GAZ Chaika

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GAZ-13 Chaika

The GAZ Chaika (Russian: Ча́йка), which means tern, is a luxury automobile from the Soviet Union made by GAZ (Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod, translated as Gorky Automobile Plant (Russian: ГАЗ or Го́рьковский автомоби́льный заво́д)). The vehicle is one step down from the ZIL-111 limousine. Chaika production consisted of two generations, the M13 of 1959 to 1981 and the M14 of 1977 to 1988.

M13 Chaika[edit]

The GAZ M13, debuted in 1958,[1] it was produced from 1959 to 1981, with 3,179 built in all.[2] The M13 was powered by a 195-hp SAE gross 5.5 L V8 and driven through a push-button automatic transmission of a similar design to the Chrysler PowerFlite unit. It was offered as a saloon (GAZ 13), limousine (GAZ 13A), and four-door cabriolet (GAZ 13B) with an electrohydraulic top.[3] The cabriolet was made in 1961 and 1962 for official parades.[4]

M14 Chaika[edit]

The vintage 1950s-style M13 was succeeded by the more modern Chaika M14 introduced in 1977 (although production of both versions overlapped by several years), although visually modern and fitted with the latest electronic luxury features, the M14 was in fact built around the drivetrain and undercarriage of the older model.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p.69.
  2. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  3. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  4. ^ Thompson, p.70.
  5. ^ Thompson, p.211.

External links[edit]