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Gaines County, Texas

Gaines County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 17,526; the county seat is Seminole. The county is named for James Gaines, a merchant who signed the Texas Declaration of Independence and was born in Culpeper County, Virginia in 1779; the land was occupied purely by Comanche and Mexican Comancheros, traders who had a thriving business with the Plains Indians. In October 1875, Lt. Bullis, who commanded the 24th Infantry, encountered a large group of Indians at Cedar Lake. Lt. Bullis took over the Indians for food, buffalo hides, utensils, it was that Col. Shafter established a camp at Cedar Lake and continued to scout the area as far south as the Pecos River; that November he came across a draw. He discovered over 70 wells; this area became a regular place to trade goods. In 1887 the northern part of the county was occupied by the Mallet Ranch; the foreman, Dave Ernest sold the ranch to a merchant from San Antonio who used the land for driving cattle towards Kansas.

On October 24, 1905 Gaines County became an organized county in Texas. Land was donated by non-resident land owners which would become the town of Seminole, the county seat. In 1912 a small post office opened up east of Seminole, named after a local ranch brand that would become Loop, Texas. In 1917 the Santa Fe Railroad came through Blythe, but its name was changed to Seagraves, Texas after the company discovered they had a town by the same name located on the line. A great addition to Gaines County came in 1977 when a group of Mennonites arrived to start farming and ranching. In 2005 Gaines County became the number one oil producing, cotton producing, peanut producing county in Texas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,503 square miles, of which 1,502 square miles is land and 0.5 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 62 U. S. Highway 180 U. S. Highway 385 State Highway 83 State Highway 115 State Highway 214 Yoakum County Terry County Dawson County Martin County Andrews County Lea County, New Mexico As of the census of 2000, there were 14,467 people, 4,681 households, 3,754 families residing in the county.

The population density was 10 people per square mile. There were 5,410 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 80.28% White, 2.28% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 14.17% from other races, 2.35% from two or more races. 35.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,681 households out of which 45.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.70% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.80% were non-families. 18.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.07 and the average family size was 3.53. In the county, the population was spread out with 35.00% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 18.40% from 45 to 64, 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years.

For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,432, the median income for a family was $34,046. Males had a median income of $29,580 versus $16,996 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,088. About 17.30% of families and 21.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.20% of those under age 18 and 15.70% of those age 65 or over. The county is served by a twice-a-week newspaper publication, the Seminole Sentinel, as well as local radio stations KIKZ and KSEM-FM. Seagraves Seminole Denver City Loop Larry Gatlin, country music singer Paul Patterson Tanya Tucker, country music singer Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Gaines County Gaines County government's website Gaines County from the Handbook of Texas Online Inventory of county records, Gaines County courthouse, Texas, hosted by the Portal to Texas History Gaines County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties

Brdo-Brijuni Process

Brdo-Brijuni Process is an annual multilateral event in the Western Balkans. It was initiated in 2013 by President of Slovenia Borut Pahor and President of Croatia Ivo Josipović. First official meeting was in Slovenia. Main focus of the Process is the enlargement of the EU with countries of the Western Balkans. Similar meetings were held at the prime-ministerial level in 2010 and 2011 by then-Prime Ministers of Slovenia and Croatia, Borut Pahor and Jadranka Kosor. Brdo-Brijuni process includes Slovenia and Croatia and candidates and potential candidates for EU membership from the Western Balkans. In 2014 Berlin Process was initiated by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, in which all of the Brdo-Brijuni Process countries are included as well

Harald Schumacher

Harald Anton Schumacher known as Toni Schumacher, is a German former footballer who played as a goalkeeper. At club level, he won a Bundesliga title and three DFB-Pokal titles with 1. FC Köln. At international level he represented West Germany, he won the 1980 European Championship, lost two World Cup finals, in 1982 and 1986. In the 1982 FIFA World Cup semi-final he controversially collided with and injured French defender Patrick Battiston, he was voted Footballer of the Year in Germany in 1984 and 1986. Since April 2012, he has served as vice president at 1. FC Köln. Schumacher made his first-team debut with 1. FC Köln at the age of 19, he played for the club from 1972 to 1987, including in 213 consecutive Bundesliga matches from 1977 to 1983. For most of those years, until well into the mid-1980s, he was considered one of the world's top goalkeepers, he was the automatic first-choice goalkeeper for his country, he backstopped Köln to the double in 1978, winning the DFB-Pokal. The year before he had led Köln to a DFB-Pokal victory, the club's first major trophy win in nine years.

He appeared in two other DFB-Pokal finals, in 1980 and 1983. Schumacher was voted the West German Footballer of the Year twice, in 1984 and 1986, by the nation's football journalists. Schumacher played 76 international matches for West Germany between 1979 and 1986, including 15 World Cup qualifying matches and 14 World Cup matches, he won the 1980 European Championship and lost two World Cup finals, in 1982 and 1986. In the 1982 tournament, in the controversial semi-final against France, he saved two penalty kicks in the post-extra time shootout, which West Germany won. In the 1986 quarter-final against tournament hosts, Mexico, he saved two of the three shootout penalties he faced, enabling West Germany to advance. Schumacher was involved in a collision with a French defender, substitute Patrick Battiston, in the semi-final of the 1982 World Cup. Battiston and Schumacher were both sprinting towards a long through ball pass from Michel Platini. Battiston managed to reach the ball first and flicked it up and to the side of the approaching Schumacher.

Schumacher leapt into the air as the ball sailed past him wide of the goal. Schumacher, still in the air, collided with Battiston; the resulting contact left Battiston unconscious slipping into a coma. Schumacher has always denied any foul intention regarding the incident, saying that he was going for the ball, as a goalkeeper is entitled to do. Others have alleged. Battiston lost two teeth and had three cracked ribs, he received oxygen on the pitch. Michel Platini said that he thought Battiston had died, because "he had no pulse and looked pale"; the Dutch referee Charles Corver did not award a penalty for the incident. Schumacher proceeded to play resumed. West Germany would go on to win the game on penalty kicks after the match was tied at 3–3. Schumacher caused more controversy after the game with his response to news that Battiston had lost two teeth: "If that's all that's wrong, tell him I'll pay for the crowns."Schumacher did visit Battiston in the hospital, though the Frenchman felt his apology at the time as insincere, Battiston admitted that he had forgiven him by the time the two countries faced each other four years in yet another World Cup semifinal.

That match ended in a 2–0 victory for West Germany. A French newspaper poll asked, the least popular man in France, Schumacher beat Adolf Hitler into second; when West Germany and France met again in World Cup 1986, Battiston said that the incident was "forgiven and forgotten". However, he said that he was wary of getting "close to Schumacher" and said that he would hold a distance of at least 40 meters from the German goalkeeper. Schumacher would refrain from commenting on the incident; as coach of SC Fortuna Köln he was sacked at half time by club chairman Jean Löring when his club was 0–2 behind against Waldhof Mannheim in December 1999. In 1987, Schumacher's autobiography, was published in various countries, including France. There was much interest in Schumacher's comments on the Battiston incident. Schumacher maintained that his actions did not constitute a foul and that he was only trying to get the ball, he said that he did not go over to check on Battiston's condition because several French players were standing around Battiston and making threatening gestures in his direction.

The book included accounts of alleged improprieties by German football players, including substance abuse. This resulted in Schumacher's exclusion from the German national team and his long-term Bundesliga club, 1. FC Köln, he has a daughter. He has a son and daughter, from his previous marriage to Marlies Schumacher. 1. FC KölnBundesliga: 1977–78 DFB-Pokal: 1976–77, 1977–78, 1982–83Borussia DortmundBundesliga: 1995–96Fenerbahçe1. Lig: 1988–89GermanyFIFA World Cup Runner-up: 1982, 1986 UEFA European Champion: 1980IndividualFootballer of the Year in Germany: 1984, 1986 UEFA European Championship Team of the Tournament: 1984 FIFA World Cup Silver Ball: 1986 Turkish Footballer of the Year: 1988, 1989 Detail of international matches, by RSSSF Leverkusen who's who Interview with the German magazine "STERN"

Justa and Rufina

Saints Justa and Rufina are venerated as martyrs. They are said to have been martyred at Hispalis during the 3rd century. Only St. Justa is mentioned in the Martyrologium Hieronymianum, but in the historical martyrologies Rufina is mentioned, following the legendary Acts; the two saints are honored in the medieval Hispanic liturgy. La Seo Cathedral contains a chapel dedicated to Rufina. Agost, in Valencia province, is the location of a hermitage dedicated to these saints, built in 1821. Toledo has a church dedicated to them, their legend states that they were sisters and natives of Seville who made fine earthenware pottery for a living, with which they supported themselves and many of the city's poor. Traditionally, they are said to have lived in the neighborhood of Triana. Justa was born in Rufina in 270 AD, of a poor but pious Christian family. During a pagan festival, they refused to sell their wares for use in these celebrations. In anger, locals broke all of their pots. Justa and Rufina retaliated by smashing an image of Venus.

The city's prefect, ordered them to be imprisoned. Failing to convince them to renounce their faith, he had them tortured on the rack and with iron hooks; this method having failed, they were imprisoned, where they suffered from hunger and thirst. They were asked to walk barefoot to the Sierra Morena. Justa died first, her body, thrown into a well, was recovered by the bishop Sabinus. Diogenianus believed. However, Rufina was thus thrown to the lions; the lion in the amphitheatre, refused to attack Rufina, remaining as docile as a house cat. Infuriated, Diogenianus had her body burned, her body was recovered by Sabinus and buried alongside her sister in 287 AD. Patronage is strong in Seville. According to tradition, they are protectors of the Giralda and the Cathedral of Seville, are said to have protected both during the Lisbon earthquake of 1755. Justa and Rufina were a popular subject for Spanish artists. A 1540 retable is the earliest known piece of artwork depicting these two saints. A painting of the saints was done by Francisco Camilo in 1644.

Goya and Zurbarán painted these saints. A 1989 painting is a modern interpretation of these saints, their feast day is 19 July. During the Middle Ages their feast was celebrated in the Iberian Peninsula on 17 July, as attested by calendars of the time, such as for example by that in the Antiphonary of León. Rufina at the Catholic Encyclopedia Saints of July 19: Justa and Rufina Altar of SS. Justa and Rufina in the Cathedral of Seville This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton

198th (East Lancashire) Brigade

The 198th Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw service during the Great War with the 66th Division. Reformed in the Second World War as 198th Infantry Brigade it served with 54th Infantry Division and remained in the United Kingdom throughout the war, before disbanding in late 1943; the brigade was raised as a duplicate of the East Lancashire Brigade. It was part of the 66th Division, from those men in the Territorial Force who had not agreed to serve overseas. However, the brigade ended up serving in the trenches of the Western Front, suffering horrendous casualties in March 1918 during Operation Michael, the opening phase of the German Army's Spring Offensive; as with the rest of the division, the brigade suffered heavy casualties and had to be reformed. The brigade saw service during the Hundred Days Offensive and the war ended on 11 November 1918. 2/4th Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment 2/5th Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment 2/9th Battalion, Manchester Regiment 2/10th Battalion, Manchester Regiment 203rd Machine Gun Company, Machine Gun Corps 198th Trench Mortar Battery 5th Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 6th Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers 6th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers Both the brigade and division were disbanded in 1919, shortly after the end of the Great War.

However, the brigade was reformed, now as the 198th Infantry Brigade, in the Territorial Army shortly before the outbreak of World War II in 1939, as part of the expansion of the Territorial Army when war with Nazi Germany seemed inevitable. It was again assigned to the 66th Division. However, the 66th Division was disbanded in June 1940 shortly after the British Expeditionary Force was evacuated from Dunkirk. After the disbandment of the 66th Division, the brigade was independent for six months before joining the 54th Infantry Division until it was disbanded near the end of 1943; the 8th King's Regiment and the 6th Border Regiment were retrained as Beach groups for the upcoming invasion of France and the 7th Borders were transferred to the 222nd Brigade and the 198th Infantry Brigade ceased to exist and was not reformed in the Territorial Army after the war. 8th Battalion, King's Regiment 6th Battalion, Border Regiment 7th Battalion, Border Regiment 198th Infantry Brigade Anti-Tank Company 2nd Battalion, Hertfordshire Regiment Commanders Brigadier J.

M. Radcliffe Brigadier A. C. T. Evanson Brigadier R. K. Arbuthnott Brigadier B. U. S. Cripps

Millgrove railway station (England)

Millgrove railway station was a private station on the Cleator and Workington Junction Railway main line from Moor Row to Workington Central. It appears to have served the Burnyeat family who lived at a house named Millgrove in Moresby, England, near the company's main line. William Burnyeat was on the company's Board of Directors from 1900 to 1921; the grid reference and longitude shown are interpreted from a large scale map showing the station. The station is said to have been in use during the First World War; the station is referred to by McGowan Gradon and Robinson, but standard works, notably Butt and Jowett, make no mention of the station. It is not mentioned in the company's May 1920 Working Time Table. Contemporary 6" OS Maps do not show the station or anything which suggests the remains of a station, though a minor road passes Millgrove and crosses the line nearby; the minutes of the C&WJR Board Meeting of 23 July 1903 refer to erecting an Up platform at Millgrove and extending the down platform.

The line was one of the fruits of the rapid industrialisation of West Cumberland in the second half of the nineteenth century, being born as a reaction to oligopolistic behaviour by the London and North Western and Whitehaven and Egremont Railways. The station was on the line from Moor Row to Workington Central; the line opened to passengers on 1 October 1879. All lines in the area were aimed at mineral traffic, notably iron ore and limestone, none more so than the new line to Workington, which earned the local name "The Track of the Ironmasters". General goods and passenger services were provided, but were small beer compared with mineral traffic; the founding Act of Parliament of June 1878 confirmed the company's agreement with the Furness Railway that the latter would operate the line for one third of the receipts. Like any business tied to one or few industries, the railway was at the mercy of trade fluctuations and technological change; the Cumberland iron industry led the charge in the nineteenth century, but became less and less competitive as time passed and local ore became worked out and harder to win, taking the fortunes of the railway with it.

The peak year was 1909. Ominously for the line, that tonnage was down to just over 800,000 by 1922, bringing receipts of £83,349, compared with passenger fares totalling £6,570; the peak year for tonnage was 1909, for progress was 1913, with the opening of the Harrington and Lowca line for passenger traffic. A chronology of the line's affairs from 1876 to 1992 has no entries before 1914 which fail to include "opened" or "commenced". After 1918 the position was reversed, when the litany of step-by-step closures and withdrawals was relieved only by a control cabin and a signalbox being erected in 1919 and the Admiralty saving the northern extension in 1937 by establishing an armaments depot at Broughton. Millgrove station had closed by 1921 Normal passenger traffic ended along the line in 1931. Diversions and specials, for example to football matches, made use of the line, but it was not easy to use as a through north-south route because all such trains would have to reverse at Moor Row or Corkickle.

An enthusiasts' special ran through on 6 September 1954, the only one to do so using main line passenger stock. The next such train to traverse any C&WJR metals did so in 1966 at the north end of the line, three years after the line through Moresby Parks closed. By 2013 aerial images show the line of route and that the area to the west of the station site had been transformed by housing. Maryport and Carlisle Railway Furness Railway Whitehaven and Egremont Railway Cockermouth and Workington Railway Map of the CWJR with photos RAILSCOT Map of the WC&ER with photos RAILSCOT The station Rail Map Online The approximate station site on overlain OS maps surveyed from 1898 National Library of Scotland The station area on a 1948 OS Map npe maps The line railwaycodes The railways of Cumbria Cumbrian Railways Association Photos of Cumbrian railways Cumbrian Railways Association The railways of Cumbria Railways_of_Cumbria Cumbrian Industrial History, via Cumbria Industrial History Society Furness Railtour using many West Cumberland lines 5 September 1954 sixbellsjunction A video tour-de-force of the region's closed lines cumbriafilmarchive 1882 RCH Diagram showing the station, see page 173 of the pdf google Haematite earthminerals Coal and iron ore mining in Cleator Moor Haig Pit The Adamsons and Burnyeats of Millgrove landedfamilies William Burnyeat as Newspaper Board Chairman, via Whitehaven News