Gelibolu known as Gallipoli, is the name of a town and a district in Çanakkale Province of the Marmara Region, located in Eastern Thrace in the European part of Turkey on the southern shore of the peninsula named after it on the Dardanelles strait, two miles away from Lapseki on the other shore. The Macedonian city of Callipolis was founded in the 5th century B. C, it has a rich history as a naval base for various rulers. The emperor Justinian I fortified Gallipoli and established important military warehouses for corn and wine there, of which some Byzantine ruins can still be seen. After the capture of Constantinople by the Latins in 1204, Gallipoli passed into the power of the Republic of Venice. In 1294 the Genoese defeated a Venetian force in the neighbourhood; the Catalan Company, a body of Almogavars, under Roger de Flor, established themselves here in 1306, after the death of their leader massacred all the citizens. After the city's defenses were damaged in an earthquake, it was conquered by Turks in 1354 and became the first stronghold of the Ottoman Empire in Europe.
Sultan Bayezid I built a tower there which can still be seen. In 1416 the Venetians under Pietro Loredan defeated the Turks here. Gallipoli is the site of "tombs of the Thracian kings", which refers to the graves of the Islamic writers Ahmed Bican and his brother Mehmed Bican. Throughout the Ottoman period, the town was the capital of the Sanjak of Gelibolu, the original center of the Eyalet of the Kapudan Pasha. In 1904 the Greek bishopric of Kallipolis was promoted to a metropolis and is listed under the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. In 1854 the town was occupied by the allied French and British armies during the Crimean War who strengthened the defensive constructions from 1357. Many soldiers are buried in a local cemetery; the guns of Gallipoli guarded the sea of Marmara until 1878 when more fortifications were built when the Russians threatened to take possession of Constantinople. The Bulgarian Army threatened Gelibolu during the First Balkan War and advanced to Bolayır in 1912.
During the First World War the peninsula and the town were witness to a series of memorable battles. The town was occupied by Greeks between 1920–1922, returned to Turkey in 1923 under the Treaty of Lausanne. Like the island Imbros off the western shore of the peninsula, Gallipoli had had a majority of Greek inhabitants prior to World War I and thus was exempted in article 2 from the Convention Concerning the Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations. Between 1922 and 1926 the town was a provincial center and the districts of Gelibolu, Eceabat, Keşan and Şarköy. A Christian bishopric, a suffragan of Heraclea, the capital and metropolitan see of the Roman province of Europa. Extant documents give the names of three of its bishops of the period before the East–West Schism: Cyrillus, at the Council of Ephesus in 431; the bishopric continued to be a see of the Greek Orthodox Church until after the 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey. Le Quien mentions three of those bishops who lived in the 15th centuries.
Beginning in the early 13th century, there were Latin Church bishops of Callipolis. No longer a residential bishopric, Callipolis is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see. Cyrillus fl. 431 Harmonius fl. 538 Melchisedec fl. 787 Joseph Paulus Alexius Heinrich Kratz, O. Hosp. S. J. H. Appointed 28 Jan 1484 Edward, appointed 1494 Diego, appointed 21 Aug 1507. F. M. Appointed 13 Feb 1638. S. Sp. Appointed 11 Dec 1846. S. Sp. Appointed 20 Jun 1848. F. M. Appointed 17 Jul 1926. C. I. Appointed 10 Mar 1949. V. D. Appointed 19 Dec 1959; the population of the district is 44,697 where 28,326 live in the center of the district The mayor is Münir Mustafa Özacar. Gelibolu is well known for sardine canning. Piri Reis, Turkish cartographer and geographer Ahmed Bican Yazıcıoğlu, Bayramiye dervish and writer Mustafa Âlî, Turkish historian Sofia Vembo, Greek singer Web pages related with Gelibolu Web pages related with Gelibolu
Petru Racu is a Moldovan professional footballer who plays as a defender for Romanian Liga II club Petrolul Ploiești and for the Moldova national team. Racu made his professional debut with Zimbru Chisinau in the Moldovan league in 2003, he won his first trophy at the age of sixteen by helping Zimbru to the Moldovan Cup. At the end of the 2003–04 season he was named "Young Player of the Year" by the Moldovan Football Federation. In February 2007, Petru Racu moved to Swedish club IFK Norrköping, where he played for five years. During the 2008 season, he was loaned to the Finnish club MYPA and managed to scored a goal on his debut. In January 2012, Petru Racu transferred to the Danish club FC Hjørring. After playing for 6 years in Scandinavia, Racu returned to Moldovan football in 2013. In 2014 he was named "Best Moldovan Defender" by the Moldovan Football Federation, he won the 2014–15 Moldovan National Division with FC Milsami Orhei and scored the winning goal in the UEFA Champions League qualification match against Ludogorets Razgrad, a game that ended 2–1.
In the summer of 2017, Racu moved to fellow Moldovan club Sheriff Tiraspol. He won the Moldovan National Division with Sheriff Tiraspol in 2017 and 2018. In the 2017–18 UEFA Europa League season, Sheriff reached the group stage and Racu played in all six group matches. Racu left Sheriff Tiraspol at the end of 2018. On 15 February 2019, Petru joined his old manager Roberto Bordin at Neftchi Baku, signing until the end of the 2018–19 season.. At the end of that season Racu becomes Silver Medalist with Neftchi Baku. On 9 July 2019, Racu signed a contract with Romanian Liga II side Petrolul Ploiești. On 11 August 2010, Racu debuted in Moldova national football team, in a friendly match against Georgia. Petru Racu married Swedish model Mix Haxholm, in June 2008, they divorced in 2015. Moldovan Cup: 2003–04 Moldovan National Division: 2014–15, Moldovan National Division: 2017, 2018 Official IFK Norrköping profile Petru Racu at Soccerway Profile on football-lineups.com
Zimbabwe participated for the first time at the Olympic Games under its current name in 1980, has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since then. It competed at the Games under the name Rhodesia in 1928, 1960 and 1964; the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi marked Zimbabwe's first participation at the Winter Olympic Games, with Oskar Hauser, the Austrian born Zimbabwean, participating in the biathlon. Zimbabwean athletes have won a total of eight medals – three golds, four silvers and one bronze – in two sports. Seven medals were won by swimmer Kirsty Coventry in 2004 and 2008; the National Olympic Committee for Zimbabwe was created in 1934 and recognised by the International Olympic Committee in 1980. Southern Rhodesia first participated as Rhodesia in the Olympic Games in 1928. Rhodesia was absent until 1960 when the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland competed under the name of Rhodesia in Rome. Southern Rhodesia competed alone under the banner of Rhodesia once again and for the last time in 1964.
The country thus always competed as a British territory. It was unable to take part in the 1968 Games in Mexico, due to the Mexican government's interpretation of regulations on passports, it never competed following Ian Smith's declaration of an independent Rhodesian republic in 1970. Although it returned to the Games in 1972, Rhodesia was expelled by the International Olympic Committee four days before the opening ceremony, under pressure from other African countries, which did not recognise the legitimacy of the Rhodesian state and threatened a boycott; the invitation, extended to Rhodesia was withdrawn by the IOC, by 36 votes to 31 with three abstentions. Rhodesia remained out of the 1976 Summer Olympics after the IOC inspected the country's sporting facilities and groups and found them underwhelming, voting for their expulsion from the Committee; the country's successor state, made its Olympic début in 1980. Category:Olympic competitors for Zimbabwe Zimbabwe at the Paralympics List of flag bearers for Zimbabwe at the Olympics Tropical nations at the Winter Olympics "Zimbabwe".
International Olympic Committee. "Results and Medalists—Zimbabwe". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. "Zimbabwe". Sports-Reference.com
Abd al-Latif Bin Abdullah Salih Muhammad al-Kawari, born 1975, is a Qatar-based financier, "security official" for the terror-group Al Qaeda. While serving in the Qatari army reserves, al-Kawari was part of the failed 1996 counter-coup-d’état which aimed to overthrow the proclaimed Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani and restore his father to the throne; this failed attempt resulted in dozens of arrests and death sentences, including the jailing of the Emir’s own cousin, Sheikh Hamad Bin Jasim Bin Hamad Al-Thani. In the early 2000s, al-Kawari worked alongside two major Al Qaeda operatives: Mustafa Hajji Muhammad Khan and Ibrahim ‘Isa Hajji Muhammad al-Bakr. Ghul was designated in 2011 as an Al Qaeda operative and courier, active "since at least 2003", al-Bakr was designated in 2014 for providing financial and technological support for the terror-group. Al-Kawari worked with Ghul and al-Bakr to transfer money to Al Qaeda in Pakistan, around the same time al-Kawari obtained a fraudulent passport for Ghul.
In early 2012 al-Kawari facilitated the international travel of a courier carrying tens of thousands of dollars designated for Al Qaeda. That same year he, according to the U. S. Treasury Department, "worked…to coordinate the delivery of funding from Qatari financiers intended to support Al Qaeda and to deliver receipts confirming that al-Qaeda received foreign donor funding from Qatar-based extremists."Al-Kawari was involved in the online money-raising platform, Madad Ahl al-Sham. Al-Sham was a purported Qatar-based charity that worked to fund and support the Al-Nusra Front, Al-Qaeda’s Syrian branch. In August 2012 al-Sham was cited by a Nusra Front member as “one of preferred conduits for donations." On August 5, 2015 al-Kawari was designated by the United States Government as a "financier responsible for supporting terrorists throughout the Middle East." The U. N. followed with a designation on September 21 of the same year. Despite these designations the Qatari government has not arrested or restricted al-Kawari, he is believed to continue to operate
Jiayuguan South railway station is a railway station located in China's Gansu Province, Jiayuguan City. It was put into operation on December 26, 2014, it serves the Lanzhou–Xinjiang High-Speed Railway with High Speed services between Lanzhou and Urumqi and conventional services connecting Urumqi to various cities in Eastern and South Western China. It is the second major railway station serving Jiayuguan, with Jiayuguan railway station, which serves the conventional LanXin Railway; the station follows a standard set for modern railway station in China for smaller cities. It was constructed on a green field site, south of Jiayuguan, in an area being newly developed, it is built across three levels, the upper platform level, the mid level passenger waiting hall and the lower transportation hub. It consists of 7 tracks served by two island and one side platforms. Platform 1 serves all terminating high speed trains to and from Lanzhou. Platforms 2 & 3 serves eastbound through train services, two through passing tracks and with platforms 4 & 5 serving westbound services
The presidency of Thomas Jefferson began on March 4, 1801, when he was inaugurated as the third President of the United States, ended on March 4, 1809. Jefferson assumed the office after defeating incumbent President John Adams in the 1800 presidential election; the election was a realigning election in which the Democratic-Republican Party swept the Federalist Party out of power, ushering in a generation of Democratic-Republican dominance in American politics. After serving two terms, Jefferson was succeeded by Secretary of State James Madison of the Democratic-Republican Party. Jefferson took office determined to roll back the Federalist program of the 1790s, his administration reduced taxes, government spending, the national debt, repealed the Alien and Sedition Acts. In foreign affairs, the major developments were the acquisition of the gigantic Louisiana Purchase from France in 1803, an embargo against trade with both Great Britain and France, worsening relations with Britain as the United States tried to remain neutral in the midst of the Napoleonic Wars that engulfed Europe.
He established a military academy, used the Navy to protect merchant ships from Barbary pirates in North Africa, developed a plan to protect U. S. ports from foreign invasion by the use of small gunboats. He authorized the Lewis and Clark expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory and the Pacific Northwest. During his second term, Jefferson's attention was focused on the trial of former Vice President Burr for treason, which resulted in an acquittal, on the issue of slavery the importation of slaves from abroad. In 1806, he denounced the international slave trade as a "violation of human rights" and called upon Congress to criminalize it. Congress responded by approving the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves the following year. Rising tensions between the United States and Britain dominated the final years of Jefferson's second term, as the Royal Navy began impressing sailors from American ships and attacking American shipping. Jefferson rejected war and instead used economic threats and embargoes that hurt the U.
S. more than Britain. The disputes with Britain continued after Jefferson left office leading to the War of 1812. Despite the economic and political troubles caused by naval tensions with Britain, Jefferson was succeeded by his preferred successor in the form of James Madison, his legacy remained influential until the American Civil War, but his reputation has ebbed and flowed since then. Nonetheless, in surveys of academic historians and political scientists, Jefferson is ranked as one of the nation's most esteemed presidents. Jefferson ran for president in the 1796 election as a Democratic-Republican, but finished second in the electoral vote to Federalist John Adams. Jefferson opposed the Federalist program, including the Alien and Sedition Acts, the nation became polarized. Jefferson and Adams were once again the major presidential candidates of their respective parties in the 1800 presidential election, Aaron Burr was the Democratic-Republican Party's vice presidential nominee. Adams's campaign was weakened by unpopular taxes and vicious Federalist infighting over his actions in the Quasi-War.
The Democratic-Republicans accused the Federalists of being secret monarchists, while the Federalists charged that Jefferson was a godless libertine in thrall to the French. Under the election system in place at the time, the members of the Electoral College were permitted to vote for two names for president. Jefferson and Burr each received 73 electoral votes, while Adams finished in third place with 65 votes; the House of Representatives, still controlled by the Federalists, held a contingent election in February 1801 to decide whether Jefferson or Burr would accede to the presidency. Though some Federalists preferred Burr, Federalist leader Alexander Hamilton preferred Jefferson. On the thirty-sixth ballot of the contingent election, enough Federalists congressmen abstained from the vote to allow Jefferson to win the presidency. Jefferson regarded his victory as "America's Second Revolution," and he hoped to transform the country by limiting government and weakening the power of elites. Jefferson's first inauguration, on March 4, 1801, was the first to be held in the nation's new capital, Washington, D.
C. That morning an artillery company on Capitol Hill had fired shots to welcome the daybreak, in a first for a newspaper, Jefferson gave a copy of his speech to the National Intelligencer for it to be published and available right after delivery, he delivered a 1721 word speech in the United States Capitol's Senate Chamber. He was not a strong speaker, the audience could catch his words, which called for national unity; the speech was reprinted and celebrated by Democratic-Republicans across the country as a clear statement of the party's principles. The presidential oath of office was administered by Chief Justice John Marshall. Outgoing President Adams had left the capital earlier that day, did not attend the ceremony. By July 1801, Jefferson had assembled his cabinet, which consisted of Secretary of State James Madison, Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin, Secretary of War Henry Dearborn, Attorney General Levi Lincoln Sr. and Secretary of the Navy Robert Smith. After his decision to pursue the presidency in the contingent election, Burr was excluded from any role in the Jefferson administration.
Jefferson sought to make collective decisions with his cabinet, each member's o