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Asit Kumar Haldar
Asit Kumar Haldar was an Indian painter of Bengal school and an assistant of Rabindranath Tagore at Shantiniketan. He was one of the major artists of the Bengal renaissance. Haldar was born in Jorasanko in 1890, his maternal grandmother was the sister of Rabindranath Tagore. Both his grandfather Rakhaldas Haldar and his father Sukumar Haldar were accomplished in the art of painting, he began his studies at the age of 14. His education was undertaken at Government School of Art and began in 1904. Haldar learned sculpting from two famous Bengali artists in 1905: Jadu Pal and Bakkeswar Pal, he learned from Leonard Jennings. From 1909 to 1911 he was in the Ajanta documenting the paintings on the frescoes, he did this on an expedition with Lady Herringham, in conjunction with two other Bengali painters, the object of, to bring cave art to a wider Indian audience. In 1921, he undertook another expedition, this time to the Bagh Caves and his reflections on the art there indicate quite a few surrealistic depictionsFrom 1911 to 1915 he was an art teacher at Shantiniketan.
He was the principal of the Kala Bhavan school from 1911 to 1923, assisting Tagore with cultural and artistic activities. During this time, he introduced many different styles to art to the students, revolutionized decorative and ceremonial displays there. In 1923, he went on a study tour through England and Germany. On his return, he became Principal of the Maharaja’s School of Arts and Crafts, Jaipur where he remained for a year, before moving to the Maharaja’s School of Arts and Crafts in Lucknow. Haldar made a tour of Europe in 1923 and soon realized that Realism in European art had numerous limitations, he sought to balance physical attributes in proportion to the magnitude of the subject matter. Haldar's Yashoda and Krisna was not just a religious painting but an artistic juxtaposition of the infinite (represented by Krishna with the finite. Haldar made thirty two paintings on the Buddha's life and thirty paintings on Indian history, attempting to embrace idealism in his art, his media included: lacquer, oil and ranged to some photographyHis masterpieces include: Krsna and Yashoda Awakening of Mother India Rai-Raja Lotus Kunala and Ashoka Raslila The Flame of Music Pronam Haldar was a budding poet throughout his life.
He translated Ritusamhara into Bengali from Sanskrit. He illustrated numerous poems in visual art, including twelve from Omar Khayyam, his art on the Buddha and the History of India fell under this poetic umbrella. He is the author of various books in Bengali, viz. Ajanta, Ho-der Galpo, Bagh Guha and Ramgarh (Another travelogue to the Bagh Cave and Ramgarh in Central India, etc. A newly annotated edition of Ajanta has been published by Lalmati, with annotations and photographs by Prasenjit Dasgupta and Soumen Paul. A newly annotated edition of Bagguha and Ramgarh written by Asit Kumar Halder has been published by New Age Publishers, with annotations and photographs by Prasenjit Dasgupta and Soumen Paul. Haldar was the first Indian to be appointed as the principal of a Government Art School, he was the first Indian to be elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, London in 1934. The Allahabad Museum opened a large "Haldar Hall" with many of his works in 1938
Devika Rani Chaudhuri known as Devika Rani, was an actress in Indian films, active during the 1930s and 1940s. Acknowledged as the first lady of Indian cinema, Devika Rani had a successful film career that spanned 10 years. Born into a wealthy, anglicized Indian family, Devika Rani was sent to boarding school in England at age nine and grew up in that country. In 1928, she met Himanshu Rai, an Indian film-producer, married him the following year, she assisted in costume art direction for Rai's experimental silent film A Throw of Dice. Both of them went to Germany and received training in film-making at UFA Studios in Berlin. Rai cast himself as hero and her as heroine in his next production, the bilingual film Karma, made in English & Hindi; the film premiered in England in 1933, elicited interest there for a prolonged kissing scene featuring the real-life couple, flopped badly in India. The couple returned to India in 1934, where Himanshu Rai established a production studio, Bombay Talkies, in partnership with certain other people.
The studio produced several successful films over the next 5–6 years, Devika Rani played the lead role in many of them. Her on-screen pairing with Ashok Kumar became popular in India. Following Rai's death in 1940, Devika Rani took control of the studio and produced some more films in partnership with her late husband's associates, namely Sashadhar Mukherjee and Ashok Kumar; as she was to recollect in her old age, the films which she supervised tended to flop, while the films supervised by the partners tended to be hits. In 1945, she retired from films, married the Russian painter Svetoslav Roerich and moved to his estate on the outskirts of Bangalore, thereafter leading a reclusive life for the next five decades, her persona, no less than her film roles, were considered unconventional. Her awards include Dadasaheb Phalke Award and the Soviet Land Nehru Award. Devika Rani was born as Devika Rani Choudhary, into a Bengali family in Waltair near Visakhapatnam in present-day Andhra Pradesh, into an affluent and educated Bengali family, the daughter of Col. Dr. Manmathnath Choudhary by his wife Leela Devi Choudhary.
Devika's father, Colonel Manmatha Nath Chaudhuri, scion of a large landowning zamindari family, was the first Indian Surgeon-General of Madras Presidency. Devika's paternal grandfather, Durgadas Choudhary, was the Zamindar of Chatmohar Upazila of Pabna district of present-day Bangladesh, her paternal grandmother, Sukumari Devi, was a sister of the nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Devika's father had five brothers, all of them distinguished in their own fields law and literature, they were Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court during the British Raj. The future Chief of Army Staff, Jayanto Nath Chaudhuri, was Devika's first cousin: their fathers were brothers to each other. Devika's mother, Leela Devi Choudhary came from an educated family and was a niece of Rabindranath Tagore. Thus, Devika Rani was related through both her parents to the poet and Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, her father, Manmathnath Choudhary, was the son of Sukumari Devi Choudhary, sister of Rabindranath Tagore. Devika's mother, Leela Devi Chaudhuri, was the daughter of Indumati Devi Chattopadhyay, whose mother Saudamini Devi Gangopadhyay was another sister of the Nobel laureate.
Thus, Devika's paternal and maternal grandmothers were first cousins to each other, being the children of two sisters of Rabindranath Tagore. Nor was this all: Two of Devika's uncles were married to their first cousins, the nieces of Rabindranath Tagore: Prativa Devi Choudhury, wife of Sir Ashutosh Choudhary, was the daughter of Hemendranath Tagore, Indira Devi Choudhary, wife of Pramathanath Choudhary, was the daughter of Satyendranath Tagore. Devika thus had strong family ties to Jarasanko, seat of the Tagore family in Kolkata and a major crucible of the Bengali renaissance. Devika Rani was sent to boarding school in England at the age of nine, grew up there. After completing her schooling in the mid-1920s, she enrolled in the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and the Royal Academy of Music in London to study acting and music, she enrolled for courses in architecture and decor design, apprenticed under Elizabeth Arden. All of these courses, each of them a few months long, were completed by 1927, Devika Rani took up a job in textile design.
In 1928, Devika Rani first met her future husband, Himanshu Rai, an Indian barrister-turned-film maker, in London preparing to shoot his forthcoming film A Throw of Dice. Rai was impressed with Devika's "exceptional skills" and invited her to join the production team of the film, although not as an actress, she agreed, assisting him in areas such as costume designing and art direction. The two traveled to Germany for the post-production work, where she had occasion to observe the film-making techniques of the German film industry of G. W. Pabst and Fritz Lang. Inspired by their methods of film-making, she enrolled for a short film-making course at Universum Film AG studio in Berlin. Devika Rani learnt various aspects of film-making and took a special course in film acting. Around this time, they both acted in a play together, for which they received many accolades in Switzerland and the Scandinavian countries. During this time she was also
India known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia; the Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Gupta empires. In the medieval era, Zoroastrianism and Islam arrived, Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture.
Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, in the mid-19th under British Crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947. In 2017, the Indian economy was the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the second largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.
A pluralistic and multi-ethnic society, it is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindush, equivalent to the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the historical local appellation for the Indus River; the ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as "The people of the Indus". The geographical term Bharat, recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations, it is a modernisation of the historical name Bharatavarsha, which traditionally referred to the Indian subcontinent and gained increasing currency from the mid-19th century as a native name for India. Hindustan is a Middle Persian name for India, it was introduced into India by the Mughals and used since then. Its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety; the name may refer to either the northern part of India or the entire country.
The earliest known human remains in South Asia date to about 30,000 years ago. Nearly contemporaneous human rock art sites have been found in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, including at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh. After 6500 BCE, evidence for domestication of food crops and animals, construction of permanent structures, storage of agricultural surplus, appeared in Mehrgarh and other sites in what is now Balochistan; these developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation, the first urban culture in South Asia, which flourished during 2500–1900 BCE in what is now Pakistan and western India. Centred around cities such as Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and Kalibangan, relying on varied forms of subsistence, the civilization engaged robustly in crafts production and wide-ranging trade. During the period 2000–500 BCE, many regions of the subcontinent transitioned from the Chalcolithic cultures to the Iron Age ones; the Vedas, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism, were composed during this period, historians have analysed these to posit a Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain.
Most historians consider this period to have encompassed several waves of Indo-Aryan migration into the subcontinent from the north-west. The caste system, which created a hierarchy of priests and free peasants, but which excluded indigenous peoples by labeling their occupations impure, arose during this period. On the Deccan Plateau, archaeological evidence from this period suggests the existence of a chiefdom stage of political organisation. In South India, a progression to sedentary life is indicated by the large number of megalithic monuments dating from this period, as well as by nearby traces of agriculture, irrigation tanks, craft traditions. In the late Vedic period, around the 6th century BCE, the small states and chiefdoms of the Ganges Plain and the north-western regions had consolidated into 16 major oligarchies and monarchies that were known as the mahajanapadas; the emerging urbanisation gave rise to non-Vedic religious movements, two of which became independent religions. Jainism came into prominence during the life of Mahavira.
Buddhism, based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, attracted followers from all social classes excepting the middle
The Bengal Presidency reorganized as the Bengal Province, was once the largest subdivision of British India, with its seat in Calcutta. It was centred in the Bengal region. At its territorial peak in the 19th century, the presidency extended from the present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan in the west to Burma and Penang in the east; the Governor of Bengal was concurrently the Viceroy of India for many years. Most of the presidency's territories were incorporated into other British Indian provinces and crown colonies. In 1905, Bengal proper was partitioned, with Eastern Bengal and Assam headquartered in Dacca and Shillong. British India was reorganised in 1912 and the presidency was reunited into a single Bengali-speaking province; the Bengal Presidency was established in 1765, following the defeat of the last independent Nawab of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey in 23 June 1757, the Battle of Buxar in 22 October 1764. Bengal was the economic and educational hub of the British Raj, it was the centre of the late 19th and early 20th century Bengali Renaissance and a hotbed of the Indian Independence Movement.
The Partition of British India in 1947 resulted in Bengal's division on religious grounds, between the Indian state of West Bengal and the Pakistanian province of East Bengal, which first became East Pakistan in 1955 under Pakistanian rule and the nation of Bangladesh in 1971. Under Warren Hastings the consolidation of British imperial rule over Bengal was solidified, with the conversion of a trade area into an occupied territory under a military-civil government, while the formation of a regularised system of legislation was brought in under John Shore. Acting through Lord Cornwallis Governor-General, he ascertained and defined the rights of the landholders over the soil; these landholders under the previous system had started, for the most part, as collectors of the revenues, acquired certain prescriptive rights as quasi-proprietors of the estates entrusted to them by the government. In 1793 Lord Cornwallis declared their rights perpetual, gave over the land of Bengal to the previous quasi-proprietors or zamindars, on condition of the payment of a fixed land tax.
This piece of legislation is known as the Permanent Settlement of the Land Revenue. It was designed to "introduce" ideas of property rights to India, stimulate a market in land; the former aim misunderstood the nature of landholding in India, the latter was an abject failure. The Cornwallis Code, while defining the rights of the proprietors, failed to give adequate recognition to the rights of the under-tenants and the cultivators; this remained a serious problem for the duration of British Rule, as throughout the Bengal Presidency ryots found themselves oppressed by rack-renting landlords, who knew that every rupee they could squeeze from their tenants over and above the fixed revenue demanded from the Government represented pure profit. Furthermore, the Permanent Settlement took no account of inflation, meaning that the value of the revenue to Government declined year by year, whilst the heavy burden on the peasantry grew no less; this was compounded in the early 19th century by compulsory schemes for the cultivation of opium and indigo, the former by the state, the latter by British planters.
Peasants were forced to grow a certain area of these crops, which were purchased at below market rates for export. This added to rural poverty. So unsuccessful was the Permanent Settlement that it was not introduced in the North-Western Provinces after 1831, in Punjab after its conquest in 1849, or in Oudh, annexed in 1856; these regions remained administratively distinct. The area of the Presidency under direct administration was sometimes referred to as Lower Bengal to distinguish it from the Presidency as a whole. Punjab and Allahabad had Lieutenant-Governors subject to the authority of the Governor of Bengal in Calcutta, but in practice they were more or less independent; the only all-Presidency institutions which remained were the Civil Service. The Bengal Army was amalgamated into the new British-Indian Army in 1904–5, after a lengthy struggle over its reform between Lord Kitchener, the Commander-in-Chief, Lord Curzon, the Viceroy; the partition of the large province of Bengal, decided upon by Lord Curzon, Cayan Uddin Ahmet, the Chief Secretary of Bengal carried into execution in October 1905.
The Chittagong and Rajshahi divisions, the Malda District and the States of Hill Tripura and Comilla were transferred from Bengal to a new province, Eastern Bengal and Assam. The province of West Bengal consisted of the thirty-three districts of Burdwan, Bankura, Hughli, Twenty-four Parganas, Nadia, Jessore, Patna, Shahabad, Champaran, Darbhanga, Bhagalpur, Santhal Parganas, Balasore and Kandhmal, Sambalpur, Hazaribagh, Ranchi and Manbhum; the princely states of Sikkim and the tributary states of Odisha and Chhota Nagpur were not part of Bengal, but British relations with them were managed
Debendranath Tagore was a Hindu philosopher and religious reformer, active in the Brahmo Samaj, which aimed to reform the Hindu religion and way of life. He was one of the founders in 1848 of the Brahmo religion. A Bengali, he was born in Shilaidaha, his father was the industrialist Dwarkanath Tagore. Debendranath was a religious man, his movement, the Brahmo Samaj, was formed in 1843 by merging his Tattwabodhini Sabha with the Brahmo Sabha, ten years after the death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, founder of the Brahmo Sabha. The Brahmo Sabha had fallen away from its original aims and practices, as stated in its Trust deed of Brahmo Sabha. However, Tagore aimed to revive the importance of this deed. Although Debendranath was spiritual, he managed to continue to maintain his worldly affairs – he did not renounce his material possessions, as some Hindu traditions prescribed, but instead continued to enjoy them in a spirit of detachment, his considerable material property included estates spread over several districts of Bengal.
Debendranath was a master of the Upanishads and played no small role in the education and cultivation of the faculties of his sons. Debendranath Tagore was born to the Tagore family in Jorasanko, popularly known as Jorasanko Thakur Bari in North-western Kolkata, converted into a campus of the Rabindra Bharati University; the Tagore family, with over three hundred years of history, has been one of the leading families of Calcutta, is regarded as a key influence during the Bengal Renaissance. The family has produced several persons who have contributed in the fields of business and religious reformation, literature and music. Debendranath married Sarada Devi and they together had 15 children, they included: Dwijendranath was an accomplished scholar and music composer. He initiated shorthand and musical notations in Bengali, he translated Kalidasa's Meghdoot into Bengali. Satyendranath was the first Indian to join the Indian Civil Service. At the same time he was a scholar. Hemendranath was the organiser of the family.
He was a spiritual seer and Yogi and he was responsible for development of modern Brahmoism, now the Adi Dharm religion. He was a "doer" of his Tagore generation and worthy successor to his grandfather Dwarkanath and father, he sided with his "conservative" siblings Dwijendranath and Birendranath in the family disputes against "modern" Satyendranath and Rabindranath. Jyotirindranath was a scholar, music composer and theatre personality. Rabindranath was his youngest son. A Nobel laureate in Literature, his poems have been adopted as national anthems of India and Bangladesh. Rabindranath founded the Vishwabharathi University in the Shantiniketan Estate acquired by his father, his other sons were Birendranath, Punyendranath and Somendranath. His daughters were Soudamini, Saratkumari and Barnakumari. Soudamini was one of the first students of a gifted writer. Swarnakumari was a gifted writer, song-composer and social worker. All of them were famous for their education, his part in creating the legacy of Thakurbari – the House of Tagore – in the cultural heritage of Bengal, centred in Kolkata, was not negligible.
It was through the influence of the Tagore family, following that of the writer Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, that Bengal took a leading role on the cultural front as well as on the nationalistic one, in the Renaissance in India during the nineteenth century. As son of Dwarkanath Tagore, a close friend of Ram Mohan Roy, Debendranath came early into the influence of Brahmoism through the Brahmo Sabha, a reformist movement in Hinduism formulating as Adi Dharma what it considered as the original pristine principles of Hinduism corrupted over time, but earlier affected in childhood by the death of his grandmother to whom he was attached, Debendranath was drawn to religion and began contemplating the meaning and nature of life. He commenced a deep study of religious literature the Upanishads. In 1839, with tutelage from Pandit Ram Chandra Vidyabageesh, a leader of the Brahmo Sabha, he formed his own active Tattwabodhini Sabha to spread his new experiences and knowledge. In 1843, Debendranath started the Tattwabodhini Patrika as mouthpiece of the Tattwabodhini Sabha.
In the same year, he revived the Brahma Sabha, fallen in vigour and following since the death of Ram Mohan Roy in 1833. The Brahmo Sabha was formally absorbed into the Tattwabodhini Sabha and renamed as Calcutta Brahma Samaj; the day Pous 7 of the Bengali calendar is commemorated as the foundation day of the Samaj. The Patrika became the organ of the Samaj and continued publication till 1883. In 1848, Debendranath codified the Adi Dharma Doctrine as Brahmo Dharma Beej. In 1850, he published; these principles emphasise monotheism and reject scriptural infallibility, the necessity of mediation between man and God, caste distinctions and idolatry. With the influence of Brahmoism under Debendranath spreading far and wide throughout India, he gathered reputation as a person of particular spiritual accomplishment and came to be known as Maharshi, his spiritual stature was confirmed by Sri Ramakrishna, the great Hindu sage of t
Sharmila Tagore is an Indian film actress known for her works in Hindi cinema as well as Bengali cinema. She has received two National Film Awards and two Filmfare Awards for her performances, she was one of the highest paid actresses in 70s and one of the iconic veteran actresses of Indian Cinema. She led the Indian Film Censor Board from October 2004 till March 2011. In December 2005 she was chosen as a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, she was one of the International Competition's Jury Members at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival. In 2013, she was awarded Padma Bhushan by the Government of India. Sharmila was born in Kanpur, the daughter of Gitindranath Tagore, a general manager in the British India Corporation, by his wife Ira Tagore. While Tagore's father belonged to a Bengali family, her mother came from an Assamese family, both of them were distantly related to the Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Gitindranath was the grandson of the noted painter Gaganendranath Tagore, whose own father Gunendranath had been a first cousin of the laureate.
In fact, Sharmila Tagore is more related to Rabindranath Tagore through her mother: her maternal grandmother Latika Barua was the granddaughter of Rabindranath Tagore's brother Dwijendranath Tagore. Tagore's maternal grandfather was Jnanadabhiram Barua, the first Principal of Earl Law College in Guwahati, himself the son of the noted social worker Gunabhiram Barua; as a member of the Tagore family, Sharmila Tagore is a distant relative of the actress Devika Rani and the painter Abanindranath Tagore Tagore was the eldest of three children and had two younger sisters, the late Oindrila Kunda and Romila Sen. Oindrila was the first in the family to act in a film, the only role she played was that of Mini, the child character in Tapan Sinha's film Kabuliwala. In adulthood, she became an international bridge player; the other sister, Romila Sen, is the wife of Nikhil Sen, a corporate honcho who served as Chief Operating Officer of Britannia Industries for many years. Tagore attended Loreto Convent, Asansol.
She made her film debut when she was a 13-year-old schoolgirl, after which her studies lost priority, she never finished school. Within a short while, her results in school became bad, her attendance levels were low, she came to be regarded as a bad influence on her classmates, was faced with a choice of either doing films or studying further. At that point, her father advised her to move ahead in life, commit herself to a film career and'give it her all' in order to become successful, she did as her father advised, credits her parents for having supported her at every point in her life. Sharmila Tagore began her career as an actress in Satyajit Ray's 1959 Bengali film Apur Sansar, as the ill-fated bride of the title character, she appeared in Shakti Samanta's Kashmir Ki Kali in 1964. Samanta cast her in many more films, including An Evening in Paris, in which she became the first Indian actress to appear in a bikini, which established Sharmila Tagore as somewhat of a sex symbol in Hindi films.
She posed in a bikini for the glossy Filmfare magazine in 1968. But, when Begum Ayesha Sultana was the chairperson of the Central Board of Film Certification 36 years she expressed concerns about the increased use of bikinis in Indian films. Samanta teamed up Sharmila with Rajesh Khanna for movies such as Aradhana and Amar Prem. Other directors paired them together in Safar and Maalik; the pair of Khanna-Sharmila gave 7 box office hits – Aradhana, Amar Prem, Chhoti Bahu, Daag, "Raja Rani" and Avishkaar. As per the review of the film Raja Rani made in 2014 by the Hindu newspaper, the film did well at the box office and taking into consideration, the inflation as of 2014, the film would have grossed more than 100 crores, she starred in Gulzar's 1975 film and won the National Film Award for Best Actress. She played a supporting role in Mira Nair's 1991 film Mississippi Masala, she was the highest paid Bollywood actress from 1970 to 1976 along with Mumtaz. She had a successful pairing opposite Dharmendra, along with whom she starred in seven movies - Devar, Mere Hamdam Mere Dost, Yakeen, Chupke Chupke, Ek Mahal Ho Sapno Ka and Sunny.
Her filmography include Faraar opposite Amitabh Bachchan. In 2017, she walked as a showstopper for Designer Rohini Gugnani at India Runway Week. Sharmila Tagore married Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, the Nawab of Pataudi and former captain of the Indian cricket team, in a Nikah ceremony held on 27 December 1969, she changed her name to Begum Ayesha Sultana Khan. They had three children: Saif Ali Khan, a Bollywood actor, Saba Ali Khan, a jewellery designer, Soha Ali Khan, a Bollywood actress and TV personality. Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi died, at age 70, on 22 September 2011. In November 2012 she wrote to the Board of Control for Cricket in India asking for the upcoming series between India and England to be recognised as the Pataudi Trophy, commissioned by the MCC in 2007; the Indian board responded saying that England's Test series in India are contested for the Anthony de Mello Trophy, in honour of the cricket administra