Servius Sulpicius Galba was Roman emperor from 68 to 69, the first emperor in the Year of the Four Emperors. He was known as Lucius Livius Galba Ocella prior to taking the throne as a result of his adoption by his stepmother, Livia Ocellina; the governor of Hispania at the time of the rebellion of Gaius Julius Vindex in Gaul, he seized the throne following Nero's suicide. Born into a wealthy family, Galba held at various times the offices of praetor and governor of the provinces Aquitania, Upper Germany, Africa during the first half of the first century AD, he retired during the latter part of Claudius' reign but Nero granted him the governorship of Hispania. Taking advantage of the defeat of Vindex's rebellion and Nero's suicide, he became emperor with the support of the Praetorian Guard, his physical weakness and general apathy led to him being dominated by favorites. Unable to gain popularity with the people or maintain the support of the Praetorian Guard, Galba was murdered by Otho, who became emperor.
Galba was not related to any of the emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, but he was a member of a distinguished noble family. The origin of the cognomen Galba is uncertain. Suetonius offers a number of possible explanations. One of Galba's ancestors had been consul in 200 BC, another of his ancestors was consul in 144 BC. Galba's grandfather was a historian and his son was a barrister whose first marriage was to Mummia Achaica, granddaughter of Quintus Lutatius Catulus and great-granddaughter of Lucius Mummius Achaicus. According to Suetonius, he fabricated a genealogy of paternal descent from the god Jupiter and maternal descent from the legendary Pasiphaë, wife of Minos. Galba was distantly related to Livia to whom he had much respect and in turn by whom he was advanced in his career. Servius Sulpicius Galba was born near Terracina on 24 December 3 BC, his elder brother Gaius fled from Rome and committed suicide because the emperor Tiberius would not allow him to control a Roman province.
Livia Ocellina became the second wife of Galba's father, whom she may have married because of his wealth. Ocellina adopted Galba, he took the name Lucius Livius Galba Ocella. Galba had a sexual appetite for males, he married a woman named Aemilia Lepida and had two sons. Aemilia and their sons died during the early years of the reign of Claudius. Galba would remain a widower for the rest of his life. Galba became praetor in about 30 governor of Aquitania for about a year consul in 33. In 39 the emperor Caligula learned of a plot against himself in which Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Gaetulicus, the general of the Upper German legions, was an important figure. According to one report Galba ran alongside Caligula's chariot for twenty miles; as commander of the legions of Upper Germany, Galba gained a reputation as a disciplinarian. Suetonius writes that Galba was advised to take the throne following the assassination of Caligula in 41, but loyally served Caligula's uncle and successor Claudius. Galba was appointed as governor of Africa in 44 or 45.
He retired at an uncertain time during the reign of Claudius in 49. He was recalled in 60 by the emperor Nero to govern Hispania. A rebellion against Nero was orchestrated by Gaius Julius Vindex in Gaul on the anniversary of the death of Nero's mother, Agrippina the Younger, in 68. Shortly afterwards Galba, in rebellion against Nero, rejected the title "General of Caesar" in favor of "General of the Senate and People of Rome", he was supported by the imperial official Tigellinus. On 8 June 68 another imperial official, Nymphidius Sabinus, falsely announced to the Praetorian Guard that Nero had fled to Egypt, the Senate proclaimed Galba emperor. Nero committed assisted suicide with help from his secretary. Upon becoming emperor Galba was faced by the rebellion of Nymphidius, who had his own aspirations for the imperial throne. However, he was killed by the Praetorians. While Galba was arriving to Rome with the Lusitanian governor Marcus Salvius Otho, his army was attacked by a legion, organized by Nero.
Galba, who suffered from chronic gout by the time he came to the throne, was advised by a corrupt group which included the Spanish general Titus Vinius, the praetorian prefect Cornelius Laco, Icelus, a freedman of Galba. Galba seized the property of Roman citizens, disbanded the German legions, did not pay the Praetorians and the soldiers who fought against Vindex; these actions caused him to become unpopular. On 1 January 69, the day Galba and Vinius took the office of consul, the fourth and twenty-second legions of Upper Germany refused to swear loyalty to Galba, they toppled his statues. On the following day, the soldiers of Lower Germany refused to swear their loyalty and proclaimed the governor of
George Wright is a South African-born Scottish television presenter, football agent and former professional player who played most of his career as a defender or midfielder for Heart of Midlothian. Wright started his youth football at Hutchison Vale Boys Club in Edinburgh, he was signed by Premier Division club Hearts in August 1987 and made his first start in the 1989–90 season. Wright scored three goals in total for the Jambos, including the opening goal in a 3–1 victory over Celtic in 1991–92 season in front over 22,000 fans at Tynecastle, he was part of the Hearts side that won the 1991 Tennnents Sixes. Never a first team regular at Hearts, Wright left Tynecastle in 1995 but failed to hold down a first team place at Falkirk, Livingston or Cowdenbeath and retired from football in 1998 at the age of 28. After his playing career Wright worked in TV, presenting a football show on the local Edinburgh L! VE TV and on Jo Guest In Jamaica on Men & Motors; as of 2010, Wright worked as a football agent.
George Wright at Post War English & Scottish Football League A–Z Player's Database
Shirley Horton is a U. S. politician. Horton represented the 78th Assembly District, which includes southern San Diego, Chula Vista, Lemon Grove and Spring Valley, she won election to her office in 2002 and was reelected in 2004 and 2006. She was Chula Vista's first Asian American Mayor. Horton was born in Japan, while her father was in the US Navy, but grew up in south San Diego County, California, she attended Robert E. Lee Elementary School in Paradise Hills, O’Farrell Junior High School, Bonita Vista High School, she received her bachelor's degree major in Accounting from San Diego State University in 1976. She ran her own property management business. Horton began her career in politics as a member of the Chula Vista Planning Commission. In 1994, she was elected Mayor of Chula Vista re-elected in 1998 with 72% of the vote. After serving two terms as mayor of Chula Vista, 1994–2000, Horton was elected in 2002 to the California Assembly. In 2004, the 78th Assembly District was the number 1 targeted seat for both the Democratic and Republican parties.
Horton was re-elected to the California State Assembly after beating her Democratic opponent, Patty Davis. In August 2006, Horton was the only Republican to vote for the landmark global warming legislation, AB 32, the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006. In November 2006, Assemblywoman Shirley Horton was reelected to her third term in office. Horton did not run for reelection in 2008 due to term limits, she was succeeded in the California State Assembly by Democrat Marty Block. In January 2009, Horton was named president of the San Diego Downtown Partnership, a business and civic advocacy organization. Official Website