Gamzigrad is an archaeological site, spa resort and UNESCO World Heritage Site of Serbia, located south of the Danube river, near the city of Zaječar. It is the location of the ancient Roman complex of palaces and temples Felix Romuliana, built by Emperor Galerius in Dacia Ripensis; the main area covers 10 acres. In the vicinity of Gamzigrad lie the ruins of a huge Roman complex called Felix Romuliana, one of the most important late Roman sites in Europe. Early explorers believed the ancient ruins to have been a Roman military camp, because of their size and numerous towers. Systematic archaeological excavations conducted since 1953 revealed that the site was, in fact, an Imperial palace, it was conceived and built by one of the Tetrarchs, Emperor Galerius, the adopted son and son-in-law of the great Emperor Diocletian. Galerius started construction in 298 to mark the place of his birth; the name Felix Romuliana was given in memory of his mother Romula, a priestess of a pagan cult. The complex of temples and palaces served three main purposes - a place of worship of his mother’s divine personality, a monument to his deeds as emperor, a luxurious villa for Galerius.
Romuliana survived. The site became a humble settlement of farmers and craftsmen to be abandoned at the beginning of the 7th century with the arrival of the Slavs; the structures were first evaluated in 1835 by Baron von Herder, a Saxon mine entrepreneur, in the "Bergmänische Reise in Serbie im Jahre 1835". The German mineralogist August Breithaupt wrote an article about the constructions; the Austro-Hungarian naturalist, geographer and archaeologist Felix Philipp Kanitz was interested in Gamzigrad and visited the ruins on two occasions, in 1860 and in 1864 when he drew the condition of the ramparts and towers, included in his works on Serbia, printed in Vienna and Leipzig. “Gamzigrad is one of the most magnificent monuments of the past...”...“one of the largest and best preserved monuments of Roman architecture in Europe” -F. Kanitz The enthusiasm for Gamzigrad disappeared by the end of the 19th century; the real history of the complex was yet to be researched. The interest was revived in the 1950s during the period of "Neo-romanticism of Serbian archaeology".
Vekoslav Popovic, Director of the Town Museum of Zajecar initiated the systematic archaeological research in 1953. The academic professor Dr. Dragoslav Srejovic was in charge of the research in 1970, he is the one regarded as positioning the monument among world archaeology; the complex was demystified in 1984, when in the south-west an archivolt with the inscription of FELIX ROMULIANA was discovered. The construction started in 298 AD near the birthplace of Galerius, the site was named Felix Romuliana after his mother, Romula. Galerius was of Thracian and Dacian stock, a descendant of tribes ruling parts of the Balkans prior to the Roman conquest in the 1st century BC. Archaeological excavations on the site have unearthed the remains of a Roman compound with 2 temples, 2 palaces and a building with corridor including exceptionally fine mosaics depicting Greek gods Dionysos and Medusa, figural capitals of Hercules and impressive gates. Several valuable hoards of Roman gold coins have been unearthed at the site, which continues to yield important Roman treasures and artifacts.
Pilasters of Emperors Diocletian, Galerius, Licinius and Constantine are among spectacular finds. In the two mausolea on the Magura hill Romula and the founder Galerius were deified. Among the most important finds from the site are portraits of Roman emperors made from the Egyptian purple stone called porphyry and coins that help to date the complex. A sculpture of Diana, the goddess of hunt, was unearthed in July 2010 by German and Serbian archeology teams, experts said that horse and a rider is missing which symbolizes victory over the Barbarians. Alongside the Latin inscriptions throughout the complex, several Greek inscriptions are found; the northwestern part was renovated. The remains include a high podium, cross-shaped crypt and sacrificial altar, it was dedicated to goddess Libera The architrave, doorposts and pillars were made of green sandstone, frieze of white limestone while the figural capitals were made of marble. The palace consists of three peristiles and a smaller bathroom; the vestibulum is preserved with marble plate and pillars of red granite.
The floor of the vestibulum is covered by a mosaic carpet with a labyrinth in its center and geometric motifs. The central hall is ornamented with picturesque hunting scenes; the triclinum is ornamented with precious colorful stone tiles and the entrance is ornamented with a luxurious mosaic with the image of the Greek god Dionysus. Parts of a sculpture of Galerius depicted as Pantocrator have been found throughout the buildings, a left hand holding a globe of red porphyry was found in the triclinum, the head was found in the south-east of the complex; the Palace walls are covered with green porphyry and frescoes. The marble sculptures depicting the Greek gods are made according to 5th and 4th century BC sculptural art; the capit
Bertram "Bertie" Wilberforce Wooster is a fictional character in the comedic Jeeves stories created by British author P. G. Wodehouse. An amiable English gentleman and one of the "idle rich", Bertie appears alongside his valet, whose intelligence manages to save Bertie or one of his friends from numerous awkward situations. Bertie Wooster and Jeeves have been described as "one of the great comic double-acts of all time". Bertie is the narrator and central figure of most of novels; the two exceptions are the short story "Bertie Changes His Mind", narrated by Jeeves, the novel Ring for Jeeves, a third-person narration in which Bertie is mentioned but does not appear. First appearing in "Extricating Young Gussie" in 1915, Bertie is the narrator of ten novels and over 30 short stories, the last being the novel Aunts Aren't Gentlemen, published in 1974; the Wodehouse scholar Norman Murphy believes George Grossmith, Jr. to have been the inspiration for the character of Bertie Wooster. The Wodehouse character Reggie Pepper was an early prototype of Bertie Wooster.
Bertie Wooster and his friend Bingo Little were born in the same village only a few days apart. Bertie's middle name, "Wilberforce", is the doing of his father, who won money on a horse named Wilberforce in the Grand National the day before Bertie's christening and insisted on his son carrying that name; the only other piece of information given about Bertie's father, aside from the fact that he had numerous relatives, is that he was a great friend of Lord Wickhammersley of Twing Hall. Bertie refers to his father as his "guv'nor"; when he was around seven years of age, Bertie was sometimes compelled to recite "The Charge of the Light Brigade" for guests by his mother. Bertie mentions reciting other poems as a child, including "Ben Battle" and works by poet Walter Scott. Like Jeeves, Bertie says. Bertie makes no other mention of his mother, though he makes a remark about motherhood after being astounded by a friend telling a blatant lie: "And this, mark you, a man who had had a good upbringing and had, no doubt, spent years at his mother's knee being taught to tell the truth".
When Bertie was eight years old, he took dancing lessons. It is established throughout the series that Bertie is an orphan who inherited a large fortune at some point, although the exact details and timing of his parents' deaths are never made clear. Bertie Wooster's early education took place at the semi-fictional Malvern House Preparatory School, headed by Rev. Aubrey Upjohn, whom he meets again in Jeeves in the Offing. At Malvern House, Bertie’s friends called him "Daredevil Bertie", though Upjohn and others called him "Bungling Wooster". One detail of Bertie's Malvern House life that comes into several stories is his winning of the prize for scripture knowledge. Bertie speaks with pride of this achievement on several occasions, but in Right Ho, his friend Gussie Fink-Nottle, while intoxicated, publicly accuses Bertie of having won the award by cheating. Bertie stoutly denies this charge, on the same occasion, Gussie makes other groundless accusations against other characters. Despite his pride over his accomplishment, Bertie does not remember what the prize was stating that it was "a handsomely bound copy of a devotional work whose name has escaped me".
Bertie once won a prize at private school for the best collection of wildflowers made during the summer holidays. When Bertie was fourteen, he won the Choir Boys' Handicap bicycle race at a local school treat, having received half a lap start. After Malvern House, Bertie was further educated at the non-fictional Eton and at Magdalen College, Oxford. At Oxford he was a Rackets Blue. Bertie is a member of the Drones Club, most of his friends and fellow Drones members depicted in the stories attended one or both of these institutions with him, it was at Oxford that he first began celebrating the night of the annual Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge. Though ordinarily he drinks in moderation, Bertie says he is "rather apt to let myself go a bit" on Boat Race night drinking more than usual and making mischief with his old school friends. Bertie and others tend to celebrate the occasion by stealing a policeman's helmet, though they get arrested as a result. London magistrates are aware of this tradition and tend to be lenient towards Bertie when he appears in court the morning after the Boat Race only imposing a fine of five pounds.
The Jeeves canon is set in a floating timeline, in an idealized world where wars are downplayed or not mentioned. Certain Edwardian era elements, such as traditional gentlemen's clubs like the Drones Club, continue to be prevalent throughout the stories. With a few exceptions, the short stories were written first, followed by the novels; the saga begins chronologically in the short story "Jeeves Takes Charge", in which Bertie Wooster first hires Jeeves. Bertie and Jeeves live at Berkeley Mansions, though they go to New York and numerous English country houses. Throughout the short stories and novels, Bertie tries to help his friends and relatives, but ends up becoming entangled in trouble hims
Bernard Anselme was the Minister-President of the Walloon Region of Belgium from 11 May 1988 to 7 January 1992. Bernard Anselme was born on 3 November 1945 in Wallonia to a postal worker. After his father was transferred to Libramont-Chevigny, Anselme studied humanities from 1957 to 1963, ending his education in the humanities at Namur in 1963. In 1968, Anselme received a degree in political science and administration from Université Libre de Bruxelles in Brussels. During his time in Brussels, Anselme became involved in the Young FGTB, becoming its assistant secretary in 1964, its secretary in 1968 and serving as its president from 1968 to 1970. Between 1969 and 1972, Anselme served as the Special Adviser to the Minister for Community Relations, from 1972 to 1977 served as an adviser to the President of the Walloon Economic Council, Alfred Delourme. In 1977, Anselme became the Member for Namur, serving in various positions before serving as Wallonia's Secretary of State from 1979 to 1980. In 1985, as a member of Wallonia's regional parliament, Anselme authored a decree establishing Namur as the capital of the Walloon Region.
In 1988, Anselme became the Minister-President of the Walloon Region, a position he retained until 7 January 1992. From 1994 to 1999 Anselme served as the Minister for Internal Affairs for the Walloon Region, followed by a few months in the position of Minister for Social Affairs. On 1 January 2001 Anselme became the Mayor of Namur. In October 2006, following the formation of a coalition between the Christian Democrats and Liberals, Anselme's Socialist Party was ousted from government for the first time in 30 years. Anselme announced his intention to resign from politics following the election defeat, but was convinced to stay in municipal politics, he sits as a Namur municipal councillor