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Genius loci

In classical Roman religion, a genius loci was the protective spirit of a place. It was depicted in religious iconography as a figure holding attributes such as a cornucopia, patera or snake. Many Roman altars found throughout the Western Roman Empire were dedicated to a particular genius loci; the Roman imperial cults of the Emperor and the imperial house developed in part in connections with the sacrifices made by neighborhood associations to the local genius. These 265 local districts had their cult organised around the Lares Compitales, which the emperor Augustus transformed into Lares Augusti along with the Genius Augusti; the Emperor's genius is regarded as the genius loci of the Roman Empire as a whole. Roman examples of these Genii can be found, for example, at the church of St. Giles, Wiltshire where the genius locus is depicted as a relief in the wall of a Norman church built of Roman material; this shows "a youthful and curly-haired Roman Genius worked in high relief, holding a cornucopia in his left hand and a patera in his right", "erroneously identified as Asclepius".

The numinous spirits of places in Asia are still honored today in city pillar shrines, outdoor spirit houses and indoor household and business shrines. In contemporary usage, genius loci refers to a location's distinctive atmosphere, or a "spirit of the place", rather than a guardian spirit. An example of contemporary usage might be along the lines of "Light reveals the genius loci of a place." Alexander Pope made the genius loci an important principle in garden and landscape design with the following lines from Epistle IV, to Richard Boyle, Earl of Burlington: Pope's verse laid the foundation for one of the most agreed principles of landscape architecture. This is the principle that landscape designs should always be adapted to the context in which they are located. A priori and genius loci are the primary principals of Neo-Rationalism or New Rationalism. Pioneered by the Italian architect Aldo Rossi, Neo-Rationalism developed in the light of a re-evaluation of the work of Giuseppe Terragni, gained momentum through the work of Giorgio Grassi.

Characterized by elemental vernacular forms and an adaptation to the existing environment, the Neo-Rationalist style has adherents beyond architecture in the greater world of art. In the context of modern architectural theory, genius loci has profound implications for place-making, falling within the philosophical branch of "phenomenology"; this field of architectural discourse is explored most notably by the theorist Christian Norberg-Schulz in his book, Genius Loci: Towards a Phenomenology of Architecture. In modern works of fantasy, such as Dungeons and Dragons or The Dresden Files, a genius loci is an intelligent spirit or magical power that resides in a place. Few genius loci of this form are able to move from their native area, either because they are "part of the land" or because they are bound to it. Genius loci are portrayed as being powerful and also intelligent, though there is a great deal of variability on these points; some versions are nearly omnipotent and omniscient inside the area they inhabit, while others are vast, semi-sentient wellsprings of magical energy.

This power never extends beyond the border of the genius loci. Different settings give different explanations for the existence of genius loci. In most cases, the intelligent, magical entity develops from the named "spirit of place" over a great deal of time. In other settings, genius loci are formed by powerful magical events, in others they are the results of ley lines, mana pools, or an equivalent. Chenghuang, the Chinese urban equivalent Genius Jinn Landvættir Shekhinah Tomte Tudigong, the Chinese equivalent Tutelary deity Zashiki-warashi Zeitgeist Patterson, Barry; the Art of Conversation with the Genius Loci. Cappall Bann Books. ISBN 1-86163-169-3. Essay on the Genius loci in landscape and garden design St. Giles, Wiltshire Relief in the wall

America's Best Contacts & Eyeglasses

America's Best Contacts & Eyeglasses is a discount provider of eye examinations and contact lenses, with over 700 retail locations in the United States as of 2019. From 2005 to 2014, America's Best was a division of National Vision, a held portfolio company owned by Berkshire Partners. In 2014, National Vision, was sold to KKR & Co. L. P. America's Best Contacts & Eyeglasses is the largest buyer of designer overstock eyeglass frames in the United States. America's Best Contacts & Eyeglasses and its predecessor entities were founded in July 1978 by Bill Grody, soon after federal deregulation permitted price advertising of eyewear, eye exams, related services and supplies. ABC&E's first location was on Chicago's "Magnificent Mile" in September 1978 on the 15th floor of a North Michigan Avenue office building, along with ABC&E's in-house advertising agency. From 1978 to early 1990, ABC&E remained internally financed. By 1990 the company had 34 locations including a full-service lens manufacturing facility.

In April 1990, Grody sold the majority of the company in an LBO to Boston-based financial investors, Berkshire Partners, for $24 million, retaining minority ownership along with his senior management team. In December, 1993, Grody orchestrated a management-led leveraged buyout of ABC&E, repurchasing the majority of the company for $40 million, with Berkshire Partners choosing to maintain a minority position. In April 1997, Grody sold ABC&E in its entirety for $50 million to a strategic buyer, Chrysallis Management. Grody led the company throughout its growth until its final sale in 1997. By 1997, ABC&E's revenues were $103 million and it had about 1,400 employees plus 150 independent doctors of optometry, 100 retail stores in 25 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico. Chrysallis Management, which owned eyewear stores located in the Southwestern U. S. created Consolidated Vision Group in April 1997, a holding company established for its eyewear businesses including its purchase at that time of America's Best Contacts & Eyeglasses with America's Best Contacts & Eyeglasses as its largest and best known national brand.

In 2003, America's Best Eyeglasses had about $126 million in revenue from 105 locations. By 2004, it had $133 million from 111 locations. In September, 2005, Berkshire Partners again acquired America's Best Contacts & Eyeglasses along with the entire eyewear holdings of CVG, purchased another national eyewear company, National Vision, Inc. Upon its purchase, National Vision, Inc. became the parent company of all the eyewear businesses owned in the majority by Berkshire Partners with America's Best Contacts & Eyeglasses its largest division. By the end of 2013, National Vision, had about 750 retail locations among with its America's Best Contacts & Eyeglasses brand accounting for about 425 locations. In the beginning of 2014, NVI was acquired in its entirety for more than $1 billion by KKR & Co. L. P. again with management participation and Berkshire Partners maintaining minority equity positions. Official website

Miami metropolitan area

The Miami metropolitan area known as the Greater Miami Area or South Florida, is the 72nd largest metropolitan area in the world and the seventh-largest metropolitan area in the United States. Located in southern Florida with 6,198,782 inhabitants as of 2018, the Miami metropolitan area is the most populous in Florida and second largest in the southeastern United States, it extends about 120 miles from north to south. The metropolitan area is defined by the Office of Management and Budget as the Miami–Fort Lauderdale–West Palm Beach, FL, consisting of Miami-Dade and Palm Beach counties, a metropolitan statistical area used for statistical purposes by the United States Census Bureau and other agencies, its land area is 6,137 sq. mi. Miami-Dade and Palm Beach counties are the first and third most populous counties in Florida, Miami-Dade, with 2,761,581 people in 2018, is the seventh most populous county in the United States; the three counties together are known as the Greater Miami Area and have principal cities including Miami, Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach, Pembroke Pines and Boca Raton.

Besides its association with the South Florida region, which includes the Everglades and the Florida Keys, it is synonymous with an area known collectively as the "Gold Coast". The Census Bureau defines a wider region based on commuting patterns, the Miami–Fort Lauderdale–Port St. Lucie, FL Combined Statistical Area, with an estimated population of 6,723,472 in 2016; this includes the four additional counties of Martin, St. Lucie, Indian River, Okeechobee; because the population of South Florida is confined to a strip of land between the Atlantic Ocean and the Everglades, the Miami urbanized area is about 100 miles long, but never more than 20 miles wide, in some areas only 5 miles wide. The Miami metropolitan statistical area is longer than any other urbanized area in the United States except for the New York metropolitan area, it was the eighth most densely populated urbanized area in the United States in the 2000 census. As of the 2000 census, the urbanized area had a land area of 1,116 square miles, with a population of 4,919,036, for a population density of 4,407.4 per square mile.

Miami and Hialeah had population densities of more than 10,000 per square mile. The Miami Urbanized Area was the fourth largest urbanized area in the United States in the 2010 census; the Miami metropolitan area includes several urban clusters as of the 2000 Census which are not part of the Miami Urbanized Area. These are the Belle Glade UC, population 24,218, area 20,717,433 square meters and population density of 3027.6 per square mile. The Miami metropolitan area consists of three distinct metropolitan divisions, subdividing the region into three divisions according to the region's three counties: Miami-Dade County, Broward County, Palm Beach County; the following is a list of the twenty largest cities in the Miami metropolitan area as ranked by population. The Miami area is a diverse community with a large proportion of foreign-born residents, in large part due to its proximity to Latin America and the Caribbean. Another factor is residents who were snowbirds from the Northeast and, to a lesser extent, countries such as Canada.

Politically speaking, the region is Democratic. Broward County is the second most reliably Democratic county in the state, behind only Gadsden County. Palm Beach County, like Broward, is Democratic as well amongst its Jewish community, while the rest of Florida tends to follow Southern politics and vote more Republican, with the exception of certain parts of Florida where Southern culture is not as influential. With a majority Hispanic population in Miami-Dade, Republican votes are by older generations of Cuban Americans most of whom had fled to the United States to escape the Communist reign of Fidel Castro, but Miami-Dade County still remains Democratic when compared with most of Florida's other counties. In the 2016 presidential election, 62.3% of voters in the Miami metropolitan area voted Democratic. This was the 6th highest of any metro area in the United States; as of the 2005 American Community Survey, 5,334,685 people lived in the metropolis. The Miami area has a large Jewish community.

There is a sizable Muslim community numbering 70,000. Population: As of the 2010 U. S. Census, there were 5,564,635 people. 2.8 million were females and 2.6 million were males. The median age was 38.6 years. 24% of the population were under 18 years and 15% were 65 years and older. There were 2,097,626 households, 1,378,108 families residing in the Miami metropolitan area. Ethnicity: The racial makeup of the population of the Miami area as of 2016: White: 70.3% White Hispanic: 39.2% White Non-Hispanic: 31.1% Black or African American: 21.2% Native American: 0.2% Asian: 2.5% Pacific Islander: 0.1% Other races: 3.5% Two or more races:2.2% Hispanic or Latino were 44.2% of the population National origin and language: Of the people living in the Miami metr

Mary Cameron (entomologist)

Mary M. Cameron FRES is a medical entomologist in the United Kingdom. In 2019 she was the Professor of Medical Entomology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Cameron obtained a BSc in Zoology in 1983 from Bedford College and a PhD in Entomology in 1987 from the University of London, she was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Oxford and a research fellow at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, before moving to the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in 1995 as a lecturer, where she is now Professor of Medical Entomology. Cameron carries out field and laboratory research focusing on the surveillance and control of a wide range of vector-borne diseases leishmaniasis, she works internationally and she is a member of the World Health Organisation's Regional Technical Advisory Group focussing on Kala-azar disease elimination in South-East Asia. She is editor of the Royal Entomological Society's journal Medical and Veterinary Entomology. In 2013 she co-edited a book Biological and Environmental Control of Disease Vectors published by the Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International.

Cameron is cofounder and director of Vecotech, a spin-off company of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine profile

Frederick Chilton

Dr. Frederick Chilton is a fictional character appearing in Thomas Harris' novels Red Dragon and The Silence of the Lambs. Chilton is first introduced in Harris' 1981 novel Red Dragon as the pompous, incompetent director of a sanitarium near Baltimore, acting as the jailer for the cannibalistic serial killer Hannibal Lecter; when FBI profiler Will Graham goes to Lecter for advice on capturing another serial killer, Francis Dolarhyde, Chilton makes an unwelcome attempt to question Graham about Lecter's psyche. When Dolarhyde learns of Graham's visits with Lecter, the two killers attempt to correspond through the classifieds of a tabloid newspaper. Chilton informs his superior, Jack Crawford, of the discovery. Lecter's reply is intercepted and revealed to contain Graham's home address, which Dolarhyde uses to track down Graham in the novel's climax. In The Silence of the Lambs, Chilton allows Crawford to send an FBI trainee, Clarice Starling, to interview Lecter about another serial killer, Buffalo Bill.

He makes a clumsy pass at Starling on their first meeting and she rejects him. Chilton grows jealous of Starling's success, where he has failed, in convincing Lecter to share information, he uses a recording device to eavesdrop on their interviews, from which he learns of Crawford's offer to transfer Lecter to a better prison facility in exchange for revealing Buffalo Bill's identity. Chilton learns that the offer is a trick but sets it up anyway quickly hogs the spotlight as the plan's architect. Lecter is transferred, but gives false information: he claims that the killer's name is "Billy Rubin", a pun on bilirubin, a compound that colors human bile and feces and a reference to Chilton's hair color.. Lecter gives Starling the real information needed to track down Buffalo Bill. Afterwards, Lecter makes a bloody escape from custody after using an improvised handcuff key made from a pen tube and paper clip he was able to use only when transferred to police custody. While still on the run, Lecter sends a letter to Starling, saying she is safe and he will not come after her, another letter to Chilton swearing gruesome vengeance.

In the film adaptation, Lecter calls Starling and says he is "having an old friend for dinner", as he begins secretly following Chilton. Chilton does not appear in Hannibal; the novel does mention. In Manhunter, the first film adaptation of Red Dragon, Chilton is played by Benjamin Hendrickson. Chilton’s role is reduced, is depicted as more competent and professional than his literary counterpart and lacking his hatred of Lecter. In both The Silence of the Lambs and Red Dragon, he is played by Anthony Heald. In the TV series Hannibal, a loose adaptation of the novels, Chilton is portrayed by Raúl Esparza. In this continuity, Chilton was a "dangerously incompetent" surgeon who switched his specialty to psychiatry after accidentally killing a patient, he first appears in the episode "Entrée", in which his patient Dr. Abel Gideon kills a nurse after Chilton unwittingly influences him into believing that he is the serial killer known as the Chesapeake Ripper. Gideon learns the truth and suffers an identity crisis, he escapes to seek revenge against all of his previous psychiatrists, including Chilton.

Gideon kidnaps and tortures Chilton, intending to leave his organs as a "gift basket" for the real Ripper. Gideon is forced to flee from the police after having removed some of Chilton's less vital organs, leaving him alive but in critical condition. Chilton reappears in the second season, minus one kidney, walking with a cane, now unable to consume protein-rich food. Will Graham —who has been falsely accused of the Ripper murders—is now a patient under Chilton's custody, he appeals to Chilton's vanity and convinces him to help expose Hannibal Lecter as the real killer. Through Chilton's resources, Graham discovers that Lecter was inducing the blackouts and seizures he was suffering prior to his arrest. Chilton confronts Lecter with this, but claims he will keep his secret, as he is guilty of "making a patient kill". Graham discovers that Gideon is aware that Lecter is the Ripper. Armed with this knowledge, Graham points out to Chilton that both he and Gideon claim to know who the Ripper is, tempts him with the intriguing possibility that the two of them might independently discover the Ripper's identity.

Chilton brings Gideon back into his custody, though Gideon does not cooperate and is kidnapped by Lecter. Chilton begins to believe Graham's accusations against Lecter, but attempts to maintain the pretense of ignorance when socializing with the doctor. Lecter frames Chilton for the Ripper murders, kills two FBI agents in Chilton's home, leaves a dying, dismembered Gideon in his basement. Chilton plans to flee the country, tries to seek refuge with Graham, exonerated. Knowing Lecter will find Chilton if he flees, Graham asks Jack Crawford to arrest Chilton to protect him. During Chilton's interrogation, a surviving Ripper victim, Miriam Lass, is observing behind a one-way mirror. Upon hearing Chilton's voice, Lass experiences a false memory implanted by Lecter during her imprisonment of Chilton tormenting her. In a moment of blind rage, Lass draws Crawfor

USS Canary (AMc-25)

USS Canary was a coastal minesweeper acquired by the U. S. Navy for the dangerous task of removing mines from minefields laid in the water to prevent ships from passing. Canary John G. Murley, was acquired by the Navy on 24 October 1940, following conversion, was placed in service on 19 June 1941 in the 4th Naval District. On 10 January 1944 she was re-classified YDT-7 and thereafter attached to the 5th Naval District for assignment in connection with diving, torpedo and antisubmarine programs. Canary was transferred to the Maritime Administration in June 1948. List of United States Navy ships Minesweeper This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. NavSource Online: Mine Warfare Vessel Photo Archive - Canary / YDT-7