Gefion Fountain

The Gefion Fountain is a large fountain on the harbour front in Copenhagen, Denmark. It features a large-scale group of animal figures being driven by the Norse goddess Gefjon, it is located in Nordre Toldbod area next to Kastellet and south of Langelinie. The fountain was donated to the city of Copenhagen by the Carlsberg Foundation on the occasion of the brewery's 50-year anniversary, it was supposed to be located in the main town square outside city hall, but it was decided instead to build it near the Øresund in its current location near Kastellet. It was designed by Danish artist Anders Bundgaard, who sculpted the naturalistic figures 1897–99; the basins and decorations were completed in 1908. The fountain was first activated on July 14, 1908; the fountain underwent extensive renovations starting in 1999. The fountain was out of commission for many years, was re-inaugurated in September 2004; the fountain depicts the mythical story of the creation of the island of Zealand on which Copenhagen is located.

The legend appears in Ragnarsdrápa, a 9th-century Skaldic poem recorded in the 13th century Prose Edda, in Ynglinga saga as recorded in Snorri Sturluson's 13th century Heimskringla. According to Ynglinga saga, the Swedish king Gylfi promised Gefjun the territory she could plow in a night, she turned her four sons into oxen, the territory they plowed out of the earth was thrown into the Danish sea between Scania and the island of Fyn. The hole became a lake called Leginum. Snorri identifies the lake Löginn, as the lake of Old Sigtuna west of Stockholm, i.e. Lake Mälaren, an identification that he returns to in the Saga of Olaf the Holy; the same identification of Löginn/Leginum as Mälaren appears in Ásmundar saga kappabana, where it is the lake by Agnafit, in Knýtlinga saga. In spite of Snorri's identification, tourist information about the fountain identifies the resultant lake as Vänern, Sweden's largest lake, citing the fact that modern maps show that Zealand and the lake resemble each other in size and shape.

Snorri, was well acquainted with Vänern as he had visited Västergötland in 1219. When he referred to this lake he called it Vænir; the Gefion Fountain is seen at 0:48:47 in the 1972 Olsen-banden film The Olsen Gang's Big Score. It appears in Jeg elsker en anden, Mor bag rattet, Min søsters børn vælter byen. Scholar Hilda Ellis Davidson comments that "some of the power of the old tale of Gefjon, creator of the islands, has been superbly expressed in the great fountain at the water's edge in Copenhagen, depicting her ploughing through the sea in a cloud of rising spray with her giant beasts." Media related to Gefion Fountain at Wikimedia Commons

Balanites angolensis

Balanites angolensis, or Angolan green-thorn, is a species of tree from southern Africa, it is a member of the caltrop family, Zygophyllaceae. Balanites angolensis is a small semi-deciduous shrub which grows to up to 8m in height, it has rough, corrugated bark, green or greenish yellow on young shoots which are covered in dense hairs with yellow or green thorns which are up to 9 cm long. The flowers are greenish-yellow to whitish and are borne in small axillary clusters, each flower consisting of 5 petals and 5 sepals; the fruit ovoid in shape and is orange when ripe. The leaves are alternate, consisting of one pair of leaflets, 12-17mm in length, yellowish green and downy; the leaves are ovoid with a short stalk. Balanites angolensis is found in Angola and north eastern Namibia. Balanites angolensis occurs along seasonal watercourses and in savannah, on dry hills and in coastal forest. In dry scrub forest and mopane woodland Balanites angolensis is part of the understorey community. In Namibia Balanites angolensis flowers in October and November, fruit is seen from November but peaks in March and April.

The fruit is edible, the branches are used by the Himba for fencing and the roots are used by the Himba to treat breast complaints in nursing mothers by inhaling the smoke of the burning roots and by making an ointment out of the ashes and smearing this on the breasts. Extracts from the tree are used to treat genitourinary system disorders. There are two recognised subspecies: Balanites angolensis angolensis Mildbr. & Schltr. From Angola and Botswana. Balanites angolensis welwitschii Exell & Mendonça from north eastern Namibia

Zion Train

Zion Train are a British dub ensemble that formed in Oxford, 1988. They have released music and toured from 1992 to present day, their mix of reggae and dance music was a notable innovation in the early 1990s. Co-founder Neil Perch is an autodidact, he taught himself music production and composition after completing a master's degree in biochemistry in the mid eighties. Formed in Oxford as a sound system in 1988 by Neil Perch and Ben Hamilton. Colin Cod and Dave Tench joined in 1990 upon relocation to London; the line-up was added to with vocalist Molara in 1992. Their initial releases were the 7" singles "Power One" and "Power Two", which became hits on the dub scene in the early 1990s. In 1992, they released the groundbreaking "Follow Like Wolves" single, which fused dub and acid house styles and spawned their reputation as innovators, their second album, Natural Wonders of the World in Dub, hit the UK indie charts in 1994 and was followed by several small-issue EPs. Additionally, they worked on remixes for The Shamen, Afro Celt Sound System, Loop Guru, Kava Kava and others.

They released both vinyl and CD material on their own label, Universal Egg, until 1995, when they signed with China Records. They returned to their own label in 1999. By 2001, internal disagreements within the band beginning led to Perch continuing the band with an new line-up; this line up consisted of long-term trumpeter Dave Hake, trombonist Bigga and an assortment of international session players and studio vocalists. In 2002, the Original Sounds of the Zion was released. Much of their back catalog was reissued in 2005. A year saw the reissue of Siren. In 2007, the group released the album Live As One with members Perch, David Fullwood, P Lush, Pier Paolo Polcari and Vedran Meniga; this album Zion Train won the'Jamaican Reggae Grammy 2007' for'Best Dub Recording'. Perch said in 2016 interview that his influences were Jah Shaka, King Tubby, Ravi Shankar and Jimi Hendrix, their early albums, such as A Passage To Indica, have been cited as primary influences on the minimal techno and minimal dub genres.

A Passage to Indica Great Sporting Moments in Dub Natural Wonders of the World in Dub Siren Homegrown Fantasy Grow Together Love Revolutionaries Secrets of the Animal Kingdom in Dub Original Sounds of the Zion Live As One State Of Mind Land of the Blind Single Minded and Alive Versions Original Sounds Remixed Live As One remixed Neil Perch - electronics, production Dave Hake - trumpet Sebastian "Bigga" Harzmann - trombone Johnno "Dubdadda" - vocals David Fullwood - trumpet and flugel horn Richard Doswell - tenor saxophone and flute Ben Hamilton David Tench - production Colin Cod - melodica Molara - vocals Chris - trombone Eddie Rieband – trombone on State of Mind Leroy Wallacedrums on State of Mind P Lush – guitars on State of Mind Katrien Peeters – violin and viola on State of Mind Biography at Zion Train at Allmusic Zion Train at Discogs Interview with Neil Perch