General Mills, Inc. is an American multinational manufacturer and marketer of branded consumer foods sold through retail stores. It is headquartered in Minnesota, a suburb of Minneapolis; the company markets many well-known North American brands, including Gold Medal flour, Annie's Homegrown, Betty Crocker, Colombo, Totino's, Old El Paso, Häagen-Dazs, Trix, Cocoa Puffs, Lucky Charms. Its brand portfolio includes more than 89 other leading U. S. numerous category leaders around the world. The company can trace its history to the Minneapolis Milling Company, incorporated in 1856; the company was founded by Illinois Congressman Robert Smith, who leased power rights to mills operating along the west side of Saint Anthony Falls on the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Cadwallader C. Washburn acquired the company shortly after its founding and hired his brother William D. Washburn to assist in the company's development. In 1866 the Washburns got into the business themselves. At the time, the building was considered to be so large and output so vast that it could not sustain itself.
However, the company succeeded, in 1874 he built the bigger Washburn "A" Mill. In 1877, the mill entered a partnership with John Crosby to form the Washburn-Crosby Company, producing Winter Wheat Flour; that same year Washburn sent William Hood Dunwoody to England to open the market for spring wheat. Dunwoody became a silent partner. In 1878, the "A" mill was destroyed in a flour dust explosion along with five nearby buildings; the ensuing fire led to the death of 18 workers. Construction of a new mill began immediately. Not only was the new mill safer but it was able to produce a higher quality flour after the old grinding stones were replaced with automatic steel rollers, the first used. In 1880, Washburn-Crosby flour brands won gold and bronze medals at the Millers' International Exhibition in Cincinnati, causing them to launch the Gold Medal flour brand. In 1924, the company acquired a failing Twin Cities radio station, WLAG, renaming it WCCO. General Mills itself was created in June 1928 when Washburn-Crosby President James Ford Bell merged Washburn-Crosby and 28 other mills.
In 1928, General Mills acquired the Wichita Mill and Elevator Company of the industrialist Frank Kell of Wichita Falls, Texas. With the sale, Kell acquired cash plus stock in the corporation; the newly merged company paid a dividend in 1928, has continued the dividend uninterrupted since then–one of only a few companies to pay a dividend every year since then. Beginning in 1929, General Mills products contained box top coupons, known as Betty Crocker coupons, with varying point values, which were redeemable for discounts on a variety of housewares products featured in the distributed Betty Crocker catalog; the coupons and the catalog were discontinued by the company in 2006. A similar program, Box Tops for Education, in which coupon icons clipped off various General Mills products can be redeemed by schools for cash, started in 1996 and is still active. General Mills became the sponsor of the popular radio show The Lone Ranger in 1941; the show was brought to television, after 20 years, their sponsorship came to an end in 1961.
Beginning in 1959, General Mills sponsored the Rocky and His Friends television series known as The Bullwinkle Show. Until 1968, Rocky and Bullwinkle were featured in a variety of advertisements for General Mills. General Mills was a sponsor of the Saturday-morning cartoons from the Total TeleVision productions studio, including Tennessee Tuxedo; the company was a sponsor of the ABC western series The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp, starring Hugh O'Brian. In 1946, General Mills established their Aeronautical Research Division with chief engineer Otto C. Winzen; this division developed high altitude balloons in conjunction with the United States Navy Office of Naval Research, such as the Skyhook balloon. The Aeronautical work of General Mills done around the time of the second World War is continued by the company Raven Industries in their Raven Aerostar department; the General Mills Electronics division developed the DSV Alvin submersible, notable for being used in investigating the wreck of Titanic among other deep-sea exploration missions.
The first venture General Mills took into the toy industry was in 1965. The company bought Rainbow Crafts, the manufacturer of Play-Doh. General Mills' purchase of the company was substantial because it brought production costs down and tripled the revenue. General Mills came out with their "Monster Cereals" in the 1970s; the cereals are now sold seasonally around Halloween. In 1970, General Mills acquired a five-unit restaurant company called Red Lobster and expanded it nationwide. Soon, a division of General Mills titled General Mills Restaurants developed to take charge of the Red Lobster chain. In 1980, General Mills acquired; the company converted the restaurants into other chain restaurants they were operating, such as Red Lobster. In 1982, General Mills Restaurants founded a new Italian-themed restaurant chain called Olive Garden. Another themed restaurant, China Coast, was added before the entire group was spun off to General Mills shareholders in 1995 as Darden Restaurants. During the same decade, General Mills ventured further, starting the General Mills Specialty Retail Group.
They acquired two clothing and apparel companies and Eddie Bauer. The acquisition was short-lived. Talbots was purchased by a Japanese company known as JUSCO, the Spiegel company purchased Bauer. Spiegel declared bankrupt
The Entrepotdoksluis is a bridge in Amsterdam-Centrum that crosses a lock by the same name. The bridge is located in the Hoogte Kadijk and spans the north side of the Entrepotdoksluis, which leads from the Entrepotdok to the Nieuwe Vaart; the bridge has been a rijksmonument since 2001. The bridge has a passage opening of 13.44 metres wide and a passage height of 3.02 metres The bridge gave access to the Entrepotdok, an inland port built in 1827 where imported goods were stored until the import duties were paid. The current Entrepotdoksluis was opened in 1840. A double wooden drawbridge was built over it; as shipping was still busy, the bridge could not be replaced by a fixed bridge. In around 1902, the municipality opted for an iron / steel drawbridge. In September 1902 the first tender was made, 16 m³ of granite had to be delivered this bridge. According to the Monuments Register and Frank V. Smit, the bridge was built in 1903; the monuments register described the bridge in August 2017 as follows: a single seesaw or drawbridge with passage, designed by the Public Works Department.
It has abutments made of brick and dimension stone, a frame with simple steel girders and a wooden bridge deck. The frame and balance are made of riveted steel with half-timbering; the lifting cables are made of steel. The movement work is performed in a quadrant. In contrast to many steel bridges, the balustrades are made of decorative ironwork; the bridge was made by Werkspoor op Oostenburg. In 1911 the controls were given electric power with a drive from the NB Haarlemsche Machinefabriek v / h / Gebr. Figee; some repair work had to be done in 1936, but the bridge did its job since its placement. However, today the bridge is controlled in the same way as the adjacent bridge 327, which resulted in a saving on the lubrication frequency from 10 times a month to once every quarter. According to Smit van Wichert, the designer was Arend de Graaf and belongs to his first generation of drawbridges. Few of them are left, because they became outdated, looked somewhat crude. In the years following construction of this bridge, De Graaf's drawbridges became somewhat more ornate, so the movement work became open.
It was not until 1915 that the definitive De Graaf drawbridge took its shape under the influence of structural engineer Adriaan Dwars. The end result of all improvements can be found in bridge 307, the result of a collaboration with Piet Kramer. Canals of Amsterdam
The 1992 Constitution of Mali was approved by a referendum on 12 January 1992 after being drawn up by a national conference in August 1991. The constitution provides for multi party democracy within a semi-presidential system, it was suspended after the 2012 military coup and in 2013. The original Malian constitution was abrogated on 6 December 1968 after a military coup d'état and replaced by a new fundamental law. A new constitution adopted in 1974 after a referendum on 2 June 1974 created a one party state while moving the state from military rule; this constitution lasted until the overthrow of Moussa Traoré in a coup d'état in 1991. The new regime under Amadou Toumani Touré moved to establish a national conference which drew up the new constitution in August 1991; this constitution was overwhelmingly approved by referendum on 12 January 1992 with over 98% of those voting approving the constitution. Under the constitution the president is the chief of head of the armed forces, he is elected to a five-year term, with a limit of two terms, appoints the prime minister as head of the government.
The Prime Minister is responsible to the National Assembly of Mali and can be removed by a no confidence vote. The constitution provides for multi party democracy with the only prohibition against parties on ethnic, regional or religious grounds; the constitution states that Mali adheres to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights. It guarantees the independence of the judiciary; the Constitutional Court decides whether laws abide by the constitution and guarantees the liberties and fundamental rights of the people of Mali. English translation of Constitution of Mali
Axel Ehnström is a Finnish songwriter and musician. He is known for writing songs for artists such as Lost Frequencies and Alle Farben, he participated as Paradise Oskar in the Eurovision Song Contest 2011. Axel Ehnström has been involved with several gold and platinum certified albums and has worked with artists such as Phoebe Ryan, Lost Frequencies, Isac Elliot, Anna Abreu, Alle Farben, RAF Camorra, Dennis Kruissen, Madeline Juno and Kasmir. Ehnström has worked as a songwriter published by Elements Music since 2013. In 2014, he co-wrote Sofi De La Torre's song "Vermillion", which Billboard declared one of the best songs of the year. Ehnström's recent notable credits include a feature on Lost Frequencies' single"All Or Nothing", Deepend's"Woke up in Bangkok" and the co-writing of Alle Faben's hugely successful song Bad Ideas, the most played song on the German radio for four weeks in a row. Both the 2016 and 2017 Finnish music industry reports by Music Finland, showed that Ehnström had more international songwriting cuts than any other Finnish songwriter in 2016 and 2017 respectively.
In 2018, the Finnish Music Publishers association awarded Ehnström with the music export award of the year for his work in the German music market. Ehnström represented Finland as Paradise Oskar in the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 with the song "Da Da Dam" placing 21st in the finals held in Düsseldorf, Germany. Ehnström received the Marcel Bezençon Press Award given to the best entry as voted on by the accredited media and press during the 2011 Eurovision event. Paradise Oskar's debut album Sunday Songs was released via Warner Music Finland on May 2, 2011. Ehnström's family belongs to the Swedish-speaking minority in Finland, he lives in Kirkkonummi. He adopted the name Paradise Oskar from author Astrid Lindgren's children's book "Rasmus and the Vagabond", where Paradise Oskar is a vagabond who plays the accordion
Crying Freeman is a manga series written by Kazuo Koike and illustrated by Ryoichi Ikegami. Crying Freeman follows an assassin, a Japanese man hypnotized and trained by the Chinese mafia to serve as its agent, covered in a vast and complex dragon tattoo. A quiet but complicated killer, Freeman reflexively sheds tears after every killing as a sign of regret; the manga was serialized by Shogakukan on its magazine Big Comic Spirits from 1986 to 1988. It was first published in North America by Viz Media in comic book form. Viz republished the series in graphic novel form in two versions: an initial set and longer volumes that combined the initial volumes together, dubbed "Perfect Collections." From 2006 to 2007, the manga was republished by Dark Horse Comics in five volumes. The story was adapted into an anime OVA by Toei Animation, released from 1988 to 1994. Crying Freeman has been adapted into three live-action films: two in Hong Kong in Cantonese and an English-language adaptation in Canada. Yō Hinomura, a Japanese potter, comes into the possession of some film showing an assassination by an agent of the 108 Dragons, a powerful Chinese mafia.
Seeking its return, they kidnap him. Subjected to forced hypnosis, Yo is brainwashed into acting as the 108 Dragons' principal assassin yet - cruelly - is permitted to remember his innocent past at the moment he kills, shedding a tear unconsciously each time that he does so, he is given the codename "Crying Freeman" as a result. One of his killings is witnessed by a lonely and beautiful Japanese artist. Knowing he must kill her, she waits for him to come; when he does so, she wishes to end her life. She asks for a favor before he kills her - to make love to her, so that she will not die as a virgin, he grants her wish, but finds he cannot kill her and they fall in love. The killing she witnessed was of a yakuza boss, however, so the yakuza want to find her so that they can find the killer. One of the yakuza attempts to enter Emu's home and force her to disclose the name of the killer, critically injuring her. Freeman takes her to the hospital and tells her to meet him at Hinomura Kiln, where he intends to part with her.
Instead, she accompanies him back to the 108 Dragons, where he tattoos her with tigers and they marry. The heads of the 108 Dragons decide to name Freeman as their heir, he is given the Chinese name Lóng Tài-Yáng, Emu is renamed Hǔ Qīng-Lán, as both pass the tests given to them. It proves not as easy as that, however, as they must contend with challenges to the leadership from Bái-Yá Shàn, the granddaughter of the leaders of the 108 Dragons, attempts to destroy the Dragons from other underground organizations; the 108 Dragons is a Chinese Mafia. It holds numerous assets around the world, including its own nuclear submarine; as a rule in the organization, succession by blood inheritance is prohibited. Yō Hinomura / Crying Freeman / Lóng Tài-Yáng Voiced by: Toshio Furukawa. During a visit to America to showcase his works, a photographer hid secret pictures of the 108 Dragons in one of his pots. Yo was asked by the Dragons to surrender them, but refused; as retribution, Father Dragon had him kidnapped and put under hypnosis to make him the perfect assassin, as he was considered the perfect candidate to lead the 108 Dragons.
He was trained by Mother Tiger in assassination techniques and martial arts. After his training was complete, he received a giant dragon tattoo covering his body; because he cries in remorse for his victims after he snaps out of his trance, he earned the name Crying Freeman. Freeman possesses incredible agility and strength, is considered the strongest man in the world; each of his senses have been honed and sharpened and he is able to adapt to any situation. Shown to use guns, he comes to prefer daggers, which he can proficiently wield with both his hands and feet. In addition to being the strongest man in the world, Lóng Tài-Yáng is one of the most handsome, no woman has been able to resist his charms, which he takes full sexual advantage of after Emu Hino becomes his wife. Emu Hino / Hǔ Qīng-Lán Voiced by: Chiharu Kataishi. All, left to her was the old family mansion. One day, she witnesses Freeman chasing and killing a Japanese crime boss in Hong Kong, after which she asks his name, to which he only replied "Yo".
When she sees his tears after the murder, she is intrigued and falls in love with him. Soon, she becomes witness to Freeman's murder of Shudo Shimazaki, the head of the Hakushin Society, which causes both the police and the Yakuza to tail her, she returns home only to find. Emu requests that Yo take her virginity before killing her, to which he complies. Yo cannot bring himself to kill her as he has fallen in love with her, the two escape to Hong Kong. At first, Mother Tiger disapproves of her, thinking that Emu was weak, but Emu's strong will and resolve ea
The Grafton Academy of Fashion Design is a third level college based in Dublin, Ireland. It offers an undergraduate 3 year full-time Diploma course in Fashion Design as well as short courses in Fashion Design, pattern drafting, garment construction, millinery and design on a full or part-time basis; the Grafton Academy of Fashion Design was founded in 1938 by Pauline Elizabeth Keller Clotworthy. Born in 1912, Pauline was brought up in a large house in Glenageary, with several generations of family around her. Pauline showed a keen interest in sketching and writing and went on to study at Dublin's Metropolitan School of Art, it was there that one of Pauline's tutors, artist Seán Keating cautioned her on turning her life drawing into fashion illustrations, this only encouraged Pauline who went on to study the art of representing fabrics and textures using watercolour in Browns Paris School of Fashion in London. Upon her return to Dublin, Pauline was advised by Arnotts department store manager Ronald Nesbit, to further educate herself on how to realise her fashion drawings.
Pauline returned to London to train at the British institute of Dress Designing. Pauline, understanding that she had benefited from an education, not available in Ireland, decided she wanted to share the skills she had acquired. Shortly after graduating in 1938, Pauline established the Grafton Academy, Ireland's first design school and within a year it had staged its debut show. Early graduates from the college include Neilli Mulcahy, Ib Jorgensen and Clodagh Phillips, all of whom made a significant contribution in promoting Irish fashion culture, both home and abroad; as of 2018, the Grafton Academy is managed by Pauline's daughter Suzanne Marr. Alumni of the college include: Louise Kennedy Paul Costelloe Liz Quinn Carolyn Donnelly Sharon Hoey Patrick Casey Ib Jorgensen Neilli Mulcahy Clodagh Phillips Richard Lewis Lorcan Mullany Sean Byrne Umit Kutluk Emma Manley Jacqueline Quinn Grafton Academy of Fashion Design website