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Galleria Borghese

The Galleria Borghese is an art gallery in Rome, housed in the former Villa Borghese Pinciana. At the outset, the gallery building was integrated with its gardens, but nowadays the Villa Borghese gardens are considered a separate tourist attraction; the Galleria Borghese houses a substantial part of the Borghese collection of paintings and antiquities, begun by Cardinal Scipione Borghese, the nephew of Pope Paul V. The Villa was built by the architect Flaminio Ponzio, developing sketches by Scipione Borghese himself, who used it as a villa suburbana, a country villa at the edge of Rome. Scipione Borghese was an early patron of Bernini and an avid collector of works by Caravaggio, well represented in the collection by his Boy with a Basket of Fruit, St Jerome Writing, Sick Bacchus and others. Other paintings of note include Titian's Sacred and Profane Love, Raphael's Entombment of Christ and works by Peter Paul Rubens and Federico Barocci; the Casino Borghese was erected an area that in the seventeenth-century was outside of the walls of Rome, with the closest access being the Porta del Popolo.

At the origins, the villa grounds covered an area with a circumference of nearly 3 miles. The main building was designed by the Flemish architect Giovanni Vasanzio; the portico had spolia derived from the Arch of Claudius, once on the Via Flaminia. By 1644, John Evelyn described it as "an Elysium of delight" with "Fountains of sundry inventions and small Rivulets of Water". Evelyn described the Vivarium that housed ostriches, peacocks and cranes "and divers strange Beasts". Prince Marcantonio IV Borghese, who began the recasting of the park's formal garden architecture into an English landscape garden set out about 1775, under the guidance of the architect Antonio Asprucci, to replace the now-outdated tapestry and leather hangings and renovate the Casina, restaging the Borghese sculptures and antiquities in a thematic new ordering that celebrated the Borghese position in Rome; the rehabilitation of the much-visited villa as a genuinely public museum in the late eighteenth century was the subject of an exhibition at the Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, in 2000, spurred by the Getty's acquisition of fifty-four drawings related to the project.

In 1808, Prince Camillo Borghese, Napoleon's brother-in-law, was forced to sell the Borghese Roman sculptures and antiquities to the Emperor. The result is that the Borghese Gladiator, renowned since the 1620s as the most admired single sculpture in Villa Borghese, must now be appreciated in the Musée du Louvre; the "Borghese Hermaphroditus" is now in the Louvre. The Borghese villa was modified and extended down the years being sold to the Italian government in 1902, along with the entire Borghese estate and surrounding gardens and parkland; the Galleria Borghese includes twenty rooms across two floors. The main floor is devoted to classical antiquities of the 1st–3rd centuries AD, classical and neo-classical sculpture such as the Venus Victrix; the main floor's main large room, called the Salone, has a large trompe l'oeil ceiling fresco in the first room by the Sicilian artist Mariano Rossi makes such good use of foreshortening that it appears three-dimensional. The fresco depicts Marcus Furius Camillus relieving the siege of the Capitoline Hill by the Gauls.

The grotteschi decorations were painted by Pietro Rotari, the animal decorations by Venceslaus Peter Boemo. The first room off the Salone, is the Camera di Cerere, with marble vase depicting Oedipus and the Sphinx; the second room has a ceiling frescoed by Francesco Caccianiga with the Fall of Phaeton. The third room houses Daphne. Many of the sculptures are displayed in the spaces for which they were intended, including many works by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, which comprise a significant percentage of his output of secular sculpture, starting with early works such as the Goat Amalthea with Infant Jupiter and Faun and Aeneas, Anchises & Ascanius to his dynamic Rape of Proserpine and Daphne and David which are considered seminal works of baroque sculpture. In addition, several portrait busts are included in the gallery, including one of Pope Paul V, two portraits of one of his early patrons, Cardinal Scipione Borghese; the second Scipione Borghese portrait was produced after a large crack was discovered in the marble of the first version during its creation.

In Villa Borghese gardens or nearby are the Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, which specialises in 19th- and 20th-century Italian art, Museo Nazionale Etrusco, a collection of pre-Roman objects Etruscan, excavated around Rome. Official website Amor sacro e amor profano Description of the painting. Architecture and gardens on the Villa Borghese or Casino Reviews of Galleria Borghese Satellite photo — the Galleria Borghese is the villa in the center of the photograph surrounded by landscaped gardens. Roman Map of the area with related services

Western Digital

Western Digital Corporation is an American computer hard disk drive manufacturer and data storage company. It designs and sells data technology products, including storage devices, data center systems and cloud storage services. Western Digital has a long history in the electronics industry as an integrated circuit maker and a storage products company, it is one of the larger computer hard disk drive manufacturers, along with its primary competitor Seagate Technology. Western Digital was founded on April 23, 1970, by Alvin B. Phillips, a Motorola employee, as General Digital a manufacturer of MOS test equipment, it became a speciality semiconductor maker, with start-up capital provided by several individual investors and industrial giant Emerson Electric. Around July 1971, it adopted its current name and soon introduced its first product, the WD1402A UART; the company was financed by Emerson Electric Company and investors, to sell calculator chips through the early years of the 1970s, by 1975, Western Digital was the largest independent calculator chip maker in the world.

The oil crisis of the mid-1970s and the bankruptcy of its biggest calculator customer, Bowmar Instrument, changed its fortunes, in 1976 Western Digital declared Chapter 11 bankruptcy. After this, Emerson Electric withdrew their support of the company. Western Digital introduced several products during the late 1970s, including the MCP-1600 multi-chip, microcoded CPU; the MCP-1600 was used to implement DEC's LSI-11 system and their own Pascal MicroEngine microcomputer which ran the UCSD p-System Version III and UCSD Pascal. However, the WD integrated circuit that arguably drove Western's forward integration was the FD1771. One of the first single-chip floppy disk drive formatter/controllers, which could replace significant amounts of TTL logic; the FD1771 and its kin were Western Digital's first entry into the data storage industry. That controller, the WD1003, became the basis of the ATA interface, starting in 1986. Throughout most of the 1980s, the family of controllers based on the WD1003 provided the bulk of Western Digital's revenues and profits, for a time generated enormous corporate growth.

Much of the mid-to-late 1980s saw an effort by Western Digital to use the profits from their ATA storage controllers to become a general-purpose OEM hardware supplier for the PC industry. As a result, Western Digital purchased a number of hardware companies; these included graphics cards, core logic chipsets, SCSI controller chips for disk and tape devices, networking. They did well. In 1986, they introduced the WD33C93 single-chip SCSI interface, used in the first 16-bit bus mastering SCSI host adapter, the WD7000 "FASST". 1988 brought what would be the biggest change in Western Digital's history. That year, Western Digital bought the hard drive production assets of PC hardware maker Tandon. By 1991, things were starting to slow down, as the PC industry moved from ST-506 and ESDI drives to ATA and SCSI, thus were buying fewer hard disk controller boards; that year saw the rise of Western Digital's Caviar drives, brand new designs that used the latest in embedded servo and computerized diagnostic systems.

The successful sales of the Caviar drives resulted in Western Digital starting to sell some of its divisions. Paradise was sold to Philips, since disappeared, its networking and floppy drive controller divisions went to SMC Networks and its SCSI chip business went to Future Domain, bought out by market leader Adaptec. Around 1995, the technological lead that the Caviar drives had enjoyed was eclipsed by newer offerings from other companies Quantum Corp. and Western Digital fell into a slump. Products and ideas of this time did not go far; the Portfolio drive was a flop. Western Digital's drives started to slip further behind competing products, quality began to suffer. In an attempt to turn the tide in 1998, Western Digital recruited the help of IBM; this agreement gave Western Digital the rights to use certain IBM technologies, including giant magneto-resistive heads and access to IBM production facilities. The result was the Expert line of drives, introduced in early 1999; the idea worked, Western Digital regained respect in the press and among users despite a recall in 2000.

Western Digital broke ties to IBM. In 2001, Western Digital became t

Times Are Changing (album)

Times Are Changing is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard released on the Blue Note Records label. It features performances by Hubbard, Michael Shrieve, Munyango Jackson, Todd Cochran, with guest appearances by Stanley Clarke, Stix Hooper and Phil Perry. "Spanish Rose" - 6:27 "Back to Lovin' Again" 4:30 "Was She Really There?" - 5:55 "Corazon Amplio" - 5:09 "Times'R Changin'" - 5:29 "Sabrosa" - 8:40 "Fragile" - 6:27 Freddie Hubbard: trumpet, flugelhorn Michael Shrieve: cymbals, drum programming Munyango Jackson: percussion Todd Cochran: keyboards, drum programming Stanley Clarke: electric bass Stix Hooper: drums Phil Perry: vocals