click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Gdynia

Gdynia is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of Poland and a seaport of Gdańsk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. Located in Kashubia in Eastern Pomerania, Gdynia has a population of 246,309 making it the twelfth-largest city in Poland and the second-largest in the voivodeship after Gdańsk, it is part of a conurbation with the spa town of Sopot, the city of Gdańsk and suburban communities, which together form a metropolitan area called the Tricity, with a population of over a million people. For centuries, Gdynia remained a small fishing village on the Baltic coast. At the beginning of the 20th-century Gdynia became a seaside resort town and experienced an inflow of tourists; this triggered an increase in local population. After Poland regained its independence in 1918, a decision was made to construct a Polish seaport in Gdynia, between the Free City of Danzig and German Pomerania, making Gdynia the primary economic hub of the Polish Corridor, it was that the town was given a more cosmopolitan character with modernism being the dominant architectural style and emerged as a city in 1926.

The rapid development of Gdynia was interrupted by the outbreak of World War II. The German troops refrained from deliberate bombing; the newly built port and shipyard were destroyed during the war. The population of the city suffered much heavier losses as most of the inhabitants were evicted and expelled; the locals were either displaced to other regions of occupied Poland or sent to Nazi concentration camps throughout Europe. After the war, Gdynia was settled with the former inhabitants of Warsaw and lost cities such as Lviv and Vilnius in the Eastern Borderlands; the city was regenerating itself with its shipyard being rebuilt and expanded. In December 1970 the shipyard workers protest against the increase of prices was bloodily repressed; this contributed to the rise of the Solidarity movement in Gdańsk. Today the port of Gdynia is a regular stopover on the itinerary of luxurious passenger ships and a new ferry terminal with a civil airport are under realisation; the city won numerous awards in relation to safety, quality of life and a rich variety of tourist attractions.

In 2013 Gdynia was ranked as Poland's best city to live in and topped the rankings in the overarching category of general quality of life. Gdynia is highly noted for its access to education. There are prestigious universities such as the Polish Naval Academy nearby. Gdynia hosts the Gdynia Film Festival, the main Polish film festival, was the venue for the International Random Film Festival in 2014; the area of the city of Gdynia shared its history with Pomerelia. Late 10th century: Pomerelia was united with Poland. During the reign of Mieszko II Pomerelia became independent. 1116/1121: Bolesław III reunited Pomerelia with Poland. 1209: First mention of Oxhöft. 1227: Pomerelia again became an independent Duchy. 1253: First known mention of the name "Gdynia", as a Pomeranian fishing village. The first church on this part of the Baltic Sea coast was built there. 1294: Pomerelia was inherited by the future Polish king Przemysł II, remained as part of Poland until – 1309–1310. 1380: The owner of the village which became Gdynia, Peter from Rusocin, gave the village to the Cistercian Order.

1382: Gdynia became property of the Cistercian abbey in Oliva, now Oliwa. 1454: Thirteen Years' War started. 1466: Thirteen Years' War ended. Pomerelia became part of Royal Prussia, a newly established province of the Kingdom of Poland, of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. 1772: In the First Partition of Poland, Royal Prussia was annexed into the Kingdom of Prussia. Gdynia became known in German as Gdingen, was expropriated from the Cistercian Order. 1789: There were only 21 houses in Gdynia. Around that time Gdynia was so small that it was not marked on many maps of the period: it was about halfway from Oxhöft to Kleine Katz. 1870: The Kingdom of Prussia became part of the German Empire. The village of Gdingen had some 1,200 inhabitants. At the time it was not a poor fishing village; the first Kashubian mayor of Gdingen was Jan Radtke. Map of Danzig and around in 1899, showing Gdingen 1905: Gdingen shown on a big map, on the coast between Oxhöft and Zoppot. 1919: Treaty of Versailles and the start of the dismemberment of eastern Germany.

1920: Gdingen, along with other parts of former West Prussia, became a part of the new Republic of Poland. The decision to build a major seaport at Gdynia village was made by the Polish government in winter 1920, in the midst of the Polish–Soviet War; the authorities and seaport workers of the Free City of Danzig felt Poland's economic rights in the city were being misappropriated to help fight the war. German dockworkers went on strike, refusing to unload shipments of military supplies sent from the West to aid the Polish army, Poland realized the need fo

355th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 355th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Army. The 1st battalion of the regiment is still an active unit of the United States Army Reserve; the 355th Infantry was constituted on 5 August 1917 in the National Army and assigned to the 89th Division, organized under the provisions of the draft law of May 1917. The unit was organized 27 August 1917 at Camp Funston, Kansas with the enlisted coming from the state of Nebraska, junior officers coming from Kansas and Colorado, the senior officers coming from the regular army; the soldiers drilled ceaselessly over the next eight months despite a lack of adequate equipment, dreadful living conditions, outbreaks of disease in the camps. On 21 May 1918, the regiment left Camp Funston for New York and was encamped at Camp Mills, Long Island on 24 – 25 May. On 3 June the regiment entrained from Camp Mills and boarded the transport RMS Adriatic in Hoboken, New Jersey, they arrived at Liverpool in the early morning of 16 June. After a brief stay at Camp Woodley they marched to Southampton and boarded a small steamer for Le Havre, France on 24 June.

The soldiers conducted final training activities before boarding motor buses, a US Army first, moved to the front near Beaumont on 4 August. The 1st battalion of the regiment was the first unit from the division to occupy any of the active front and on the night of 7 – 8 August was subjected to a severe gas shell bombardment; the unit continued on the front lines conducting raids, patrolling the enemy wire, capturing prisoners, gathering information for the upcoming St. Mihiel offensive. On the morning of 12 September, after a fierce artillery barrage, the regiment advanced 20 kilometers capturing the villages of Euvezin, Boullionville and Xammes along with a large number of prisoners and much war material; the unit stayed on the line until 8 October. They were given a much needed rest, received replacements, were moved to the Argonne sector in preparation for another push. On 1 November a new offensive was begun with the regiment held in reserve. After two days of intense fighting the unit took up positions on the front lines to continue the advance taking Barricourt, Laneuville and Cesse before the armistice was signed on 11 November ending hostilities.

On 24 November the regiment crossed the Meuse and Saar rivers to assume occupation duties in the German town of Saarburg. The regiment entered into a strenuous training period and at the final period of training received the highest rating for organizations in the division. On 23 April 1919, General John J. Pershing and Secretary of War Newton D. Baker conducted a final review of the regiment near Trier before the unit was ordered back to the United States. Movement began on 9 May and the regiment arrived at Brest and embarked on the SS Leviathan the largest ship afloat; the SS Leviathan entered New York Harbor on 22 May and the unit headed for Camp Funston where the regiment was demobilized between 1 – 3 June. During the interwar years the regiment was reconstituted on 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves and assigned to the 89th Division. In October 1921 it was organized with its headquarters at Nebraska. On 15 July 1942, the regiment and division were ordered to active military service and reorganized at Camp Carson, Colorado.

They conducted basic combat training until May 1943. During this time the Division was redesignated as the 89th Light Division. From May 1943 to May 1944, the regiment conducted maneuvers with the division in Louisiana and Hunter Liggett Military Reservation, California. During these maneuvers it was determined that the "Light Division" concept was unsuitable so they turned in their mules for wheeled vehicles and on 15 June 1944, the division was redesignated as the 89th Infantry Division; the unit began its last stateside training after moving to Camp Butner, North Carolina in May 1944. The division was given orders to move to the European Theater of Operations and embarked for New York in December 1944; the original orders had called for the main units of the 89th Infantry Division to disembark in England, complete further training there. The bloody days of the Battle of the Bulge were not long past and the Allied armies were making slow progress against the German Westwall and before Aachen.

So the orders were changed to have the division land directly in France at Le Havre. The regiment left the United States on board the SS Uruguay on 10 January 1945; the convoy in which they were part passed through the English Channel 19 January and anchored near the mouth of the Seine Estuary, within sight of Le Havre. After disembarking, the regiment was sent to Camp Lucky Strike, northwest of Le Havre, where it reorganized for combat operations. A member of Charlie Company, PFC Donald Sutton, was the first man of the division to lose his life to enemy action when he stepped on a mine near the camp; the division was ordered into the line in March and was in position by 11 March near Speicher, Germany. While in the Rhineland, their first action against the Germans was to secure the north and west banks of the Moselle River, one of the last two major natural obstacles defending the Reich, for follow-on crossing operations. A soldier from the Bravo Company was the first division member to fire his weapon in anger against the enemy.

By 14 March the division effected a crossing and by 24 March reached the banks of the Rhine, Germany's last natural barrier in the west. The division made its crossing at the town of St. Goar and once across the entire 355th Infantry Regiment moved forward to screen the division's front. German resistance began to crumble once American force

Uverworld

Uverworld is a Japanese rock band consisting of six members and originating from Kusatsu, Shiga. "Uverworld" is a term coined by the band members, combining the German word "über" with the English word "world" to form a phrase that means "crossing above the world". They have released all of them being quite successful, they have sold over three million records worldwide. Influenced by 1960s rock bands like The Beatles, The Zombies, The Beach Boys, its style became so popular it was influenced by The Cookies, The Kinks, The Cramps. Vocalist Takuya cited Frank Sinatra, David Bowie, Green Day, My Chemical Romance as one of the influences for the band; the five-member band known as Uverworld first formed in 2002, were known as Sound Goku Road. The band consisted of seven members, released Prime'03, a demo CD which ended up selling 3,000 copies. Two of the band members, the saxophonist Seika, Ryohei the second-man vocalist left. After Seika's departure, Ace ∞ Trigger renamed himself the band renamed itself Uverworld.

According to an interview with the band, there was another vocalist. However, this vocalist has not yet been identified. Seika is the only one of the two credited on the demo CD and pictured with early live photos of the band pre-Uverworld; the year 2005 was the year that the band signed with the label Gr8! Records, under Sony Music Records; the band made their debut with the single "D-tecnolife", the second opening theme for the anime Bleach. The single made its debut in the Oricon charts at the fourth spot with 32,000 copies together with Mr. Children's twenty-seventh single, "Yonjigen Four Dimensions" on the top spot; the single later dropped to seventh place in the second week with 16,306 copies sold. The third week in the Oricon charts saw the single dropped 2 places to the ninth spot with 13,761 copies; the single lasted five weeks in the Top 30 weekly singles ranking. The single's sales and Chaku-Uta Full downloads were certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of Japan. Three months Uverworld's second single, "Chance!" was used as the commercial and opening theme for second PSP game of Bleach: Heat the Soul series.

The band's second single first entered the Oricon charts on the fifth spot with 14,150 copies. The single dropped to the 23rd spot selling 6,360 copies on the second week; the single's ranking remained the same, however the number of copies sold on the third week was fewer than the previous week with 5,495 copies. The single only managed to stay on the Top 30 weekly singles ranking for three weeks. On January 25, 2006, the band's third single "Just Melody" ended up at number-seventeen on the Oricon charts. Three weeks Uverworld's first album Timeless was released, breaking the Top 10 at number-five and selling 60,000 copies. Seika made a brief return during this album, playing saxophone for track 5, "Yasashisa no Shizuku". After a three-month break, Uverworld released "Colors of the Heart" as the third opening theme for Blood+, an anime series based on the animated movie, Blood: The Last Vampire; the single debuted at number-three and was the highest position any of Uverworld's singles had reached up to that time.

Their fifth single, entitled "Shamrock", was released on August 2, 2006, was used as the ending theme for the drama Dance Drill, a show about a group of girls who aspire to become cheerleaders. Uverworld's sixth single was released on November 15, 2006, entitled "Kimi no Suki na Uta", the song was used as the theme song for the TBS TV show Koi Suru Hanikami! or Honey Coming! from the broadcast of October until December. It reached number two on the Oricon charts, the second highest place for an Uverworld single so far until it fell off of the charts three and a half weeks later, it sold around 79,659 copies according to the Oricon sales charts. On February 21, 2007, Uverworld released their second album titled Bugright, it featured. "Nagare, Kūkyo, This Word" was included in the tribute soundtrack titled as The Songs for Death Note The Movie: The Last Name Tribute for Death Note. On March 6, 2007, the band was part of an event called'We Love Music Vol.2' held in the Shibuya-AX where Uverworld performed against Sid.

The band's third album, titled Proglution, was released on January 16, 2008 and contain full eighteen tracks. The album contain their singles "Ukiyo Crossing", "Endscape" and "Shaka Beach: Laka Laka La"; the album was released in a CD-only version and a limited edition that includes an extra DVD. Proglution sold over 150,000 copies. June 11, 2008 saw the release of the single "Gekidō/Just Break the Limit!". "Gekidō" was used as the fourth opening theme of the anime series D. Gray-man while the song "Just Break the Limit!" was used as a support song for Pocari Sweat's CM. Two more singles were released in 2008, "Koishikute" and "Hakanaku mo Towa no Kanashi". "Hakanaku mo Towa no Kanashi" was used as the opening for the second season of the Mobile Suit Gundam 00 anime. The single became the band's first number-one single on Oricon, with 181,784 copies sold; the single has since gone on to become the highest selling single from the band. On February 18, 2009 the band released their fourth album titled Awakeve.

The album sold over 115,000 copies on its first week, ranked number-two on the Oricon album chart. A DVD of their live performance in Nippon Budokan was released on April 29, 2009; the band's thirteenth single was released

Nityananda Mahapatra

Nityananda Mahapatra was an Indian Odia politician and journalist. He was imprisoned three times by the British Raj between 1942 for nationalist activities, he came to literary prominence as editor of the Odia magazine Dagara, as a short story writer after independence. In his political career Mohapatra served as a member of the Odisha Legislative Assembly from 1957 to 1971 and as state Minister of Supply and Cultural Affairs from 1967 to 1971, he died on 17 April 2012 at around 9:45 AM at Kharavelanagar, Odisha from complications of Respiratory Failure. He had been in a coma at the Aditya Care Hospital following a breathing problem, he was three months short of his 100th birthday. Mahapatra received the Odisha Sahitya Academy Award in 1974 and the Kendra Sahitya Akademi Award in 1987 for his novel Gharadiha

Albert Törnqvist

Henrik Albert Törnqvist was a Swedish architect. Törnqvist was born in Stockholm and studied at the Royal Institute of Technology and Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Arts, he won the royal medal and received a traveling grant 1845-1851. During these years he visited France, Turkey, Anatolia and Nubia. In 1853, Törnqvist was selected to become a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Arts, he became vice professor in 1860. Kondradsbergs hospital Rebuilding Kastenhof to Hotel Rydberg Rebuilding and extending Westmanska Palatset Ateljébyggnaden by Kungsträdgården Centralpostkontoret by Rödbodtorget Djurgårdsteatern Uppsala University Hospital, 1867

Rue des Petits-Champs

Rue des Petits-Champs is a street which runs through the 1st and 2nd arrondissement of Paris, France. This one-way street, running east-west, is located between Avenue de l'Opera, it was created in 1634 by orders of the king during the construction of Palais-Cardinal, it was named "rue Bautru" "rue Neuve-des-Petits-Champs", In 1881 it was given its present name. In 1944, the part of rue des Petits Champs which extends across Opera near the Place Vendome was renamed rue Danielle Casanova after a French Resistance fighter who died in 1943; the street received that name because of the large gardens. That used to be there. There is a record of a street, in the same location and under the same name in the vicus de Parvis Campis. Rue des Petits-Champs is lined by several impressive mansions: 4 - Galerie Vivienne, a registered historical monument, one of the most iconic covered passages in Paris. 8 - Hôtel du Président Tubeuf, built in 1635. Houses the national library's departments of Maps and Plans and Etchings and Photography.

6 - Bibliothèque Nationale de France | site Richelieu 40 - Passage Choiseul, the longest covered passage in Paris. Metro: Line 3, 1 & 7, 7 & 14 Bus: Lines 39, 68 21 27 95 Jean-Jacques Rousseau lived at number 57 Louis-Ferdinand Céline grew up at No. 40 rue des Petits-Champs, in the Passage Choiseul where his mother owned a lace and lingerie shop with family quarters upstairs