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Gavrila Derzhavin

Gavriil Romanovich Derzhavin was one of the most esteemed Russian poets before Alexander Pushkin, as well as a statesman. Although his works are traditionally considered literary classicism, his best verse is rich with antitheses and conflicting sounds in a way reminiscent of John Donne and other metaphysical poets. Derzhavin was born in the Kazan Governorate into a landed family of impoverished Russian nobility, his 15th-century ancestor Morza Bagrim, converted to Christianity and became a vassal of Grand Prince Vasily II. Bagrim was rewarded with lands for his service to the prince, from him descended noble families of Narbekov and Keglev. A member of the Narbekov family, who received the nickname Derzhava, was the patriarch of the Derzhavin family; the Derzhavins once held profitable estates along the Myosha River, about 25 miles from the capital city of Kazan, but over time they were divided, sold or mortgaged. By the time Gavrila Derzhavin's father, Roman Nikolayevich Derzhavin, was born in 1706, he stood to inherit only a few parcels of land, occupied by few peasants.

Roman joined the military and in 1742, at age 36, he married a widowed distant relative Fyokla Andreyevna Gorina. She was from a similar background and possessed a few scattered estates; the estates were the source of constant lawsuits and feuds with neighbors, sometimes extending into violence. Derzhavin was born nearly nine months after his parents were wed, but the location of his birth remains a point of dispute. Derzhavin considered himself a native of Kazan — which proudly proclaims itself as the city of his birth — but he was born at one of his family's estates in Sokury or Karmachi, in Laishevsky County; the Laishevsky District is informally known as the Derzhavinsky District because of its association with Derzhavin. He was named Gavriil, as his birth was 10 days before the Synaxis of the Archangel Gabriel, celebrated on 13 July in Slavic Orthodoxy, he was a sickly child, his parents followed the traditional practice of the era and "baked the baby" — an ancient ceremony in which sickly or premature babies are placed on a bread peel and put in and out of the oven three times.

Derzhavin's father was transferred to Yaransk and Stavropol. Two more children were born, a girl, although the latter died young; as members of the nobility, albeit minor, the Derzhavins were required to educate their children, but options were limited given their poverty and the few educational institutions in Russia at the time. Male members of the nobility were expected to enter government roles as civil servants or military officers at age 20. Nobility unable to send their children to one of the three educational institutions were given a waiver to educate their children at home, but the children were given examinations at 7, 12 and 16 to inspect their progress. Known as Ganyushka, Gavrilo's education began at age 3 when he was taught to read and write by local churchmen; when he was 8, the family was sent to Orenburg near present-day Kazakhstan. The Russian Empire, eager to extend its reach, sent convicts to Orenburg to construct the city. A German named. Rose, in addition to being a criminal, had no formal education and was only able to instruct the children in the German language, the most desirable language among the enlightened class in Russia.

When Gavrila was 10, the Derzhavins moved back to their estates in Kazan after two years in Orenburg. In the fall of 1753, he made his first trip to Moscow. Roman Derzhavin, suffering from consumption, needed to formally apply for retirement in Moscow, planned to continue to Saint Petersburg to register his son for future enlistment as required. However, he was delayed in Moscow until early January, they were forced to return to Kazan, where his father died that year. His father owned half the land in Sokury, which Gavrila inherited along with other estates in Laishevsky. However, they provided little income and the neighbors continued to encroach on their lands, flooding their estates or seizing land for themselves, his mother, a penniless widow with no powerful relatives, was unable to get any redress in the courts and was snubbed by judges. Derzhavin wrote that his "mother's suffering from injustice remained eternally etched on his heart." His mother was able to hire two tutors to teach her sons geometry and arithmetic.

In 1758, a new school opened in Kazan, saving his mother the difficulty of sending him to Saint Petersburg. The grammar school offered instruction in Latin, French and arithmetic, as well as dancing and music; the instruction quality was still poor overall, with no textbooks. The school offered opportunities for the students to perform tragedies by Molière and Alexander Sumarokov. Derzhavin excelled in geometry and was informed he would be joining the corps of engineers in Saint Petersburg. However, a bureaucratic mistake led to him being made a private in the Preobrazhensky Regiment, the bodyguards of the royal family. In Saint Petersburg, Derzhavin rose from the ranks as a common soldier to the highest offices of state under Catherine the Great, he first impressed his commanders during Pugachev's Rebellion. Politically astute, his career advanced, he rose to the position of gover

Huancayo Province

Huancayo Province is located in Peru. It is one of the 9 provinces composing the Junín Region, it borders to the north with the Concepción Province, the east with the Satipo Province, the south with the Huancavelica Region and the west with the Chupaca Province. The province has an approximate population of 545,615 inhabitants; the capital of the province is the city of Huancayo. The Chunta mountain range and the Waytapallana mountain range traverse the province; some of the highest peaks of the province are listed below: Some of the largest lakes of the Huancayo Province are Aqchiqucha, Quylluqucha, Wich'iqucha, Yuraqqucha and Ñawinqucha. The province is divided into 28 districts over an area of 4 711,15 km²; these districts are: Ankap Wachanan Apu Inka Wari Willka Municipal website

Glyndyfrdwy railway station

Glyndyfrdwy railway station is a former station on the Ruabon to Barmouth line. The stop, near the village of Glyndyfrdwy in Denbighshire, Wales, is now a preserved railway station on the Llangollen Railway, it was reopened by the heritage railway in 1993. The station was opened in May 1865 by the Llangollen to Corwen railway company; the route was constructed by Thomas Brassey under the direction of the prolific Scottish engineer, Henry Robertson. Glyndyfrdwy was the third stop for westbound trains after Llangollen. According to the Official Handbook of Stations classes of traffic G, P & H were being handled at this station in 1956: and there was a 3 ton 10 cwt crane, it remained open for a hundred years, it was due to be closed to passengers on Monday 18 January 1965. However, it was closed prematurely due to flood damage on 14 December 1964, it was reopened by the Llangollen Railway in 1993. The station has two side platforms alongside two tracks that provide a passing place on the single line.

The restored non-operational signal box at the west end of the station is a listed structure from Barmouth South. Mitchell, Vic. Ruabon to Barmouth. West Sussex: Middleton Press. Figs. 35-39. ISBN 9781906008840. OCLC 651922152. Glyndyfrdwy station on navigable 1946 O. S. map