Live Era '87–'93
Live Era'87–'93 is a double live album by the American hard rock band Guns N' Roses. It was released on November 23, 1999; the record was the first official Guns N' Roses release since "The Spaghetti Incident?" Released on the same day in 1993. Guitarist Slash notes that the album is "not pretty and there are a lot of mistakes, but this is Guns N' Roses, not the fucking Mahavishnu Orchestra. It's as honest as it gets."The album is certified gold by the RIAA, selling 500,000 copies. It has sold 2,730,000 copies worldwide as of March 2018; the album was compiled by band associate Del James. The dates and locations of the tracks are not revealed in the liner notes, are referred to as being "Recorded across the universe between 1987 and 1993". However, the majority are believed to be from the Use Your Illusion Tour of 1991-1993. Axl Rose is alleged to have communicated through intermediaries with former Guns N' Roses members Slash and Duff McKagan to select the track list. "The live album was one of the easiest projects we all worked on," Slash noted.
"I didn't see Axl, but we communicated via the powers that be."Matt Sorum and Gilby Clarke, who play on the majority of the tracks, are not credited as band members, but as "additional musicians". Classic-member drummer Steven Adler, who plays on only three tracks, Izzy Stradlin, who plays on six, are credited as "main band members." Two popular live songs, "Live and Let Die" and "Civil War" – both played during the Use Your Illusion Tour – are omitted from this release. Songs that were played to a much lesser extent are included; the Japanese and vinyl versions of the album contain a rare performance of "Coma". "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" was performed and recorded at the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert and was released on the "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" single. "Estranged," "Don't Cry," "November Rain," "Pretty Tied Up,", "You Could Be Mine" and "Move To The City" were released on the band's Use Your Illusion I and Use Your Illusion II videos. The live audio from "Yesterdays" was included as a B-side on that song's CD single.
This track was released as the twelfth track on the first CD of the Japanese edition, as the eighth side on the four LP vinyl editions. Credits are adapted from the album's liner notes. W. Axl Rose – lead vocals, piano on "It's Alright" and "November Rain", whistling on "Patience", whistle on "Paradise City", backing vocals on "Dust N' Bones" Slash – lead guitar, rhythm guitar, acoustic guitar on Patience, talkbox on "Dust N' Bones" and "Rocket Queen", backing vocals Duff McKagan – bass, acoustic guitar on Patience, backing vocals Dizzy Reed – keyboards, synthesizer, backing vocals Izzy Stradlin – rhythm guitar, backing vocals, lead vocals on "Dust N' Bones" Steven Adler – drums Matt Sorum – drums, backing vocals Gilby Clarke – rhythm guitar, co-lead guitar on "Nightrain", acoustic guitar on "Patience", backing vocals Teddy Andreadis – backing vocals, percussion, keyboards Roberta Freeman – backing vocals Tracey Amos – backing vocals Cece Worrall – horns Anne King – horns Lisa Maxwell – horns GNR On Tour's Live Era Source Listing - John M.'s concert source listing for the album.
Live Era'01-'07 - A Fanmade Compilation entitled Live Era'01-'07
Frank Ferrer is an American rock drummer. Ferrer is best known as the drummer for American rock band Guns N' Roses, with whom he has played and recorded since 2006. Ferrer was a member of The Psychedelic Furs, Love Spit Love as well as The Beautiful, he has recorded and worked with several high profile musicians including Robi "Draco" Rosa, Gordon Gano, PJ Harvey, Tommy Stinson, Frank Black of The Pixies, Neil Young, Perry Farrell and Cheetah Chrome of The Dead Boys. Ferrer was a member of New York based band The Beautiful; the band featured Ferrer on drums along with Jonathan Lacey on vocals and guitar, bassist Perry Bottke. The band released a self-titled EP in 1990, a full-length album Storybook, in May 1992. Ferrer joined Love Spit Love in 1992; the band was formed by Richard Butler with Ferrer and Richard Fortus while The Psychedelic Furs were on hiatus. Love Spit Love released their self titled album Love Spit Love in 1994 and Trysome Eatone in 1997. During this time Ferrer played on demos Dripping Goss' album Gift of Demise.
From 2001 until 2008, Ferrer joined the touring lineup of The Psychedelic Furs. Ferrer is drummer for the New York City based band The Compulsions; the band features Rob Carlyle on vocals and rhythm guitar, fellow Guns N' Roses member Richard Fortus on lead guitar, bassist Sami Yaffa. In 2011, the band released their first full-length studio album. In July 2006, Frank Ferrer joined Guns N' Roses during their European Tour to replace Bryan "Brain" Mantia, who had returned to the United States when his wife had a child. Tommy Stinson and Richard Fortus, whom Ferrer had both recorded with in the past, reached out to Ferrer to fill the drum position. Ferrer played his first show with the band on June 24, 2006 in Dessel, Belgium at Graspop Metal Meeting. Expected to be just a touring drummer filling in for 2 weeks, Ferrer became the official drummer in late 2006, he plays drums on tracks "Chinese Democracy", "Better", "If the World", "There Was a Time" and "I. R. S." for the album Chinese Democracy. Ferrer toured with the group through the end of the Chinese Democracy Tour, as well as the Up Close and Personal Tour & Appetite for Democracy Tour.
He tours with the band as part of the Not in This Lifetime... Tour featuring classic era members Slash and Duff McKagan, he appears in the live video release Appetite for Democracy 3D. Ferrer recorded drums for their 2014 EP Face I Love. Ferrer was raised in New York, his father was a Latin percussionist. At age 11, Ferrer fell in love with rock music. Ferrer's daughter Olivia was a member of the band indie-pop band Supercute!. Ferrer uses Remo drumheads, Sabian cymbals and Vater drumsticks, his drum setup according to his official website consists of a 26x14" kick drum, a 12x12" rack tom and 14x14 and 16x16" floor toms, sometimes using 16x16 and 18x16 floor toms. His Sabian cymbal setup varies from time to time along with drumheads, his choice of sticks are Vater Power 5Bs. Ferrer uses various handheld tambourines, he used Pork Pie Percussion drums and Zildjian cymbals until 2014. The Beautiful US Love Spit Love US/EUROPE Rebecca Blasband US Robi "Draco" Rosa Latin America/Puerto Rico/US Doro Pesch Germany The Psychedelic Furs US/Canada/UK Gordon Gano US Guns N' Roses Chinese Democracy Tour 2006 Europe, North America Guns N' Roses Chinese Democracy Tour 2007 Mexico, New Zealand, Japan Guns N' Roses Chinese Democracy Tour 2009/2011 Asia, North America, South America, Central America, Europe Guns N' Roses Up Close and Personal Tour United States, Europe Guns N' Roses Appetite for Democracy Tour Las Vegas, Nevada USA 10/31/2012 – 11/24/2012 Guns N' Roses Not in this Lifetime...
Tour United States, North America, South America, New Zealand, Europe Tool – February 1, 2012 – Izod Center East Rutherford, NJ. Lateralus drum duel performance. Tool – August 1, 2009 – All Points West Festival, Liberty Park, NJ. Lateralus drum duel performance. Tool – August 15, 2002 – Continental Arena, NJ. Second drummer on the song called "Triad". Wyclef Jean – Reggae Sunsplash 1999 Tommy Stinson – Series of shows in 2004 featuring Richard Fortus Frank Black/Gordon Gano – October 11, 2003 Troubadour, LA Thunderchucker Records – inception October 2004 New York, NY Perry Farrell – live show at Hiro Ballroom, NYC fashion week 2005 Nena Vienna, Austria 2008 Discogs.com
Darren Arthur Reed, better known by his stage name Dizzy Reed, is an American musician and occasional actor. He is best known as the keyboardist for the rock band Guns N' Roses, with whom he has played and recorded since 1990. Aside from lead singer Axl Rose, Reed is the longest-standing, was the only member of Guns N' Roses to remain from the band's Use Your Illusion era, until early 2016 when guitarist Slash and bassist Duff McKagan returned to the band. In 2012, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Guns N' Roses, although he did not attend the ceremony, he was a member of the Australian-American supergroup The Dead Daisies with his Guns N' Roses bandmate Richard Fortus, ex-Whitesnake member Marco Mendoza, ex-Mötley Crüe frontman John Corabi and session drummer Brian Tichy. Reed was born as Darren Arthur Reed on June 18, 1963 in Hinsdale and was raised in Colorado. Reed was described as reclusive and introverted, however he has since denied this, his grandmother began teaching him to play the organ when he was a young child, before he was out of elementary school, he formed small local bands.
As an adult, Reed pursued a music career in Los Angeles. He was a founding member of the club band with whom he spent five years. Reed met the classic lineup of Guns N' Roses in 1985 while his band, The Wild, rehearsed in a neighboring studio, he kept in touch, in 1990 was invited by friend Axl Rose to join the group for the recording of the two Use Your Illusion albums. Reed soon became an accepted member of the group and his work was heard on the majority of tracks on both albums; as a member of Guns N' Roses, Reed has become well known for his keyboard and backing vocal work during live performances, music videos and on such songs as "Estranged", "Live and Let Die", "Bad Obsession" "November Rain", "Garden of Eden", "Don't Damn Me", "Bad Apples", "Civil War", "14 Years", "Yesterdays", "Knockin' On Heaven's Door", "Get in the Ring", "Pretty Tied Up" and "Locomotive", as well his contributions to some of the band's newer tracks, including "Chinese Democracy", "Shacklers Revenge", "Better", "Street of Dreams" "If the World", "There Was a Time", "Catcher in the Rye", "Scraped", "Riad N' the Bedouins", "I.
R. S" and "Prostitute." When not playing keyboards or piano, Reed provides backup on percussion and vocals during live Guns N' Roses performances. He is known for playing percussions during live performances of songs such as "Mr Brownstone","Nightrain", "Welcome to the Jungle" and "Rocket Queen". Reed continues to record and play live with the current Guns N' Roses line-up, has now been a member of Guns N' Roses longer than any other member besides Axl Rose. However, since he joined the band in 1990, five years after its formation in 1985, he cannot be described as an original member. Although Reed did not co write any songs during the Illusion sessions, for Chinese Democracy he co wrote "Street of Dreams" with Axl Rose and Tommy Stinson and "There Was a Time" and "I. R. S" with Rose and Paul Tobias, as well as the non-album single "Oh My God" with Tobias, it has been confirmed that the unfinished demo that did not make the cut on "Chinese Democracy" called "Silkworms" was written by Reed himself and the band's other keyboardist Chris Pitman.
As well as singing during Guns N' Roses live performances, Reed serves as a backing vocalist. He sang backing vocals on a few songs on the "Use Your Illusion" albums, notable examples were "November Rain", "Garden of Eden", "Bad Apples" and "Civil War" as well as "You Can't Put Your Arms Around a Memory" from "The Spaghetti Incident?". Outside of Guns N' Roses, Reed played on albums for his former bandmates Slash, Duff McKagan, Gilby Clarke, he guested on former Guns N' Roses bassist Tommy Stinson's 2004 solo effort Village Gorilla Head. Reed is additionally a fan of Larry Norman, a pioneer of Christian music, played on Norman's Copper Wires album. Most he has composed music for the film scores The Still Life, released in 2006, Celebrity Art Show, his debut solo album will be released on February 16, 2018. When he is not touring or recording with Guns N' Roses, Reed tours with his hard rock cover band Hookers N' Blow, in which he plays keyboard and guitar and sings lead vocals. For his work with Hookers N' Blow, Reed was named Outstanding Keyboardist of the Year at the 2007 Rock City Awards.
Hookers N' Blow was named Best Cover Band. Reed has dabbled in acting, appearing as'Mumbles' in the 2005 film Charlie's Death Wish. Reed was a member of The Dead Daisies alongside Guns N' Roses guitarist Richard Fortus, both left the band in 2015 to focus on Guns N' Roses. Reed was divorced after 20 years of marriage, to wife Lisa, an author, special education teacher, filed for divorce in 2010, they have two daughters. He has one son from a previous relationship, Justin Gunn-Reed, born in 1988. In 2005, Reed took the unusual step of seeking admission to a college fraternity well after the traditional age of inductees, on January 22, 2006 was admitted to the Cornell University chapter of Zeta Psi. gunsnroses.com – Official Guns N' Roses website Dizzy Reed on IMDb
A music video is a short film that integrates a song with imagery, is produced for promotional or artistic purposes. Modern music videos are made and used as a marketing device intended to promote the sale of music recordings. There are cases where songs are used in tie-in marketing campaigns that allow them to become more than just a song. Tie-ins and merchandising can be used for food or other products. Although the origins of the music video date back to musical short films that first appeared in the 1920s, they again came into prominence in the 1980s when the channel MTV based their format around the medium. Prior to the 1980s, these kinds of videos were described by various terms including "illustrated song", "filmed insert", "promotional film", "promotional clip", "promotional video", "song video", "song clip" or "film clip". Music videos use a wide range of styles and contemporary video-making techniques, including animation, live action and non-narrative approaches such as abstract film.
Some music videos combine different styles with the music, such as animation and live action. Combining these styles and techniques has become more popular because of the variety for the audience. Many music videos interpret images and scenes from the song's lyrics, while others take a more thematic approach. Other music videos may not have any concept, being a filmed version of the song's live concert performance. In 1894, sheet music publishers Edward B. Marks Joe Stern hired electrician George Thomas and various performers to promote sales of their song "The Little Lost Child". Using a magic lantern, Thomas projected a series of still images on a screen simultaneous to live performances; this would become a popular form of entertainment known as the illustrated song, the first step toward music video. In 1926, with the arrival of "talkies" many musical short films were produced. Vitaphone shorts featured many bands and dancers. Animation artist Max Fleischer introduced a series of sing-along short cartoons called Screen Songs, which invited audiences to sing along to popular songs by "following the bouncing ball", similar to a modern karaoke machine.
Early 1930s cartoons featured popular musicians performing their hit songs on-camera in live-action segments during the cartoons. The early animated films by Walt Disney, such as the Silly Symphonies shorts and Fantasia, which featured several interpretations of classical pieces, were built around music; the Warner Bros. cartoons today billed as Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, were fashioned around specific songs from upcoming Warner Bros. musical films. Live action musical shorts, featuring such popular performers as Cab Calloway, were distributed to theaters. Blues singer Bessie Smith appeared in a two-reel short film called St. Louis Blues featuring a dramatized performance of the hit song. Numerous other musicians appeared in short musical subjects during this period. Soundies and released from 1940 to 1947, were musical films that included short dance sequences, similar to music videos. In the mid-1940s, musician Louis Jordan made short films for his songs, some of which were spliced together into a feature film, Lookout Sister.
These films were, according to music historian Donald Clarke, the "ancestors" of music video. Musical films were another important precursor to music video, several well-known music videos have imitated the style of classic Hollywood musicals from the 1930s to the 1950s. One of the best-known examples is Madonna's 1985 video for "Material Girl", modelled on Jack Cole's staging of "Diamonds Are A Girl's Best Friend" from the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. Several of Michael Jackson's videos show the unmistakable influence of the dance sequences in classic Hollywood musicals, including the landmark "Thriller" and the Martin Scorsese-directed "Bad", influenced by the stylised dance "fights" in the film version of West Side Story. According to the Internet Accuracy Project, disc jockey–singer J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson was the first to coin the phrase "music video", in 1959. In his autobiography, Tony Bennett claims to have created "...the first music video" when he was filmed walking along the Serpentine in Hyde Park, London in 1956, with the resulting clip being set to his recording of the song "Stranger in Paradise".
The clip was sent to UK and US television stations and aired on shows including Dick Clark's American Bandstand. The oldest example of a promotional music video with similarities to more abstract, modern videos seems to be the Czech "Dáme si do bytu" created in 1958 and directed by Ladislav Rychman. In the late 1950s the Scopitone, a visual jukebox, was invented in France and short films were produced by many French artists, such as Serge Gainsbourg, Françoise Hardy, Jacques Dutronc, the Belgian Jacques Brel to accompany their songs, its use spread to other countries, similar machines such as the Cinebox in Italy and Color-Sonic in the USA were patented. In 1961, for the Canadian show Singalong Jubilee, Manny Pittson began pre-recording the music audio, went on-location and taped various visuals with the musicians lip-synching edited the audio and video together. Most music numbers were taped in-studio on stage, the location shoot "videos" were to add variety. In 1964, Kenneth Anger's experimental short film, Scorpio Rising used popular songs instead of dialog.
In 1964, The Moody Blues producer, Alex Murray, wanted to promote his version of "Go Now". The short film clip he produced and directed to promote the single has a striking visual style that predates Queen's similar "Bohemian Rhapsody" vid
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
Yesterdays (Guns N' Roses song)
"Yesterdays" is the third track on the Guns N' Roses album Use Your Illusion II. It was written by West Arkeen, Del James and Billy McCloud; this song is featured in the 2004 compilation Greatest Hits, the Vegas version below was included on the album Live Era'87–'93. The song reached number 8 on the UK Singles Chart and peaked at No. 72 on the Billboard Hot 100. The official music video for the song was directed by Andy Morahan. Filmed in black and white, the first version featured the band playing in an empty warehouse; the second version mixes clips of the band playing in the warehouse and photographs of band members during the Use Your Illusion Tour, as well as former members Izzy Stradlin and Steven Adler, who had left the group by then. It is included on the Welcome to the Videos DVD. W. Axl Rose – lead vocals, piano Slash – lead guitar Izzy Stradlin – rhythm guitar Duff McKagan – bass guitar Matt Sorum – drums Dizzy Reed – organ
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular