Gatorland is a 110-acre theme park and wildlife preserve in Florida, located along South Orange Blossom Trail south of Orlando. It was founded 70 years ago by Owen Godwin on former cattle land in 1949, is owned by his family. Billed as the "Alligator Capital of the World," Gatorland features thousands of alligators and crocodiles, many other animals. Attractions in the park include a breeding marsh with a boardwalk and observation tower, zip lines, an off-road swamp vehicle tour, a ridable miniature railroad, alligator feeding shows, alligator wrestling shows, an aviary, a petting zoo, educational programs; the breeding marsh area of the park was used in the filming of the 1984 movie Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom. The park is known for buying and rescuing nuisance alligators from trappers that would otherwise be killed for their meat and skin. Gatorland manages the live alligator display at the Gaylord Palms resort in Kissimmee; the Gatorland Express, known as Ol' Iron Horse Express prior to 2001, is a 2 ft narrow gauge railroad attraction inside the park, which first opened in 1961 and was built by the Allan Herschell Company.

The park claims. The original locomotive was retired in 2000 and put on static display, while a brand-new locomotive built by Train Rides Unlimited was purchased and put into operation the following year; the new locomotive is the same model as the locomotive used at the nearby Green Meadows Petting Farm. An additional fee is required to ride the railroad and prior to the 2011 opening of the zip line, it was the only non-animal-related attraction in Gatorland. Shortly before sunrise on Monday, November 6, 2006, a three-alarm fire broke out at Gatorland started when a heating pad in one of the displays in the gift shop shorted out; the fire was brought under control within several hours, but the gift shop was destroyed, several walkways burned. The fire killed a four-foot-long crocodile and two six-foot-long pythons, but spared the other animals. During the day, the birds that are displayed in and around the shop were moved to the aviary at the back of the park and were not injured. After inspectors confirmed that there was no structural damage to the various walkways and displays at the park, Gatorland reopened less than three weeks on the day after Thanksgiving.

The gift shop and main offices were rebuilt as a two-story concrete block building, incorporating the repainted historic concrete alligator's mouth, opened on May 22, 2008. In the summer of 2011, Gatorland added a zip line that travels across a pool of alligators and past several of the existing attractions; the ride is 1,200 feet long and several stories high. It is available for riders more. In January 2016, Gatorland made the zip line wheelchair-accessible. Gatorland opened Gator Spot at Fun Spot America Theme Parks' Orlando park in the International Drive tourist area on May 11, 2015; the $1 million attraction allows visitors to hold, take photos with, feed alligators. The main attraction is a leucistic alligator named a white gator with blue eyes. Central Florida Zoo and Botanical Gardens Official website

Cuyuni River

The Cuyuni River is a South American river and a tributary of the Essequibo River. It rises in the Guiana Highlands of Venezuela where it descends northward to El Dorado, turns eastward to meander through the tropical rain forests of Guyana, it turns southeastward, flowing to its confluence with the Mazaruni River. The Cuyuni River marks the limit of the disputed territory of Guyana Essequibo for 100 kilometres. In 1681, an island in the mouth of the Cuyuni River was cleared and planted with cassava for the use of the Dutch garrison. By 1694, a new plantation on the Cuyuni River above the fort was established. By 1703 a post was established in the upper Cuyuni. In January 2, 1895 the "Incident of the Cuyuni river" names by the general Domingo Antonio Sifontes, was an armed confrontation between Venezuelans and British occurred in the region of River by the territorial dispute that had Venezuela with the British Guyana, in which by direction of Sifontes the Venezuelans left winners. At dawn, British police men led by "Inspector Barnes" of England, took an unoccupied military station of Venezuelan nationality, located on the left coast of the river, in which the men of Barnes hoisted the British flag in Venezuelan lands during the day.

Facing this fact, the captain Andrés Avelino Domínguez, second to the control of Sifontes, was sent to recover the settlement. The result was the withdrawal of the British and the capture of Barnes and his men, who were taken to the General Police Station, which increased tensions between the two countries amid an internal crisis in Venezuela; some of the Kali'na people live in the Cuyuni River valley, part of, in Guyana. The Kamaria hydroelectric power site is located on the Cuyuni River; the river is a source of alluvial gold. Ankoko Island is at the confluence of the Cuyuni and Wenamu River and has been the subject of further disputes between Venezuela and Guyana. Guayana Esequiba Venezuela

Aidan Southall

Aidan Southall was a British cultural anthropologist recognised for his fieldwork in urban settings in post-war Africa. Identified as a pioneer in the study of African cities, Southall is said to have played a significant role in the development of urban anthropology. Southall, the son of a Church of England parson, was born in England. Having been born into an impoverished family, Southall was unable to attend boarding school with his friends, he attended The Perse School in Cambridge, England, at the age of 8 years old. At the age of 11, Southall began his secondary education and worked his way up to Cambridge University where he studied Classics. During his last year at Cambridge, at the age of 18, Southall had the opportunity to travel to Jamaica—his first exotic experience. Shortly after this, Southall switched over to anthropology after having been persuaded by one of his professors. At Cambridge University, he gained his bachelor's degree in cultural anthropology. After graduating in 1942, Southall followed his colleagues to Uganda with the interest of pursuing social anthropology as a career.

He attended the University of London where he gained his PhD. Southall was given the opportunity to apply for a position at Makerere University in Uganda, in 1945 he became a professor of social studies at this institution, he had the opportunity to carry out research in that particular area among others in Africa, conducted fieldwork in Nyanza with a Luo student in Kenya. In Karachuonyo, South Nyanza, being restricted to a short-term study over the span of his vacation, Southall found it difficult to conduct long-term fieldwork and therefore focused on food and lineages. While researching the Luo People, Southall made a short visit to Alur, which became one of his most significant life changing experiences from which he published his first written work called Alur Society, he spent two years there conducting doctoral fieldwork. In the 1950s, Southall became more interested in urban anthropology, some his work focused on the complexity of developing urban areas. Unlike most anthropologists of his time, Southall was interested in urbanisation and the development of African cities in particular.

After completing his PhD in 1952 in London, he returned to Makerere as a member of East African Institute of Social Research. During his years at Makerere, he obtained a UNESCO fellowship which contributed to the expansion of his notability and connection through a visit to the United States. There, he encountered other influential researchers, including sociologist Talcott Parsons, who influenced Southall in developing an appreciation for Max Weber's work; as it reflected in his publications, there was a gradual shift in Southall's theoretical position as he began adopting more Marxist views. After teaching at Makarere University, Southall taught at several other schools including the University of East Africa, the University of California, Syracuse University, he taught from 1969 at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, becoming professor emeritus in 1990. Due to extensive fieldwork and research, Southall was able to become fluent in several languages including Nilotic languages and French.

He became a member of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. Furthermore, Southall was a member of International African Institute, The African Studies Association of USA and the American Anthropological Association. For his doctoral dissertation, Aidan Southall wrote Alur Society: A Study in Processes and Types of Domination, which dealt with political structures among the Alur people of Northwest Uganda, he carried out anthropological fieldwork among the Alur people for two years between 1949 and 1952. Southall described a continuous process of political and cultural domination, done entirely without the use of force, his next publication was Townsmen in the Making: Kampala and its Suburbs, featuring two specific reports that were developed as part of a general study of African life in greater Kampala, Uganda. Examining such issues as land, economic activity, marriage, Southall drew upon the survey results for specific information while supplementing quantitative data with qualitative material and anecdotes.

As Aidan Southall grew more experienced in observing urban systems, he released Social Change in Modern Africa, which contained the proceedings of the First International African Institute Seminar at Makarere, a Kampala school where he taught. This seminar and publication speculated about how complex social systems should be studied."The Illusion of the Tribe" was published in 1970 in The Passing of Tribal Man, edited by P. C. W. Gutkind, reprinted in 2010 in Perspectives on Africa: A Reader in Culture and Representation. Southall published a collection of papers presented at the Wenner-Gren seminar of 1964, about cross cultural similarities in the urbanisation process; this collection of papers was titled Urban Anthropology: Cross Cultural Studies of Urbanization and attempted to identify and characterise significant issues in urban anthropology. That decade, Southall published a collection of essays entitled Small Urban Centers in Rural Development in Africa, his essays are broken down in different categories, the first of which represented the social and anthropological perspective.

Other essays took historical or political viewpoints, followed by economic case studies, finished with an argument about whether their findings are conceptual or theoretical in nature. Aidan Southall's next big published work, in conjunction with Greg Gulin, was entitled Urban An