Gamelan is the traditional ensemble music of Javanese and Balinese in Indonesia, made up predominantly of percussive instruments. The most common instruments used are metallophones played by mallets and a set of hand-played drums called kendhang which register the beat; the kemanak and gangsa are used gamelan instruments. Other instruments include xylophones, bamboo flutes, a bowed instrument called a rebab, vocalists named sindhen. Although the popularity of gamelan has declined since the introduction of pop music, gamelan is still played on formal occasions and in many traditional Indonesian ceremonies. For most Indonesians, gamelan is an integral part of Indonesian culture; the word gamelan comes from the low Javanese word gamel, which may refer to a type of mallet used to strike instruments or the act of striking with a mallet. The term karawitan refers to classical gamelan music and performance practice, comes from the word rawit, meaning'intricate' or'finely worked'; the word derives from the Javanese word of Sanskrit origin, which refers to the sense of smoothness and elegance idealized in Javanese music.
Another word from this root, means a person with such sense, is used as an honorific when discussing esteemed gamelan musicians. The high Javanese word for gamelan is gangsa, formed either from the words tembaga and rejasa referring to the materials used in bronze gamelan construction, or tiga and sedasa referring to their proportions; the gamelan predates the Hindu-Buddhist culture that dominated Indonesia in its earliest records and thus represents an indigenous art form. In contrast to the heavy Indian influence in other art forms, the only obvious Indian influence in gamelan music is in the Javanese style of singing, in the themes of the Wayang kulit. In Javanese mythology, the gamelan was created by Sang Hyang Guru in Saka era 167, the god who ruled as king of all Java from a palace on the Maendra mountain in Medang Kamulan, he thus invented the gong. For more complex messages, he invented two other gongs; the earliest image of a musical ensemble is found on the bas-relief of 8th century Buddhist monument of Borobudur, Central Java.
The Borobudur's musicians play lute-like stringed instruments, kendang drums, suling flutes, small cymbals and bells. Some of these musical instruments are indeed included in a complete gamelan orchestra. Musical instruments such as the bamboo flute, drums in various sizes and bowed and plucked string instruments were identified in this image; however it lacks xylophones. The image of this musical ensemble is suggested to be the ancient form of the gamelan; the instruments developed into their current form during the Majapahit Empire. According to the inscriptions and manuscripts dated from the Majapahit period, the kingdom had a government office in charge of supervising the performing arts, including the gamelan; the arts office oversaw the construction of musical instruments, as well as scheduling performances at the court. In the palaces of Java the oldest known ensembles, Gamelan Munggang and Gamelan Kodok Ngorek, are from the 12th century; these formed the basis of a "loud style" of music.
In contrast, a "soft style" developed out of the kemanak tradition and is related to the traditions of singing Javanese poetry, in a manner believed to be similar to the chorus that accompanies the modern bedhaya dance. In the 17th century, these loud and soft styles mixed, to a large extent the variety of modern gamelan styles of Bali and Sunda resulted from different ways of mixing these elements. Thus, despite the seeming diversity of styles, many of the same theoretical concepts and techniques are shared between the styles. A gamelan is a multi-timbre ensemble consisting of metallophones, flutes, voices, as well as bowed and plucked strings; the hand-played drum called kendhang controls the tempo and rhythm of pieces as well as transitions from one section to another, while one instrument gives melodic cues to indicate treatment or sections of a piece. Some of the instruments that make up a gamelan in present-day Central Java are shown below: Instruments Varieties of gamelan are distinguished by their collection of instruments and use of voice, repertoire and cultural context.
In general, no two gamelan ensembles are the same, those that arose in prestigious courts are considered to have their own style and tuning. Certain styles may be shared by nearby ensembles, leading to a regional style; the varieties are grouped geographically, with the principal division between the styles favored by the Balinese and Sundanese peoples. The Madurese had their own style of gamelan, although it is no longer in use, the last orchestra is kept at the Sumenep palace. One important style of Sundanese gamelan is Gamelan Degung, which uses a subset of gamelan instruments with a particular mode of pelog scale. Balinese gamelan is associated with the virtuosity and rapid changes of tempo and dynamics of Gamelan gong kebyar, its best-known style. Other popular Balinese styles include Kecak, a theatrical dance and music form known as the "monkey chant." Javanese gamelan dominated by the courts of the 19th century central Javanese rulers, each with its own style, is known for a slower, more meditative quality than the gamelan music of Bali.
Javanese gamelan can be made from brass. Outside the main core on Java and Bali, gamelan ha
Henry Chester Bruton was a rear admiral in the United States Navy, becoming Director of Naval Communications in the 1950s. For his actions during World War II, he was awarded the Navy Cross three times and the Legion of Merit twice, he received the Legion of Merit twice more for contributions to the US Cold War effort in the 1950s, retiring in 1960. Bruton was born in Belleville, Arkansas in 1905, he graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1926, in the 1930s studied electrical engineering at the Naval Postgraduate School and the University of California, receiving a master's degree from the latter. He also graduated in law from the George Washington University Law School, becoming a member of the Order of the Coif. Bruton's first assignments were aboard the battleships the USS Mississippi. During World War II, he first commanded the submarine USS Greenling. Bruton was three times awarded the Navy Cross for his command of the Greenling in four wartime patrols, in which it sank 75,000 tons of shipping, including a destroyer attacking it.
The Greenling was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation, Bruton was named a submarine division commander in 1943. Bruton was named Chief of Staff of the Submarine Force, U. S. Atlantic Fleet and Director of the Legislative Division of the Judge Advocate General's Corps. During the Korean War, Bruton commanded the battleship USS Wisconsin. After the war, he became Director of Naval Communications, from 1958 until his retirement in 1960 he was communications-electronics director of the Joint Staff of the Commander-in-Chief of the European Command. After his retirement he worked for Collins Radio until 1964, before becoming secretary-treasurer of the Armed Forces Relief and Benefit Association, from 1966 a consultant to the Military Benefit Association. Bruton was awarded the Legion of Merit with award star. In addition, he was authorized to wear the Submarine Combat Patrol insignia. Navy Cross - awarded for actions during World War II Legion of Merit - awarded twice for actions during World War II, once for contribution to Operation Castle, once "for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States as Director, Communications-Electronics Division, United States European Command, from 30 June 1958 to 31 July 1960."
Highway 16 is a provincial highway in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It is the Saskatchewan section of the Yellowhead Highway, the Trans-Canada Highway Yellowhead section; the main purpose of this highway is to connect Saskatchewan with Canadian cities such as Edmonton and Winnipeg. The highway runs from the Alberta boundary in Lloydminster to the Manitoba boundary near Marchwell. Major cities it passes through are Saskatoon, North Battleford in the central part of the province, Yorkton in the far east and Lloydminster to the far west. Part of the highway is a divided four-lane limited-access road that runs from the Alberta-Saskatchewan border to just west of the village of Bradwell, with the remaining part to the Manitoba border being an undivided two-lane highway; the road serves as part of the Circle Drive in Saskatoon. The Yellowhead began as the Yellowhead Red River cart trail; when the province was surveyed, the road evolved from a dirt to gravel to all-weather road known as Provincial Highway 5 from the Alberta–Saskatchewan boundary to Saskatoon, as Provincial Highway 14 from Saskatoon to the Manitoba–Saskatchewan boundary.
In the late 1950s and 1960s, the highway was widened. On August 15, 1970 the Yellowhead was opened for the northern Trans-Canada route; the highway was designated for the entire route as Saskatchewan Highway 16 in 1976. Survey markers were erected in Lloydminster to demark the Saskatchewan–Alberta boundary. Lloydminster is one of the gateway to Alberta, it ranks in size as the 89th largest city in Canada. The two sides of the city rank 10th in 11th in Saskatchewan in municipal population. If the city were in one province or the other, Lloydminster's population would rank ninth in Alberta and fifth in Saskatchewan, it is renowned for the OTS Heavy Oil Science Centre. The highway is surveyed south of the North Saskatchewan River. Marshall is the first town southeast of Lloydminster with 533 residents is the hometown of NHL Goaltender, Braden Holtby. Lashburn, a town of 967 in 2011 maintains the Lashburn Municipal Campground. Waseca is a village of 154 in 2011. Maidstone, a town of 1,156 in 2011 is home to the rural municipality office for Eldon No. 471 and the Maidstone Campground.
In 1975, a canola plant statue was built alongside the Yellowhead in the centre of the town of Maidstone. Bresaylor Heritage Museum still preserves heritage of Paynton and Bresaylor on Main Street, Bresaylor; the Battlefords are the next large centre along the Yellowhead comprising, Battleford is a town of 4,065 residents and, North Battleford, a city of 13,888 residents Travelers can rest at the Eiling Kramer Campground or The Battlefords Provincial Park. North Battleford has an equestrian statue of a Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer located at the junction of Highway 40 and the Yellowhead, it is here that the North Saskatchewan River is crossed via the Battlefords Bridges, a twinned set of two-lane bridges. The Yellowhead travels southeast, to the north of the North Saskatchewan River henceforth, south of the Thickwood Hills. Denholm is a village of 76 persons, Maymont, a village of 146 in 2011, Fielding is a small unincorporated area of Mayfield No. 406 which intersperse travel between the Battlefords and Saskatoon.
The Yellowhead still travels parallel with the North Saskatchewan River on the south side of the highway affording the traveler with spectacular river valley panoramic views. Radisson is a town of 505 in 2011 which provides services and campground. Borden incorporated as a village in 1909 and still maintains village status with a population of 245 in 2011; the Borden Bridge campground is located 55 kilometres from Saskatoon. Near here is a scenic viewpoint stop-off area; the new Borden Bridge provides twinned highway service across the North Saskatchewan River. The old Borden Bridge was a narrow, two-way traffic bridge enhanced with arches, still visible from the new bridge. Langham is a town of 1,290 residents northwest of Saskatoon. Saskatoon, a city of 222,189 in 2011, is the largest city of the province, serving interprovincial travellers with a bypass road named Circle Drive. Clavet a village of 345 residents is the first settlement east of Saskatoon. Elstow a village of 89 residents, Colonsay a town of 475 residents are the next settlements in the Allan Hills area of Saskatchewan.
Viscount boasted 252 folk in 2011. Plunkett, a village, maintains its status with 75 residents on the last census. Guernsey is located at the boundary of the rural municipalities of Usborne and Wolverine No. 340 west of the Yellowhead at the Hwy 668 intersection. Lanigan is a town of 1,390 residents. Dafoe maintains village status with its 15 residents in 2011; this village is south of Big Quill Lake, north of the Touchwood Hills. Located at the CanAm highway intersection. Wynyard a town of 1,767 residents on the 2011 census is located just east of the Hwy 640 intersection and is in the northern area of the Touchwood Hills. Wynyard and District Regional Park is located 2.4 kilometres south of the Yellowhead at the intersection with Hwy 640. The population of Elfros has dropped from about 300 residents in 1955 to 96 in 2011, it is located at the intersection of Hwy 35. Leslie Station, established in 1909, changed name to Leslie in 1962. Foam Lake is south of the lake of the same west of the Hwy 310 intersection.
Foam Lake incorporated as a village in 1909, a town in 1924, still maintains town status with a population of 1,148 residents in 2011. Sheho is located 2 miles south of Sheho Lake, north of the Beaver Hills, at the Hwy 617 intersection; the statue
Somerset County Technology Center is a public vocational-technical school just outside Somerset, Pennsylvania. SCTC has eight sending high schools, in which students attend the center for one-half of the day and their home school for the other one half, it offers adult education opportunities, both on- and off-site, to county residents. Presently, SCTC has eight sending school districts, which sends Sophomores and Seniors from their respective High Schools to the center for one-half day to participate in career workshops. Cooperative Education is available There are fifteen career programs for the High School Students, including: Auto Body Technology Auto Technology Carpentry Computer Networking Cosmetology Culinary Arts Dental Assisting Early Childhood Education Electrical Occupations Forestry Health Occupations Machine Technology Masonry Pre-Engineering Drafting & Design Welding Students may belong to the following clubs or organizations while attending SCCTC SkillsUSA FFA National Association of Home Builders - Student Chapter SADD BotsIQ of Southwestern Pennsylvania Adult education opportunities abound at SCTC, which include: Distance Learning, Intergenerational Learning, Short-Term Programs and Adult Literacy SCTC offers agencies and businesses in the community work-related training to maintain a trained workforce, either on or off site
Project: Wideawake is a role-playing game supplement published by TSR in 1985 for the Marvel Super Heroes role-playing game. Project: Wideawake is a supplement describing the most important mutant characters of the Marvel universe, each illustrated, plus maps of the X-Men mansion, it is a list of statistics for the Marvel Super Heroes game of all principal mutants in the Marvel universe, plus many of their acquaintances. The booklet contains 32 pages of character descriptions, featuring the X-Men and New Mutants plus their regular adversaries including the Hellfire club, Brotherhood of Evil Mutants and Morlocks, it includes some plans of Professor Xavier's estate and mansion. MHAC5 Project: Wideawake was written by Jeff Grubb, with a cover by Kerry Gammill, was published by TSR, Inc. in 1985 as a 32-page book. Pete Tamlyn reviewed the supplement in Imagine magazine, he comments, "OK, X-Fans, this is the one you've been waiting for if you have any interest at all in the X-Men and related groups this product is essential."
He found that the floor plans "are not clear enough for any serious use without considerable work on the GM's part." Tamlyn added: "The coverage of Marvel mutant-kind is reasonably comprehensive. Quicksilver and Scarlet Witch have been left out. Phoenix is in and, as might have been expected, is tough enough to take on everyone else in the booklet put together and win easily—the booklet sensibly recommends that she only enter games as an NPC. There are, some surprising omissions, including the Starjammers, Shi'Ar Imperial Guard and Alpha Flight. There are not many mutants in that lot. Another book, perhaps?" He continued, "I have got a few gripes as well. One or two boobs seem to have slipped past the proofreaders. However, if you want to run MSH as it is designed to be run, some things are essential, this is one of them." Tamlyn concludes the review by saying, "Final point: the booklet introduces a new rule to MSH. Supervillains now have negative popularity, a measure of how easy they find it to cow hapless civilians.
A nice idea." The VIP of Gaming #3
Wahid Mohammed Sali is an Indian football player who plays for Bhawanipore in the I-League 2nd Division. He joined Mumbai FC in January 2008 who earned 16 games and left in December 2008 the club to sign for the Kerala based Universal Soccer School, he is now playing for Bhawanipore. He signed for newly promoted ONGC F. C. of the I-League in the 2012–13 season began and he made his debut for the club 29 December 2012 against United Sikkim F. C. in the 13th round of the 2012-13 season coming on as a 90th-minute substitute for Robin Gurung. After an impressive season with ONGC, Sali was roped in by Mohun Bagan A. C.. He made his debut on 22 September 2013 against Bengaluru FC at the Bangalore Football Stadium in which he earned a yellow card in the 39th minute as Mohun Bagan drew the match 1-1, he was adjudged as the Man Of The Match in Mohun Bagan's away match against Churchill Brothers in Goa. On 7 July 2015 Sali joined Bhawanipore. Wahid Sali is a versatile defender who can play as center back, he started as a 7′s footballer in Kerala and is regarded as one of the best defenders in I-League presently.
He believes that a player should always look for ways to improve his game and his hardworking nature on and off the pitch is the reason behind his success. Statistics accurate as of 11 May 2013