineteen cities are located in Kanagawa Prefecture: These are the towns and villages in each district: Tama River Firework event Yokohama Port Anniversary Festival Kamakura Festival Hiratsuka Tanabata Festival Odawara Hōjō Godai Festival Yugawara
Kawasaki is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is the 8th most populated city in Japan and one of the main cities forming the Greater Tokyo Area and Keihin Industrial Area; as of October 1, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 1,503,690, with 716,470 households, a population density of 10,000 persons per km2. The total area is 142.70 km2. Kawasaki is governed by Mayor Norihiko Fukuda, an independent elected on 27 October 2013; the city assembly has 63 elected members. Mayor Fukuda was re-elected to a second term in office on 22 October 2017. Kawasaki mayoral election, 2005 Kawasaki Stadium: Located in Kawasaki-ku. Opened in 1952, was used as a home field for professional baseball teams from 1954 to 1991; the stands were taken down in 2001, is used for American football games and other events in addition to baseball. Kawasaki Todoroki Baseball Stadium: Located in Nakahara-ku. Maximum capacity of 5,000 people. Used for preliminary rounds of high school baseball and American football games.
Todoroki Athletics Stadium: Located in Nakahara-ku. Maximum capacity of 25,000 people. Opened in 1964, the stadium underwent several renovations before becoming the home field for the Kawasaki Frontale. Used for track & field competitions. Kawasaki Prefectural Gymnasium: Located in Kawasaki-ku. Opened in 1956, is used for Puroresu matches. 20 minutes walking distance from Kawasaki Station's east entrance. Kawasaki Todoroki Arena: Located in Nakahara-ku. International field athletics and volleyball matches are held here, in addition to various musical concerts. Velodrome: Kawasaki Velodrome Kawasaki Keiba Fujitsu's Main Branch is located in Nakahara-ku, it was Fujitsu's headquarters. Kawasaki has several factories and development bases of the companies of heavy industry and high technology. ■ East Japan Railway Company ■ Tōkaidō Main Line - Kawasaki - ■ Keihin-Tōhoku Line - Kawasaki - ■ Nambu Line Main Line: Kawasaki - Shitte - Yakō - Kashimada - Hirama - Mukaigawara - Musashi-Kosugi - Musashi-Nakahara - Musashi-Shinjō - Musashi-Mizonokuchi - Tsudayama - Kuji - Shukugawara - Noborito - Nakanoshima - Inadazutsumi - Branch Line: Shitte - Hatchōnawate - Kawasaki-Shinmachi - Hama-Kawasaki ■ Tsurumi Line Main Line: - Musashi-Shiraishi - Hama-Kawasaki - Shōwa - Ōgimachi Ōkawa Branch: - Ōkawa ■ Yokosuka Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line - Musashi-Kosugi - Shin-Kawasaki -■ Odakyu Electric Railway ■ Odakyū Line - Noborito - Mukōgaoka-Yūen - Ikuta - Yomiuri-Land-mae - Yurigaoka - Shin-Yurigaoka - Kakio ■ Tama Line Shin-Yurigaoka - Satsukidai - Kurihira - Kurokawa - Haruhino -■ Keio Corporation ■ Sagamihara Line - Keiō-Inadazutsumi - Keiō-Yomiuri-Land - Inagi - Wakabadai■ Keikyu Corporation ■ Keikyū Main Line - Hatchōnawate - Keikyū Kawasaki - ■ Daishi Line Keikyū Kawasaki - Minatochō - Suzukichō - Kawasaki-Daishi - Higashi-Monzen - Sangyō-Dōro - Kojimashinden■ Tokyu Corporation ■ Tōyoko Line - Shin-Maruko - Musashi-Kosugi - Motosumiyoshi - ■ Meguro Line - Shin-Maruko - Musashi-Kosugi - Motosumiyoshi - ■ Den-en-toshi Line - Futako-Shinchi - Takatsu - Mizonokuchi - Kajigaya - Miyazakidai - Miyamaedaira - Saginuma - ■ Ōimachi Line - Futako-Shinchi - Takatsu - Mizonokuchi Expressway Tōmei Expressway is a north-south expressway running from Tokyo to Nagoya and in central area.
Tōmei-Kawasaki Interchange is served from Kawasaki. Daisan Keihin Road is a north-south expressway running from Tokyo to Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama and in central area. Keihin-Kawasaki Interchange is served from Kawasaki. Shuto Expressway Route K1 is a north-south expressway running from Shuto Expressway Route 1 to Shuto Expressway Route K3 and in southern area. Daishi Interchange, Hama-Kawasaki Interchange, Asada Interchange are served from Kawasaki. Bayshore Route is a north-south expressway running from Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama to Ichikawa, Chiba and in southern area. Ukishima Interchange and Higashi-Ōgishima Interchange are served from Kawasaki. Shuto Expressway Route K6 is an expressway in southern area. Daishi Interchange, Tonomachi Interchange, Ukishima Interchange are served from Kawasaki. Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line is an expressway across Tokyo Bay from Kawasaki to Kisarazu, Chiba. Ukishima Interchange is served from Kawasaki. National Route National Route 1 and 15 are north-south highways running in southern area.
Due to elongated territory from east to west, these highways run short length in Kawasaki. Japan National Route 246 is a north-south highways running in central area, it runs short length in Kawasaki. Japan National Route 132 is short highway running in southern area, it bounds port of kawasaki. Japan National Route 357 is an industrial highway in southern area, it runs only in Higashi-Ōgishima Island in Kawasaki. Japan National Route 409 is a highway running from Kawasaki to Narita, Chiba, it bounds central downtown area in Kawasaki. Kanayama Shrine: Site of the annual Kanamara Matsuri. Kawasaki Daishi: the second most visited temple in the Kantō region Nihon Minka-en: a park with a collection of 20 minka, or traditional farmhouses, from various areas in Japan Koreatown: eastern Kawasaki has the second largest concentration of Koreans in Japan after Osaka. In 1997 it became the first municipality to allow non-Japanese nationals to take civil service employment. Todoroki Ryokuchi: athletic park Fujiko F. Fujio Museum: known as Doraemon museum, opened on September 3, 2011, in Tama-ku Ward.
Nakagawa stable: stable of professional su
A bus is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers; the most common type of bus is the single-deck rigid bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker and articulated buses, smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses. Many types of buses, such as city transit buses and inter-city coaches, charge a fare. Other types, such as elementary or secondary school buses or shuttle buses within a post-secondary education campus do not charge a fare. In many jurisdictions, bus drivers require a special licence above and beyond a regular driver's licence. Buses may be used for scheduled bus transport, scheduled coach transport, school transport, private hire, or tourism. Horse-drawn buses were used from the 1820s, followed by steam buses in the 1830s, electric trolleybuses in 1882; the first internal combustion engine buses, or motor buses, were used in 1895. Interest has been growing in hybrid electric buses, fuel cell buses, electric buses, as well as ones powered by compressed natural gas or biodiesel.
As of the 2010s, bus manufacturing is globalised, with the same designs appearing around the world. Bus is a clipped form of the dative plural of omnis-e; the theoretical full name is in French voiture omnibus. The name originates from a mass-transport service started in 1823 by a French corn-mill owner named Stanislas Baudry in Richebourg, a suburb of Nantes. A by-product of his mill was hot water, thus next to it he established a spa business. In order to encourage customers he started a horse-drawn transport service from the city centre of Nantes to his establishment; the first vehicles stopped in front of the shop of a hatter named Omnés, which displayed a large sign inscribed "Omnes Omnibus", a pun on his Latin-sounding surname, omnes being the male and female nominative and accusative form of the Latin adjective omnis-e, combined with omnibus, the dative plural form meaning "for all", thus giving his shop the name "Omnés for all". His transport scheme was a huge success, although not as he had intended as most of his passengers did not visit his spa.
He turned the transport service into his principal lucrative business venture and closed the mill and spa. Nantes citizens soon gave the nickname "omnibus" to the vehicle. Having invented the successful concept Baudry moved to Paris and launched the first omnibus service there in April 1828. A similar service was introduced in London in 1829. Regular intercity bus services by steam-powered buses were pioneered in England in the 1830s by Walter Hancock and by associates of Sir Goldsworthy Gurney, among others, running reliable services over road conditions which were too hazardous for horse-drawn transportation; the first mechanically propelled omnibus appeared on the streets of London on 22 April 1833. Steam carriages were much less to overturn, they travelled faster than horse-drawn carriages, they were much cheaper to run, caused much less damage to the road surface due to their wide tyres. However, the heavy road tolls imposed by the turnpike trusts discouraged steam road vehicles and left the way clear for the horse bus companies, from 1861 onwards, harsh legislation eliminated mechanically propelled vehicles from the roads of Great Britain for 30 years, the Locomotive Act of that year imposing restrictive speed limits on "road locomotives" of 5 mph in towns and cities, 10 mph in the country.
In parallel to the development of the bus was the invention of the electric trolleybus fed through trolley poles by overhead wires. The Siemens brothers, William in England and Ernst Werner in Germany, collaborated on the development of the trolleybus concept. Sir William first proposed the idea in an article to the Journal of the Society of Arts in 1881 as an "...arrangement by which an ordinary omnibus...would have a suspender thrown at intervals from one side of the street to the other, two wires hanging from these suspenders. Although this experimental vehicle fulfilled all the technical criteria of a typical trolleybus, it was dismantled in the same year after the demonstration. Max Schiemann opened a passenger-carrying trolleybus in 1901 in Germany. Although this system operated only until 1904, Schiemann had developed what is now the standard trolleybus current collection system. In the early days, a few other methods of current collection were used. Leeds and Bradford became the first cities to put trolleybuses into service in Great Britain on 20 June 1911.
In Siegerland, two passenger bus lines ran but unprofitably, in 1895 using a six-passenger motor carriage developed from the 1893 Benz Viktoria. Another commercial bus line using the same model Benz omnibuses ran for a short time in 1898 in the rural area around Llandudno, Wales. Daimler produced one of the earliest motor-bus models in 1898, selling a double-decker bus to the Motor Traction Company, first used on the streets of London on 23 April 1898; the vehicle had a maximum speed of 18 km/h and accommodated up to 20 passengers, in an enclosed area below and on an open-air pl
Mitsubishi Fuso Rosa
The Mitsubishi Fuso Rosa is a Japanese minibus manufactured by Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation. The Mitsubishi Fuso Rosa is now in its fourth generation. In Japan, Asia-Pacific, Mid-East, Africa and South America, its principal competitors are the Isuzu Journey, Nissan Civilian, Toyota Coaster. In Egypt, it is manufactured by the Ghabbour Group. Short body Long body Super long body There are both Manual models available. Deluxe Standard Mitsubishi Fuso Truck & Bus Corporation Product description in Mitsubishi Fuso Rosa Worldwide website Product description in Mitsubishi Fuso Rosa New Zealand website Fuso Rosa Fusa Rosa Inspection Checklist download