Gelora Bung Karno Stadium

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 6°13′6.88″S 106°48′9.04″E / 6.2185778°S 106.8025111°E / -6.2185778; 106.8025111

Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno
GBK, SUGBK, Stadion Utama, Stadion Senayan
Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno, view from Wisma Fajar 2 - panoramio.jpg
A view of Jakarta's Bung Karno Stadium from Wisma Fajar 2, the headquarters of the National Sports Committee of Indonesia.
Former names Gelora Senayan Main Stadium (1969–17 January 2001)
Location Gelora, Tanah Abang, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
Coordinates 6°13′7″S 106°48′9″E / 6.21861°S 106.80250°E / -6.21861; 106.80250
Owner Government of Indonesia
Operator Pusat Pengelolaan Kompleks Gelora Bung Karno (Gelora Bung Karno Complex Management Center)
Capacity 76,127[1]
Record attendance 150,000
Persib Bandung v PSMS Medan
(23 February 1985)[2]
Field size 105 by 70 metres (115 by 77 yd)
Surface Manila grass
Construction
Broke ground 8 February 1960
Opened 21 July 1962
Renovated 2016–2017
Closed 2016–2017
Construction cost $12,500,000 (1958, entire complex)
Rp769.69 billion (2016–2017)[3]
Architect Frederich Silaban
Tenants
Indonesia national football team
Persija Jakarta (2008–2016)

Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium (Indonesian: Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno; literally "Bung Karno Sports Arena Main Stadium") is a multi-purpose stadium located at the center of the Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex in Central Jakarta, Indonesia. The stadium is named after Sukarno, Indonesia's first President, it is mostly used for football matches. It once had seating capacity of over 100,000, but reduced to 76,127 after the 2016–2017 major renovation that saw all spectator benches substituted to brand-new single seats, the 2007 AFC Asian Cup Final took place in the stadium. It is the 7th largest association football stadium in the world.

Name[edit]

Although the stadium is popularly known as Gelora Bung Karno Stadium (Stadion Gelora Bung Karno) or GBK Stadium, its official name is Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium (Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno), as there are other stadiums in the Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex, such as the Tennis Stadium and the Swimming Stadium. During the New Order era, the complex was renamed "Gelora Senayan Complex" and the stadium was renamed "Gelora Senayan Main Stadium" in 1969 under the "de-Sukarnoization" policy by then-President Suharto. After the fall of the dictatorship, the complex name was reverted back by President Abdurrahman Wahid on a Presidential Decree effective since 17 January 2001.

History[edit]

The stadium under construction, April 1962.

Construction began on February 8, 1960 and finished on July 21, 1962.'[4] in time to host the fourth Asian Games which were held in Jakarta. Its construction was partially funded through a special loan from the Soviet Union, the stadium's original capacity of 110,000 people was reduced to 88,083 as a result of renovations for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup.[5] It is divided into 24 sectors and 12 entrances, and into upper and lower stands, the special feature of this stadium is the huge steel roof construction that forms a gigantic ring called temu gelang (joined ring), something that was very rare in 1962. Other than to shade the spectators in all sectors from the heat of tropical sun, the purpose of this giant ring construction is also to emphasize the grandeur of the stadium.[6]

Events in the Stadium[edit]

GBK Stadium hosted the 2007 Asian Cup Final between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Other competitions held there are several Tiger Cup finals and domestic cup finals.

International[edit]

Tournament results[edit]

1962 Asian Games[edit]

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
25 August 1962 -  Indonesia 1–0  South Vietnam Group A -
25 August 1962 -  Japan 3–1  Thailand Group B -
26 August 1962 -  Malaya 15–1  Philippines Group A -
26 August 1962 -  India 0–2  South Korea Group B -
27 August 1962 -  Indonesia 6–0  Philippines Group A -
27 August 1962 -  South Korea 3–2  Thailand Group B -
28 August 1962 -  Indonesia 2–3  Malaya Group A -
28 August 1962 -  Thailand 1–4  India Group B -
29 August 1962 -  South Vietnam 3–0  Malaya Group A -
29 August 1962 -  India 2–0  Japan Group B -
30 August 1962 -  South Vietnam 6–0  Philippines Group A -
30 August 1962 -  South Korea 1–0  Japan Group B -
1 September 1962 -  South Vietnam 2–3  India Semifinals -
1 September 1962 -  South Korea 2–1 (a.e.t.)  Malaya Semifinals -
3 September 1962 -  South Vietnam 1–4  Malaya Bronze medal match -
4 September 1962 -  India 2–1  South Korea Gold medal match -

1979 Southeast Asian Games[edit]

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
22 September 1979 -  Indonesia 3–0  Singapore Group Stage -
22 September 1979 -  Thailand 1–0  Myanmar Group Stage -
23 September 1979 -  Singapore 0–2  Malaysia Group Stage -
23 September 1979 -  Indonesia 1–3  Thailand Group Stage -
25 September 1979 -  Malaysia 0–0  Myanmar Group Stage -
25 September 1979 -  Singapore 2–2  Thailand Group Stage -
26 September 1979 -  Myanmar 1–2  Singapore Group Stage -
26 September 1979 -  Indonesia 0–0  Malaysia Group Stage -
28 September 1979 -  Malaysia 1–0  Thailand Group Stage -
28 September 1979 -  Indonesia 2–1  Myanmar Group Stage -
29 September 1979 -  Indonesia 0–0 (a.e.t.)
(3–1 pen.)
 Thailand Second place play-off -
30 September 1979 -  Indonesia 0–1  Malaysia Gold medal match 85,000

1987 Southeast Asian Games[edit]

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
10 September 1987 -  Singapore 0–0  Malaysia Group Stage -
10 September 1987 -  Thailand 3–1  Brunei Group Stage -
12 September 1987 -  Malaysia 2–2  Myanmar Group Stage -
12 September 1987 -  Indonesia 2–0  Brunei Group Stage -
14 September 1987 -  Singapore 0–0  Myanmar Group Stage -
14 September 1987 -  Indonesia 0–0  Thailand Group Stage -
16 September 1987 -  Thailand 0–2  Malaysia Semifinals -
17 September 1987 -  Indonesia 4–1  Myanmar Semifinals -
19 September 1987 -  Thailand 4–0  Myanmar Bronze medal match -
20 September 1987 -  Indonesia 1–0  Malaysia Gold medal match 120,000

1997 Southeast Asian Games[edit]

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
5 October 1997 -  Vietnam 0–1  Malaysia Group Stage -
5 October 1997 -  Indonesia 5–2  Laos Group Stage -
7 October 1997 -  Malaysia 4–0  Philippines Group Stage -
7 October 1997 -  Indonesia 2–2  Vietnam Group Stage -
9 October 1997 -  Laos 4–1  Philippines Group Stage -
9 October 1997 -  Indonesia 4–0  Malaysia Group Stage -
12 October 1997 -  Indonesia 2–0  Philippines Group Stage -
12 October 1997 -  Vietnam 2–1  Laos Group Stage -
14 October 1997 -  Vietnam 3–0  Philippines Group Stage -
14 October 1997 -  Laos 1–0  Malaysia Group Stage -
16 October 1997 -  Thailand 2–1  Vietnam Semifinals -
16 October 1997 -  Indonesia 2–1  Singapore Semifinals -
18 October 1997 -  Vietnam 1–0  Singapore Bronze medal match -
18 October 1997 -  Indonesia 1–1 (a.e.t.)
(2–4 pen.)
 Thailand Gold medal match -

2002 AFF Championship[edit]

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
15 December 2002 17.05  Indonesia 0–0  Myanmar Group Stage 40,000
15 December 2002 19.35  Vietnam 9–2  Cambodia Group Stage -
17 December 2002 16.05  Philippines 1–6  Myanmar Group Stage -
17 December 2002 18.35  Indonesia 4–2  Cambodia Group Stage 20,000
19 December 2002 16.05  Myanmar 5–0  Cambodia Group Stage -
19 December 2002 18.35  Vietnam 4–1  Philippines Group Stage -
21 December 2002 16.05  Cambodia 1–0  Philippines Group Stage -
21 December 2002 18.35  Indonesia 2–2  Vietnam Group Stage 30,000
23 December 2002 18.35  Indonesia 13–1  Philippines Group Stage 50,340
27 December 2002 16.00  Vietnam 0–4  Thailand Semifinals -
27 December 2002 19.00  Indonesia 1–0  Malaysia Semifinals 50,000
29 December 2002 16.00  Vietnam 2–1  Malaysia Third place play-off -
29 December 2002 19.00  Indonesia 2–2 (a.e.t.)
(2–4 pen.)
 Thailand Final 100,000

2004 AFF Championship[edit]

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
28 December 2004 19.45  Indonesia 1–2  Malaysia Semifinals first leg -
8 January 2005 19.45  Indonesia 1–3  Singapore Finals first leg -

2007 AFC Asian Cup[edit]

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
10 July 2007 17:15  Indonesia 2–1  Bahrain Group D 60,000
11 July 2007 19:30  South Korea 1–1  Saudi Arabia Group D 15,000
14 July 2007 19:30  Saudi Arabia 2–1  Indonesia Group D 88,000
15 July 2007 19:30  Bahrain 2–1  South Korea Group D 9,000
18 July 2007 17:15  Indonesia 0–1  South Korea Group D 88,000
22 July 2007 20:15  Saudi Arabia 2–1  Uzbekistan Quarter-finals 12,000
29 July 2007 19:30  Iraq 1–0  Saudi Arabia Final 60,000

2008 AFF Championship[edit]

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
5 December 2008 17:00  Singapore 5–0  Cambodia Group Stage 18,000
5 December 2008 19:30  Indonesia 3–0  Myanmar Group Stage 40,000
7 December 2008 17:00  Singapore 3–1  Myanmar Group Stage 21,000
7 December 2008 19:30  Cambodia 0–4  Indonesia Group Stage 30,000
9 December 2008 19:30  Indonesia 0–2  Singapore Group Stage 50,000
16 December 2008 19:00  Indonesia 0–1  Thailand Semifinals first leg 70,000

2010 AFF Championship[edit]

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
1 December 2010 17:00  Thailand 2–2  Laos Group Stage -
1 December 2010 19:30  Indonesia 5–1  Malaysia Group Stage 62,000
4 December 2010 17:00  Thailand 0–0  Malaysia Group Stage -
4 December 2010 19:30  Laos 0–6  Indonesia Group Stage -
7 December 2010 19:30  Indonesia 2–1  Thailand Group Stage 65,000
16 December 2010 19:00  Philippines 0–1  Indonesia Semifinals first leg 70,000
19 December 2010 19:00  Indonesia 1–0  Philippines Semifinals second leg 88,000
29 December 2010 19:00  Indonesia 2–1  Malaysia Finals second leg 88,000

2011 Southeast Asian Games[edit]

Date Time (UTC+07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
3 November 2011 16.00  Vietnam 3–1  Philippines Group Stage -
3 November 2011 19.00  Laos 2–3  Myanmar Group Stage -
7 November 2011 16.00  Singapore 0–0  Malaysia Group Stage -
7 November 2011 19.00  Indonesia 6–0  Laos Group Stage -
9 November 2011 16.00  Malaysia 2–1  Thailand Group Stage -
9 November 2011 19.00  Cambodia 1–2  Singapore Group Stage -
11 November 2011 14.00  Singapore 0–2  Indonesia Group Stage -
11 November 2011 17.00  Thailand 4–0  Cambodia Group Stage -
13 November 2011 16.00  Malaysia 4–1  Cambodia Group Stage -
13 November 2011 19.00  Indonesia 3–1  Thailand Group Stage -
17 November 2011 16.00  Thailand 0–2  Singapore Group Stage -
17 November 2011 19.00  Indonesia 0–1  Malaysia Group Stage -
19 November 2011 16.00  Malaysia 1–0  Myanmar Semifinals -
19 November 2011 19.00  Vietnam 0–2  Indonesia Semifinals -
21 November 2011 19.30  Malaysia 1–1 (a.e.t.)
(4–3 pen.)
 Indonesia Gold medal match -

Other uses[edit]

Other than sports, the stadium is also used for other events such as national ceremonies, political gatherings, admission exams, religious affairs, concerts, etc. Notable events include:

Concerts and shows[edit]

Date Artists Events Attendance
4 December 1975 Deep Purple N/A 150,000
21 September 2011 Linkin Park A Thousand Suns World Tour 25,000
22 September 2012 SM Town Live World Tour III 50,000
9 March 2013 Music Bank World Tour 25,000
25 August 2013 Metallica N/A 60,000
13 December 2013 Slank N/A N/A
23 August 2014 RCTI 25th Anniversary N/A
25 March 2015 One Direction On the Road Again Tour 43,032
11 September 2015 Bon Jovi Bon Jovi Live! 40,000

2018 Asian Games[edit]

Indonesia will host the 2018 Asian Games, it will be held in Jakarta and Palembang. Gelora Bung Karno is chosen to host 2018 Asian Games, as main stadium. Due to the age of this stadium, the government had planned to make an improvement for the stadium to meet the Asian Games criteria, as of August 2017, the progress of the renovation has reached 80%.[11] The stadium will accommodate the needs of disabled users.[12]

Gallery[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Rahmat, Arby (8 August 2017). "Kapasitas Stadion GBK Berkurang Usai Renovasi". CNN Indonesia. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  2. ^ "Jelang PSMS vs Persib, Kenangan Rekor 150.000 Penonton di Senayan". Kompas.com. 25 March 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  3. ^ Ahmad Fawwaz Usman (8 August 2017). "Menuju Asian Games 2018, Renovasi GBK Nyaris Rampung". Liputan6.com. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  4. ^ Bung Karno Stadium in Jakarta, Bung Karno Stadium, Bung Karno Stadium in Jakarta, Indonesia
  5. ^ Indonesia v Bahrain (Group D) in Jakarta
  6. ^ M.F. Siregar, Matahari Olahraga Indonesia, page 82-83
  7. ^ Tempo online: Sang Gembala Itu Telah Datang
  8. ^ Rangkaian Peringatan 100 Tahun Kebangkitan Nasional
  9. ^ "30 Ribu Banser Amankan Harlah NU di Gelora Bung Karno". Tempo.co. 17 July 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  10. ^ Ujian CPNS di Gelora Bung Karno
  11. ^ "Selesai 80 Persen, Begini Bentuk Terbaru Gelora Bung Karno - VIVA.co.id". VIVA.co.id (in Indonesian). 15 August 2017. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  12. ^ Satria, Lintar; Saubani, Andri (8 August 2017). "Menpora Puji Stadion GBK yang Semakin Ramah Difabel". Republika Online (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 August 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Pour, Julius (2004), Dari Gelora Bung Karno ke Gelora Bung Karno (in Indonesian), Jakarta: Grasindo, ISBN 978-979-732-444-5. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Events and tenants
Preceded by
700th Anniversary Stadium
Chiang Mai
Southeast Asian Games Athletics Competitions
Main Venue

1997
Succeeded by
Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Stadium
Bandar Seri Begawan
Preceded by
Workers Stadium
Beijing
AFC Asian Cup
Final Venue

2007
Succeeded by
Khalifa Stadium
Doha
Preceded by
Incheon Asiad Main Stadium
Incheon
Asian Games
Opening and Closing Ceremonies

2018
Succeeded by
Hangzhou Sports Park Stadium
Hangzhou
Preceded by
Incheon Asiad Main Stadium
Incheon
Asian Games
Main Stadium

2018
Succeeded by
Hangzhou Sports Park Stadium
Hangzhou
Preceded by
Incheon Munhak Stadium
Incheon
Asian Games Football tournament
Final Venue

2018
Succeeded by
TBD