Shiloh, DeKalb County, Alabama
Shiloh is a town in DeKalb County, United States. It incorporated in 1962. At the 2010 census the population was 274. Shiloh is located atop Sand Mountain. Shiloh is located west of the center of DeKalb County at 34°27′56″N 85°52′38″W at an elevation of 1,263 feet, it is bordered to the southwest by the town of Fyffe. Alabama State Route 75 passes through Shiloh, connecting Fyffe. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Shiloh has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 289 people, 116 households, 80 families residing in the town. The population density was 168.5 people per square mile. There were 135 housing units at an average density of 78.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.58% White, 1.38% Native American, 0.35% from other races, 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population. There were 116 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.2% were non-families.
25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00. In the town, the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $34,861, the median income for a family was $36,696. Males had a median income of $29,219 versus $25,893 for females; the per capita income for the town was $28,431. About 4.3% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% under the age of 18 and 15.2% ages 65 or older. Media related to Shiloh, DeKalb County, Alabama at Wikimedia Commons
Collinsville is a town in DeKalb and Cherokee counties in the U. S. state of Alabama. It was incorporated in 1887; as of the 2010 census, the population was 1,983. The town is a part of Alabama Metropolitan Statistical Area. Collinsville's largest employer is Koch Foods, it is a poultry plant that employees 800 employees. Collinsville is located in southern DeKalb County at 34°15'55.555" North, 85°51'41.483" West. A small portion extends southeast along Alabama State Route 68 into Cherokee County; the town is located in the Little Wills Valley, between Lookout Mountain to the east and the smaller Big Ridge to the west. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.9 square miles, of which 0.019 square miles, or 0.44%, is water. As of the 2010 census Collinsville had a population of 1,983; the racial and ethnic composition of the population was 44.9% non-Hispanic white, 9.0% black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 2.1% Pacific Islander, 36.8% reporting some other race and 3.0% from two or more races.
43.1% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,644 people, 565 households, 367 families residing in the town; the population density was 465.8 people per square mile. There were 629 housing units at an average density of 178.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 63.32% White, 16.18% Black or African American, 1.52% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 13.99% from other races, 4.14% from two or more races. 23.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 565 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.0% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.20. In the town, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $21,964, the median income for a family was $27,500. Males had a median income of $20,114 versus $16,635 for females; the per capita income for the town was $13,042. About 22.2% of families and 25.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.3% of those under age 18 and 27.0% of those age 65 or over. Collinsville Elementary and Collinsville High, home of the Panthers; the CHS football team was the first football team in Dekalb County. The Panthers' first team was in 1920; the schedule in 1920 included a regular season game vs. Jacksonville State University. Collinsville has a strong tradition in other sports. For instance, the first All-American in basketball at The University of Alabama, Lindy Hood, was a Collinsville alum. Collinsville competes in Class 2A; the schools are members of the DeKalb County School System.
Collinsville High School Has Won 2 State Championships Boys Basketball - 1975 Boys Soccer - 2013 The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Collinsville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. Collinsville is home to the Collinsville Trade Day, held every Saturday, it is estimated that 10,000 people visit the trade day each week, a number which may reach 30,000 in spring. The trade day was located outside the city limits, but was annexed in 2004. Town of Collinsville official website
Powell is a town in DeKalb County, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 955. Powell is located atop Sand Mountain. Incorporated as Powell's Crossroads in the 1960s, it had shortened its name to Powell by the 1990 U. S. Census. Northeast Alabama Community College is located on the northwest border of the town. Powell is located at 34°32′1″N 85°53′41″W; the town extends to the Jackson County line to the northwest, borders the city of Rainsville to the southeast. The town of Section lies across the county line to the northwest. Alabama State Route 35 passes through Powell, leading northwest 15 miles to Scottsboro and southeast through Rainsville 13 miles to Fort Payne, the DeKalb County seat. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Powell has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 926 people, 318 housevolds, 220 families residing in the town. The population density was 187.3 people per square mile. There were 338 housing units at an average density of 68.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 93.63% White, 4.10% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, 0.86% from two or more races. 2.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 318 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.85. In the town, the population was spread out with 17.9% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males. The median income for a household in the town was $22,857, the median income for a family was $25,000.
Males had a median income of $22,308 versus $17,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,399. About 19.6% of families and 31.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.5% of those under age 18 and 18.3% of those age 65 or over. Media related to Powell, Alabama at Wikimedia Commons
Vestal Goodman was a singer who performed in the Southern gospel genre for more than half a century. She is known both as a solo performer and as a member of the Happy Goodman Family—which originated with her husband and his brothers and sisters—one of the pioneering groups in southern gospel music. Goodman was the fourth of six children, she began singing in church as a child. Raised inside the Church of God, her original intent was to study for the Metropolitan Opera, but being raised in church she felt compelled to sing gospel music, she married Howard Goodman, a preacher nine years her senior, on November 7, 1949. They had a son Rick, a daughter Vicki, they sang for congregations across the country. Along with Howard's two brothers Sam and Rusty, they became known as The Happy Goodman Family, helping pave the way for Southern gospel music during the 1960s. With the formation of Word Records in the early 1960s, Vestal and The Happy Goodman Family were the flagship artists signed to the company.
In 1969, she won the first Female Vocalist of the Year Dove Award. As a natural step in her career, Vestal Goodman released her first solo album, "Hallelujah!" in 1971, from which came the well-known single, "It'll All Be Over But the Shoutin'". Her autobiography, Vestal!'Lord I Wouldn't Take Nothin' For My Journey Now', was published in 1999. It details her life in Southern gospel music, her heart problems, her subsequent bout with cancer and her struggle with prescription drug addiction; the Happy Goodmans won multiple Grammy and Dove awards, charted 15 No. 1 hit songs including "I Wouldn't Take Nothin' For My Journey Now," and performed more than 3,500 concerts, including performing at the White House for President Jimmy Carter in 1979. Goodman was honored by being named "The Queen of Southern Gospel Music", proclaimed in a wide array of magazines, from Rolling Stone, Billboard Magazine, Time and The Singing News, she was known for her trademark handkerchief, which she held in her hand during every performance, sometimes waving it over her head.
Comedian/singer Mark Lowry used to joke, "The anointing's in the hanky," during their Gaither Homecoming concert appearances. She and Howard worked with many well-known musicians on the Gaither Homecoming music projects in the 1990s, she was posthumously inducted into the Gospel Music Association Hall of Fame in 2004. The Happy Goodmans group was inducted into the GMA Hall of Fame in 1998. Howard Goodman died on November 30, 2002, after the couple made a farewell recording and singing tour dubbed "The Final Stand." Vestal Goodman died at the age 74 of complications from influenza while on Christmas vacation in Florida with her family. She died in the ambulance on the way to the hospital in Florida, her son Rick said it was appropriate for her death that it would happen in a place called Celebration. Worthington Music Group and Goodman Family Ministries partnered to release a collection of recordings from the family archive entitled Unsurpassed Masters Vol. 1 in 2008. The critically acclaimed album gives listeners a behind-the-scenes glimpse into the ministry of Howard and Vestal Goodman.
Vestal Goodman at Find a Grave Official Website
A town is a human settlement. Towns are larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary between different parts of the world; the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom. In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, built a palisade or stockade instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them. In Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, the word is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the words ton, etc. could refer to diverse kinds of settlements from agricultural estates and holdings picking up the Norse sense at one end of the scale, to fortified municipalities.
If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example, "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" was built around a fort and came to have a defensive wall. In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village". Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township". In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities. A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, e.g. in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities; the modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, migration of city dwellers to villages has further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.
Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town. Towns exist as distinct governmental units, with defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government. In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be set out by other means, e.g. zoning districts. In the case of some planned communities, the town exists in the form of covenants on the properties within the town; the United States Census identifies many census-designated places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them. The distinction between a town and a city depends on the approach: a city may be an administrative entity, granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town though there are many designated cities that are much smaller than that.
Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use. He identified five types of town: Infantile towns, with no clear zoning Juvenile towns, which have developed an area of shops Adolescent towns, where factories have started to appear Early mature towns, with a separate area of high-class housing Mature towns, with defined industrial and various types of residential area In Afghanistan and cities are known as shār; as the country is an rural society with few larger settlements, with major cities never holding more than a few hundred thousand inhabitants before the 2000s, the lingual tradition of the country does not discriminate between towns and cities. In Albania "qytezë" means town, similar with the word for city. Although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian "qytezë" means "small city" or "new city", while in ancient times "small residential center within the walls of a castle"; the center is a population group, larger than a village, smaller than a city.
Though the village is bigger than a hamlet In Australia, towns or "urban centre localities" are understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and having a population in excess of about 200 people. Centers too small to be called towns are understood to be a township. In addition, some local government entities are styled as towns in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, before the statewide amalgamations of th
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U. S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state. Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is known as the "Heart of Dixie" and the "Cotton State"; the state tree is the longleaf pine, the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery; the largest city by population is Birmingham. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana. From the American Civil War until World War II, like many states in the southern U. S. suffered economic hardship, in part because of its continued dependence on agriculture. Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise and otherwise discriminate against African Americans from the end of the Reconstruction Era up until at least the 1970s.
Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from 1901 to the 1960s. During this time, urban interests and African Americans were markedly under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed from one based on agriculture to one with diversified interests; the state's economy in the 21st century is based on management, finance, aerospace, mineral extraction, education and technology. The European-American naming of the Alabama River and state was derived from the Alabama people, a Muskogean-speaking tribe whose members lived just below the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers on the upper reaches of the river. In the Alabama language, the word for a person of Alabama lineage is Albaamo; the suggestion that "Alabama" was borrowed from the Choctaw language is unlikely. The word's spelling varies among historical sources; the first usage appears in three accounts of the Hernando de Soto expedition of 1540: Garcilaso de la Vega used Alibamo, while the Knight of Elvas and Rodrigo Ranjel wrote Alibamu and Limamu in transliterations of the term.
As early as 1702, the French called the tribe the Alibamon, with French maps identifying the river as Rivière des Alibamons. Other spellings of the name have included Alibamu, Albama, Alibama, Alabamu, Allibamou. Sources disagree on the word's meaning; some scholars suggest the word comes from amo. The meaning may have been "clearers of the thicket" or "herb gatherers", referring to clearing land for cultivation or collecting medicinal plants; the state has numerous place names of Native American origin. However, there are no correspondingly similar words in the Alabama language. An 1842 article in the Jacksonville Republican proposed it meant "Here We Rest." This notion was popularized in the 1850s through the writings of Alexander Beaufort Meek. Experts in the Muskogean languages have not found any evidence to support such a translation. Indigenous peoples of varying cultures lived in the area for thousands of years before the advent of European colonization. Trade with the northeastern tribes by the Ohio River began during the Burial Mound Period and continued until European contact.
The agrarian Mississippian culture covered most of the state from 1000 to 1600 AD, with one of its major centers built at what is now the Moundville Archaeological Site in Moundville, Alabama. This is the second-largest complex of the classic Middle Mississippian era, after Cahokia in present-day Illinois, the center of the culture. Analysis of artifacts from archaeological excavations at Moundville were the basis of scholars' formulating the characteristics of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex. Contrary to popular belief, the SECC appears to have no direct links to Mesoamerican culture, but developed independently; the Ceremonial Complex represents a major component of the religion of the Mississippian peoples. Among the historical tribes of Native American people living in present-day Alabama at the time of European contact were the Cherokee, an Iroquoian language people. While part of the same large language family, the Muskogee tribes developed distinct cultures and languages. With exploration in the 16th century, the Spanish were the first Europeans to reach Alabama.
The expedition of Hernando de Soto passed through Mabila and other parts of the state in 1540. More than 160 years the French founded the region's first European settlement at Old Mobile in 1702; the city was moved to the current site of Mobile in 1711. This area was claimed by the French from 1702 to 1763 as part of La Louisiane. After the French lost to the British in the Seven Years' War, it became part of British West Florida from 1763 to 1783. After the United States victory in the American Revolutionary War, the territory was divided between the United States and Spain; the latter retained control of this western territory from 1783 until the surrender of the Spanish garrison at Mobile to U. S. forces on April 13, 1813. Thomas Bassett, a loyalist to the British monarchy during the Revolutionary era, was one of the earliest white settlers in the state