Gary Winston Lineker is an English former professional footballer and current sports broadcaster. He holds England's record for goals in the FIFA World Cup finals, with 10 scored. Lineker's media career began with the BBC, where he has presented the flagship football programme Match of the Day since the late 1990s, he has worked for Al Jazeera Sports, Eredivisie Live, NBC Sports Network and hosts BT Sport's coverage of the UEFA Champions League. Lineker began his football career at Leicester City in 1978, finished as the First Division's joint top goalscorer in 1984–85, he moved to League Champions Everton where he developed as a clinical finisher, scoring 30 goals in 41 games. His first team honours came at Barcelona, where he won the Copa del Rey in 1988 and the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1989, he returned to England in 1989, joining Tottenham Hotspur, over three seasons he scored 67 goals in 105 games and won the FA Cup. Lineker's final club was Nagoya Grampus Eight and he retired in 1994 after two seasons at the Japanese side.
Lineker made his England debut in 1984, earning 80 caps and scoring 48 goals over an eight-year international career, is England's third highest scorer, behind Bobby Charlton and Wayne Rooney. His international goals-to-games ratio remains one of the best for the country and he is regarded as one of the all-time best English strikers, he was top scorer in the 1986 World Cup and received the Golden Boot, the only time an Englishman had done so until Harry Kane in the 2018 World Cup. He is the only player to have been the top scorer in England with three clubs. Though he enjoyed a long career, Lineker never received a yellow or red card; as a result, he was honoured in 1990 with the FIFA Fair Play Award. In a senior career which spanned 16 years and 567 competitive games, Lineker scored a total of 330 goals, including 282 goals at club level. After his retirement from football he was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame. A keen supporter of Leicester City, he led a consortium that invested in his old club, saving it from bankruptcy, was appointed honorary vice-president.
Lineker was born in the son of Margaret P. and Barry Lineker. His middle name came from Winston Churchill, he has one brother, two years his junior. Lineker grew up with his family in the city. Lineker's father was a greengrocer, as was his grandfather William and great-grandfather, George, in Leicester, his father ran Lineker's fruit and veg stall in Leicester Market and as a child and a young player he helped out on the stall. Lineker first attended Caldecote Road School, Braunstone in Leicester although he lived outside the borough, he went to the City of Leicester Boys' Grammar School on Downing Drive in Evington, inside the borough of Leicester due to his preference for football rather than rugby, the main sport of most schools near his home. As a result, he lived while attending school. Lineker was talented at both football and cricket. From the ages of 11 to 16 he captained the Leicestershire Schools cricket team, had felt that he had a higher chance of succeeding at it rather than football.
He stated on They Think It's All Over that as a teenager he idolised former England captain David Gower, playing for Leicestershire at the time. During his youth he played for Aylestone Park Youth becoming the club's president. Lineker left school with four O Levels. One of his teachers wrote on his report card that he "concentrates too much on football" and that he would "never make a living at that", he joined the youth academy at Leicester City in 1976. Lineker began his career at his home town club Leicester City after leaving school in 1977, turning professional in the 1978–79 season and making his senior debut on New Year's Day 1979 in a 2–0 win over Oldham Athletic in the Second Division at Filbert Street, he earned a Second Division title medal a year with 19 appearances, but played just nine league games in 1980–81 as Leicester went straight back down. However, he became a regular player in scoring 19 goals in all competitions that season. Although Leicester missed out on promotion, they reached the semi-finals of the FA Cup, clinched promotion a year as Lineker scored 26 times in the Second Division.
In 1983–84, he enjoyed regular First Division action for the first time and was the division's second highest scorer with 22 goals, although Leicester failed to finish anywhere near the top of the league. He was the First Division's joint top scorer in 1984–85 with 24 goals, was enjoying a prolific partnership with Alan Smith. However, by this stage, he was attracting the attention of bigger clubs, a move from Filbert Street was looking certain. In the 1985 close season, defending league champions Everton signed Lineker for £800,000, he was again the First Division's leading goal scorer, this time with 30 goals, helped Everton finish second in the league. While at Everton, they reached the FA Cup final for the third consecutive year but lost 3–1 to Liverpool, despite Lineker giving them an early lead when he outpaced Alan Hansen to score. Liverpool had pipped Everton to the title by just two points. "I was only on Merseyside a short time, nine or 10 months in total but it was still a happy time while professionally it was one of the most successful periods of my career," he says.
"I still have an affinity towards Everton
La Población is a music album by Chilean folk singer and songwriter Víctor Jara and released in 1972 and reissued in 2001. It was recorded in homage of the struggle of people living in the poorest working class districts of Santiago de Chile, sometimes referred to as “shanty towns”; the album included the Chilean writer Alejandro Sieveking. The other artists included on the album were, Isabel Parra, Bélgica Castro, Huamarí, Cantamaranto. All songs written by Víctor Jara except. "Lo único que tengo" "En el río Mapocho" "Luchín" "La toma - 16 marzo 1967" "La carpa de las coligüillas" "El hombre es un creador" "Herminda de la Victoria" "Sacando pecho y brazo" "Marcha de los pobladores"
The Iraqi Kurdish Civil War was a military conflict that took place between rival Kurdish factions in Iraqi Kurdistan during the mid-1990s, most notably between the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Kurdistan Democratic Party. Over the course of the conflict, Kurdish factions from Iranian and Turkish Kurdistan, as well as Iranian and Turkish state forces, were drawn into the fighting, with additional involvement from American forces. Between 3,000 and 5,000 fighters and civilians were killed. Autonomy in Iraqi Kurdistan was established in 1970 as the Kurdish Autonomous Region following the agreement of an Autonomy Accord between the government of Iraq and leaders of the Iraqi Kurdish community. A Legislative Assembly was established in the city of Erbil with nominal authority over the Kurdish-populated governorates of Erbil, Dahuk and As Sulaymaniyah; as various battles between separatist Kurds and Iraqi government forces continued until the 1991 uprisings in Iraq, the safety of Kurdish refugees led to the adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution 688, used as a justification to implement Operation Provide Comfort, a US-led multinational military operation that ensured the security of the Iraqi Kurdish region through the use of air power while providing humanitarian aid to refugees fleeing persecution.
While the no-fly zone covered Dahuk and Erbil, it left out Kirkuk. This led to a further series of bloody clashes between Kurdish troops. Shortly thereafter, an uneasy balance of power was reached, Iraq withdrew its military and government officials from the region in October 1991. From that point on, Iraqi Kurdistan had achieved de facto independence under the leadership of the region's two principal Kurdish parties – the Kurdish Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan – free from the control of Baghdad; the region adopted its own flag and national anthem. Iraqi Kurdistan held parliamentary elections in 1992; the KDP gained an absolute majority of the votes in the governorates of Dohuk and Arbil, whereas the PUK garnered the broad support of the Sulaymaniyah governorate as well as the Kurdish portions of Diyala. As a result of the election, the Kurdish parliament was split between Jalal Talabani's Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and Massoud Barzani's Kurdish Democratic Party. After withdrawing its forces from Kurdistan in October 1991, the Iraqi government imposed an economic blockade over the region, restricting its oil and food supplies.
The United Nations embargo on Iraq significantly affected the Kurdish economy, preventing trade between the Kurds and other nations. As such, all economic dealings between Iraqi Kurdistan and the outside world were done through the black market. In March 1994 Turkish Armed Forces began Operation Steel, a cross-border military incursion into northern Iraq against the PKK. On May 3 a delegation from the KDP agreed to not allow the PKK to have a base in northern Iraq. On May 4, Turkish Armed Forces left northern Iraq. Fighting broke out between the two factions in May 1994; the initial clashes left around 300 people dead, over the next year, around 2,000 people were killed on both sides. According to former CIA officer Robert Baer, members of the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps provided limited support to the KDP and allowed the KDP to launch attacks from Iranian territory. In January 1995, CIA case officer Robert Baer traveled to northern Iraq with a five-man team to set up a CIA station.
He made contact with the Kurdish leadership and managed to negotiate a truce between Barzani and Talabani. Within days, Baer made contact with an Iraqi general, plotting to assassinate Saddam Hussein; the plan was to use a unit of 100 renegade Iraqi troops to kill Saddam as he passed over a bridge near Tikrit. Baer did not hear anything back. After three weeks, the plan was revised, calling for an attack by Kurdish forces in northern Iraq while rebel Iraqi troops leveled one of Saddam's houses with tank fire in order to kill the Iraqi leader. Baer again received no response. On 28 February, the Iraqi Army was placed on full alert. In response, the Iranian and Turkish militaries were placed on high alert. Baer received a message directly from National Security Advisor Tony Lake telling him his operation was compromised; this warning was passed on Baer's Kurdish and Iraqi contacts. Upon learning this, Barzani backed out of the planned offensive, leaving Talabani's PUK forces to carry it out alone.
The Iraqi Army officers planning to kill Saddam with tank fire were compromised and executed before they could carry out the operation. The PUK's offensive was still launched as planned, within days they managed to destroy three Iraqi Army divisions and capture 5,000 prisoners. Despite Baer's pleas for American support of the offensive, none was forthcoming, the Kurdish troops were forced to withdraw. Baer was recalled from Iraq investigated for the attempted murder of Saddam Hussein, but exonerated. Although the Kurdish parliament ceased to meet in May 1996, the fragile cease-fire between the PUK and KDP held until the summer of 1996. During this period, the Iraqi government was permitted by the KDP to establish a smuggling route through the Khabur River basin for the transportation of illegal petroleum exports. Barzani and his associates seized the opportunity to impose taxation on this trade, giving them the means to earn several million dollars per week; this led to a dispute with the PUK over the beneficiaries of Kurdish exports.
Although the two parties reached an agreement where the Iraqi–Turkish smuggling routes would be divided evenly between each other, t