A G-type main-sequence star called a yellow dwarf, or G dwarf star, is a main-sequence star of spectral type G. Such a star has about 0.84 to 1.15 solar masses and surface temperature of between 5,300 and 6,000 K. Tables VII, VIII. Like other main-sequence stars, a G-type main-sequence star is converting the element hydrogen to helium in its core by means of nuclear fusion; the Sun, the star to which the Earth is gravitationally bound in the Solar System and the object with the largest apparent magnitude, is an example of a G-type main-sequence star. Each second, the Sun fuses 600 million tons of hydrogen to helium, converting about 4 million tons of matter to energy. Besides the Sun, other well-known examples of G-type main-sequence stars include Alpha Centauri A, Tau Ceti, 51 Pegasi; the term yellow dwarf is a misnomer, because G-type stars range in color from white, for more luminous types like the Sun, to only slightly yellow for the less massive and luminous G-type main-sequence stars. The Sun is in fact white, its spectrum peaks in blue and green light, but it can appear yellow, orange or red through Earth's atmosphere due to atmospheric Rayleigh scattering at sunrise and sunset.
In addition, although the term "dwarf" is used to contrast yellow main-sequence stars from giant stars, yellow dwarfs like the Sun outshine 90% of the stars in the Milky Way. A G-type main-sequence star will fuse hydrogen for 10 billion years, until it is exhausted at the center of the star; when this happens, the star expands to many times its previous size and becomes a red giant, such as Aldebaran. The red giant sheds its outer layers of gas, which become a planetary nebula, while the core cools and contracts into a compact, dense white dwarf; the revised Yerkes Atlas system listed 11 G-type dwarf spectral standard stars. The "anchor points" of the MK spectral classification system among the G-type main-sequence dwarf stars, i.e. those standard stars that have remained unchanged over years, are beta CVn, the Sun, Kappa1 Ceti, 61 Ursae Majoris. Other primary MK standard stars include HD 115043 and 16 Cygni B; the choices of G4 and G6 dwarf standards have changed over the years among expert classifiers, but often-used examples include 70 Virginis and 82 Eridani.
There are not yet any agreed upon G7V and G9V standards. Some of the nearest G-type stars known to have planets include the Sun, 61 Virginis, HD 102365, HD 147513, 47 Ursae Majoris, Mu Arae, Tau Ceti Hertzsprung–Russell diagram K-type main-sequence star F-type main-sequence star A-type main-sequence star Red dwarf Red giant Brown dwarf White dwarf Solar twin Star count, survey of stars Stellar classification, class G Media related to Yellow dwarfs at Wikimedia Commons Also known as G2V
Andy Clockwise is an Australian-born musician, writer and multi-instrumentalist residing in Los Angeles. Born in Sydney to an artistic family, Clockwise's music has been compared to LCD Soundsystem and Nick Cave and described as "refreshingly soulful and unabashedly experimental." Clockwise has headlined his own tours as well as supported artists such as Hugh Cornwell of The Stranglers, The Black Keys, The Adicts, The Wailers, Julian Casablancas. In 2014, his single'Hopeless' from the Dancing World EP, featuring Holly Valance, garnered Clockwise acclaim in the US as well as international coverage in the UK press, including The Guardian, The Daily Mail, Digital Spy, his latest EP, The Good Book, was released in 8 April 2016 and features collaborations with Stella Mozgawa, JT Thomas, Holly Valance, a guest appearance by John Hawkes. In 2006, Clockwise recorded a double concept album inspired by an imaginary radio station, Classic FM, which he wrote, produced and mixed in his home studio. In 2007, he headlined his own sold-out tour.
Clockwise moved to LA in 2007, in early 2009 self-released his EP, Yard Sale. Are You Well? was released as a promotional radio EP for the U. S. in 2009. The EP featured the single'Love and War,' released through Australia's Triple j. To support the album, Clockwise toured with The Strokes front man Julian Casablancas. In February 2011,'Love and War' was featured on an episode of the CW drama 90210. On 26 April 2011, Clockwise released his first U. S. LP, The Socialite. In May 2011,'The Casanova' was featured in an episode of CSI:Miami. After releasing several singles in 2012, Clockwise released the EP Dancing World in 2014; the EP was a culmination of his experiences on the road and at home in the United States, as Clockwise stated, "It's about the wars we put each other through...a pop musical ode to dysfunctionality." It mixed elements of folk and electronic music. In support of the album, he toured among others; the singles'Steam Dream' and'Murphy's Law' were in heavy rotation on LA's KROQ, Alt-98.7, KCRW, and'Hopeless,' featuring Holly Valance, received thousands of plays on Soundcloud.
The EP's lead single'Dancing World' was circulated on specialty radio in LA and over 60 stations in North America, reaching #12 on the speciality FMQBY Radio Chart. Starting in 2015, Clockwise has been doing DJ sets for "Dance Yourself Clean," LA's most popular indie dance party. During that time, he started recording songs between his Hollywood home studio and London for what would become his latest EP, The Good Book, which he describes as "a celebration about the lies that we tell ourselves and an ode to the fleeting nature of existence." In November 2015, the video for the EP's first single'Open Relationship' premiered in Interview Magazine. Described as "LCD Soundsystem-meets-'80s disco and funk, " the single was inspired by a friend's real-life experience in a relationship. During the first half of 2016, Clockwise toured extensively across North America as a special guest for "Dance Yourself Clean," with sold out shows in DC, San Francisco, Atlanta and San Diego. In March, he was invited to play as part of an official showcase at South by Southwest Music Conference.
The Good Book was released on 8 April 2016 through Exhibition Records. Andy Clockwise cites Charlie Chaplin, Bob Dylan, Tom Waits, Björk, The Pixies, David Bowie, Nick Cave as influences. Song Exhibition EP Released under Shock Records Australia Classic FM Released under Fly Music/Warner Music Are You Well? EP Released under Art of Broadcast The Socialite Released under Schizo Pop Dancing World EPReleased under Exhibition Media Gower Mixtape Vol. I Released under Exhibition Media The Good Book EP Released under Exhibition Media Alisha Fraher – Bass, Keys, Vocals Jamie Douglass – Drums Mathew Gardner - Drums Official website Art of Broadcast Artist Biography
Spud is a 2005 novel by South African author, actor and producer, John van de Ruit. A comedic sometimes sad yet straight forward novel that captures the humor of life in boarding school, through the diary of John'Spud' Milton; the book is written in the style of a diary. The story begins on the morning of Spud's first day at a private boarding school, following his year and experiences with the eccentric characters found in the school environment; the diary follows Spud's family life. A sequel, titled Spud - The Madness Continues, was released in mid-2007, it details Spud's second year of boarding school and trip to England paid by Wombat, his crazy grandmother. In June 2009, the third book in the Spud series was released. Titled Spud - Learning to Fly; this book details Spud's third year at a school based on Michaelhouse, where he is now back at school and Pike returns for Post-Matric years and is a prefect. Pike being made a prefect means the Crazy Eight are vulnerable and cannot do anything without getting in trouble.
The fourth and final book in the series, detailing Spud's Matric year, was released August 2012, under the title "Spud -Exit, Pursued by a Bear."After commercial success in South Africa, the United States saw a release of this book 2007. It is now available in North America. Crazy Eight The Crazy Eight consists of the eight boys in Spud's house at school. John'Spud' Milton -; the protagonist. Possessing a dry sense of humour and acid wit, Spud writes of his discontent for his life, due to the major embarrassment he gets from having deranged parents, a senile grandmother and being part of one of the most notorious gangs in the school. Frequent topics of complaint are his spudness, his low self-esteem and various personal matters, such as his shaky relationship with his girlfriend, Mermaid. Being surrounded by madness makes him question his own sanity. Spud writes of his acting aspirations, has two major school plays – Oliver! and A Midsummer Night's Dream, as well as a humiliating house play, having directed a fourth.
Despite his pessimism regarding his looks and spudness, his biggest surprise is the number of girls he attracts – by the final book, he has attracted the attention of at least six girls. Due to his parents' difficult financial situation, he got into the school through a scholarship. Robert'Rambo' Black - The leader of the Crazy Eight, he is known for having a public affair with Eve, the drama teacher and wife of his housemaster, his exceptionally brutal ways. He is described as being muscular and has black hair. In his third year, he starts to become a kinder and much more protective person, is seen to threaten the second years with punishment if they make any attempts at initiating the first years. Charlie'Mad Dog' Hooper – A fierce and ruthless thug-like boy so named because of his hunting habits. A talented cricket bowler due to his scare tactics and high speed bowling, he appears to view Spud as a close friend, as he includes him in hunting trips and forces him to hike with him a lot of the time, although Spud expresses fear of him.
In several entries, he cries at the idea of never seeing Spud again. In the second book, he spends a lot of time on the phone with Spud. Based on what Spud writes of him, he can scare anyone into submission by wielding his knife, it is mentioned at some point that he has Dyslexia. After the gang visit his farm in Learning to Fly, Spud never mentions him again. Henry "Gecko" Barker – Spud's sickly but smart best friend, he is sick or injured and sent to the sanitorium. Spud describes him as a thin and pale boy, at one point commenting that "there have to be healthier looking corpses." He passes away towards the end of the original novel, after contracting cerebral malaria while on holiday in Mozambique. In years, Spud reflects on Gecko's introverted and insightful personality in books around the anniversaries of his death. Alan "Boggo" Greenstein – a peverted boy with a bad case of acne. Although Spud expresses open contempt for his pick-up abilities, he is still successful with girls and, Spud mentions several relationships that Boggo is in.
A frequent topic of humour in Spud's diaries is his being caught masturbating, having to endure the school's notorious humiliation policy whenever he enters the dining hall. He is close friends with Fatty, somewhat friendly with Rambo, as Spud writes of comments he makes to this effect, he does not bully people like Rambo and Mad Dog, who are physical with their bullying, but more verbally. He is quite intelligent and this is evident throughout the series with his witty comebacks and one-liners, his clever money-making schemes which, to Spud's surprise work. Vern "Rain Man" Blackadder - Spud's deranged cubicle mate, who has a strange relationship with his housemaster's cat, his bizarre behaviour leads Spud to wonder if he is surrounded by madness, wonders if being surrounded by madness is an indication of becoming mad. Spud at one point writes. Although Spud finds him annoying, he grows to respect him after he punches the school bully, Leonard Pike, in the face. Simon Brown - an exceptional sports star with braces, about whom Spud expresses intense dislike because of his arrogance and short-temperedness.
He is absent for a significant portion of Learning to Fly, when he returns, Simon's excuse is that he had feigned a nervous