GMA Network

GMA Network is a major national commercial broadcast television and radio network in the Philippines. GMA Network is the flagship property of publicly traded GMA Network Inc, its first broadcast on television was on October 29, 1961. GMA Network is referred to as the "Kapuso Network" in reference to the outline of the company's logo, it has been called the "Christian Network", which refers to the apparent programming during the tenure of the new management, which took over in 1974. It is headquartered in the GMA Network Center in Quezon City and its transmitter, Tower of Power, is located at Tandang Sora Avenue, Barangay Culiat in Quezon City; the original meaning of the GMA acronym was Greater Manila Area, referring to the initial coverage area of the station. As the network expanded it changed into Global Media Arts. GMA's flagship television station is DZBB-TV which carries VHF Channel 7 and UHF Channel 15; the network has 48 relay stations nationwide. Its programming is available outside the Philippines through GMA Pinoy TV, GMA Life TV and GMA News TV International.

The origin of GMA Network can be traced back to Loreto F. de Hemedes Inc. through DZBB, which started airing its radio broadcast on March 1, 1950, launched as a local radio station in Manila on June 14, 1950 and owned by Robert La Rue "Uncle Bob" Stewart, an American war correspondent. Venturing into television in the 1960s, Stewart started RBS TV Channel 7 on October 29, 1961, becoming the Philippines' fifth terrestrial television station. RBS's programming was composed of foreign programs from the United States and it produced local programs to cater to Filipino audiences, it produced shows like Uncle Bob's Lucky Seven Club, a child-oriented show aired every Saturdays. In 1963, RBS launched its first provincial television station in Cebu, DYSS Channel 7. In the same year, from Loreto F. de Hemedes Inc, the firm was formally renamed to Republic Broadcasting System, Inc.. On September 21, 1972 President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law by the virtue of Proclamation 1081. Marcos, ruling by decree, curtailed other civil liberties.

In December 1972, RBS was given the green light by the government to return on the air, however with limited three-month permits. Programming during that time was supplied via a blocktime agreement with Philippine Production Center Inc. a company led by former ABS-CBN executive Romeo Jalosjos. But due to limited licenses, difficulty in financial obligations, disallowing foreign citizens and entities from owning and operating media companies in the Philippines and the American Broadcasting Company, who owned a quarter of the company, was forced to cede majority control to a triumvirate composed of Gilberto Duavit Sr. a Malacañang official. His wife Loring was the president; the relaunched GMA, aside from sporting a light blue square logo with the network name in white had a circle 7 logo in use, in its final years the blue circle 7 logo used was similar to those used by the ABC in some United States cities. After that, Rod Reyes, the then-general manager of RBS recruited old-timers from ABS-CBN, including from the news department and entertainment programs.

Through the acquisition, the station was able to broadcast in color with a ₱8 million credit line thru buying telecine machines and acquired foreign programs. Ratings were up from #5 to #3 that time; when Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. a senator who opposed the Marcos administration, was assassinated on August 21, 1983, it was only a small item on television news. The iron grip that the Marcos administration had on television began to slip, as GMA broadcast the funeral, the only local station to do so. In 1984, Imee Marcos, daughter of Ferdinand Marcos, attempted to take over GMA. However, the takeover was prevented by GMA executives. Stewart left the Philippines for good. GMA was instrumental during the years preceding the People Power Revolution; the network was the first to air a television interview with Corazon Aquino via Viewpoint in 1984, when she announced that she would run for the presidency if she receives one million signatures. In February 1986, the network was the first to report that Fidel Ramos and Juan Ponce Enrile broke away from the Marcos administration.

When democracy in the Philippines was restored in the People Power Revolution in 1986, television stations began to air, some with their original owners. The political instability of the country added to the station's burden, when soldiers stormed into the studios for two days in a part of coup attempt to topple president, Corazon Aquino. In 1987, it became the first VHF television network in the country to provide a new dimension to viewers by broadcasting the network's programs in full stereo, it opened its high-end live studio, the Broadway Centrum, boosting its local programming, inaugurated its 777-foot Tower of Power located along Tandang Sora, Quezon City, the tallest man-made structure in the country on November


Al-Fatur was a Palestinian Arab village in the District of Baysan. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on May 12, 1948, it was located 11.5 km south of Baysan. The village was attacked by the Israel Defense Forces as part of Operation Gideon. In the 1931 census of Palestine, conducted by the Mandatory Palestine authorities, Arab el-Fatur had a population of 66, all Muslims, in 16 houses. In the 1945 statistics, the population was 110 Muslims, with a total of 729 dunams of land. Of this, 709 dunams were for cereals. Tirat Zvi, established in 1938, is located north of village land, while Mechola, founded in 1968, is some 5 km southwest of the site of Al-Fatur, uses some of its lands. Welcome To al-Fatur al-Fatur, Zochrot

Valeriy Medvedtsev

Valeriy Alekseevitch Medvedtsev is a former Russian biathlete. On 16 January 1986, Medvedtsev achieved the feat of winning his World Cup debut, he trained at the Armed Forces sports society in Izhevsk. At the 1988 Olympics in Calgary, competing for the USSR, won two silver medals in the 10 km sprint and the 20 km individual, gold medal in the relay. At the 1992 Olympics in Albertville he won a silver medal in the relay competition for the Unified Team. In the World Championships, Medvedtsev has three relay medals gold from 1986 in Oslo, silver from 1987 in Lake Placid and silver from 1993 in Borovets, and he has two individual gold medals from the World Championships, gold medals in the 20 km from 1986 in Oslo and 1990 in Minsk. He has one gold medal from the 10 km from 1986 in Oslo. All results are sourced from the International Biathlon Union. 4 medals 7 medals *During Olympic seasons competitions are only held for those events not included in the Olympic program. **Team was added as an event in 1989.

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