Troyal Garth Brooks is an American singer and songwriter. His integration of rock and pop elements into the country genre has earned him popularity in the United States with success on the country single and album charts, multi-platinum recordings and record-breaking live performances, while crossing over into the mainstream pop arena. According to the RIAA, he is the best-selling solo albums artist in the United States with 148 million domestic units sold, ahead of Elvis Presley, is second only to The Beatles in total album sales overall, he is one of the world's best-selling artists of all time, having sold more than 170 million records. As of 2019, Brooks is now the only artist in music history to have released eight albums that achieved diamond status in the United States. Since 1989, Brooks has released 22 records in all, which include: 12 studio albums, two live albums, three compilation albums, three Christmas albums and four box sets, along with 77 singles, he won several awards in his career, including two Grammy Awards, 17 American Music Awards and the RIAA Award for best-selling solo albums artist of the century in the U.
S. Troubled by conflicts between career and family, Brooks retired from recording and performing from 2001 until 2005. During this time, he sold millions of albums through an exclusive distribution deal with Walmart and sporadically released new singles. In 2005, Brooks started a partial comeback, giving select performances and releasing two compilation albums. In 2009, he began Garth at Wynn, a periodic weekend concert residency at Las Vegas' Encore Theatre from December 2009 to January 2014. Following the conclusion of the residency, Brooks announced his signing with Sony Music Nashville in July 2014. In September 2014, he began his comeback world tour, with wife and musician Trisha Yearwood, which culminated in 2017, his most recent album, was released in November 2016. Brooks was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame on October 21, 2012, having been inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame the year before. Brooks was inducted into the Musicians Hall of Fame and Museum in 2016 with his studio musicians, The G-Men.
Troyal Garth Brooks was born on February 1962, in Tulsa, Oklahoma. He was the youngest child of Troyal Raymond Brooks Jr. a draftsman for an oil company, Colleen McElroy Carroll, a 1950s-era country singer of Irish ancestry who recorded on the Capitol Records label and appeared on Ozark Jubilee. This was the second marriage for each of his parents, giving Brooks four older half-siblings; the couple had two children together and Garth. At their home in Yukon, the family hosted weekly talent nights. All of the children were required to participate, either by doing skits. Brooks learned to play both banjo; as a child, Brooks sang in casual family settings, but his primary focus was athletics. In high school, he ran track and field, he received a track scholarship to Oklahoma State University in Stillwater, where he competed in the javelin. Brooks graduated in 1984 with a degree in advertising, his roommate, Ty England played guitar in his road band until going solo in 1995. In 1985, Brooks began his professional music career and playing guitar in Oklahoma clubs and bars, most notably Wild Willie's Saloon in Stillwater.
Through his elder siblings, Brooks was exposed to a wide range of music. Although he listened to some country music that of George Jones, Brooks was most fond of rock music, citing James Taylor, Dan Fogelberg, Townes Van Zandt as major influences. In 1981, after hearing "Unwound", the debut single of George Strait, Brooks decided that he was more interested in playing country music. In 1985, entertainment attorney Rod Phelps drove from Dallas to listen to Brooks. Phelps liked what he offered to produce Brooks' first demo. With Phelps' encouragement, including a list of Phelps' contacts in Nashville and some of his credit cards, Brooks traveled to Nashville to pursue a recording contract. Phelps continued to urge Brooks to return to Nashville. In 1987, Brooks and wife Sandy Mahl moved to Nashville, Brooks began making contacts in the music industry. Garth Brooks' eponymous first album was a chart success, it peaked at No. 2 on the Billboard Top Country Albums chart, reached No. 13 on the Billboard 200 chart.
Most of the album was traditionalist country, influenced in part by George Strait. The first single, "Much Too Young", was a country top 10 success, it was followed by Brooks' first number-one single on the Hot Country Songs chart, "If Tomorrow Never Comes". "Not Counting You" reached No. 2, "The Dance" reached No. 1. Brooks has claimed that out of all the songs he has recorded, "The Dance" remains his favorite. In 1989, Brooks embarked as opening act for Kenny Rogers. Brooks' second album, No Fences, was released in 1990 and spent 23 weeks at No. 1 on the Billboard Top Country Albums chart. The album reached No. 3 on the Billboard 200, became Brooks' highest-selling album, with domestic shipments of 17 million. It contained what would become Brooks' signature song, the blue collar an
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Douglas Dean Osheroff is a physicist known for his work in experimental condensed matter physics, in particular for his co-discovery of superfluidity in Helium-3. For his contributions he shared the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physics along with David Lee and Robert C. Richardson. Osheroff is the J. G. Jackson and C. J. Wood Professor of Physics, Emeritus at Stanford University. Osheroff was born in Washington, his father, William Osheroff, was the son of Jewish immigrants. His mother, Bessie Anne, a nurse, was the daughter of Slovak immigrants. Osheroff was confirmed in the Lutheran Church but he was given the chance to choose and decided not to attend any longer, he has stated. I guess at some emotional level I accept the idea of God, but I don't know how God would manifest itself."Osheroff earned his Bachelor's degree in 1967 from Caltech, where he attended lectures by Richard Feynman and did undergraduate research for Gerry Neugebauer. Osheroff joined the Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics at Cornell University as a graduate student, doing research in low-temperature physics.
Together with David Lee, the head of the laboratory, Robert C. Richardson, Osheroff used a Pomeranchuk cell to investigate the behaviour of 3He at temperatures within a few thousandths of a degree of absolute zero, they discovered unexpected effects in their measurements, which they explained as phase transitions to a superfluid phase of 3He. Lee and Osheroff were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1996 for this discovery. Osheroff received a Ph. D. from Cornell University in 1973. He worked at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, New Jersey for 15 years, continuing to research low-temperature phenomena in 3He. In 1987 he moved to the Departments of Physics and Applied Physics at Stanford University, where he served as department chair from 1993-96, his research is focused on phenomena that occur at low temperatures. Osheroff was selected to serve on the Space Shuttle Columbia investigation panel, serving much the same role as Richard Feynman did on the Space Shuttle Challenger panel, he serves on the board of advisors of Scientists and Engineers for America, an organization focused on promoting sound science in American government.
Osheroff is left-handed, he blames his slight quirks and eccentricities on it. He is an avid photographer and introduces students at Stanford to medium-format film photography in a freshman seminar titled "Technical Aspects of Photography." In addition, he has taught the Stanford introductory physics course on electricity and magnetism on multiple occasions, most in Spring 2008, as well as undergraduate labs on low temperature physics. Among his physics outreach activities, Osheroff participated in the science festivals for middle and high school students, is an official guest of honor at the International Young Physicists' Tournament 2013, he married a biochemist, Phyllis Liu-Osheroff, in 1970. Timeline of low-temperature technology Stanford Physics Department - Osheroff Osheroff Learning of his Nobel Prize - Osheroff released this recording from his answering machine, which showed his initial annoyance with a 2.30am phone call. Freeview video interview with Douglas Osheroff by the Vega Science Trust