Sigmund Romberg was a Hungarian-born American composer. He is best known for his musicals and operettas The Student Prince, The Desert Song and The New Moon. Early in his career, Romberg was employed by the Shubert brothers to write music for their musicals and revues, including several vehicles for Al Jolson. For the Shuberts, he adapted several European operettas for American audiences, including the successful Maytime and Blossom Time, his three hit operettas of the mid-1920s, named above, are in the style of Viennese operetta, but his other works, from that time employ the style of American musicals of their eras. He composed film scores. Romberg was born in Hungary as Siegmund Rosenberg to a Jewish family and Clara Rosenberg, in Gross-Kanizsa during the Austro-Hungarian kaiserlich und königlich monarchy period. In 1889 Romberg and his family moved to Belišće, in Hungary, where he attended a primary school. Influenced by his father, Romberg learned to play the violin at six, piano at eight years of age.
He enrolled at Osijek gymnasium in 1897. He went to Vienna to study engineering, but he took composition lessons while living there. In June 1909, he boarded the S/S Oceanic as a second-class cabin passenger, sailing from the Port of Southampton, England, to the Port of New York. After a brief stint working in a pencil factory in New York, he was employed as a pianist in cafés and restaurants, he founded his own orchestra and published a few songs, despite their limited success, brought him to the attention of the Shubert brothers, who in 1914 hired him to write music for their Broadway theatre shows. That year he wrote The Whirl of the World, he contributed songs to several American musical adaptations of Viennese operettas, including the successful The Blue Paradise. More successful was the musical Maytime, in 1917. Both involved love across generations and included nostalgic waltzes, along with more modern American dance music. At the same time, Romberg contributed songs to the Shuberts' popular revues The Passing Show of 1916 and The Passing Show of 1918 and to two vehicles for Al Jolson: Robinson Crusoe, Jr. an extravaganza burlesque on the familiar story, Sinbad, an Arabian Nights-themed musical.
Romberg wrote another Jolson vehicle in Bombo. He wrote the music for the musical comedy Poor Little Ritz Girl, which had songs by Richard Rodgers. Romberg's adaptation of melodies by Franz Schubert for Blossom Time was a great success, he subsequently wrote his best-known operettas, The Student Prince, The Desert Song and The New Moon, which are in a style similar to the Viennese operettas of Franz Lehár. He wrote Princess Flavia, an operetta based on The Prisoner of Zenda, his other works, My Maryland, a successful romance. Romberg wrote a number of film scores and adapted his own work for film. Columbia Records asked Romberg to conduct orchestral arrangements of his music for a series of recordings from 1945 to 1950 that were issued both on 78-rpm and 33-1/3 rpm discs; these performances are now prized by record collectors. Naxos Records digitally remastered the recordings and issued them in the U. K. Much of Romberg's music, including extensive excerpts from his operettas, was released on LP during the 1950s and 1960s by Columbia, RCA Victor.
Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald, who appeared in an MGM adaptation of The New Moon in 1940 recorded and performed his music. There have been periodic revivals of the operettas. Romberg died in 1951, aged 64, of a stroke at his Ritz Towers Hotel suite in New York City and was interred in the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York. Romberg married twice. Little is known about his first wife, who appears on a 1920 federal census form as being Austrian, his second wife was Lillian Harris, whom he married on March 1925, in Paterson, New Jersey. They had no children. Lillian Harris was born March 8, 1898, died April 15, 1967, in New York City. "Her Soldier Boy" – 1917 "Home Again" – 1916, lyrics: Augustus Barratt "Kiss Waltz" – 1916, lyrics: Rida Johnson Young "Mother" – 1916, lyrics: Rida Johnson Young "Sister Susie's Started Syncopation" – 191, lyrics: Harold Atteridge "Won't You Send a Letter to Me?" – 1917, lyrics: Harold Atteridge Romberg was the subject of the 1954 Stanley Donen-directed film Deep in My Heart, in which he was portrayed by José Ferrer.
His operetta The New Moon was the basis for both titled New Moon. "Softly, as in a Morning Sunrise" and "Lover, Come Back to Me" from The New Moon are still jazz-blues/soft-jazz classics and have been performed by many jazz performers. He is featured in the lyrics to the 1963 Allan Sherman comedy song "The Mexican Hat Dance". Romberg starred in An Evening with Romberg on NBC June 10, 1940 – September 2, 1940, as a summer replacement for The Red Skelton Show; the program featured a 58-piece orchestra. Music genres included "operatic arias, short symphoni
Steven Allan Spielberg is an American filmmaker. He is considered one of the founding pioneers of the New Hollywood era and one of the most popular directors and producers in film history. Spielberg started in Hollywood directing television and several minor theatrical releases, he became a household name as the director of Jaws, critically and commercially successful and is considered the first summer blockbuster. His subsequent releases focused on science fiction and adventure films, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, the Indiana Jones series, E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Jurassic Park are seen as archetypes of modern Hollywood escapist filmmaking. Spielberg transitioned into addressing serious issues in his work with The Color Purple, Empire of the Sun, Schindler's List and Saving Private Ryan, he has adhered to this practice during the 21st century, with Munich, Bridge of Spies, The Post. He co-founded Amblin Entertainment and DreamWorks Studios, where he has served as a producer for several successful films, including the Gremlins, Back to the Future, Men in Black, the Transformers series.
He transitioned into producing several games within the video-game industry. Spielberg is one of the American film industry's most critically successful filmmakers, with praise for his directing talent and versatility, he has won the Academy Award for Best Director twice; some of his movies are among the highest-grossing movies of all-time, while his total work makes him the highest-grossing film director in history. His net worth is estimated to be more than $3 billion. Spielberg was born on December 1946 in Cincinnati, Ohio, his mother, was a restaurateur and concert pianist, his father, Arnold Spielberg, was an electrical engineer involved in the development of computers. His family was Orthodox Jewish. Spielberg's paternal grandparents were Jewish Ukrainian immigrants who settled in Cincinnati in the 1900s. In 1950, his family moved to Haddon Township, New Jersey, when his father took a job with RCA. Three years the family moved to Phoenix, Arizona. Spielberg attended Hebrew school from 1953 in classes taught by Rabbi Albert L. Lewis.
As a child, Spielberg faced difficulty reconciling being an Orthodox Jew with the perception of him by other children he played with. "It isn't something I enjoy admitting," he once said, "but when I was seven, nine years old, God forgive me, I was embarrassed because we were Orthodox Jews. I was embarrassed by the outward perception of my parents' Jewish practices. I was never ashamed to be Jewish, but I was uneasy at times." Spielberg said he suffered from acts of anti-Semitic prejudice and bullying: "In high school, I got smacked and kicked around. Two bloody noses, it was horrible." At age 12, he made his first home movie: a train wreck involving his toy Lionel trains. Throughout his early teens, after entering high school, Spielberg continued to make amateur 8 mm "adventure" films. In 1958, he became a Boy Scout and fulfilled a requirement for the photography merit badge by making a nine-minute 8 mm film entitled The Last Gunfight. Years Spielberg recalled to a magazine interviewer, "My dad's still-camera was broken, so I asked the scoutmaster if I could tell a story with my father's movie camera.
He said yes, I got an idea to do a Western. I got my merit badge; that was how it all started." At age 13, while living in Phoenix, Spielberg won a prize for a 40-minute war film he titled Escape to Nowhere... using a cast composed of other high school friends. That motivated him to make 15 more amateur 8 mm films; some of the films he cited as early influences that he grew up watching include the Godzilla kaiju film King of the Monsters, which he called "the most masterful of all the dinosaur movies because it made you believe it was happening", as well as titles such as Captains Courageous and Lawrence of Arabia. In 1963, at age 16, Spielberg wrote and directed his first independent film, a 140-minute science fiction adventure called Firelight, which would inspire Close Encounters; the film was made for $500, most of which came from his father, was shown in a local cinema for one evening, which earned back its cost. After attending Arcadia High School in Phoenix for three years, his family next moved to Saratoga, where he graduated from Saratoga High School in 1965.
He attained the rank of Eagle Scout. His parents divorced while he was still in school, soon after he graduated Spielberg moved to Los Angeles, staying with his father, his long-term goal was to become a film director. His three sisters and mother remained in Saratoga. In Los Angeles, he applied to the University of Southern California's film school, but was turned down because of his "C" grade average, he applied and was admitted to California State University, Long Beach, where he became a brother of Theta Chi Fraternity. While still a student, he was offered a small unpaid intern job at Universal Studios with the editing department, he was given the opportunity to make a short film for theatrical release, the 26-minute, 35 mm, Amblin', which he wrote and directed. Studio vice president Sidney Sheinberg was impressed by the film, which had won a number of awards, offered Spielberg a seven-year directing contract, it made him the youngest director to be signed for a long-term deal with a major Hollywood studio.
He subsequently dropped out of college to begin pro
Burke's Law (1963 TV series)
Burke's Law is an American detective series that aired on ABC from 1963 to 1966. The show starred Gene Barry as Amos Burke, millionaire captain of Los Angeles police homicide division, chauffeured around to solve crimes in his 1962 Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud II; the original series was converted from a detective show to a spy drama, Amos Burke Secret Agent, in its third and final season. The series was revived in 1994–95 on CBS with Barry again playing Burke having returned to detective work; the show shares stylistic similarities with Barry's previous series, Bat Masterson, in which he had played the debonair lawman of the Old West. During the opening credits, as the title flashed onscreen, a woman's voice was heard seductively pronouncing the words "It's Burke's Law!" The title reflected Burke's habit of dispensing wisdom to his underlings in a professorial manner, e.g.: "Never ask a question unless you know the answer. Burke's Law." The title of each episode started with the words "Who Killed...?" with the name or description of the victim completing it.
Five or six "special guest stars" comprised the list of suspects. Burke was driven to the crime scene in his Rolls-Royce by his loyal chauffeur, Henry. In the original series, Burke was assisted by Detective Tim Tilson, Detective Sergeant Les Hart, chauffeur Henry. Two recurring characters were desk sergeant Gloria Ames. Tilson was a go-getting young man whose skill at finding clues and trace references did not result in his solving the murders, being always outflanked by Burke's cool intuition, while Hart was a no-nonsense, seen-it-all veteran a nod to Toomey's numerous roles as cops in feature films. Les and Burke go back a lot of years as officers. A guest appearance by Anne Francis as female detective Honey West in the season-two episode "Who Killed The Jackpot?" led to a short-lived spin-off series. The role of Amos Burke antedated Barry's series, having been played by Dick Powell on "Who Killed Julie Greer?," the initial episode of The Dick Powell Show in September 1961. The first incarnation of the series was produced by Four Star Television.
As in the series, the episode features several well-known TV and movie stars in cameo appearances as suspects – one of whom is the murderer. Leon Lontoc was the only cast member of the episode to reprise his role in the series. In the final season of the original series, the show was given a complete overhaul and retitled Amos Burke Secret Agent. Burke went to work for a secret government agency, but still drove around in his Rolls, discreetly bulletproofed by the agency; the supporting cast of the earlier seasons was dropped. The change in format was a reaction to the wildly popular spy trend inspired by the James Bond films and the television success of The Man from U. N. C. L. E. – 1965 saw the debuts of I Spy, The Wild Wild West, Get Smart. The new show was not a success and only 17 episodes were broadcast instead of the 32 of the first two seasons; the Rolls-Royce used in the original 1963 series still exists, is owned by a collector in Palm Beach, Florida. Gene Barry as Capt. Amos Burke Gary Conway as Det.
Tim Tilson Regis Toomey as Det. Sgt. Les Hart Leon Lontoc as Henry Eileen O'Neill as Sgt. Ames Carl Benton Reid as The Man The show's guest stars included: June Allyson, Don Ameche, Mary Astor, Frankie Avalon, Ed Begley, William Bendix, Joan Blondell, Ann Blyth, Hoagy Carmichael, Rory Calhoun, John Cassavetes, Dick Clark, Jeanne Crain, Broderick Crawford, Arlene Dahl, Sammy Davis Jr. Linda Darnell, Laraine Day, Yvonne DeCarlo, William Demarest, Andy Devine, Diana Dors, Joanne Dru, Dan Duryea, Barbara Eden, Nanette Fabray, Felicia Farr, Rhonda Fleming, Nina Foch, Anne Francis, Annette Funicello, Eva Gabor, Zsa Zsa Gabor, Gloria Grahame, Jane Greer, Gypsy Rose Lee, George Hamilton, Phil Harris, June Havoc, Celeste Holm, Rodolfo Hoyos Jr. Tab Hunter, Betty Hutton, Martha Hyer, Carolyn Jones, Buster Keaton, Eartha Kitt, Frankie Laine, Fernando Lamas, Dorothy Lamour, Elsa Lanchester, Lauren Lane, Tina Louise, Ida Lupino, Paul Lynde, Jayne Mansfield, Marilyn Maxwell, Virginia Mayo, Burgess Meredith, Una Merkel, Dina Merrill, Vera Miles, Sal Mineo, Ricardo Montalban, Elizabeth Montgomery, Agnes Moorehead, Rita Moreno, Sheree North, Janis Paige, Fess Parker, Suzy Parker, Bert Parks, Walter Pidgeon, Zasu Pitts, Juliet Prowse, Basil Rathbone, Edward Everett Horton, Aldo Ray, Martha Raye, Carl Reiner, Don Rickles, Ruth Roman, Cesar Romero, Mickey Rooney, Gena Rowlands, Janice Rule, Soupy Sales, Telly Savalas, Lizabeth Scott, William Shatner, Nancy Sinatra, Jan Sterling, Jill St. John, Gale Storm, Susan Strasberg, Gloria Swanson, Terry-Thomas, Mamie van Doren, James Whitmore, Michael Wilding, Chill Wills, Ed Wynn and Keenan Wynn.
The musical score for Burke's Law was the work of Herschel Burke Gilbert, who wrote the show's theme, although Richard Shores and Joseph Mullendore composed scores. Gilbert's theme was rearranged for Amos Burke, Secret Agent; the following DVD sets of Burke's Law have been released by VCI Entertainment. VCI released the complete first season on April 5, 2016. In the revival of the show, which ran on CBS from 1994 to 1995, the title was again Burke's Law. In the 1994 version, Burke was back at work as a police detective, though now as a deputy chief instead of a captain, was assisted by his son, Peter
Mannes School of Music
Mannes School of Music is a music conservatory in The New School. In the fall of 2015, Mannes moved from its previous location on Manhattan's Upper West Side to join the rest of the New School campus in Arnhold Hall at 55 W. 13th Street. As written on its website: "Mannes School of Music is dedicated to advancing the creative role of music in all aspects of a changing society. Mannes seeks to develop citizen artists who engage with the world around them in and through music, in traditional and emergent forms of practice." Called The David Mannes Music School, it was founded in 1916 by David Mannes, concertmaster of the New York Symphony Orchestra, his wife Clara Damrosch, sister of Walter Damrosch conductor of that orchestra and Frank Damrosch. The Damrosch and Mannes families were the most important music families in America at that time, with David Mannes emerging as one of the first American born violin recitalists to achieve significant status. David Mannes was the director of the Third Street Music School Settlement as well as founder of Colored Music Settlement School, all prior to founding the Mannes School.
The School was housed on East 70th Street, a larger campus was created out of three brownstones on East 74th Street, in Manhattan's Upper East Side. After 1938, the school was known as the Mannes Music School, in recognition of the broader course of study that expanded the school well beyond that of a community music school, including the three-year Artist Diploma; when Clara died in 1948, their son Leopold Mannes became president, endowing the school with his fortune from co-inventing Kodachrome film. In 1953 the school began offering a bachelor of science degree and changed its name to the Mannes College of Music. In 1960 it merged with the Chatham Square Music School. In 1984 the school moved to larger quarters on West 85th Street. In 1989 Mannes joined The New School, whose five schools include Parsons School of Design, Eugene Lang College, School of Drama. In 2005, the New School administration changed the name to Mannes College: the New School for Music. In 2015, the university renamed it Mannes School of Music, moved it to Arnhold Hall in the West Village.
It is now part of the College of Performing Arts at The New School, which includes the School of Drama and the School of Jazz and Contemporary Music. The College of Performing Arts, including Mannes Prep, has a total of 1,450 students; the students in any of the three schools of the College of Performing Arts can take courses in the three schools, no matter which school they are directly enrolled in, expanding the opportunities for self-directed study. Two academic divisions constitute the conservatory: College – the academic spine of the school, conferring undergraduate and graduate degrees and diplomas. Preparatory -- provides pre-college training for adolescents; the Techniques of Music program is the foundation for academic musical study in the two divisions at Mannes, encompassing the range of elementary to advanced music theory and aural skills and analysis classes. Music theory was taught at Mannes from its inception, with David Mannes hiring important figures such as Ernest Bloch and Rosario Scalero to teach theory and composition.
In 1931 Hans Weisse was hired, one of the leading students of Heinrich Schenker. Over the following nine years, Weisse promoted not just the study of Schenkerian analysis but the incorporation of it into the musical life of the school, including performance and composition; because of his association with the school, Schenker's publication Five Graphic Music Analyses was published jointly by his regular publisher, Universal Edition and the David Mannes School in 1932. In 1940, Weisse was replaced by Felix Salzer. Salzer a student of Schenker, built upon Weisse's foundation by reorganizing the theory program into the Techniques of Music department; the philosophy behind this move was and is to integrate musicianship and performance, based on Schenker's concept of the role of theory in tonal music. Salzer's leading student, Carl Schachter, as well as his students and strengthened the department. Today the Mannes program is evolving and expanding in both the study of performance and theory. Mannes has revised its curriculum to include the incorporation of music technology classes, improvisation ensembles, teaching artistry, arts journalism, film music composition, creative entrepreneurship and more, all tied to a new commitment to contemporary music well beyond the tonal-based approach of Schenker.
The Mannes of today includes an ever-increasing number of programs in partnership with its sister conservatory, School of Jazz. Media related to Mannes College The New School for Music at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Hugh O'Brian was an American actor and humanitarian, best known for his starring roles in the ABC western television series The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp and the NBC action television series Search, as well as films including the Agatha Christie adaptation Ten Little Indians. He was regarded for creating the Hugh O'Brian Youth Leadership Foundation, a non-profit youth leadership development program for high school scholars which has sponsored over 400,000 students since he founded the program in 1958 following an extended visit with theologian and physician Albert Schweitzer. O'Brian was born Hugh Charles Krampe in Rochester, New York, the son of Hugh John Krampe, who served as an officer in the United States Marine Corps, Edith Lillian Krampe, his paternal grandparents were German immigrants. O'Brian moved to Lancaster, with his parents around 1930 when he was five years old, his father had become an executive with the Armstrong Cork Company, headquartered in the Pennsylvania city. The Krampe family first lived at the Stevens House Hotel before moving to the newly developed School Lane Hills houses on the city's West End.
O'Brian attended Lancaster city elementary schools. The Krampes resided in Lancaster for about four years before they moved to Chicago, where his father took another position with the Armstrong Cork Company. Years Hugh O'Brian was awarded the key to the city by Lancaster Mayor George Coe in 1963. O'Brian first attended school at New Trier High School in Winnetka, Illinois the Kemper Military School in Boonville, Missouri. O'Brian dropped out of the University of Cincinnati after one semester to enlist in the Marine Corps during World War II. At seventeen, he became the youngest Marine drill instructor. After World War II ended, O'Brian moved to Los Angeles, he had planned on becoming a lawyer and had been accepted at Yale University in the fall of 1947. He was dating an actress and attending her rehearsals of the Somerset Maugham's play Home and Beauty when the lead actor failed to show up. Director Ida Lupino asked him to read the lines, he got the play received a tremendous review. An agent offered to sign O'Brian.
He changed his name after the series' playbill misspelled his name as "Hugh Krape". "I decided right I didn't want to go through life being known as Huge Krape, so I decided to take my mother's family name, O'Brien. But they misspelled it as'O'Brian' and I just decided to stay with that."Lupino signed him to Never Fear, a film she was directing, which led O'Brian to a contract with Universal Pictures. He was chosen to portray legendary lawman Wyatt Earp on the ABC western series The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp, which debuted in 1955. To help develop his character, O'Brian bought Stuart N. Lake's book Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal, he developed a relationship with Lake, a consultant on the show for the first two years. The series, alongside Gunsmoke and Cheyenne, which debuted the same year, spearheaded the "adult western" television genre, with the emphasis on character development rather than moral sermonizing, it soon became one of the top-rated shows on television. During its six-year run, Wyatt Earp placed in the top ten in the United States.
Decades he reprised the role in two episodes of the television series Guns of Paradise, television movie The Gambler Returns: The Luck of the Draw and the independent film Wyatt Earp: Return to Tombstone, the latter mixing new footage and colorized archival sequences from the original series. O'Brian appeared on other programs in the 1950s and 1960s, including The Nat King Cole Show, The Jackie Gleason Show, The Ed Sullivan Show and The Dinah Shore Chevy Show all in 1957, he was seen in Jack Palance's ABC circus drama The Greatest Show on Earth. He appeared as a'guest attorney' in the 1963 Perry Mason episode "The Case of the Two-Faced Turn-a-bout" when its star, Raymond Burr, was sidelined for a spell after minor emergency surgery, he served as guest host on episodes of The Hollywood Palace in 1964 and the rock music series Shindig! in 1965. He was a guest celebrity panelist on the CBS prime-time programs Password and What's My Line? and served as a mystery guest on three occasions on the latter series.
In 1971, he filmed a television pilot titled Probe, playing a high-tech agent for a company that specialized in recovering valuable items. The pilot would spawn a series for O'Brian named Search. In 1999 and 2000, he co-starred with Dick Van Patten, Deborah Winters, Richard Roundtree and Richard Anderson in the miniseries Y2K - World in Crisis; the actor appeared in a number of films, among them Rocketship X-M, The Lawless Breed, There's No Business Like Show Business, White Feather, Come Fly with Me, Love Has Many Faces, In Harm's Way, Ten Little Indians and Ambush Bay. While onstage, Elvis Presley introduced O'Brian from the audience at a performance at the Las Vegas Hilton, as captured in the imported live CD release "April Fool's Dinner". O'Brian was a featured actor in the 1977 two-hour premiere of the television series Fantasy Island, he played the last character that John Wayne killed on the screen in Wayne's final movie, The Shootist. O'Brian appeared in fight scenes with a Bruce Lee lookalike in Lee's last – completed – film, the controversial Game of Death.
O'Brian recreated his Wyatt Earp
Robert Stack was an American actor and television host. In addition to acting in more than 40 feature films, he starred in the landmark ABC-TV television series The Untouchables, for which he won the 1960 Emmy Award for Best Actor in a Dramatic Series, hosted/narrated true crime series Unsolved Mysteries, he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in the film Written on the Wind. He was born Charles Langford Modini Stack in Los Angeles, but his first name, selected by his mother, was changed to Robert by his father, he spent his early childhood in Europe. He became fluent in French and Italian at an early age, did not learn English until returning to Los Angeles, his parents divorced when he was a year old, he was raised by his mother, Mary Elizabeth. His father, James Langford Stack, a wealthy advertising agency owner remarried his mother, but died when Stack was 10, he had always spoken of his mother with love. When he collaborated with Mark Evans on his autobiography, Straight Shooting, he included a picture of himself and his mother.
He captioned it, "Me and my best girl." His maternal grandfather, the opera singer Charles Wood, studied voice in Italy and performed there under the name "Carlo Modini." On the paternal side of his family, Stack had another opera-singer relative: the American baritone Richard Bonelli, his uncle. By the time he was 20, Stack had achieved minor fame as a sportsman, he was shooter. His brother and he won the International Outboard Motor Championships, in Italy, he became National Champion. In 1971, he was inducted into the National Skeet Shooting Hall of Fame, he was a Republican. Stack took drama courses at Bridgewater State College, his deep voice and good looks attracted producers in Hollywood. When Stack visited the lot of Universal Studios at age 20, producer Joe Pasternak offered him an opportunity to enter the business. Recalled Stack, "He said,'How'd you like to be in pictures? We'll make a test with Helen Parrish, a little love scene.' Helen Parrish was a beautiful girl.'Gee, that sounds keen,' I told him.
I got the part."Stack's first film, which teamed him with Deanna Durbin, was First Love, produced by Pasternak. This film was considered controversial at the time, he was the first actor to give Durbin an on-screen kiss. Stack won critical acclaim for his next role, The Mortal Storm starring Margaret Sullavan and James Stewart, directed by Frank Borzage at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, he played a young man. Back at Universal, Stack was in Pasternak's A Little Bit of Heaven, starring Gloria Jean, that studio's back-up for Deanna Durbin. Stack was reunited with Durbin in Pasternak's Nice Girl?. Stack starred in a Western, Badlands of Dakota, co-starring Richard Dix and Frances Farmer, he was borrowed by United Artists to play a Polish Air Force pilot in To Be or Not To Be, alongside Jack Benny and Carole Lombard. Stack admitted he was terrified going into this role, but he credited Lombard—who he'd known for several years—with giving him many tips on acting and with being his mentor. Lombard was killed in a plane crash.
Stack played another pilot in a huge hit. He made a Western, Men of Texas. During World War II, Stack served as an Aerial Gunnery Officer and gunnery instructor in the United States Navy. Stack resumed his career after the war with roles in such films as Fighter Squadron at Warners with Edmond O'Brien, playing a pilot. Stack was in two films at Paramount: Mr. Music, he had an excellent role in Bullfighter and the Lady, a passion project of Budd Boetticher for John Wayne's company. Stack supported Mickey Rooney in My Outlaw Brother and had the lead in the adventure epic Bwana Devil, considered the first color, American 3-D feature film, it was released by United Artists who put Stack in a Western, War Paint. He continued making similar low budget action fare: Conquest of Cochise for Sam Katzman. Stack was back in "A" pictures when he appeared opposite John Wayne in The High and the Mighty, playing the pilot of an airliner who comes apart under stress after the airliner encounters engine trouble.
The film was a hit and Stack received good reviews. Sam Fuller cast him in the lead of House of Bamboo, shot in Japan for 20th Century Fox, he supported Jennifer Jones in Good Morning, Miss Dove at Fox, starred in Great Day in the Morning at RKO. Stack was given an excellent part in Written on the Wind, directed by Douglas Sirk and produced by Albert Zugsmith. Stack played another pilot, the son of a rich man who marries Lauren Bacall who falls for his best friend, played by Rock Hudson; the movie was a massive success and Stack was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Malone won. Stack felt that the primary reason he lost to Quinn was that 20th Century Fox, who had loaned him to Universal-International, organized block voting against him to prevent one of their contract pl
Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp was an American Old West lawman and gambler in Cochise County, Arizona Territory, a deputy marshal in Tombstone. He worked in a wide variety of trades throughout his life and took part in the famous Gunfight at the O. K. Corral, during which lawmen killed three outlaw Cochise County Cowboys, he is erroneously regarded as the central figure in the shootout, although his brother Virgil was Tombstone city marshal and deputy U. S. marshal that day and had far more experience as a sheriff, constable and soldier in combat. Earp was a professional gambler and buffalo hunter, he owned several saloons, maintained a brothel, mined for silver and gold, refereed boxing matches, he spent his early life in Iowa. In 1870, he married Urilla Sutherland who contracted typhoid fever and died shortly before their first child was to be born. During the next two years, Earp was arrested for stealing a horse, escaped from jail, was sued twice, he was arrested and fined three times in 1872 for "keeping and being found in a house of ill-fame".
His third arrest was described at length in the Daily Transcript, which referred to him as an "old offender" and nicknamed him the "Peoria Bummer", another name for loafer or vagrant. By 1874, he arrived in the boomtown of Kansas where his reputed wife opened a brothel. On April 21, 1875, he was appointed to the Wichita police force and developed a solid reputation as a lawman, but he was fined and dismissed from the force after getting into a fistfight with a political opponent of his boss. Earp left Wichita, following his brother James to Dodge City, Kansas where he became an assistant city marshal. In the winter of 1878, he went to Texas to track down an outlaw, he met John "Doc" Holliday whom Earp credited with saving his life. Earp moved throughout his life from one boomtown to another, he left Dodge City in 1879 and moved with brothers James and Virgil to Tombstone, where a silver boom was underway. The Earps clashed with an informal community of outlaws known as the Cowboys. Wyatt and their younger brother Morgan held various law-enforcement positions which put them in conflict with Tom McLaury, Frank McLaury, Ike Clanton, Billy Clanton who threatened to kill the Earps on several occasions.
The conflict escalated over the next year, culminating in the gunfight at the O. K. Corral on October 26, 1881 in which the Earps and Doc Holliday killed three of the Cowboys. In the next five months, Virgil was ambushed and maimed, Morgan was assassinated. Wyatt, Warren Earp, Doc Holliday, others formed a federal posse which killed three of the Cowboys whom they thought responsible. Wyatt was never wounded in any of the gunfights, unlike his brothers Virgil and Morgan or his friend Doc Holliday, which only added to his mystique after his death. Earp was always looking for a quick way to make money. After leaving Tombstone, he went to San Francisco where he reunited with Josephine Marcus, she became his common-law wife, they joined a gold rush to Idaho where they owned mining interests and a saloon. They open a saloon during a real estate boom in San Diego, California. Back in San Francisco, Wyatt raced horses again, but his reputation suffered irreparably when he refereed the Fitzsimmons vs. Sharkey boxing match and called a foul which led many to believe that he fixed the fight.
They moved to Yuma, Arizona before joining the Nome Gold Rush in 1899. He and Charlie Hoxie paid $1,500 for a liquor license to open a two-story saloon called the Dexter and made an estimated $80,000; the couple left Alaska and opened another saloon in Tonopah, the site of a new gold find. Around 1911, Earp began working several mining claims in Vidal, retiring in the hot summers with Josephine to Los Angeles, he made friends among early Western actors in Hollywood and tried to get his story told, but he was portrayed only briefly in one film produced during his lifetime: Wild Bill Hickok. Earp died on January 13, 1929, he was known as a Western lawman and boxing referee. He had a notorious reputation for both his handling of the Fitzsimmons–Sharkey fight and his role in the O. K. Corral gunfight; this only began to change after his death when the flattering biography Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal was published in 1931. It created his reputation as a fearless lawman. Since Earp has been the subject of numerous films, television shows and works of fiction which have increased both his fame and his notoriety.
Long after his death, he admirers. His modern-day reputation is that of deadliest gunman of his day. Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp was born on March 19, 1848, the fourth child of Nicholas Porter Earp and his second wife, Virginia Ann Cooksey, he was named after his father's commanding officer in the Mexican–American War, Captain Wyatt Berry Stapp, of the 2nd Company Illinois Mounted Volunteers. Some evidence supports Wyatt Earp's birthplace as 406 South 3rd Street in Monmouth, though the street address is disputed by Monmouth College professor and historian William Urban. Wyatt had seven siblings: James, Martha, Baxter Warren and Adelia. In March 1849 or in early 1850, Nicholas Earp joined about 100 other people in a plan to relocate to San Bernardino County, where he intended to buy farmland. Just 150 miles west of Monmouth on the journey, their daughter Martha became ill; the family stopped and Nicholas bought a n