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Garuda is a legendary bird or bird-like creature in Hindu and Jain mythology. He is variously the vehicle mount of the Hindu god Vishnu, a dharma-protector and Astasena in Buddhism, the Yaksha of the Jain Tirthankara Shantinatha. Garuda is described as the king of a kite-like figure, he is shown either in an anthropomorphic form. Garuda is a protector with power to swiftly go anywhere watchful and an enemy of the serpent, he is known as Tarkshya and Vynateya. Garuda is a part of state insignia in India, Thailand and Indonesia; the Indonesian official coat of arms is centered on the Garuda. The national emblem of Indonesia is called Garuda Pancasila; the Indian Air Force uses the Garuda in their coat of arms and named their special operations unit after it as Garud Commando Force. In Hinduism, Garuda is the king of birds. A Garutman is mentioned in the Rigveda, described as celestial deva with wings; the Shatapatha Brahmana embedded inside the Yajurveda text mentions Garuda as the personification of courage.

In the Mahabharata, Garutman is stated to be same as Garuda described as the one, fast, who can shapeshift into any form and enter anywhere. He is a powerful creature in the epics, whose wing flapping can stop the spinning of heaven and hell, he is described to be the vehicle mount of the Hindu god Vishnu, they are shown together. According to George Williams, Garuda speak, he is a metaphor in the Vedic literature for Rik, Saman and the atman. In the Puranas, states Williams, Garuda becomes a literal embodiment of the idea, the Self who attached to and inseparable from the Supreme Self. Though Garuda is an essential part of the Vaishnavism mythology, he features prominently in Shaivism mythology, Shaiva texts such as the Garuda Tantra and Kirana Tantra, Shiva temples as a bird and as a metaphor of atman; the Hindu texts on Garuda iconography vary in their details. If in the bird form, he is eagle-like with the wings open as if ready and willing to fly wherever he needs to. In part human-form, he may have an eagle-like nose, beak or legs, his eyes are open and big, his body is the color of emerald, his wings are golden-yellow.

He may be shown with either four hands. If he is not carrying Vishnu, he holds a jar of amrita in one hand in the rear and an umbrella in the other, while the front pair of hands are in anjali posture. If he is carrying Vishnu, the rear hands provide the support for Vishnu's feet. According to the text Silparatna, states Rao, Garuda is best depicted with only two hands and with four bands of colours: "golden yellow colour from feet to knees, white from knees to the navel, scarlet from navel to neck, black above the neck", his hands, recommends the text, should be in abhaya posture. In Sritatvanidhi text, the recommended iconography for Garuda is a kneeling figure, who wears one or more serpents, pointed bird-beak like nose, his two hands in namaste posture; this style is found in Hindu temples dedicated to Vishnu. In some iconography, Garuda carries his two consorts by his side: Lakshmi and Bhūmi. Garuda iconography is found in early temples of India, such as on the underside of the eave at Cave 3 entrance of the Badami cave temples.

Garuda mythology is linked to that of Aruna – the charioteer of Surya. However, these Indian mythologies are inconsistent across the texts. Both and Garuda, developed from the egg. According to one version, states George Williams, Kashyapa Prajapati's two wives Vinata and Kadru wanted to have children. Kashyapa granted them a boon. Kadru asked for one thousand Nāga sons, while Vinata wanted two, each equal to Kadru's thousand naga sons. Kashyapa blessed them, went away to a forest to meditate. Kadru gave birth to one thousand eggs, while Vinata gave birth to two eggs; these incubated for five hundred years, upon which Kadru's eggs broke open and out came her 1,000 sons. Vinata eager for her sons, impatiently broke one of the eggs from which emerged the formed Aruna, who looked radiant and reddish as the morning sun but not as bright as the midday sun. Aruna chided his mother, Vinata for her impatience since he was born without legs, warned her to not break open the second egg and cursed her to be a slave until his brother rescues her.

Aruna left to become the charioteer of Surya, the sun god. Vinata waited, after many years the second egg hatched, Garuda was born, her mother becomes her slave. Garuda on put request to his brothers, to free her mother from slavery at which they demanded Amrita from heaven. Garuda wages a war against gods and with his extraordinary might and abilities beyond thinking, defeats all of them along with Indra as their head. Bypassing Indra's security he took flight for earth. In the meanwhile Vishnu asks for a boon to be his ride, which he granted. Indra request him to not give the Amrita to those Nagas as they will trouble them at which they forged a plan. Garuda reaching at his brothers placed the vessel before them, asked them to first purify themselves before drinking. Meanwhile, Jayanta take the vessel with him. On returning, they were all fed to Garuda; some myths present Garuda as so massive. The text Gar

Glenn Dynner

Glenn Dynner is an American author and historian specializing in religion and history of East European Jewry. He is the Co-Editor-in-Chief of Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies and a Professor and Chair of Religion at Sarah Lawrence College. Dynner received his B. A. in Comparative History from Brandeis University in 1993, his M. A. in Jewish Studies from McGill University in 1997, his Ph. D. in Near Eastern & Judaic Studies from Brandeis University in 2002. He works in Polish and Hebrew sources on the Jewish social and religious history in Poland, specializes in the Hasidic movement. In 2011, Dynner appeared on NBC's “Who Do You Think You Are? ” with actress Gwyneth Paltrow. Throughout the episode, Dynner helps Gwyneth Paltrow uncover her ancestral Jewish past. On the same show and its spin-offs, he consulted on the Rashida Jones and Bernie Sanders episodes. Glenn Dynner. Yankel's Tavern: Jews and Life in the Kingdom of Poland. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-998852-5. Glenn Dynner.

Men of Silk: The Hasidic Conquest of Polish Jewish Society. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-538265-5. Glenn Dynner, ed.. Holy Dissent: Jewish and Christian Mystics in Eastern Europe. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0-814-33597-0. Glenn Dynner, ed.. Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry: Jews in the Kingdom of Poland, 1815-1914 Volume 27; the Littman Library of Jewish Civilization. ISBN 978-1-906-76421-0. Glenn Dynner, ed.. Warsaw; the Jewish Metropolis: Essays in Honor of the 75th Birthday of Professor Antony Polonsky. Brill Academic Pub. ISBN 978-9-004-29181-2. "The Garment of Torah: Clothing Decrees and the First Gerer Rebbe" in Warsaw. The Jewish Metropolis "Those Who Stayed: Women and Jewish Traditionalism in East Central Europe" in New Directions in the History of the Jews in the Polish Lands "Jewish Quarters: The Economics of Segregation in the Kingdom of Poland" in Purchasing Power: The Economics of Modern Jewish History Dynner, Glenn. "Replenishing the'Fountain of Judaism': Traditionalist Jewish Education in Interwar Poland."

Jewish History 31: 229–261. Dynner, Glenn. "Brief Kvetches: Notes to a 19th -Century Miracle Worker." Jewish Review of Books 5: 33–35. Dynner, Glenn. "'A Jewish Drunk Is Hard to Find': Jewish Drinking Practices and the Sobriety Stereotype in Eastern Europe." The Jewish Quarterly Review 104: 9–23. Dynner, Glenn. "Visualizing Hasidism." Jewish Review of Books 9: 13–14. 2019 - Guggenheim Fellowship 2017 - Senior Research Scholar at Yale University Library's Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies 2016 - The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee Fred and Ellen Lewis Archives Fellowship 2013–2014 - National Endowment for the Humanities Senior Scholar, Center for Jewish History 2013–2014 - Trustee Faculty Development Fund, Sarah Lawrence College 2009 - University of Pennsylvania, Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies Fellowship theme: “Jews and Commerce” 2006 - National Jewish Book Awards Finalist for Men of Silk: The Hasidic Conquest of Polish Jewish Society 2004 - Koret Jewish Book Award for Men of Silk: The Hasidic Conquest of Polish Jewish Society 2000 - Tauber Institute of Modern Jewish Studies Fellowship, Brandeis University 1999 - U.

S. Fulbright Award Dynner teaches numerous upper-level seminars at Sarah Lawrence covering the history of Jewish life in Eastern Europe. In the past, his classes included: The Holocaust and Violence: From the Bible to the Present, First-Year Studies: Jewish Spirituality and Culture. Sarah Lawrence College faculty page Glenn Dynner Glenn Dynner, Ph. D. Personal Website Glenn Dynner's Oral History

Spatial correlation

Theoretically, the performance of wireless communication systems can be improved by having multiple antennas at the transmitter and the receiver. The idea is that if the propagation channels between each pair of transmit and receive antennas are statistically independent and identically distributed multiple independent channels with identical characteristics can be created by precoding and be used for either transmitting multiple data streams or increasing the reliability. In practice, the channels between different antennas are correlated and therefore the potential multi antenna gains may not always be obtainable; this is called spatial correlation as it can be interpreted as a correlation between a signal's spatial direction and the average received signal gain. In an ideal communication scenario, there is a line-of-sight path between the transmitter and receiver that represents clear spatial channel characteristics. In urban cellular systems, this is the case as base stations are located on rooftops while many users are located either indoors or at streets far from base stations.

Thus, there is a non-line-of-sight multipath propagation channel between base stations and users, describing how the signal is reflected at different obstacles on its way from the transmitter to the receiver. However, the received signal may still have a strong spatial signature in the sense that stronger average signal gains are received from certain spatial directions. Spatial correlation means that there is a correlation between the received average signal gain and the angle of arrival of a signal. Rich multipath propagation decreases the spatial correlation by spreading the signal such that multipath components are received from many different spatial directions. Short antenna separations increase the spatial correlation as adjacent antennas will receive similar signal components; the existence of spatial correlation has been experimentally validated. Spatial correlation is said to degrade the performance of multi antenna systems and put a limit on the number of antennas that can be squeezed into a small device.

This seems intuitive as spatial correlation decreases the number of independent channels that can be created by precoding, but is not true for all kinds of channel knowledge as described below. In a narrowband flat-fading channel with N t transmit antennas and N r receive antennas, the propagation channel is modeled as y = H x + n where y and x are the N r × 1 receive and N t × 1 transmit vectors, respectively; the N r ×. The i j th element of the N r × N t channel matrix H describes the channel from the j th transmit antenna to the i th receive antenna; the common formula for the correlation matrix is: R = E where v e c denotes vectorization, E denotes expected value and A H means Hermitian. When modeling spatial correlation it is useful to employ the Kronecker model, where the correlation between transmit antennas and receive antennas are assumed independent and separable; this model is reasonable when the main scattering appears close to the antenna arrays and has been validated by both outdoor and indoor measurements.

With Rayleigh fading, the Kronecker model means that the channel matrix can be factorized as H = R R 1 / 2 H w T where the elements of H w are independent and identically distributed as circular symmetric complex Gaussian with zero-mean and unit variance. The important part of the model is that H w is pre-multiplied by the receive-side spatial correlation matrix R R and post-multiplied by transmit-side spatial correlation matrix R T {\displaystyle


Aloguinsan the Municipality of Aloguinsan, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 32,100 people. By road it is 59 km southwest of Cebu City. Aloguinsan public market is held at the top of the beach. Aloguinsan is bordered to the north by the town of Pinamungajan, to the west is the Tañon Strait, to the east is the city of Carcar, to the south is the town of Barili. Aloguinsan was a barrio of Pinamungajan, it was created a town by the Royal Decree of the Kingdom of Spain in 1886. Bulwarte, a historic landmark, still stands as mute testimony to the courage of the early inhabitants of Aloguinsan; because of the frequent Moro attacks, the natives, under the supervision of the Spaniards, constructed a watchtower on top of a hill at the mouth of a river. From this vantage point, they could see incoming Moro vintas. One night, the Muslim invaders approached the village. With old people and children safe behind the hills, the men began firing their cannons and did not stop until the pirates had been annihilated.

It was the end of Moro assaults. The historic hill of Villona between the barrios of Olango and Cawasan was the site of a battle between the American forces and Filipino revolutionaries; the rebels under the leadership of Anastacio de la Cruz encountered the forces of Lt. Walker on Holy Thursday, April 1903. Lt. Walker and a number of his men were killed; the following day, Good Friday, Lt. McCoy took over the command of the American troops and outfought the Pulahanes who were defeated; the courage and patriotism of the Aloguinsan were again tested in World War II. Cebuano guerillas resisted Japanese invaders, joined Allied and Filipino troops of the 3rd, 8th, 82nd and 83rd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army. Aloguinsan comprises 15 barangays: Every June, they celebrate the famous "Kinsan Festival," named for a fish, abundant in months of May to July; the town fiesta is celebrated every 24 October in honor of Saint Raphael the Archangel. Interestingly, the saint is sometimes depicted in religious iconography as holding a fish.

Only Aloguinsan has a titular parish of Saint Raphael the Archangel in the entire Metropolitan Archdiocese of the Most Holy Name of Jesus. Jojo Tangkay - A professional basketball player notably played in PBL PBA's Welcoat Dragons

TeTori Dixon

TeTori Elsie Dixon is an American indoor volleyball player, was part of the United States national team that won the 2014 World Championship gold medal. She played college volleyball for the University of Minnesota Golden Gophers women's volleyball team. Dixon was Selected AVCA All-America First-Team a unanimous All-Big Ten, she finished her career ranked fifth all time in total blocks, the best career hitting percentage and ninth all-time in career kills. Dixon was part of the USA national team that won the 2014 World Championship gold medal when the team defeated China 3-1 in the final match. Dixon was named Best Middle Blocker at the 2014 Women's Pan-American Volleyball Cup. Dixon played for Rabita Baku for the 2014/15 season, taking part of the Women's CEV Champions League and Azerbaijan Women's Volleyball Super League, she played for the Japanese club Toray Arrows for the 2015/16 season. In 2019 she played for Beijing BAIC Motor China Volleyball League. 2015 FIVB World Cup "Best Middle Blockers" 2018 Nations League "Best Middle Blockers" 2018–19 Chinese Volleyball League "Most Valuable Player" Dixon is the daughter of former National Football League player David Dixon.

She is of Maori descent

RA Scion

Ryan Abeo better known by his stage name RA Scion, is an American alternative hip hop artist from Louisville, Kentucky. He is based in Seattle, Washington. Abeo is a member of the hip hop group Common Market along with DJ/Producer Sabzi. Abeo, with his wife, manages. Ryan Abeo was born and raised in Louisville, Kentucky in 1974. Abeo began writing and recording hip hop lyrics when he was twelve years old, after being introduced to the 1980s hip hop group Fat Boys. By the time he was a senior in high school, he was experiencing tensions with school authorities, which led him to drop out completely. Still pursuing hip hop, he attended Northern Kentucky University, before dropping out. Following this, he settled in Seattle, where he would become a notable figure to the Northwest hip hop scene. Soon after Abeo moved to Seattle, he met Sabzi, a DJ/Producer, at the time just forming his group Blue Scholars with Geologic, through the local hip hop circuit; the two bonded over their shared Baha'i Faith.

Sabzi began collaboration by giving a few instrumentals to RA which went on his first project, Live & Learn. Together, the two formed the group Common Market, which would become a staple in putting Northwest hip hop in a prime position. Since he has released four studio albums as RA Scion and a 5th album with Gifted Youngstaz as the duo "TRUE||FORM". Abeo has a wife named one child named Madison; as a family, they have lived all from Crete, Greece to Zambia, Africa. He cites A Tribe Called Quest and De La Soul as important influences. Studio albums Live And Learn Victor Shade Adding To The Extra Sharper Tool.