Nílton dos Santos was a Brazilian footballer who played as a wingback. At international level, he was a member of the Brazil squads that won the 1962 World Cups. Regarded as one of the greatest defenders in the history of the game, Nílton Santos is a member of the World Team of the 20th Century, was named by Pelé one of the top 125 greatest living footballers at a FIFA Awards ceremony in 2004. In 2009, he was the recipient of the Golden Foot Legends Award, he was unrelated to his frequent defensive partner Djalma Santos. Born in Rio de Janeiro, he was a pioneering attacking left back, being one of the first full backs to make runs down the wing to participate in the offensive game. Once he said: "I have never envied today's players the money but the freedom they have, to go forward", he played all his professional club career for Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas. He was called "The Encyclopedia" because of his knowledge of the sport of football, he was world class both at defending and attacking and possessed good technique.
Nílton was a key player in defence during the 1954, 1958 and 1962 World Cup finals and became famous for scoring a magnificent goal in the 1958 tournament when Brazil played Austria. Dribbling his way through the whole field, he finished with a superb shot, driving his coach Vicente Feola crazy. Nílton Santos played for only two teams in his professional career. Santos died of a lung infection on 27 November 2013, aged 88, in Rio de Janeiro, he was the fourth 1958 World Cup champion to die in a few months, after Djalma Santos died in July 2013, Gilmar and De Sordi both in August 2013 and all of them within a year of the 2014 World Cup in their native Brazil. BotafogoCampeonato Carioca: 1948, 1957, 1961, 1962 Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa 1962, 1964 BrazilFIFA World Cup: 1958, 1962 South American Championship: 1949 Panamerican Championship: 1952 Taça do Atlântico: 1956, 1960 Copa Rio Branco: 1950 Taça Oswaldo Cruz: 1950, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1961, 1962 FIFA World Cup All-Star Team: 1958 World Soccer World XI: 1960, 1961 World Team of the 20th Century: 1998 FIFA 100: 2004 Golden Foot: 2009, as a football legend IFFHS Brazilian Player of the 20th Century The Best of The Best – Player of the Century: Top 50 Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame Official website Official website proving that "Reis" added to his name is an error Nilton Santos – FIFA competition record Profile Nilton Reis dos Santos - International Appearances
1970 FIFA World Cup Final
The 1970 FIFA World Cup Final was held on Sunday, 21 June, in the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City, to determine the winner of the 1970 FIFA World Cup. This final, between Brazil and Italy, marked the first time that two former world champions met in a final. Before the finals in Mexico, Brazil had to play qualifying matches against Colombia and Paraguay. Brazil was far superior, scoring 23 goals and conceding only two. In the last match of the qualifying round, Brazil beat Paraguay 1–0 and had the largest official audience recorded for a football match, with 183,341 spectators in Brazil's Maracanã Stadium. In total, the Brazilian team won all 12 games, conceding only eight. With this third win after their 1958 and 1962 World Cup victories, Brazil became the world's most successful national football team at that time, surpassing both Italy and Uruguay, who each had two championships; the third title earned Brazil the right to retain the Jules Rimet Trophy permanently. 38-year-old Brazilian coach Mário Zagallo became the first footballer to win the World Cup as a player and a coach, as well the second youngest coach to win a World Cup, after Alberto Suppici in 1930.
Pelé ended his World Cup playing career as the first three-time winner. Brazil struck first, with Pelé heading in a cross by Rivelino at the 18th minute. Roberto Boninsegna equalized for Italy after a blunder in the Brazilian defence. In the second half, Brazil's firepower and creativity was too much for an Italian side that clung to their cautious defensive system. Gérson fired in a powerful shot for the second goal, helped provide the third, with a long free kick to Pelé who headed down into the path of the onrushing Jairzinho. Pelé capped his superb performance by drawing the Italian defence in the centre and feeding captain Carlos Alberto on the right flank for the final score. Carlos Alberto's goal, after a series of moves by the Brazilian team from the left to the centre, is considered one of the greatest goals scored in the history of the tournament. A total of seven outfield players from Brazil passed the ball until Captain Carlos Alberto hammered the ball into the corner of the Italian goal following an inch perfect pass across the Italian 18 yard box from Pelé, prompted by the intelligent Tostão, with his back to the goal, told Pelé that Alberto was steaming in on the right flank.
Tostão started the move five yards from the left of the Brazilian 18 yard box ran the length of the field to the Italian box without touching the ball again to tell Pelé to lay it off for Alberto. The players involved in the passes in order were Tostão, Clodoaldo, Pelé, Gérson, midfielder Clodoaldo beat four Italian players in his own half before passing to Rivelino who hit a perfect pass down the wing to Jairzinho. Jairzinho crossed from the wing to the centre of the box to Pelé who held the ball up to play a pass for Alberto to smash it home; the only outfield players not involved in the move were Piazza. In 2002, the UK public voted the goal as number 36 in the list of the 100 Greatest Sporting Moments. Brazil–Italy football rivalry
1970 FIFA World Cup
The 1970 FIFA World Cup was the ninth FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football championship for men's national teams. Held from 31 May to 21 June in Mexico, it was the first World Cup tournament staged in North America, the first held outside Europe and South America. Teams representing 75 nations from all six populated continents entered the competition, its qualification rounds began in May 1968. Fourteen teams qualified from this process to join host nation Mexico and defending champions England in the 16-team final tournament. El Salvador and Morocco made their first appearances at the final stage; the tournament was won by Brazil, which defeated another two-time former champion, Italy, 4–1 in the final in Mexico City. The win gave Brazil its third World Cup title, which allowed them to permanently keep the Jules Rimet Trophy, a new trophy was introduced in 1974; the victorious team, led by Carlos Alberto and featuring players such as Pelé, Gérson, Jairzinho and Tostão, is cited as the greatest-ever World Cup team.
They achieved a perfect record of wins in all six games in the finals, as well as winning all their qualifying fixtures. Despite the issues of altitude and high temperature, the finals produced attacking football which created an average goals per game record not since bettered by any subsequent World Cup Finals. With the advancements in satellite communications, the 1970 Finals attracted a new record television audience for the FIFA World Cup as games were broadcast live around the world and, for the first time, in colour. Argentina, Colombia, Japan and Peru were all considered to host the 1970 FIFA World Cup. Mexico was chosen as the host nation in 1964 through a vote at FIFA's congress in Tokyo on 8 October, ahead of the only other submitted bid from Argentina; the tournament became the first World Cup hosted in North America, the first to be staged outside South America and Europe. A total of 75 teams entered the 1970 FIFA World Cup, 73 were required to qualify. Due to rejected entries and withdrawals, 68 teams participated in the qualifying stages, including eight for the first time.
Mexico as the host nation and England as reigning World Cup champions were granted automatic qualification, with the remaining 14 finals places divided among the continental confederations. Eight places were available to teams from UEFA, three for CONMEBOL, one for CAF, one for a team from either the AFC or the OFC, one for CONCACAF. A place in the finals for an African representative was guaranteed for the first time, as a response to the mass boycott of the qualifying process for 1966 by the African entrants after FIFA linked Africa and Oceania together with only one qualifying place on offer; the draw for the qualifying stages was conducted on 1 February 1968 in Casablanca, with matches beginning in May 1968 and the final fixtures being concluded in December 1969. North Korea, quarter-finalists at the previous tournament, were disqualified during the process after refusing to play in Israel for political reasons. El Salvador qualified for the finals after beating Honduras in a play-off match, the catalyst for a four-day conflict in July 1969 known as the Football War.
Half of the eventual qualifying teams had been present at the previous World Cup, but three teams qualified for the first time: El Salvador and Morocco, while Peru, Romania and Sweden made their first World Cup appearances since 1930, 1938, 1954 and 1958 respectively. Czechoslovakia was back after missing the 1966 World Cup; those who failed to qualify included Argentina, Hungary, 1966 Semi-Finalists Portugal and Spain. The following 16 teams qualified for the final tournament. Five stadiums in five cities were selected to host. Alternative venues in Hidalgo state and the port city of Veracruz were considered; each group was based in one city with exception of Group 2, staged in both Puebla and Toluca. Aside from the Estadio Luis Dosal, all the stadia had only been constructed during the 1960s, as Mexico prepared to host both the World Cup and the 1968 Summer Olympics; the altitude of the venues varied and the importance of acclimatisation was considered by all the participating teams. As a result, in contrast to the previous tournament staged in England, most teams arrived in the region well in advance of their opening fixtures to prepare for this factor.
Some teams had experienced the local conditions when competing in the football competition at 1968 Summer Olympics. At an elevation in excess of 2,660 metres above sea level, Toluca was the highest of the venues. In addition to the altitude, all five locations had hot and rainy weather where temperatures would go past 32°C. Of the five stadia used for the 32 matches played, the largest and most used venue was the Azteca Stadium in Mexico City, which hosted 10 total matches including the final and third place matches, all of Group 1's matches; the Jalisco Stadium in Guadalajara hosted eight matches including all of Group 3's matches and a semi-final. The Nou Camp Stadium in Leon hosted seven matches, which consisted of all of Group 4's matches and a quarter-final match; the Luis Dosal stadium in Toluca hosted four matches, Cuauhtémoc stadium in Puebla hosted three matches and was the only stadium of the five
Fortaleza Esporte Clube
Fortaleza Esporte Clube known as Fortaleza, is a football club, but is active in other sports such as futsal and basketball. Fortaleza Esporte Clube is based in capital of the State of Ceará, Brazil; the club was founded on October 18, 1918, emerged from an earlier club called Stella, under the name Fortaleza Sporting Club. Fortaleza is one of the most traditional clubs in the Northeastern region of Brazil alongside Bahia, Vitória, Santa Cruz, Sport, Náutico and Ceará, its biggest rival, with less tradition in the state and which does not have any national title. Club colors are red and white. Leão 1918, MRV Engenharia, Cimento Apodi, Pro Tork and Governo do Estado do Ceará, Caixa. Campeonato Brasileiro Série A Player with most goals scored: Rinaldo Santana dos Santos, in 2005 and 2006 Player with most goals scored in a single tournament: Rinaldo, in 2005 All divisions taken in consideration Player with most goals scored: Rinaldo; the Fortaleza Esporte Clube has its headquarters in the district of Pici, which consists of the headquarters Manoel Guimarães, stadium Alcides Santos, indoor trophies, Hotel Ribamar Bezerra, Otoni Diniz accommodation, dressing rooms, modern medical department.
Main site is Alcides Santos Stadium, with capacity for 8,300 people, but the team plays in Castelão, up about 67,037 supporters and Estádio Presidente Vargas, which had a 20,600 capacity. Alcides Santos João Gentil João César Ney Rebouças Aírton França Rebouças Péricles Mulatinho José Atanásio dos Santos José Nestor Falcão Osvaldo Azim Ezequiel Menezes Jorge Mota Clayton Alcântara Veras Ribamar Bezerra Marcello Desidério Lúcio Bonfim Renan Vieira Paulo Arthur Magalhães Osmar Baquit Jorge Mota Luis Eduardo Girão Marcelo Paz As of 19 March 2019Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Rogério Ceni – Head Coach Emerson Nunes – Assistant Coach Bosco – Goalkeeping Coach Celso Santos – Fitness Coaches Albino Luciano, Egberto Oliveira, Fabio Gomes, Patrício, Ranielson – Physiotherapists Glay Maranhão, Hildemar Queiroz, Rafael Veras, Rômulo Férrer, Vinícius Castelo – Club Doctors Manoel Almeida, Wellington Moura – Masseurs Football Campeonato Cearense: 411920, 1921, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1933, 1934, 1937, 1938, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1953, 1954, 1959, 1960, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1973, 1974, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1991, 1992, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2015, 2016Torneio Início do Ceará: 121925, 1927, 1928, 1933, 1935, 1948, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1977Copa dos Campeões Cearenses: 12016North-Northeast Tournament: 11970Northeastern Championship: 21960, 1968Paramaribo Cup: 11962Campeonato Brasileiro Série C: 0Runners-up: 2017Campeonato Brasileiro Série B: 12018 Runners Up: 2002, 2004Campeonato Brasileiro Série A: 0Runners-up: 1960, 1968 Official Website Fan Online Community Site with News related to Fortaleza Esporte Clube
Thomaz Soares da Silva known as Zizinho, was a Brazilian football player, who played as an attacking midfielder for the Brazil national football team. He came to international prominence at the 1950 World Cup, he was lauded as a complete player, renowned for his incredible array of offensive skills such as his dribbling and shooting ability with both feet, as well as his accuracy from dead ball situations and extraordinary vision, is considered the best Brazilian footballer of the pre-Pelé era. Born at Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, he played for Flamengo, Bangu, São Paulo FC, Audax Italiano of Chile among others teams, he is considered the first idol of Flamengo, club that he defended - wining the state championships in 1942, 1943 and 1944 - until he was transferred just before the start of 1950 World Cup to Bangu. In São Paulo he won the state championship in 1957 being important and becoming an idol. In the 1950 World Cup he helped Brazil to progress to the final, but their surprise 2-1 defeat to Uruguay tarnished his reputation.
Zizinho played a total of 53 times for his national team. He turned down last minute invitations by the CBF to join first the 1954 world cup squad and the 1958 squad, citing on both occasions that it would be unfair on the player being dropped at the last minute to make way for him. Pelé always said that Zizinho was the best player he saw. "He was a complete player. He played in midfield, in attack, he scored goals, he could mark and cross." Campeonato Carioca: 1942, 1943, 1944 Campeonato Paulista: 1957 South American Championship: 1949 Taça do Atlântico: 1956 Roca Cup: 1945 Copa Rio Branco: 1950 Taça Oswaldo Cruz: 1955, 1956 FIFA World Cup Runner-up: 1950 South American Championship Runner-up: 1945, 1946, 1953, 1957 FIFA World Cup Golden Ball: 1950 FIFA World Cup All-Star Team: 1950 IFFHS Brazilian Player of the 20th Century IFFHS South American Player of the 20th Century Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame Copa América / South American Championship All-Time Top Scorer: 17 goals Zizinho – FIFA competition record Profile at cbf.com.br Craque Imortal
Brazil the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, its most populated city is São Paulo; the federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers, it borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats; this unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system; the ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the ninth largest GDP in the world by nominal, eight and PPP measures, it is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, it is that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil given the etymology "red like an ember", formed from brasa and the suffix -il. As brazilwood produces a deep red dye, it was valued by the European textile industry and was the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil. Throughout the 16th century, massive amounts of brazilwood were harvested by indigenous peoples along the Brazilian coast, who sold the timber to European traders in return for assorted European consumer goods; the official Portuguese name of the land, in original Portuguese records, was the "Land of the Holy Cross", but European sailors and merchants called it the "Land of Brazil" because of the brazilwood trade. The popular appellation eclipsed and supplanted the official Portuguese name; some early sailors called it the "Land of Parrots". In the Guarani language, an official language of Paraguay, Brazil is called "Pindorama"; this was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees".
Some of the earliest human remains found in the Americas, Luzia Woman, were found in the area of Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years. The earliest pottery found in the Western Hemisphere was excavated in the Amazon basin of Brazil and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago; the pottery was found near Santarém and provides evidence that the tropical forest region supported a complex prehistoric culture. The Marajoara culture flourished on Marajó in the Amazon delta from 800 CE to 1400 CE, developing sophisticated pottery, social stratification, large populations, mound building, complex social formations such as chiefdoms. Around the time of the Portuguese arrival, the territory of current day Brazil had an estimated indigenous population of 7 million people semi-nomadic who subsisted on hunting, fishing and migrant agriculture; the indigenous population of Brazil comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups. The Tupí people were subdivided into the Tupiniquins and Tupinambás, there were many subdivisions of the other gro