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Garda Síochána

An Garda Síochána, more referred to as the Gardaí or "the Guards", is the police service of the Republic of Ireland. The service is headed by the Garda Commissioner, appointed by the Irish Government, its headquarters are in Dublin's Phoenix Park. Since the formation of the Garda Síochána in 1923, it has been a predominantly unarmed force, more than three-quarters of the force do not carry firearms; as of 25 December 2019, the police service had 3,164 civilian staff. Operationally, the Garda Síochána is organised into four geographical regions: the East, North/West and Dublin Metropolitan Regions. In addition to its crime detection and prevention roles, road safety enforcement duties, community policing remit, the police service has some diplomatic and witness protection responsibilities and border control functions; the service was named the Civic Guard in English, but in 1923 it became An Garda Síochána in both English and Irish. This is translated as "the Guardian of the Peace". Garda Síochána na hÉireann appears on its logo but is used elsewhere.

At that time, there was a vogue for naming the new institutions of the Irish Free State after counterparts in the French Third Republic. The full official title of the police service is used in speech. How it is referred to depends on the register being used, it is variously known as An Garda Síochána. Although Garda is singular, in these terms it is used like police. An individual officer is called a garda, or less formally, a "guard", is addressed as such by members of the public when on duty. A police station is called a Garda station. Garda is the name of the lowest rank within the force. A female officer was once referred to as a bangharda; this term was abolished in 1990, but is still used colloquially in place of the now gender-neutral garda. The service is headed by the Garda Commissioner, whose immediate subordinates are two Deputy Commissioners – in charge of "Policing and Security" and "Performance and Governance" – and a Chief Administrative Officer with responsibility for resource management.

There is an Assistant Commissioner for each of the four geographical Regions, along with a number dealing with other national support functions. The four geographical Garda Regions, each overseen by an Assistant Commissioner, are: Dublin Metropolitan Region North-Western Eastern SouthernAt an equivalent or near-equivalent level to the Assistant Commissioners are the positions of Chief Medical Officer, Executive Director of Information and Communications Technology, Executive Director of Finance. Directly subordinate to the Assistant Commissioners are 40 Chief Superintendents, about half of whom supervise what are called Divisions; each Division contains a number of Districts, each commanded by a Superintendent assisted by a team of Inspectors. Each District contains a number of Subdistricts, which are commanded by Sergeants; each Subdistrict contains only one Garda station. A different number of Gardaí are based at each station depending on its importance. Most of these stations employ the basic rank of Garda, referred to as the rank of Guard until 1972.

The most junior members of the service are students, whose duties can vary depending on their training progress. They are assigned clerical duties as part of their extracurricular studies; the Garda organisation has 2,000 non-officer support staff encompassing a range of areas such as human resources, occupational health services and procurement, internal audit, IT and telecommunications and fleet management, scenes-of-crime support and analysis, training and general administration. The figure includes industrial staff such as traffic wardens and cleaners, it is ongoing government policy to bring the level of non-officer support in the organisation up to international standards, allowing more officers to undertake core operational duties. The Garda Síochána Act 2005 provided for the establishment of a Garda Reserve to assist the force in performing its functions, supplement the work of members of the Garda Síochána; the intent of the Garda Reserve is "to be a source of local strength and knowledge".

Reserve members are to carry out duties defined by the Garda Commissioner and sanctioned by the Minister for Justice and Equality. With reduced training of 128 hours, these duties and powers must be executed under the supervision of regular members of the Service; the first batch of 36 Reserve Gardaí graduated on 15 December 2006 at the Garda College, in Templemore. As of October 2016, there were 789 Garda Reserve members with further training scheduled for 2017. Special Crime Operations consists of: Garda National Bureau of Criminal Investigation Criminal A

Free: The Future of a Radical Price

Free: The Future of a Radical Price is the second book written by Chris Anderson, Editor in chief of Wired magazine. The book was published on July 2009 by Hyperion. Free is Anderson's follow-up to his book The Long Tail, published in 2006. Free follows a thread from the previous work, it examines the rise of pricing models which give products and services to customers for free as a strategy for attracting users and up-selling some of them to a premium level. That class of model has become referred to as "freemium" and has become popular for a variety of digital products and services. Free was released in the United States on July 7, 2009, though the night before, on his blog, Chris Anderson posted a browser readable version of the book and the unabridged audiobook version. Anderson generated controversy for plagiarizing content from the online encyclopedia Wikipedia in Free. Anderson responded to the claim on his The Long Tail blog, stating that there were disagreements between him and the publisher over accurate citation of Wikipedia due to the changing nature of its content, leading him to integrate footnotes into the text.

On his blog, he took full responsibility for the mistakes and noted that the digital editions of Free were corrected. The notes and sources were provided as a download on his blog. Regardless of the controversy, the $29.99 hard copy version of Free debuted as #12 on the New York Times Best Seller List. It was available as a free download for a limited time, 200,000 to 300,000 digital versions were downloaded in the first two weeks; the unabridged audiobook remains free, while the abridged version costs $7.49. In a read review in The New Yorker, Malcolm Gladwell roundly criticized the book's premise. Anderson responded online on his blog on PBS's Charlie Rose show; the book was reviewed in the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal. Cost the limit of price Anderson, Chris. "TheLongTail.com". TheLongTail.com. Chris Anderson's blog. Rivera, Jeff. "Galleycat: Free: The Future of a Radical Price by Chris Anderson". MediaBistro

Loysburg, Pennsylvania

Loysburg is an unincorporated community in the Morrisons Cove area of South Woodbury Township, Bedford County, United States. It lies along the Yellow Creek near the Loysburg Gap in Tussey Mountain. Once named "Pattonville" in 1844 but was renamed back to Loyburg in 1864. Northern Bedford County Middle/High School is located in the area. ZIP Code: 16659 Area Code: 814 Local Phone Exchanges: 423, 575, 766 School District: Northern Bedford County School District Loysburg, Bedford County. PA town history The Complete Loy History the founder of Loysburg, PA Loysburg Morrisons Cove's Community Website - News and Information for Morrisons Cove, Pennsylvania

Viscount Bledisloe

Viscount Bledisloe, of Lydney in the County of Gloucestershire, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1935 for the Conservative politician Charles Bathurst, 1st Baron Bledisloe, upon his retirement as Governor-General of New Zealand, he had been created Baron Bledisloe, of Lydney in the County of Gloucestershire, in 1918 in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Bathurst was the namesake of the early-19th-century politician Charles Bathurst; the latter was the son of Charles Bragge and Anne Bathurst, granddaughter of Sir Benjamin Bathurst, younger brother of Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl Bathurst. In 1804, Charles Bathurst assumed the surname of Bathurst in lieu of Bragge; the first Viscount's grandson, third Viscount, was one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that were allowed to remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999, sat as a crossbencher until his death. He was a member of the Lords Constitution Committee; as of 2017 the titles are held by his son, the fourth Viscount, who succeeded in 2009.

The family seat is Lydney Park, near Gloucestershire. Charles Bathurst, 1st Viscount Bledisloe Benjamin Ludlow Bathurst, 2nd Viscount Bledisloe Christopher Hiley Ludlow Bathurst, 3rd Viscount Bledisloe Rupert Edward Ludlow Bathurst, 4th Viscount Bledisloe The heir apparent is the present holder's son Hon. Benjamin Bathurst. Earl Bathurst Kidd, Williamson, David Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage New York: St Martin's Press, 1990 Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Knightage, 107th edition http://www.thepeerage.com/p14421.htm#i144207 https://web.archive.org/web/20080309065134/http://www.parliament.uk/directories/house_of_lords_information_office/deceased_members.cfm

Tony Horwitz

Anthony Lander Horwitz was an American journalist and author who won the 1995 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting. His books include One for the Road: a Hitchhiker's Outback, Baghdad Without a Map, Confederates in the Attic, Blue Latitudes, A Voyage Long and Strange: Rediscovering the New World, Midnight Rising: John Brown and the Raid That Sparked the Civil War, Spying on the South: An Odyssey Across the American Divide, he was born in Washington, D. C. the son of Norman Harold Horwitz, a neurosurgeon, Elinor Lander Horwitz, a writer. Horwitz was an alumnus of Sidwell Friends School, in Washington, D. C, he graduated Phi Beta Kappa as a history major from Brown University and received a master's degree at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. Horwitz won a 1994 James Aronson Award and the 1995 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting for his stories about working conditions in low-wage America published in The Wall Street Journal, he worked as a staff writer for The New Yorker and as a foreign correspondent covering conflicts in Africa and the Middle East.

He documented his venture into e-publishing and reaching best-seller status in that venue in an opinion article for The New York Times. In 2019 he began writing and lecturing for the The Gertrude Polk Brown Lecture Series at The Filson Historical Society, his book Spying on the South: An Odyssey Across the American Divide focuses on the early New York Times journalist and correspondent Frederick Law Olmsted's travels through the South. He was a fellow at the Radcliffe College Center of Advanced Study and a past president of the Society of American Historians. Horwitz married the Australian writer Geraldine Brooks in France in 1984, she won the Pulitzer Prize, in 2006, for her novel, March. They had two children. On May 27, 2019, Horwitz collapsed while walking in Washington, D. C.. He was in the midst of a book tour for Spying on the South. One for the Road: a Hitchhiker's Outback. Harper & Row Publishers. 1987. ISBN 978-0063120952. OCLC 26195613. Baghdad Without A Map. Angus & Robertson. 1991. ISBN 978-0-207-17168-0.

Confederates in the Attic. Pantheon Books. 1998. ISBN 978-0-679-43978-3. Blue Latitudes. Macmillan. 2002. ISBN 978-0-8050-6541-1. OCLC 49626343. Into the Blue. Bloomsbury Publishing. 2003. ISBN 978-0-7475-6455-3; the Devil May Care: 50 Intrepid Americans and Their Quest for the Unknown. Oxford University Press. 2003. ISBN 978-0-19-516922-5. OCLC 52477250. A Voyage Long and Strange: Rediscovering the New World. Henry Holt. 2008. ISBN 978-0-8050-7603-5. OCLC 180989602. Midnight Rising: John Brown and the Raid That Sparked the Civil War. Henry Holt. 2011. ISBN 978-0-8050-9153-3. OCLC 697267337. BOOM: Oil, Cowboys and the Energy Rush That Could Change America Forever. Amazon Digital Services. 2014. Spying on the South: An Odyssey Across the American Divide. Penguin Press. 2019. Official website Appearances on C-SPAN Writer's Talk Interview

Frederick E. Turneaure

Frederick Eugene Turneaure was an American civil engineer and academic from Illinois. A graduate of Cornell University, Turneaure worked in the private sector before joining Washington University in St. Louis as an instructor. In 1892, he was named a professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Turneaure was Dean of Engineering there from 1902 to 1937. Frederick Eugene Turneaure was born near Freeport, Illinois, on July 30, 1866, he was raised on the family farm and attended public schools, studying algebra and geometry in his free time. Turneaure attended Freeport High School intermittently from 1882 to 1884 taught a school. After receiving a scholarship for proficiency in mathematics, he matriculated at Cornell University, where he studied civil engineering. Turneaure graduated in 1889, took a job with the Lehigh Valley Railroad. After a year, he joined the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad, where he worked until 1890. Washington University in St. Louis hired Turneaure as an instructor. With Dean John Butler Johnson and Edge Moor Bridge Company engineer C. W. Bryan, Turneaure co-authored The Theory and Practice of Modern Framed Structures published in 1902.

In 1892, Turneaure was offered a position as professor of the Department of Bridge and Sanitary Engineering at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He published Public Water-Supplies: Requirements and the Construction of Works with Harry Luman Russell in 1901. From 1900 to 1901, Turneaure worked as the City Engineer of Madison, designing a septic sewage disposal plant and a pump system for artesian wells. Turneaure was elected as an alderman of the 5th ward on the Madison Common Council, he was named Dean of Engineering in 1902. From 1911 to 1929, he was a member of the state highway commission, he was named Dean Emeritus. Turneaure married Mary D. Stuart, who he met at Cornell, in 1891, she assisted Frederick with his projects. They had Stewart. Turneaure died in Madison on March 31, 1951