Gérard Philipe was a prominent French actor who appeared in 34 films between 1944 and 1959. Active in both theater and cinema, he was, until his untimely death, one of the main stars of the post-war period, his image has remained romantic, which has made him one of the icons of French cinema. Born Gérard Albert Philip in Cannes in a well-off family, he was of one quarter Czech ancestry from his maternal grandmother, his father, Marcel Philip, was a businessman in Cannes. On his mother's advice, in 1944 Gérard changed his surname from "Philip" to "Philipe"; as a teenager Philipe took acting lessons before going to Paris to study at the Conservatoire of Dramatic Art. Philipe made his film debut in Les Petites du quai aux fleurs, directed by Marc Allégret, in an uncredited role, he had a minor role in Box of Dreams was third billed in Land Without Stars after Jani Holt and Pierre Brasseur. When he was 19 years old, he made his stage debut at a theater in Nice. Philippe had a lead role in The Idiot, an adaptation of the novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky, co-starring Edwige Feuillère for director Georges Lampin.
This was seen overseas and established Philippe as a leading man. He was in Ouvert pour cause d'inventaire, a short film, an early work for Alain Renais, he was invited to work with the Théâtre national populaire in Paris and Avignon, whose festival, founded in 1947 by Jean Vilar, is France's oldest and most famous. Philippe gained fame as a result of his performance in Claude Autant-Lara's Devil in the Flesh, alongside Micheline Presle, it was a huge box office success. He went on to star in La Chartreuse de Parme for director Christian-Jacque, more popular than Devil in the Flesh, he followed it with Such a Pretty Little Beach for Yves Allegret. Philippe was one of several stars in Max Ophuls' version of La Ronde, he followed it with Lost Souvenirs for Christian-Jacques. In 1951, Philipe married an actress/writer, with whom he had two children, she adopted the pseudonym, Anne Philipe, wrote about her husband in two books, the first called Souvenirs and a second biography titled Le Temps d'un soupir.
Philippe was in Key of Dreams with Suzanne Cloutier for Marcel Carne. He was in Beauties of the Night, again with Lollobrigida, Martine Carol, directed by Clair. Philippe tried an English movie, Happy Lovers!, directed by Rene Clement and co-starring Valerie Hobson. He did The Red and the Black with Danielle Darrieux and had a big success with The Grand Maneuver for Rene Clair, co-starring Morgan. Phillippe was one of many stars in If Paris Were Told to Us, he wrote and starred in Bold Adventure, a comic adventure film. He starred in Lovers of Paris for Montparnasse 19 for Jacques Becker, he was top billed in The Gambler. In 1958 he performed on Broadway in the all-French Lorenzaccio and Le Cid. Phillipe played Valmont in Roger Vadim's modern day version of Les liaisons dangereuses, appearing alongside Jeanne Moreau, his last film was Fever Mounts at El Pao for Luis Buñuel. He died from liver cancer while working on a film project in Paris, a few days short of his 37th birthday. In accordance with his last wishes, he is buried, dressed in the costume of Don Rodrigue, in the village cemetery in Ramatuelle, Var near the Mediterranean Sea coast.
To commemorate the centenary of the cinema in 1995, the French government issued a series of limited edition coins that included a 100 franc coin bearing the image of Philipe. Among the most popular French actors of modern times, he has been elevated to mythic status in his homeland, not least because of his early death at the peak of his popularity. In 1986, his portrait appeared on a French commemorative postage stamp. There is a film festival named in his honour as well as a number of theatres and schools in various parts of France. In Germany he has been scarcely less respected than in his native country. Le Petit Prince La Vie de W.-A. Mozart - racontée aux enfants Pierre et le Loup with the Symphony Orchestra of the USSR Stupková, Laurence. "Gérard Philippe: comédien français très aimé des Tchèques". Prague.http://www.radio.cz/fr/rubrique/faits/gerard-philippe-comedien-francais-tres-aime-des-tcheques Capua, Michelangelo. Gérard Philipe. Alessandria: Edizioni Falsopiano. Sadoul, Georges. Gérard Philipe.
Belin: Henschelverlag. Le Coz, Martine. "Gérard Philipe, héros stendhalien". Avant-Scène du Cinéma. Paris. Stupková, Laurence. "Gérard Philippe: comédien fr
Second Lieutenant Donald Simpson Bell, VC was an English school teacher and professional footballer. During World War I he was awarded the Victoria Cross for actions during the Battle of the Somme in mid-1916. Bell was born on 3 December 1890 to Annie Bell, who resided in Queen's Rd, Harrogate, he attended St Peter's Church of England Primary School and Harrogate Grammar School before going to Westminster College. A noted sportsman at college while studying he played as an amateur with Crystal Palace and for Newcastle United, he returned to Harrogate and became a schoolteacher at Starbeck Council School and a member of the National Union of Teachers, to supplement his salary in 1912 he signed professional forms with Bradford. He was married to Rhoda Bell; when World War I broke out, he became the first professional footballer to enlist into the British Army – joining the West Yorkshire Regiment in 1915. He was promoted to Lance Corporal and was commissioned into the 9th Battalion, Green Howards in 1915.
He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on 5 July 1916 at Horseshoe Trench, France. For most conspicuous bravery. During an attack a heavy enfilade fire was opened on the attacking company by a hostile machine gun. 2nd Lt. Bell and on his own initiative, crept up a communication trench and followed by Corpl. Colwill and Pte. Batey, rushed across the open under heavy fire and attacked the machine gun, shooting the firer with his revolver, destroying gun and personnel with bombs; this brave act saved many lives and ensured the success of the attack. Five days this gallant officer lost his life performing a similar act of bravery. Describing the deed in a letter to his parents, Bell stated that "I must confess that it was the biggest fluke alive and I did nothing. I only chucked one bomb, but it did the trick". Bell was shot in the head by a sniper on 10 July 1916 while attacking a machine-gun post near the village of Contalmaison, he is buried at Gordon Dump Cemetery, near Albert. His Victoria Cross was displayed at the Green Howards Museum in Richmond, Yorkshire.
On 25 November 2010 it was auctioned by Spink. It was purchased for a reported £252,000 by the Professional Footballers' Association and will go on display at the National Football Museum in Manchester. A book on his life and that of his friend and fellow VC Captain Archie White called "A Breed Apart" by Richard Leake was published in 2008 by Great North Publishing. On 9 July 2000, through the initiative of "The Friends of the Green Howards Museum", General The Lord Dannatt Colonel of the regiment unveiled a memorial dedicated to Bell on the spot where he lost his life at Contalmaison, now known as Bell's Redoubt, it was an event well covered by television and every year since a small service has been held there. In 2010 the tenth anniversary of the unveiling was celebrated and in 2016 at Bell's Redoubt, with a much improved memorial, there is scheduled to be a remembrance service on the hundredth anniversary of Bell's heroism.. There is a memorial plaque to him in Wesley Methodist Church, where he was a Sunday School Teacher.
The Havalinas are a gypsy-folk-rock band from U. S. A California, formed by and Tim Scott McConnell and Stephen Dennis Smith a.k.a. Smutty Smiff - former bandmates in Levi and the Rockats, a punk-styled rockabilly group - in 1989 in L. A; this year Smutty was coming back from Arizona, after 4 months of rehab, to find his soul brother - Tim - quitting the music business and working as a doorman at gay bars and cleaning people's homes. At first, they were playing at Smiff´s home in the Fairfax district in a nearby Molly Malone's pub, they gained public attention for great lyrics and anti-establishment vibe. After recruiting Charlie Quintana into the project, the band started to gain major label attention, they signed into Elektra Records and released self-titled album in 1990. The band achieved a great success and soon toured with Bob Dylan, as well as with Chris Isaak, Tina Turner and Crowded House to name a few; the biggest recognition the band has gotten in 2014, when Bruce Springsteen covered the song High Hopes on same titled album, which took nr 1 place in 15 countries.
Springsteen said himself, that he's the biggest fan of Tim's talent