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Galaxian is a 1979 fixed shooter arcade game developed and published by Namco. In North America, it was distributed by Midway Games. Controlling a small starfighter, the player is tasked with wiping out the titular Galaxians, who plot to take over Earth and enslave mankind. Enemies appear in a set formation at the top of the screen and will make dive bombs towards the player while firing projectiles. Bonus points are awarded for destroying enemies in mid-flight, it runs on the Namco Galaxian arcade system. Galaxian was designed by Kazunori Sawano, who worked on many of Namco's electro-mechanical shooting gallery games, programmed by Kōichi Tashiro. Namco had set out to capitalize on the success of Taito's Space Invaders, which had a massive impact on the video game market and was proving to be a critical and financial success. Although not the first video game to do so, Galaxian popularized the use of RGB through its colorful enemy designs, as well as the use of short jingles and scrolling backgrounds.

It is one of the company's first video games to be exported outside Japan, thanks to their licensing deal with Midway Games. Galaxian proved to be a critical and commercial success upon release, many applauding its improvements over other "invader"-type games and innovations. By 1982, it sold over 40,000 arcade units in North America alone, while in Japan it proved to be more of a success than Pac-Man, it was followed by a long series of sequels and spin-offs for multiple platforms — the first of these, would usurp the original in popularity and be recognized as one of the greatest video games of all time. The original has been ported to numerous game consoles, including the Atari 2600, MSX and Family Computer, be included in multiple Namco video game compilations, it is cited as one of the most important video games of the shoot'em up genre. Galaxian is a fixed shooter video game; the player controls a starship called the "Galaxip", the objective being to clear each round of aliens. The enemies appear in formation towards the top of the screen, with two escort ships, labeled the "Galaxian Flagship" or "Galboss".

Enemies will make a divebomb towards the bottom of the screen while shooting projectiles in an attempt to hit the player. The Galaxip can only fire a single shot on-screen, must wait for it to hit the top before being able to fire another, due to limitations of the hardware. Flagships will make a divebomb with two red escort ships - shooting all three of these will award the player bonus points, with extra points awarded to the destruction of the flagship. Enemy movement will increase as the game progresses alongside the number of shots that the enemies fire; the game's attract mode featured a short plotline, titled "WE ARE THE GALAXIANS. MISSION: DESTROY ALIENS". Rounds are indicated by small flags at the bottom of the screen. Galaxian was designed by Kazunori Sawano, who had worked on many of Namco's electro-mechanical shooting gallery arcade games, notably Shoot Away. Early in the game's development, Taito had released Space Invaders in Japan, which swept the country by storm and helped turn the video game industry into a highly-profitable business.

To help capitalize on the game's success, Namco president Masaya Nakamura ordered Sawano to make the best "post-Invaders" game they could, which put a vast amount of pressure on the development team. Although development of the game lasted six months, Sawano had made several ideas half a year before production began. Sawano and his team set out to make a game anybody could play, using a "simple is best" motto during production — this helped trim away large-scale ideas in favor of a game that could loop endlessly, be able to use only two enemy types. Alongside Space Invaders, a large portion of the game was inspired by Star Wars its large-scale space battles. Sawano had wanted to replicate the feeling of a space war with the game's sound effects. Several back-and-forth sound effects were made, many being rejected by Sawano for not matching his vision; the game was Namco's first arcade game to be composed with a synthesizer. Game balance was an important part of the game, as Sawano did not want to make the game spike in difficulty with no build-up or warning.

The enemies themselves were designed to have a personality of their own, programmed to monitor the player's movements and make attacks based on them - early in development, Sawano had envisioned the enemies to resemble TIE Fighters from Star Wars. To save up on hardware memory and processing, programmers created a tilemap hardware model, which created a set of 8x8 pixel tiles — this reduced processing and memory requirements upwards of 64 times, compared to the framebuffer model used in Space Invaders. Galaxian was released by Namco in Japan in November 1979. Following its large success, Namco approached Midway Games in terms of releasing the game overseas. Midway, who had lost their license with Taito the success of Space Invaders in the west, was in the midst of trying to find a new partner for releasing games, they agreed to the deal and released the game in North America in early 1980 — this move helped strengthen Midway and challenged Atari's leadership in the market. To help keep up demand for the game in Japan, Namco would license the game to other companies for manufacturing cabinets, including Taito and Irem.

Galaxian was a commercial success upon release. By 1982, it sold over 40,000 arcade units in North America, while in Japan it would outperform Pac-Man for a short while. Critics applauded the game's use of true color graphics and for improving the formu

2015 Incarnate Word Cardinals football team

The 2015 Incarnate Word Cardinals football team represented the University of the Incarnate Word in the 2015 NCAA Division I FCS football season. The Cardinals were in their third transition season of collegiate football at the FCS level, they were led by fourth-year head coach Larry Kennan. This was the Cardinals second season with a full Southland Conference schedule since becoming members of the conference, they played their home games at Tom Benson Stadium. They finished the season 5 -- 4 in Southland play to finish in fourth place. All Incarnate Word games will be broadcast on CBS Sports Radio 860 AM with the voices of Gabe Farias and Shawn Morris. CBS Sports Radio 860 AM broadcasts will be available at their CBS Sports Radio 860 AM. KUIW Radio will produce a student media broadcast every week, that will be available online, they will provide streaming of all non-televised home games via UIWtv; the 2014 season marked the Cardinals's first season of Southland Conference play. They were led by third-year head coach Larry Kennan.

Home games were played at Tom Benson Stadium. They finished the season 2 -- 6 in Southland play. Source: The following Cardinals received postseason honors for the 2015 season:Associated Press FCS All-America Second-Team LB Myke Tavarres - SeniorSTATS FCS All-America First-Team LB Myke Tavarres - SeniorAFCA FCS All-America First-Team LB Myke Tavarres - SeniorAll-Southland Conference First-Team TE Cole Wick - Senior LB Myke Tavarres - SeniorAll-Southland Conference Second-Team DB Kobie Douglas - SeniorAll-Southland Conference Honorable Mention QB Trent Brittain - Sophomore OL Nathan Thompson - Senior DE Alex Jenkins - Junior LB Josh Zellars - Junior DB Robert Johnson - Senior KR Kody Edwards - Sophomore PR Jordan Hicks - JuniorSouthland Conference Newcomer of the Year LB Myke Tavarres - SeniorNFLPA Collegiate Bowl Invitee LB Myke Tavarres - SeniorSouthland Conference Academic All-Conference QB Trent Brittain - Sophomore TE Cole Wick - Senior DE Alex Jenkins - Junior LB Padyn Giebler - Senior DB Daryl Irby - JuniorCoSIDA Academic All-America First-Team LB Padyn Giebler - Senior Texas A&M–Kingsville

Northamptonshire Record Society

The Northamptonshire Record Society is a text publication society for the English county of Northamptonshire. It was established in 1920 by Joan Wake; the society is based with the Northamptonshire Record Office. It is a registered charity. Wake, J. ed. Qyarter sessions records of the county of Northampton. Files for 6 Charles I and Commonwealth, A. D. 1630, 1657, 1657-8, 1 Mellows, W. T. ed. Henry of Pytchley's book of fees, 2 Wake, J. ed. A copy of papers relating to musters, subsidies, etc. in the county of Northampton, A. D. 1586-1623, 3 Stenton, F. M. ed. Facsimiles of early charters from Northamptonshire collections, 4 Stenton, D. M. ed. The earliest Northamptonshire assize rolls, A. D. 1202 and 1203, 5 Peyton, S. A. ed. Kettering vestry minutes, A. D. 1797-1853, 6 Wake, J. ed. The Montagu musters book, A. D. 1602-1623, 7 Page, F. M. ed. Wellingborough manorial accounts, A. D. 1258-1323, from the account rolls of Crowland abbey, 8 Mellows, W. T. ed. Peterborough local administration, Parochial government before the Reformation.

Churchwardens’ accounts, 1467-1573, with supplementary documents, 1107-1488, 9 Mellows, W. T. ed. Peterborough local administration, Parochial government from the Reformation to the Revolution. Minutes and accounts of the feoffees and governors of the city lands, with supplementary documents, 10 Gollancz, M. ed. Rolls of Northamptonshire sessions of the peace. Roll of the supervisors, 1314-1316. T. ed. Peterborough local administration, The last days of Peterborough monastery, being part I of Tudor documents, a series relating chiefly to the surrender of the monastery, the administration of its temporalities during the interregnum before the establishment of the cathedral, the early government of the cathedral by the dean and chapter, the Tudor bishops of the diocese of Peterborough, 12 Mellows, W. T. ed. Peterborough local administration, The foundation of Peterborough cathedral, A. D. 1541, being part II of Tudor documents, a series relating chiefly to the surrender of the monastery, the administration of its temporalities during the interregnum before the establishment of the cathedral by the dean and chapter, the early government of the cathedral by the dean and chapter, 13 Whitaker, H.

A descriptive list of the printed maps of Northamptonshire, A. D. 1576-1900, 14 Lloyd, L. C.. M. eds. Sir Christopher Hatton's book of seals. I. ed. The book of William Morton, almoner of Peterborough monastery, 1448-1467, transcribed by the late W. T. Stenton, 16 Isham, Sir Giles, bart. Ed; the correspondence of Bishop Brian Duppa and Sir Justinian Isham, 1650-1660. With memoirs of the correspondents and an historical summary, 17 Nellows, W. T.. H. eds. Peterborough local administration. Elizabethan Peterborough; the dean and chapter as lords of the city. Part III of Tudor documents, 18 Finch, M. E; the wealth of five Northamptonshire families, 1540-1640, 19 Brooke, C. N. L.. M. eds. Carte nativorum: a Peterborough abbey cartulary of the fourteenth century, 20 Ramsay, G. D. ed. John Isham and merchant adventurer: two account books of a London merchant in the reign of Elizabeth I, 21 Elvey, G. R. ed. Luffield priory charters. Part I, 22 Pettit, P. A. J; the royal forests of Northamptonshire: a study in their economy, 1558-1714, 23 Wake, J..

The letters of Daniel Eaton to the third earl of Cardigan, 1725-1732, 24 Hatley, V. A. ed. Northamptonshire militia lists, 1777, 25 Elvey, G. R. ed. Luffield priory charters. Part II, 26 Goring, J.. Northamptonshire lieutenancy papers and other documents, 1580-1614, 27 Martin, J. D; the cartularies and registers of Peterborough abbey and Chapter of Peterborough, Anthony Mellows Memorial Trust I, 28 Nuttall, G. F. Calendar of the correspondence of Philip Doddridge, D. D. 1702-1751, 29 Sheils, W.j. The puritans in the diocese of Peterborough, 1558-1610, 30 Gordon, P. ed. The red earl: the papers of the fifth Earl Spencer, 1835-1910. Vol. I: 1835-1885, 31 King, E. ed. A Northamptonshire Miscellany, 32 Greatrex, J. ed. Account rolls of the obedientiaries of Peterborough and Chapter of Peterborough, Anthony Mellows Memorial Trust 2, 33 Gordon, P. ed. The red earl: the papers of the fifth Earl Spencer, 1835-1910. Vol. II: 1885-1910, 34 Franklin, M. J. ed. The cartulary of Daventry Priory, 35 Hainsworth, D. R.. The correspondence of Lord Fitzwilliam of Milton and Francis Guybon, his steward, 1697-1709, 36 Hatley, V.

A. ed. The Church in Victorian Northampton: visitation records of Bishop Magee, 1872-1886, 37 Hall, D; the open fields of Northamptonshire, 38 Bailey, B. A. ed. Northamptonshire in the early eighteenth century: the drawings of Peter Tillemans and others, 39 Gordon, P. ed. Politics and Society: the Journals of Lady Knightley of Fawsley, 1885 to 1913, 40 Raban, S. ed. The White Book of Peterborough: the registers of Abbot William of Woodford, 1295–99 and Abbot Godfrey of Crowland, 1299-1321, Dean and Chapter of Peterborough, Anthony Mellows Memorial Trust 3, 41 Edwards, D et al. eds. Early Northampton wills, preserved in Northamptonshire Record Office, 42 Ward, G. S. ed. The 1851 religious census of Northamptonshire, Victor Hatley memorial Volume, 2, 43 Briston, M. E.. M. eds. The Pilsgate Manor of the Sacrist of Peterborough Abbey. Part B of the Register of George Fraunceys, sacrist, c. 1404, 44 McKay, P. H.. N


Akiyi is an autonomous community in Umulokpa, Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area, Enugu State, Nigeria. It has Seven villages namely: Enugwu, Enugwu-Uwani, Nkwelle, Ukpali and Uwenu. Christianity and neutralist; the churches in Akiyi-Umulokpa are namely: Holy Cross Parish St. Stephen's Church Deeper Life Bible Church Watchman Catholic Charismatic Renewal Movemen The Lord's Chosen Charismatic Movemen etc. Akiyi shares cultural traits with its neighbouring communities which are consistent with general Igbo culture. Other festivals include; the royal highness of Akiyi-Umulokpa is Chief Engr. Vincent Ekwedigwe. Akiyi practices Republican method of governance; each age grade consists of people within three years age bracket. Hon. Cornell Chijioke Onwubuya. Hon. Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi Hon. Charles Anumudu.

Pedro José Amadeo Pissis

Pedro José Amadeo Pissis Marín was a French geologist who served the Chilean government in the 19th century. He played an influential role in the cartography of Chile. Pissis worked in Bolivia before he arrived to Chile, he left Bolivia due to political problems and was preparing his departure to France in Valparaíso when Chilean minister Manuel Camilo Vial contacted him to do a geologic and mineralogic description of the Republic of Chile. Monte Pissis, the third highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere and second highest volcano in the world is named after him. Memoria Chilena Media related to Pedro José Amadeo Pissis at Wikimedia Commons

Isotopes of lead

Lead has four stable isotopes: 204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb. Lead-204 is a primordial nuclide and is not a radiogenic nuclide; the three isotopes lead-206, lead-207, lead-208 represent the ends of three decay chains: the uranium series, the actinium series, the thorium series, respectively. The three series terminating in lead represent the decay chain products of long-lived primordial 238U, 235U, 232Th, respectively. However, each of them occurs, to some extent, as primordial isotopes that were made in supernovae, rather than radiogenically as daughter products; the fixed ratio of lead-204 to the primordial amounts of the other lead isotopes may be used as the baseline to estimate the extra amounts of radiogenic lead present in rocks as a result of decay from uranium and thorium.. The longest-lived radioisotopes are 205Pb with a half-life of 17.3 million years and 202Pb with a half-life of 52,500 years. A shorter-lived occurring radioisotope, 210Pb with a half-life of 22.3 years, is useful for studying the sedimentation chronology of environmental samples on time scales shorter than 100 years.

The relative abundances of the four stable isotopes are 1.5%, 24%, 22%, 52.5%, combining to give a standard atomic weight of 207.2. Lead is the element with the heaviest stable isotope, 208Pb.. A total of 43 lead isotopes are now known, including unstable synthetic species. In its ionized state, the isotope 205Pb becomes stable. 206Pb is the final step in the decay chain of 238U, the "radium series" or "uranium series". In a closed system, over time, a given mass of 238U will decay in a sequence of steps culminating in 206Pb; the production of intermediate products reaches an equilibrium. Once this stabilized system is reached, the ratio of 238U to 206Pb will decrease, while the ratios of the other intermediate products to each other remain constant. Like most radioisotopes found in the radium series, 206Pb was named as a variation of radium radium G, it is the decay product of both 210Po by alpha decay, the much rarer 206Tl by beta decay. 204Pb is primordial, is thus useful for estimating the fraction of the other lead isotopes in a given sample that are primordial, since the relative fractions of the various primordial lead isotopes is constant everywhere.

Any excess lead-206, -207, -208 is thus assumed to be radiogenic in origin, allowing various uranium and thorium dating schemes to be used to estimate the age of rocks based on the relative abundance of lead-204 to other isotopes. 207Pb is the end of the actinium series from 235U. 208Pb is the end of the thorium series from 232Th. While it only makes up half of the composition of lead in most places on Earth, it can be found enriched up to around 90% in thorium ores. 208Pb is the heaviest known stable isotope of any element, the heaviest known doubly magic nucleus, as Z = 82 and N = 126 correspond to closed nuclear shells. As a consequence of this stable configuration, its neutron capture cross section is low, making it of interest for lead-cooled fast reactors. Isotope masses from: Audi, Georges. P.. "Atomic weights of the elements. Review 2000". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 75: 683–800. Doi:10.1351/pac200375060683. Wieser, Michael E.. "Atomic weights of the elements 2005". Pure and Applied Chemistry.

78: 2051–2066. Doi:10.1351/pac200678112051. Lay summary. Half-life and isomer data selected from the following sources. Audi, Georges. "NuDat 2.x database". Brookhaven National Laboratory. Holden, Norman E.. "11. Table of the Isotopes". In Lide, David R.. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-0485-9