Lithography is a method of printing based on the immiscibility of oil and water. The printing is from a metal plate with a smooth surface, it was invented in 1796 by German author and actor Alois Senefelder as a cheap method of publishing theatrical works. Lithography can be used to print artwork onto paper or other suitable material. Lithography used an image drawn with oil, fat, or wax onto the surface of a smooth, level lithographic limestone plate; the stone was treated with a mixture of acid and gum arabic, etching the portions of the stone that were not protected by the grease-based image. When the stone was subsequently moistened, these etched areas retained water; the ink would be transferred to a blank paper sheet, producing a printed page. This traditional technique is still used in some fine art printmaking applications. In modern lithography, the image is made of a polymer coating applied to a flexible plastic or metal plate; the image can be printed directly from the plate, or it can be offset, by transferring the image onto a flexible sheet for printing and publication.
As a printing technology, lithography is different from intaglio printing, wherein a plate is either engraved, etched, or stippled to score cavities to contain the printing ink. Today, most types of high-volume books and magazines when illustrated in colour, are printed with offset lithography, which has become the most common form of printing technology since the 1960s; the related term "photolithography" refers to when photographic images are used in lithographic printing, whether these images are printed directly from a stone or from a metal plate, as in offset printing. "Photolithography" is used synonymously with "offset printing". The technique as well as the term were introduced in Europe in the 1850s. Beginning in the 1960s, photolithography has played an important role in the fabrication and mass production of integrated circuits in the microelectronics industry. Lithography uses simple chemical processes to create an image. For instance, the positive part of an image is a water-repelling substance, while the negative image would be water-retaining.
Thus, when the plate is introduced to a compatible printing ink and water mixture, the ink will adhere to the positive image and the water will clean the negative image. This allows a flat print plate to be used, enabling much longer and more detailed print runs than the older physical methods of printing. Lithography was invented by Alois Senefelder in the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1796. In the early days of lithography, a smooth piece of limestone was used. After the oil-based image was put on the surface, a solution of gum arabic in water was applied, the gum sticking only to the non-oily surface. During printing, water adhered to the gum arabic surfaces and was repelled by the oily parts, while the oily ink used for printing did the opposite. Lithography works because of the mutual repulsion of water; the image is drawn on the surface of the print plate with a fat or oil-based medium such as a wax crayon, which may be pigmented to make the drawing visible. A wide range of oil-based media is available, but the durability of the image on the stone depends on the lipid content of the material being used, its ability to withstand water and acid.
After the drawing of the image, an aqueous solution of gum arabic, weakly acidified with nitric acid HNO3 is applied to the stone. The function of this solution is to create a hydrophilic layer of calcium nitrate salt, Ca2, gum arabic on all non-image surfaces; the gum solution penetrates into the pores of the stone surrounding the original image with a hydrophilic layer that will not accept the printing ink. Using lithographic turpentine, the printer removes any excess of the greasy drawing material, but a hydrophobic molecular film of it remains bonded to the surface of the stone, rejecting the gum arabic and water, but ready to accept the oily ink; when printing, the stone is kept wet with water. The water is attracted to the layer of gum and salt created by the acid wash. Printing ink based on drying oils such as linseed oil and varnish loaded with pigment is rolled over the surface; the water repels the greasy ink but the hydrophobic areas left by the original drawing material accept it.
When the hydrophobic image is loaded with ink, the stone and paper are run through a press that applies pressure over the surface, transferring the ink to the paper and off the stone. Senefelder had experimented during the early 19th century with multicolor lithography. Multi-color printing was introduced by a new process developed by Godefroy Engelmann in 1837 known as chromolithography. A separate stone was used for each color, a print went through the press separately for each stone; the main challenge was to keep the images aligned. This method lent itself to images consisting of large areas of flat color, resulted in the characteristic poster designs of this period. "Lithography, or printing from soft stone took the place of engraving in the production of English
Emperor of Austria
The Emperor of Austria was the ruler of the Austrian Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. A hereditary imperial title and office proclaimed in 1804 by Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, continually held by him and his heirs until Charles I relinquished power in 1918; the emperors retained the title of Archduke of Austria. The wives of the emperors held the title empress, while other members of the family maintained the title archduke or archduchess. Members of the House of Austria, the Habsburg dynasty, had for centuries been elected to be Holy Roman Emperors and resided in Vienna, thus the term "Austrian emperor" may occur in texts dealing with the time before 1804, when no Austrian Empire existed. In these cases the word Austria means. A special case was Maria Theresa. In the face of aggressions by Napoleon I, proclaimed "Emperor of the French", by the French constitution on 18 May 1804, Francis II feared for the future of the Holy Roman Empire and wished to maintain his and his family's Imperial status in the event that the Holy Roman Empire should be dissolved.
Therefore, on 11 August 1804 he created the new title of "Emperor of Austria" for himself and his successors as heads of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. For two years, Francis carried two imperial titles: being Holy Roman Emperor Francis II and "by the Grace of God" Emperor Francis I of Austria. In 1805, an Austrian-led army suffered a humiliating defeat at the Battle of Austerlitz and the victorious Napoleon proceeded to dismantle the old Reich by motivating or pressuring several German princes to enter the separate Confederation of the Rhine with their lands in July; this led Francis II/I on 6 August 1806 to declare the Reich dissolved and to lay down the Imperial Crown created in the second half of the 10th century. From 1806 onwards, Francis was Emperor of Austria only, he had three successors—Ferdinand I, Francis Joseph I and Charles I—before the Empire broke apart in 1918. A coronation ceremony was never established; the symbol of the Austrian Emperor was the dynasty's private crown dating back to Rudolf II, which should convey the dignity and myth of the Habsburgs.
The Austrian Emperors had an extensive list of titles and claims that reflected the geographic expanse and diversity of the lands ruled by the Austrian Habsburgs. The grand title of the Emperor of Austria had been changed several times: by a patent of 1 August 1804, by a court office decree from 22 August 1836, by an Imperial court ministry decree of 6 January 1867 and by a letter of 12 December 1867. Shorter versions were recommended for official documents and international treaties: "Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia etc. and Apostolic King of Hungary", "Emperor of Austria and Apostolic King of Hungary", "His Majesty the Emperor and King" and "His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty". The full list: Emperor of Austria,Apostolic King of Hungary,King of Bohemia, of Dalmatia, of Croatia, of Slavonia, of Galicia, of Lodomeria, of Illyria,King of Jerusalem, so forth,Archduke of Austria,Grand Duke of Tuscany and of Cracow,Duke of Lorraine, of Salzburg, of Styria, of Carinthia, of Carniola and of the Bukovina,Grand Prince of Transylvania,Margrave in Moravia,Duke of Upper and Lower Silesia, of Modena, Parma and Guastalla, of Auschwitz and Zator, of Teschen, Friuli and Zara,Princely Count of Habsburg and Tyrol, of Kyburg and Gradisca,Prince of Trent and Brixen,Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia and in Istria,Count of Hohenems, Bregenz, so forth, Lord of Trieste, of Cattaro and of the Windic March,Grand Voivode of the Voivodship of Serbia, so forth,Sovereign of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
The function of the emperor was styled like a secular papacy. Therefore, it was the overall goal to demonstrate the all-highest majesty and dignity of the monarch to his subjects and to other monarchs and countries, his and his entourage's life was governed by strict rules all the time. The members of the House of Habsburg were ranked as princes and princesses of the blood imperial, with the honorary title of Erzherzog or Erzherzogin, their permanent address and their travels abroad had to be agreed to by the Emperor. Whoever wanted to marry an archduke or archduchess of the Habsburg dynasty had to originate from a ruling or ruling house, as was stipulated by the Familienstatut des Allerhöchsten Herrscherhauses, the Family Statute of the Highest Monarch's House, issued by Ferdinand I in 1839. Otherwise the marriage would be one "to the left hand", called a morganatic marriage, excluding the offspring of the couple from any right the House of Habsburg possessed. To manage the political implications of the Imperial house after 1867 the Emperor and King appointed the k.u.k.
Minister des kaiserlichen und königlichen Hauses und des Äußeren, one of the three ministers common to Austria and Hungary. Under Francis I
Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este
Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este is a member of the Belgian Royal Family and has both Austrian and Belgian citizenships. Since 1996 he is head of the House of Austria-Este, a cadet branch of the Imperial Austrian House of Habsburg-Lorraine. Prince Lorenz was born in Belvedere Clinic, Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts-de-Seine, France, as the second child of Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este and his wife, Archduchess Margaret. After finishing school, Archduke Lorenz did his military service in the regiment of Gebirgsjäger of the Federal Austrian Army, he was promoted to Reserve Leutnant in 1980. Lorenz studied economics at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland and the University of Innsbruck in Austria, he worked at various banks in London and Rome. In 1983, he joined the Gutzwiller private bank in Basel, where he became a Managing Partner. In 1993, he spent one year as a consultant to SWIFT, a company which provides services to the financial industry. In 1995, he became Advisor to the Board of Directors of BNP Paribas bank in Paris.
He was a director of UCB, Sita and Ondeo Nalco. On 22 September 1984 in Brussels, Lorenz married Princess Astrid of Belgium, the only daughter of the then-Prince and Princess of Liège, former King Albert II and Queen Paola; the couple have five children and one granddaughter: Prince Amedeo Marie Joseph Carl Pierre Philippe Paola Marcus d'Aviano, Archduke of Austria. The couple have one daughter: Archduchess Anna Astrid of Austria-Este Princess Maria Laura Zita Beatrix Gerhard, Archduchess of Austria Prince Joachim Karl-Maria Nikolaus Isabelle Marcus d'Aviano, Archduke of Austria Princess Luisa Maria Anna Martine Pilar, Archduchess of Austria Princess Laetitia Maria Nora Anna Joachim Zita, Archduchess of Austria Prince Lorenz is a godfather to Prince Carl-Johan of Nassau, youngest child of Prince Jean of Luxembourg and Count Costantino Secco di Aragona, oldest son of his cousin Archduchess Catharina-Maria of Austria. Since 2004, Lorenz has been the honorary president of the Council of the Koninklijke Vereniging der Historische Woonsteden van België/Association Royale des Demeures Historiques de Belgique.
Since 2005, he has been the Patron of Europae Thesauri, an association of European cathedral and church treasuries. Lorenz has served as deputy chairman of the Société des Amis of the Almanach de Gotha, he is named member of the Royal Crown Council of Romania in 2015. 16 December 1955 – 10 November 1995: His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke Lorenz of Austria-Este 10 November 1995 – 7 February 1996: His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este 7 February 1996 – present: His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Lorenz of Belgium, The Archduke of Austria-EsteAs head of the House of Austria-Este since his father's death on 7 February 1996, Lorenz bears the titles "Archduke of Austria-Este". The name and arms of Este were made hereditary according to male primogeniture by declaration of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria on 31 October 1914 and was confirmed by Imperial Austrian letters patent, both of which conferred it upon Lorenz's father, Archduke Robert, on 16 April 1917, has been confirmed for Lorenz by specific reference in Article IX.1 of the constitution of the Kingdom of Belgium.
The Este suffix descended by male primogeniture and is borne by Lorenz and his successors as heads of the Austria-Este cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. The title "Prince of Belgium" was granted to him by Royal Decree of 10 November 1995 by his father-in-law, King Albert II of the Belgians. Depending on the situation, Lorenz is thus and formally styled HRH Prince Lorenz of Belgium, or internationally otherwise HI&RH Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este or HI&RH The Archduke of Austria-Este, his children by Princess Astrid bear the titles "Prince of Belgium", by Belgian decree of 2 December 1991, in addition to their traditional Austrian titles, "Archduke/Archduchess of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary". House of Habsburg: 1,285th Knight of the Imperial and Royal Austrian Order of the Golden Fleece Belgium: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold I Germany: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany Luxembourg: Grand Cross of the Order of Adolphe of Nassau Netherlands: Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown Montenegrin Royal Family: Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Danilo I Norway: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry Romanian Royal Family: Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Crown Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Civil Merit Sweden: Commander Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Polar Star Austria 1980–: Austrian Armed Forces, Leutnant as Reserve Officer Official Belgian Monarchy Website – Prince Lorenz
House of Habsburg
The House of Habsburg called the House of Austria, was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe. The throne of the Holy Roman Empire was continuously occupied by the Habsburgs from 1438 until their extinction in the male line in 1740; the house produced emperors and kings of the Kingdom of Bohemia, Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Germany, Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Croatia, Kingdom of Illyria, Second Mexican Empire, Kingdom of Ireland, Kingdom of Portugal, Kingdom of Spain, as well as rulers of several Dutch and Italian principalities. From the 16th century, following the reign of Charles V, the dynasty was split between its Austrian and Spanish branches. Although they ruled distinct territories, they maintained close relations and intermarried; the House takes its name from Habsburg Castle, a fortress built in the 1020s in present-day Switzerland, in the canton of Aargau, by Count Radbot of Klettgau, who chose to name his fortress Habsburg. His grandson Otto II was the first to take the fortress name as his own, adding "Count of Habsburg" to his title.
The House of Habsburg gathered dynastic momentum through the 11th, 12th, 13th centuries. By 1276, Count Radbot's seventh generation descendant Rudolph of Habsburg moved the family's power base from Habsburg Castle to the Duchy of Austria. Rudolph became King of Germany in 1273, the dynasty of the House of Habsburg was entrenched in 1276 when Rudolph became ruler of Austria, which the Habsburgs and their descendants ruled until 1918. A series of dynastic marriages enabled the family to vastly expand its domains to include Burgundy and its colonial empire, Bohemia and other territories. In the 16th century, the family separated into the senior Habsburg Spain and the junior Habsburg Monarchy branches, who settled their mutual claims in the Oñate treaty; the House of Habsburg became extinct in the 18th century. The senior Spanish branch ended upon the death of Charles II of Spain in 1700 and was replaced by the House of Bourbon; the remaining Austrian branch became extinct in the male line in 1740 with the death of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, in 1780 with the death of his eldest daughter Maria Theresa of Austria.
It was succeeded by the Vaudémont branch of the House of Lorraine, descendants of Maria Theresa's marriage to Francis III, Duke of Lorraine. The new successor house styled itself formally as the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, because it was confusingly still referred to as the House of Habsburg, historians use the unofficial appellation of the Habsburg Monarchy for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918; the Lorraine branch continues to exist to this day and its members use the Habsburg name. The Habsburg Empire had the advantage of size, but multiple disadvantages. There were rivals on four sides, its finances were unstable, the population was fragmented into multiple ethnicities, its industrial base was thin, its naval resources were so minimal. It typified by Metternich. Along with the Capetian dynasty, it was one of the two most powerful continental European royal families, dominating European politics for nearly five centuries.
Their principal roles were as follows: Holy Roman Emperors, kings of Germany, kings of the Romans) Rulers of Austria Kings of Bohemia Kings of Hungary and Croatia Kings of Spain Kings of Portugal Kings of Galicia and Lodomeria Grand princes of Transylvania Numerous other titles were attached to the crowns listed above. The progenitor of the House of Habsburg may have been Guntram the Rich, a count in the Breisgau who lived in the 10th century, forewith farther back as the early medieval Adalrich, Duke of Alsace, father of the Etichonids from which Habsburg derives, his grandson Radbot, Count of Habsburg founded the Habsburg Castle, after which the Habsburgs are named. The origins of the castle's name, located in what is now the Swiss canton of Aargau, are uncertain. There is disagreement on whether the name is derived from the High German Habichtsburg, or from the Middle High German word hab/hap meaning ford, as there is a river with a ford nearby; the first documented use of the name by the dynasty itself has been traced to the year 1108.
The Habsburg Castle was the family seat in the 12th and 13th centuries. The Habsburgs expanded their influence through arranged marriages and by gaining political privileges countship rights in Zürichgau and Thurgau. In the 13th century, the house aimed its marriage policy at families in Upper Swabia, they were able to gain high positions in the church hierarchy for their members. Territorially, they profited from the extinction of other noble families such as the House of Kyburg. By the second half of the 13th century, count Rudolph IV had become one of the most influential territorial lords in the area between the Vosg
Karl von Habsburg
Karl von Habsburg known as Karl of Austria and referred to by his ancestral titles as Archduke of Austria, Royal Prince of Hungary and Croatia, is an Austrian politician, the current head of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine which ruled the lands of the Habsburg Monarchy, the Empire of Austria, the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, the Kingdom of Hungary as well as the Crown lands of Bohemia and Croatia by hereditary right until the end of World War I. Born in Starnberg, Germany, in 1961, he is the son of Archduke Otto von Habsburg, Crown Prince of Austria and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen, the grandson of the last Austrian emperor, Charles I, he served as a Member of the European Parliament for the Austrian People's Party 1996–1999. Like his father, he is known as an advocate for the Pan-European movement. Karl von Habsburg was born in 11 January 1961 in Bavaria, he was baptised in Pöcking, Bavaria, as Archduke Karl of Austria, the name entered in the baptismal records. At the time of his birth, his father was de facto stateless and possessed a Spanish diplomatic passport, while his mother was a German citizen.
Like his father and siblings, he was banished from Austria for the first years of his life. However, the administrative court of Austria ruled that applying to return to the country was legal, his family was granted visa entrance in June 1966, he is the oldest grandson of the last Austrian emperor and empress, Charles I and Zita of Bourbon-Parma. Born a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, he does not use his ancestral titles, since the use of such titles is now illegal in both Hungary and Austria. In 1961, his father, Otto von Habsburg, renounced all claims to the Austrian throne, as a necessary legal condition to being allowed to return to Austria. On 30 November 2000, Karl's father transferred over to him the position of head and sovereign of the Order of the Golden Fleece. In 2005, Karl von Habsburg filed an unsuccessful lawsuit before Austria's constitutional court after a failed attempt to have former properties of the Habsburg family returned; the family's estates had been expropriated by the First Austrian Republic.
The family tried to get their former property returned under rules for victims of the Nazi regime. The attempt failed. On 1 January 2007, his father relinquished his position as the head of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, a status which devolved on Karl, in 2008 he became the Grand Master of the Order of St. George. Since 1986, Karl von Habsburg has been president of the Austrian branch of the Paneuropean Union. After studying law for 12 years, in 1992/1993, he hosted a TV game show with Austrian public TV broadcaster ORF, called Who Is Who. In October 1996, he was elected to the European Parliament for the Austrian People's Party. Two years it emerged that the ÖVP's election campaign had benefitted from at least 30,000 Mark of World Vision donation money via Paneurope Austria while Karl von Habsburg sat on the board of World Vision Austria without noticing the director's dubiously legal activities, his father exacerbated the controversy when he complained that his son was being attacked unfairly and drew a parallel between the name "Habsburg" and a yellow badge.
ÖVP did not nominate Karl von Habsburg again for the 1999 elections. In 2004, Karl von Habsburg paid 37,000 euros to the new World Vision Austria branch. On 19 January 2002, he was appointed Director General of UNPO by the UNPO Steering Committee. Since 7 December 2008, he is the President of the Association of National Committees of the Blue Shield. Since 2009, Karl von Habsburg is a shareholder in a media group in the Netherlands, consisting of radio stations, a magazine and a music television channel, he is one of the three co-founders of BG Privatinvest, a Vienna-based investment company. In December 2010 the company acquired the two most important Bulgarian daily newspapers, Dneven Trud and 24 Chasa. After ongoing conflicts with Bulgarian partners, BG Privatinvest sold the newspapers in April 2011, he has lived in Salzburg, since 1981, resides in Casa Austria called Villa Swoboda, in Anif, near the city of Salzburg. On 31 January 1993 in Mariazell, he married Baroness Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza, the only daughter of Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon, a European industrialist, his third wife, the fashion model Fiona Frances Elaine Campbell-Walter.
The marriage received the dynastic authorization of Karl's father, as head of the House of Habsburg, despite objections from some members of the family inasmuch as the bride, although a baroness in the nobility of pre-republican Hungary and Transylvania, did not descend in the canonically legitimate male line from a family of dynastic status, as does his younger brother Georg's wife. In July 1998 an Austrian court fined Karl von Habsburg 180,000 schillings; the diadem belonged to his wife. After 10 years of marriage, the couple separated in 2003. Karl and Francesca have three children: Eleonore Jelena Maria del Pilar Iona Ferdinand Zvonimir Maria Balthus Keith Michael Otto Antal Bahnam Leonhard Gloria Maria Bogdana Paloma Regin
Ferdinand Zvonimir von Habsburg
Ferdinand Zvonimir Maria Balthus Keith Michael Otto Antal Bahnam Leonhard von Habsburg-Lothringen, known colloquially as Ferdinand Habsburg, is the eldest son of Karl von Habsburg, head of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. Habsburg is a racing driver competing in the DTM. In November 2017, he finished 4th in the 2017 Macau Grand Prix after crashing at the final corner of the last lap whilst attempting to complete an overtake for the lead, he has raced in the FIA Formula 3 European Championship. Habsburg is an Austrian citizen, his parents are Francesca von Habsburg. He was baptised on 20 September 1997 in Zagreb by Cardinal Franjo Kuharić, he was given the traditional Croatian name Zvonimir. He is the brother of Gloria von Habsburg. While his traditional titles are sometimes used abroad and in genealogical literature, they are not recognized by the Austrian government given that his grandfather Otto von Habsburg renounced all claims to the Austrian throne on 31 May 1961. Royal and noble titles were abolished in Austria by the Adelsaufhebungsgesetz of 3 April 1919.
The family name of the members of the former House of Austria was declared to be "Habsburg-Lothringen" by an Austrian ministerial decision in 1957, by a German court on 16 July 1958. The alternative family name "von Habsburg" may be used in all states apart from Austria. Habsburg began his racing career at the age of 14 with Speedworld Academy, he has worn racing number 62 since the beginning of his karting career. In 2014 after 4 years spent in ROTAX Junior category, winning multiple championship titles, he switched to Rotax DD2, he qualified three times for the Rotax Max Challenge Grand Finals Results2014 – Austrian champion in Rotax DD2, 12th place in the Rotax Max Challenge Grand Finals in Valencia, Spain 2013 – Hungarian Champion and Lower Austrian Champion, Central-Eastern European vice-champion in Rotax Junior,10th place in the Rotax Max Challenge Grand Finals in New Orleans, USA 2012 – Lower Austrian Champion, 33rd place in the RMC World Finals in Portimao, Portugal In 2014, Habsburg made his début in single seaters, taking part in the Formula Renault 1.6 NEC Championship with Lechner Racing.
He finished 4th with a 100% finishing rate in 15 races. For 2015, Habsburg contested New Zealand's Toyota Racing Series in January and February 2015 with Victory Motor Racing, finishing 11th in the championship and 5th in the rookie class with two podium finishes, he would return to the series with Giles Motorsport for 2016 and finished fourth in the championship behind Lando Norris, Jehan Daruvala and Brendon Leitch with four podium finishes. For 2015, Habsburg decided to switch to the Formula Renault 2.0 NEC for Fortec Motorsports. For 2017, Habsburg stepped up to the FIA European F3 Championship, he had a successful season, taking four podiums and a first series win at Spa. However his most impressive drive came in the end of year Macau Grand Prix. In the main race, he battled hard for the lead with Brazilian Sérgio Sette Câmara, but was unable to pass. On the final lap, Habsburg took the lead around the outside of the final corner at Fisherman's Bend, but braked too late and understeered into the barriers on the exit of the corner, with Sette Câmara doing the same thing, handing the race win to Câmara's teammate Dan Ticktum.
Habsburg limped across the line fourth despite broken front suspension. Nonetheless, the Austrian would gain much praise from both his team boss and journalists for his final lap maneuver, along with his great season as a whole, he is returning to the series again in 2018. Together with his mother Francesca von Habsburg, Habsburg launched a unique interpretation of racing and art in 2014; the famous Swiss designer group, Lang-Baumann and painted his race car. † As von Habsburg was a guest driver, he was ineligible to score championship points. House of Habsburg: Knight of the Austrian Imperial and Royal Order of the Golden Fleece House of Habsburg: Knight Grand Commander of the Imperial and Royal Order of Saint George Ferdinand Zvonimir von Habsburg career summary at DriverDB.com
Archduchess María of Austria (b. 1967)
Archduchess María of Austria is a princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and the wife of Archduke Simeon of Austria. María is the second-eldest daughter of Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria, his wife, Princess Anne d'Orléans. María married Archduke Simeon of Austria, third eldest child of Archduke Rudolf of Austria and his first wife, Countess Xenia Czernichev-Besobrasov, on 13 July 1996 in La Toledana, Spain. Maria's father is a second cousin to Simeon, both being great grandchildren of Robert I, Duke of Parma. Maria's father descends from Duke Robert's first marriage and Simeon from the Duke's second marriage; the couple has five children: Archduke Johannes Rudolf Antonio Maria of Austria. His godparents are his paternal grandfather Archduke Rudolf of Austria and maternal grandmother Princess Anne, Duchess of Calabria Archduke Ludwig Christian Fransikus Maria of Austria, his godparents are his paternal aunt Princess Maria Anna Galitzine and his maternal aunt Princess Cristina of Bourbon-Sicily Archduchess Isabelle Rocio Maravillas Lourdes of Austria Archduchess Carlotta Adelaïde Teresa María of Austria Archduke Philipp Jozef Christian María of Austria María is godmother to Count Costantino Secco di Aragona, oldest son of her sister-in-law Archduchess Catharina-Maria of Austria and to Prince Pierre d'Orléans, son of her cousin Prince Eudes, Duke of Angoulême.
5 April 1967 – 16 December 1994: Her Royal Highness Princess María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies 16 December 1994 – 13 July 1996: Her Royal Highness Princess María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Grandee of Spain 13 July 1996 – present: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess María of Austria, Princess Imperial of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Grandee of Spain