The Gaza Strip, or Gaza, is a self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for 11 kilometers and Israel on the east and north along a 51 km border. Gaza and the West Bank are claimed by the de jure sovereign State of Palestine; the territories of Gaza and the West Bank are separated from each other by Israeli territory. Both fell under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority, but Gaza has since June 2007 been governed by Hamas, a Palestinian fundamentalist militant Islamic organization which came to power in free elections in 2006, it has been placed under an Israeli and U. S.-led international economic and political boycott from that time onwards. The territory is 41 kilometers long, from 6 to 12 kilometers wide, with a total area of 365 square kilometers. With around 1.85 million Palestinians on some 362 square kilometers, Gaza ranks as the 3rd most densely populated polity in the world. An extensive Israeli buffer zone within the Strip renders much land off-limits to Gaza's Palestinians.
Gaza has an annual population growth rate of 2.91%, the 13th highest in the world, is referred to as overcrowded. The population is expected to increase to 2.1 million in 2020. By that time, Gaza may be rendered unliveable. Due to the Israeli and Egyptian border closures and the Israeli sea and air blockade, the population is not free to leave or enter the Gaza Strip, nor allowed to import or export goods. Sunni Muslims make up the predominant part of the Palestinian population in the Gaza Strip. Despite the 2005 Israeli disengagement from Gaza, the United Nations, international human rights organisations, the majority of governments and legal commentators consider the territory to be still occupied by Israel, supported by additional restrictions placed on Gaza by Egypt. Israel maintains direct external control over Gaza and indirect control over life within Gaza: it controls Gaza's air and maritime space, six of Gaza's seven land crossings, it reserves the right to enter Gaza at will with its military and maintains a no-go buffer zone within the Gaza territory.
Gaza is dependent on Israel for its water, telecommunications, other utilities. The system of control imposed by Israel is described as an "indirect occupation"; some other legal scholars have disputed the idea. In addition, the extent of self-rule exercised in the Gaza Strip has led some to describe the territory as a de facto independent state; when Hamas won a majority in the 2006 Palestinian legislative election, the opposing political party Fatah refused to join the proposed coalition, until a short-lived unity government agreement was brokered by Saudi Arabia. When this collapsed under joint Israeli and United States pressure, the Palestinian Authority instituted a non-Hamas government in the West Bank while Hamas formed a government on its own in Gaza. Further economic sanctions were imposed by the European Quartet against Hamas. A brief civil war between the two Palestinian groups had broken out in Gaza when under a U. S.-backed plan, Fatah contested Hamas's administration. Hamas emerged the victor and expelled Fatah-allied officials and members of the PA's security apparatus from the Strip, has remained the sole governing power in Gaza since that date.
Gaza was part of the Ottoman Empire, before it was occupied by the United Kingdom and Israel, which in 1994 granted the Palestinian Authority in Gaza limited self-governance through the Oslo Accords. Since 2007, the Gaza Strip has been de facto governed by Hamas, which claims to represent the Palestinian National Authority and the Palestinian people; the territory is still considered to be occupied by Israel by the United Nations, International human rights organisations, the majority of governments and legal commentators, despite the 2005 Israeli disengagement from Gaza. Israel maintains direct external control over Gaza and indirect control over life within Gaza: it controls Gaza's air and maritime space, six of Gaza's seven land crossings, it reserves the right to enter Gaza at will with its military and maintains a no-go buffer zone within the Gaza territory. Gaza is dependent on Israel for its water, telecommunications, other utilities; the Gaza Strip acquired its current northern and eastern boundaries at the cessation of fighting in the 1948 war, confirmed by the Israel–Egypt Armistice Agreement on 24 February 1949.
Article V of the Agreement declared. At first the Gaza Strip was administered by the All-Palestine Government, established by the Arab League in September 1948. All-Palestine in the Gaza Strip was managed under the military authority of Egypt, functioning as a puppet state, until it merged into the United Arab Republic and dissolved in 1959. From the time of the dissolution of the All-Palestine Government until 1967, the Gaza Strip was directly administered by an Egyptian military governor. Israel captured the Gaza Strip from Egypt in the Six-Day War in 1967. Pursuant to the Oslo Accords signed in 1993, the Palestinian Authority became the administrative body that governed Palestinian population centers while Israel maintained control of the airspace, territorial waters and border crossings with the exception of the land border with Egypt, controlled by Egypt. In 2005, Israel withdrew from the Gaza Strip under their unilateral disengagement plan. In July 2007, after winning the 2006 Palestinian legislative election, Hamas became the elected government.
In 2007, Hamas expelled the rival
Keady Michael Dwyer's Gaelic Football Club is a Gaelic Athletic Association club from Keady, County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It plays Gaelic football in the Armagh Intermediate Championship. A sister club, Keady Lámh Dhearg, established in 1949, now provides for hurling; the club's ground is Gerard McGleenan Park. The club was one of the first in Armagh, founded in 1888, a year before the creation of the GAA's Armagh County Board. Armagh Senior Football Championship 1938, 1953, 1956, 1984 Armagh Intermediate Football Championship 1983, 1995 Armagh Junior Football Championship 1925, 1927, 1933, 1976, 2014, 2018 Armagh Minor Football Championship 1947, 1957 Pat O'Neill, Armagh Captain 1950 Eugene Mee, Armagh Minor - All-Ireland Winner 1949 Paul McCormack, Armagh player 2002-06 - All-Ireland Winner 2002 John Toal, Armagh player 2001-05 - All-Ireland Winner 2002 Stephen Bellew, Armagh Minor Player 2011 Ryan McCabe, Armagh Minor Player 2012, Armagh U21 Player 2015 Barry Coyle, Armagh Minor Player 2012 The Rhino Renaghan, Armagh Minor Player 2012, Armagh U21 Player 2015 Seamus Mallon In the 1930s the Dwyers enjoyed a run of success in the county Hurling Championship.
Armagh Senior Hurling Championship 1935, 1936, 1937
SS Bulgaria was a passenger-cargo steamship built in 1898 for the Hamburg American Line. During World War I, she operated as a United States Army animal and cargo ship under the names USAT Hercules and USAT Philippines, after the war was converted into the troop transport USS Philippines. In 1899, after only a few months in service, Bulgaria was caught in a severe hurricane and disabled in mid-ocean for some weeks, her captain and officers being decorated for their conduct during the incident. After this, Bulgaria settled into regular service between Hamburg and various ports in the United States until 1913, when she was acquired by Unione Austriaca and renamed SS Canada. After making only two trips between Trieste and Canada with this company however, the ship returned to service with Hapag and reverted to her original name. With the outbreak of World War I, Bulgaria was laid up in Baltimore until the entry of the United States into the war in 1917, when she was seized by the U. S. and used as the animal and general cargo transport USAT Hercules renamed USAT Philippines.
In the postwar period, Philippines was transferred to the U. S. Navy, commissioned as USS Philippines, used to help repatriate U. S. troops from France. After decommissioning in 1919, the ship was converted into the cargo-only merchant steamer SS Philippines, but made only a couple of voyages in this role before being laid up in 1921. Philippines was broken up at New Jersey in 1924. SS Bulgaria—a steel-hulled, twin-screw passenger-cargo steamer—was built by Blohm & Voss at Steinwerder, Germany, in 1898 for the Hamburg–America Line, her yard number was 125. She was launched on 5 February and completed 4 April 1898. Bulgaria had a length of 501 feet 4 inches, a beam of 62 feet 2 inches, draft of 30 feet 10 inches and hold depth of 40 feet 6 inches, she had an original gross register tonnage of 10,237, net register tonnage of 7,305 and deadweight tonnage of 13,000 long tons. In addition to her cargo space, Bulgaria had accommodation for 300 2nd-class and 2,400 3rd-class passengers, was manned by a crew of 89 including officers.
The ship had four decks, two masts and a single smokestack. Bulgaria was powered by a pair of four-cylinder quadruple-expansion steam engines, with cylinders of 21, 31, 46 and 66.5 inches by 48-inch stroke, driving her twin-screw propellers. Steam was supplied by two double-ended and two single Scotch boilers, with a working pressure of 200 psi; the engines delivered a combined 4,200 indicated horsepower, giving the ship a service speed of 13 knots. Bulgaria entered service with Hapag on a route from Hamburg, Germany, to Halifax, Nova Scotia, New York, her maiden voyage commencing 10 April 1898. On 28 January 1899, Bulgaria departed New York bound for Bremen, carrying 130 persons including 89 crew and 41 German steerage passengers including men and children, along with cargoes which included grain. In the evening of 1 February, the ship ran into a severe hurricane. During the night, the ship's flying bridges were carried away, the next morning a large stabilizing spring in the rudder broke, followed by the loss of the rudder itself together with much of the steering apparatus, leaving the ship "as a toy at the mercy of the wind and waves."
Heavy seas carried away several of the hatches. This was followed by a shifting of the ship's cargoes, causing the vessel to develop a heavy list to port, with the deck "level with the water on the port side." Exacerbating the problem, a herd of more than 100 horses in a pen on the foredeck stampeded, trampling one another to death, their bodies sliding to port and contributing to the ship's list. After an attempt by members of the crew to calm the surviving horses failed, the ship's butcher euthanased them by cutting their throats, though badly injured himself in the process. For the next 72 hours and crew alike worked at jettisoning the ship's cargoes in an attempt to right the vessel, but to little effect. On 5 February, the captain instructed all hands to prepare to abandon ship, as rising water levels in the boiler room were threatening to extinguish the ship's fires; the same morning, the tank steamer Weehawken, followed by two more steamers and Koordistan, were successively sighted, all of whom responded to Bulgaria's distress signals and stood by to assist.
Two boats from Weehawken collected 25 women and children from Bulgaria, but a third containing four of Bulgaria's crew broke away from the ship before more passengers could be embarked, in spite of numerous attempts was unable to return to the stricken vessel, the four crewmen being picked up by Vittoria. During the night, the hurricane increased in intensity and the three steamers, having lost contact with Bulgaria, continued on their way the following day, with Weehawken reporting Bulgaria to be "in a sinking condition."After losing contact with the other steamers, Bulgaria's remaining crew and passengers continued to jettison cargo until 7 February, while a spell of relative calm on 9 February enabled them to throw overboard the bodies of 107 horses. On 14 February, the steamer Antillian attempted to take Bulgaria in tow, but having twice failed proceeded on its way. With the weather moderating on 20 February, Bulgaria's crew were able to complete temporary repairs to the ship's rudder, by 21 February Bulgaria was again under way, arriving safely at Ponta Delgada, Azores, on 24 February.
In spite of the many adversities, only one person, a crew member, had been lost throughout the three-week or