Vaihingen an der Enz
Vaihingen an der Enz is located between Stuttgart and Karlsruhe, in southern Germany, on the western periphery of the Stuttgart Region. Vaihingen is situated on the river Enz, has a population of around 30,000; the former'district-capital' is now part of the district of Ludwigsburg in the Land of Baden-Württemberg. It is 25 km northwest of Stuttgart, 15 km west of Ludwigsburg. Vaihingen may date back as far as 799 a.d. but the documents are not clear. In 1252 documents refer directly to Vaihingen as a town, established by Count Gottfried von Vaihingen; the city changed hands several times. In the sixteenth century it became a Protestant city. During the Thirty Years' War, Vaihingen was besieged by both the Protestant and Catholic warring factions; the consequences of the 1848 revolution caused harvest failures and inflation, the city population diminished by a large emigration. In the early 1900s, a connection to the railroad network brought more people and industries to Vaihingen. In 1938 Vaihingen became a regional center.
Vaihingen was the site of a concentration camp during World War II. See Vaihingen an der Enz concentration camp. At the top of the town is since 1256 the mayor and the court, consisting of twelve citizens, including four mayors. Chairman of the court was the official mayor. With the elevation to Große Kreisstadt on January 1, 1973, the mayor bears the official title Lord mayor, he is directly elected by the electorate every 8 years. He is chairman of the municipal council, his general deputy is the first councilor with the official title of mayor. Mayors since 1893 1893-1899: Karl Friedrich Richard Bohringer, Stadtschultheiß, 1900-1907: Ferdinand Bentel, Stadtschultheiß, 1907-1911: Christian Wilhelm Wischuf, Stadtschultheiß 1912-1923: Matthew Häselin, Stadtschultheiß, 1923-1926: vacant, he took office on September 1, 2006. Gerd Maisch won against Matthias Ehrlein, Helga Eberle with 62% of the votes. Vaihingen is located on the Württemberger Weinstraße and on the southern route of the German Timber-Frame Road, both routes pass many sights.
Vaihingen has a municipal museum in the St. Peter's Kirche and a wine museum in the old winery in the district Horrheim; the memorial for the concentration camp Vaihingen in the Glattbachtal was opened on April 16, 2005. A twenty minute audiovisual presentation reminiscent of the events of the years 1944 and 1945. MarketplaceThe panoramic sight at the market place includes the city church. Due to devastating fires in 1693 and 1784, housing facilities had to be rebuilt and their architecture dates back to then. City Hall A fire destroyed the old city hall building in 1693, it was rebuilt in the same location in 1720, following long years of controversy between the citizens of Vaihingen and the administration of Württemberg. Its paintings date back to 1901; the ground floor was used as a sales area for tradesmen. The Town WallThe former Town Wall is preserved in the Baedergasse, it is accessible by foot in the direction of the Klingengasse. A broad alley including a stone portraying the coat of arms was built in 1786.
Small bridges connect the top level of the buildings and served as escape routes during high flood water. The Peterskirche The Peterskirche is the oldest church in Vaihingen and dates back to 1490 Roman architecture. Modifications were carried out several times, it remained Vaihingen's cemetery church until 1839. From 1871 onwards, it was rebuilt again in 1980 according to the old style; the city museum can be found on the top floor of the building. Today, old gravestones from the former cemetery can still be seen; the museum is open every first Sunday of the month from 2pm – 4pm. Other viewing appointments can be arranged via phone at +497042/98100; the Haspelturm The Haspelturm called "a thief's tower" is the oldest tower in Vaihingen. An old roman ornament indicates; the tower's six stories dominate the old town's silhouette. In the first floor the "Haspel," a kind of pulley, used to lower its prisoners into the dungeon, can be found; the Pulvertum The Pulverturm is a former prison with massive walls up to three meters thick.
The former corner tower of the city's defense wall was built in 1492 and served among others as a prison, a home of homeless people and a slaughterhouse. Today the tower, with its historic atmosphere, can be used as an extraordinary place for special occasions, in particular art exhibitions; the City ChurchThe City Church was built in 1513. Its current appearance came to be after the fire of 1693. Before that fire, the church suffered from destructions because of the fires in 1617 and 1618; the tympanum over the south entrance is from 1521. In 1892-93 the inside of the church was rebuilt by the master-builder Dolmetsch; that is. Moreover, galleries have been included; these galleries as well as the outside stairways at the south entrance were removed in the 1960s. Kaltenstein CastleThis castle is Vaihingen's landmark, it was built on a rocket of Muschelkalk. It was first mentioned in 1096 as castrum vehingen. Duke Karl Alexander had it renovated in 1734 an
Korntal-Münchingen is a town in the district of Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated at the northwestern border of Stuttgart and 8 km of its centre, 10 km southwest of Ludwigsburg. Korntal was begun in the 19th Century when King Wilhelm of Württemberg permitted a group of Württemberg Pietists to erect a settlement based on the settlement congregations of the Herrnhuter Bruedergemeine or Moravian Church. Korntal-Münchingen is at elevations between 285 and 405 meters, it lies directly on the northwestern border of Stuttgart. Korntal-Münchingen was created from the forced merger of the city Korntal and the community Münchingen, it is divided into three districts: Korntal, Münchingen, Kallenberg. The official designation of the districts is area Korntal. Area Korntal consists of the former city of Korntal, area Münchingen consists of the bigger part of the former village of Münchingen, including Müllerheim, the mill "Glemsmühle" at the Glems stream and the estate "Hof Mauer", it comprises the former settlements of "Birkach", "Leinfelden", settlements, abandoned by the Early Modern era.
Area Kallenberg consists of that part of the area of the former village of Münchingen that lies East of motorway A 81 and North of B 10, developed around an industrial area since the 1950s. The present city was founded on 1 January 1975, in the course of district reform in Baden-Württemberg, when the city of Korntal and the community of Münchingen were combined - against the declared will of most of the citizens of Münchingen, to say the least; the district Korntal was first documented in 1297 in the records of Sindelfingen. Korntal was an estate until 1819. In 1819 the town of Korntal was founded as a civic-religious community on the model of the communities established in Germany by the Moravian Church. In connection with the construction of the Great Hall of Württemberg, William I of Württemberg granted certain special rights to the community; these were lost in 1919 with the Weimar constitution. In 1868, Korntal station was opened on the Black Forest Railway between Calw. On 30 June 1958, the community of Korntal gained the status of a city.
Münchingen was first documented in 1130 in the "Zwiefalter Chronicle", was ceded in 1336 by the sons of Ulrich von Asperg to Count Ulrich of Württemberg. St. Catharine's Hospital was built in 1278 and a mill was built in 1381. In 1558 the "old" Münchinger Castle was built. During the Thirty Years' War, a large part of the village was destroyed; the first courthouse was built in 1599 and was rebuilt in 1687. The St. John's Lutheran Church was newly built from 1645 to 1650. A new school was built in 1645, rebuilt in 1743-1744. In 1906, Münchingen received a rail connection, a single-track regional train from Feuerbach to Weissach; the mayor is Joachim Wolf. He was elected in 2007 and reelected in 2015, his predecessor was Peter Stritzelberger. Johann Georg Gmelin and chemist Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Japanologist Johann Ludwig Krapf, pietistic missionary, explorer and African explorer. Martin Winterkorn, Chairman of the Board of Management of Volkswagen AG, grew up in Münchingen Korntal-Münchingen is twinned with: France: Mirande Belgium: Tubize
Steinheim an der Murr
Steinheim an der Murr is a town in the district of Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated on the river Murr, 9 km northeast of Ludwigsburg; the Steinheim Skull was found near Steinheim an der Murr. It is known worldwide for a famous skull of an early human, found there in 1933; this human lived around 250.000 years ago. The original skull is kept in the museum of nature in Stuttgart, while in Steinheim, visitors can see two reproductions of the skull in a small museum. Philipp Christoph Zeller, entomologist Eduard Zeller, born in Kleinbottwar and philosopher
Stuttgart is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Stuttgart is located on the Neckar river in a fertile valley known locally as the "Stuttgart Cauldron." It lies an hour from the Black Forest. Its urban area has a population of 609,219, making it the sixth largest city in Germany. 2.7 million people live in the city's administrative region and another 5.3 million people in its metropolitan area, making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Germany. The city and metropolitan area are ranked among the top 20 European metropolitan areas by GDP. Since the 6th millennium BC, the Stuttgart area has been an important agricultural area and has been host to a number of cultures seeking to utilize the rich soil of the Neckar valley; the Roman Empire conquered the area in 83 AD and built a massive castrum near Bad Cannstatt, making it the most important regional centre for several centuries. Stuttgart's roots were laid in the 10th century with its founding by Liudolf, Duke of Swabia, as a stud farm for his warhorses.
Overshadowed by nearby Cannstatt, the town grew and was granted a charter in 1320. The fortunes of Stuttgart turned with those of the House of Württemberg, they made it the capital of their county and kingdom from the 15th century to 1918. Stuttgart prospered despite setbacks in the Thirty Years' War and devastating air raids by the Allies on the city and its automobile production during World War II. However, by 1952, the city had bounced back and it became the major economic, industrial and publishing centre it is today. Stuttgart is a transport junction, possesses the sixth-largest airport in Germany. Several major companies are headquartered in Stuttgart, including Porsche, Mercedes-Benz, Daimler AG, Dinkelacker. Stuttgart is unusual in the scheme of German cities, it is spread across a variety of hills and parks. This surprises visitors who associate the city with its reputation as the "cradle of the automobile"; the city's tourism slogan is "Stuttgart offers more". Under current plans to improve transport links to the international infrastructure, the city unveiled a new logo and slogan in March 2008 describing itself as "Das neue Herz Europas".
For business, it describes itself as "Where business meets the future". In July 2010, Stuttgart unveiled a new city logo, designed to entice more business people to stay in the city and enjoy breaks in the area. Stuttgart is a city with a high number of immigrants. According to Dorling Kindersley's Eyewitness Travel Guide to Germany, "In the city of Stuttgart, every third inhabitant is a foreigner." 40% of Stuttgart's residents, 64% of the population below the age of five, are of immigrant background. Stuttgart nicknamed the "Schwabenmetropole" in reference to its location in the centre of Swabia and the local dialect spoken by the native Swabians, has its etymological roots in the Old High German word Stuotgarten, or "stud farm", because the city was founded in 950 AD by Duke Liudolf of Swabia to breed warhorses; the most important location in the Neckar river valley was the hilly rim of the Stuttgart basin at what is today Bad Cannstatt. Thus, the first settlement of Stuttgart was a massive Roman Castra stativa built c. 90 AD to protect the Villas and vineyards blanketing the landscape and the road from Mogontiacum to Augusta Vindelicorum.
As with many military installations, a settlement sprang up nearby and remained there after the Limes moved further east. When they did, the town was left in the capable hands of a local brickworks that produced sophisticated architectural ceramics and pottery; when the Romans were driven back past the Rhine and Danube rivers in the 3rd century by the Alamanni, the settlement temporarily vanished from history until the 7th century. In 700, Duke Gotfrid mentions a "Chan Stada" in a document regarding property. Archaeological evidence shows that Merovingian era Frankish farmers continued to till the same land the Romans did. Cannstatt is mentioned in the Abbey of St. Gall's archives as "Canstat ad Neccarum" in 708; the etymology of the name "Cannstatt" is not clear, but as the site is mentioned as condistat in the Annals of Metz, it is derived from the Latin word condita, suggesting that the name of the Roman settlement might have had the prefix "Condi-." Alternatively, Sommer suggested that the Roman site corresponds to the Civitas Aurelia G attested to in an inscription found near Öhringen.
There have been attempts at a derivation from a Gaulish *kondâti- "confluence". In 950 AD, Duke Liudolf of Swabia, son of the current Holy Roman Emperor Otto I, decided to establish a stud farm for his cavalry during the Hungarian invasions of Europe on a widened area of the Nesenbach river valley 5 kilometres south of the old Roman castrum; the land and title of Duke of Swabia remained in Liudolf's hands until his rebellion was quashed by his father four years later. In 1089, Bruno of Calw built the precursor building to the Old Castle. Stuttgart's viticulture, first documented in the Holy Roman Empire in the year 1108 AD
Kornwestheim is a town in the district of Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated about 10 kilometres north of Stuttgart, 5 kilometres south of Ludwigsburg. Kornwestheim can look back at a history of more than 1200 years, it was first mentioned in official documents as "Westheim" around 780 AC, within the interest register of the Lorsch monastery. The name form "Kornwestheim" appeared much later. Archeological findings furnish evidence for the populating of the area in prehistorical times. There was a Roman road that lead through the Kornwestheim urban area, preserved as dirt road. Part of it was restored in Kornwestheim-Ost near the Theodor-Heuss-Realschule. In the western part of the city there was an older road from the Bronze Age running towards what today is a highway, it is assumed that the original Westheim is a western settlement, in contrast to the eastern settlement of Ostheim. For centuries, Kornwestheim was a prosperous and wealthy farming village that benefited from the fertility of its farmland and active trade.
In 1303, the counts of Asperg sold Kornwestheim to the Dukes of Württemberg. At first, it belonged to the bureau of Cannstatt and since 1719 to the bureau of Ludwigsburg out of which emerged the county in 1938 and in 1973 the larger district of Ludwigsburg. With the construction of the railroad line Stuttgart - Ludwigsburg - Heilbronn in 1846 the era of Industrialization began and the construction of the national switch yard in Kornwestheim in the years of 1913-1919 made Kornwestheim the railway road node in Southern Germany, creating ideal conditions for the future growth and development of the city; this infrastructure improvements and the convenient location of the city as well as several factory foundations contributed to a large increase in population in the late 19th century. The shoemaker Jakob Sigle, who had opened his workshop in 1885, founded the shoe factory J. Sigle & Cie. together with his merchant partner Max Levi, which became nationally known as the Salamander AG. In 1898, the machine factory A. Stotz Albert Stotz followed as well as the iron foundry firm Kreidler, opening operations in 1939.
As of April 1st, when the population had nearly within the last three decades, Kornwestheim received the official municipal law in 1931. As part of the rearmament of the German re-armament, starting in 1934 the Hindenburg barracks and the Ludendorff barracks were built as tank units and Kornwestheim became a garrison town in 1935/36; the Second World War demanded numerous victims: allied air raids killed 162 people and destroyed 160 buildings. At the military front 478 resident soldiers were killed. On April 21 in 1945, the US troops took over the occupation using the existing barracks until 1993 and renamed the Hindenburg barracks into Wilkin Barracks. Since the Second World War the population has doubled due to the influx of exiles and guest workers; this resulted in designation of new living and commercial districts. On April 1, 1956, Kornwestheim became a large district town. Due to its location between the cities of Stuttgart and Ludwigsburg, the city was unable to incorporate neighboring communities during the 1973 regional reform.
Only the restructuring undertaken by the US Army in 1954 added a new district called Pattonville to the city, although the eastern, larger part of Pattonville now belongs to the town of Remseck am Neckar. Today Kornwestheim presents itself as modern and amiable town that has preserved its individual character in the heart of the Stuttgart region. With its more than 30,000 inhabitants it offers a high degree of quality of life and recreational value. At the head of the municipality Kornwestheim was a Schultheiß. Since 1930 he is called mayor and since 1956 Lord mayor. 1793-1814: Johann Georg Sigle 1815-1823: Jakob Friedrich Sigle 1823-1840: Jakob Friedrich Ergenzinger 1841-1855: Christoph Richt 1855-1877: Thomas Hofmann 1877-1887: Georg Mayer 1887-1892: Karl Sigle 1892-1902: Adolf Voelmle 1902-1930: Friedrich Siller 1930-1931: Theodor Steimle 1931-1933: Friedrich Siller, temporary administrator 1933-1945: Alfred Kercher, 1933 as temporary administrator 1945: Gotthilf Küntzle, 1945-1948: Friedrich Warthmann, 1945-1946 1948-1954: Nathanael Schulz 1954-1962: Alfred Kercher 1962-1982: Siegfried Pflugfeld 1982-1999: Ernst Fischer 1999-2007: Ulrich Rommelfanger Since 2007: Ursula Keck At the western edge of Kornwestheim is the Kornwestheim classification yard.
Up to 1600 freight cars are daily put together to freight trains. This is the second largest classification yard of Baden-Württemberg; as newspaper appears in Kornwestheim the Kornwestheimer Zeitung. Kornwestheim has a notary. In the city is the Landesamt für Flurneuordnung und Landesentwicklung Baden-Württemberg. On the former Salamander area is since the Baden-Württemberg Grundbuchzentralarchiv; the Kornwestheim Drive-In Cinema is the only drive-in cinema in Baden-Wuerttemberg. It lies in the town of the same name in the Ludwigsburg district and is well known outside the region, it has two projection walls. For sound, the Kornwestheim Drive-In Cinema has two FM-transmitters which work on 89 MHz for the sound of the film shown on the big projection wall, on 91.3 MHz for the sound of the film shown on the small projection wall. The light intensity of the projectors used is 6 Kilowatts. Kreidler Werke GmbHThe well known small motorcycle and moped manufacturer Kreidler was situated here, it was founded in 1903 by Anton Kreidler and was at first a metalworking factory
Bietigheim-Bissingen is the second-largest town in the district of Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany with 42,515 inhabitants in 2007. It is situated on the river Enz and the river Metter, close to its confluence with the Neckar, about 19 km north of Stuttgart, 20 km south of Heilbronn. Towards the end of the 18th century saw Bietigheim during the beginning of the industrialisation an improvement of the living conditions and an increase in population; the 1806 furnished Oberamt Bietigheim was in 1810, dissolved again: the city and its official municipalities were integrated in the Oberamt Besigheim. After Bietigheim was connected mid-19th century to the railway network and the city experienced a real breakthrough and a sustained recovery. At the end of the 19th century there were 3,800 inhabitants. In 1938, Bietigheim came to the new Ludwigsburg. A branch of the Nazi Party was in Bietigheim since 1928; until 1933, this was with 51 members small. After the Nazi seizure of power there were 181 new entrants.
By the end of the Nazi regime were 939 party members in Bietigheim, representing 10.4 percent of the total population in 1945. 287 m long Bietigheim Enz Valley Bridge Old gate church in Downtown Bietigheim Kilian church in Bissingen Wine Press Town hall "Hornmoldhaus" Castle of Bietigheim, nowadays home to the Bietigheim-Bissingen music school Marktplatz Webcam - provides 24/7 real-time coverage of Bietigheim's central market via the internet. Bietigheim-Bissingen station is located on an important railway junction on the Western Railway and the Franconia Railway to Heilbronn. Line 5 of the Stuttgart S-Bahn and line 5 of the Stadtbahn Karlsruhe both start here. Erwin Bälz, personal physician of the Imperial House of Japan and co-founder of modern medicine in Japan Elisabeth Goes, pastor's wife and Righteous Among the Nations Kurt Hager, member of the Politbüro of the SED in GDR Gebhard Fürst, bishop of Rottenburg-Stuttgart and a member of the National Ethics Council Michael Jacobi, member of Parliament from 1988 to 1991 Heiko Maile, Marcus Meyn and Oliver Kreyssig, members of the German pop group Camouflage Matthias Ettrich, founder of KDE Roland Bless and Ingo Reidl, members of the German pop group Pur Namosh, a German musician and singer Bernd Leno, a football goalkeeper Shindy, a German Rap artist Ottmar Mergenthaler, inventor of the Linotype typesetting machine, spent four years in Bietigheim during his apprenticeship to a watchmaker Bernd Leno, football goalkeeper for Bayer 04 Leverkusen, Arsenal FC, the Germany national football team Bietigheim Horse Market Music Exchange with Shawnee Mission South High School symphonic band every 4 years Music Exchange with Shawnee Mission South High School string orchestra every 4 years Music Exchange with Community High School District 99 Honors Band and Orchestra every 2 years.
Elbe & Sohn Bietigheim-Bissingen is twinned with: Kusatsu Sucy-en-Brie Surrey Heath Szekszárd Overland Park, USA
Vehicle registration plate
A vehicle registration plate known as a number plate or a license plate, is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction; the registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register. In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person varies by issuing agency. There are electronic license plates. Most governments require a registration plate to be attached to both the front and rear of a vehicle, although certain jurisdictions or vehicle types, such as motorboats, require only one plate, attached to the rear of the vehicle.
National databases relate this number to other information describing the vehicle, such as the make, colour, year of manufacture, engine size, type of fuel used, mileage recorded, vehicle identification number, the name and address of the vehicle's registered owner or keeper. In the vast majority of jurisdictions, the government holds a monopoly on the manufacturing of vehicle registration plates for that jurisdiction. Either a government agency or a private company with express contractual authorization from the government makes plates as needed, which are mailed to, delivered to, or picked up by the vehicle owners. Thus, it is illegal for private citizens to make and affix their own plates, because such unauthorized private manufacturing is equivalent to forging an official document. Alternatively, the government will assign plate numbers, it is the vehicle owner's responsibility to find an approved private supplier to make a plate with that number. In some jurisdictions, plates will be permanently assigned to that particular vehicle for its lifetime.
If the vehicle is either destroyed or exported to a different country, the plate number is retired or reissued. China requires the re-registration of any vehicle that crosses its borders from another country, such as for overland tourist visits, regardless of the length of time it is due to remain there. Other jurisdictions follow a "plate-to-owner" policy, meaning that when a vehicle is sold the seller removes the current plate from the vehicle. Buyers must either obtain new plates or attach plates they hold, as well as register their vehicles under the buyer's name and plate number. A person who sells a car and purchases a new one can apply to have the old plates put onto the new car. One who sells a car and does not buy a new one may, depending on the local laws involved, have to turn the old plates in or destroy them, or may be permitted to keep them; some jurisdictions permit the registration of the vehicle with "personal" plates. In some jurisdictions, plates require periodic replacement associated with a design change of the plate itself.
Vehicle owners may or may not have the option to keep their original plate number, may have to pay a fee to exercise this option. Alternately, or additionally, vehicle owners have to replace a small decal on the plate or use a decal on the windshield to indicate the expiration date of the vehicle registration, periodic safety and/or emissions inspections or vehicle taxation. Other jurisdictions have replaced the decal requirement through the use of computerization: a central database maintains records of which plate numbers are associated with expired registrations, communicating with automated number plate readers to enable law-enforcement to identify expired registrations in the field. Plates are fixed directly to a vehicle or to a plate frame, fixed to the vehicle. Sometimes, the plate frames contain advertisements inserted by the vehicle service centre or the dealership from which the vehicle was purchased. Vehicle owners can purchase customized frames to replace the original frames. In some jurisdictions registration plate frames have design restrictions.
For example, many states, like Texas, allow plate frames but prohibit plate frames from covering the name of the state, district, Native American tribe or country that issued of license plate. Plates are designed to conform to standards with regard to being read by eye in day or at night, or by electronic equipment; some drivers purchase clear, smoke-colored or tinted covers that go over the registration plate to prevent electronic equipment from scanning the registration plate. Legality of these covers varies; some cameras incorporate filter systems that make such avoidance attempts unworkable with infra-red filters. Vehicles pulling trailers, such as caravans and semi-trailer trucks, are required to display a third registration plate on the rear of the trailer. An engineering study by the University of Illinois published in 1960 recommended that the state of Illinois adopt a numbering system and plate design "composed of combinations of characters which can be perceived and are legible at a distance of 125 feet under daylight conditions, are adapted to filing and administrative procedures".
It recommended that a standard plate size of 6 inches by 14 inches be adopte