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Geography of Malaysia

The geography of Malaysia deals with the physical and human geography of Malaysia, a Southeast Asian country. There are two major parts to this country, Peninsular Malaysia to the west and East Malaysia to the east. In addition, there are numerous smaller islands surrounding both landmasses. Peninsular Malaysia is situated on the southernmost section of the Malay Peninsula, south of Thailand, north of Singapore and east of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Located near the equator, Malaysia's climate is categorised as equatorial, being hot and humid throughout the year; the average rainfall is 250 centimetres a year and the average temperature is 27 °C. The climates of the Peninsula and the East differ, as the climate on the peninsula is directly affected by wind from the mainland, as opposed to the more maritime weather of the East. Malaysia is exposed to the El Niño effect. Climate change is to have a significant effect on Malaysia, increasing sea levels and rainfall, increasing flooding risks and leading to large droughts.

Malaysia faces two monsoon winds seasons, the Southwest Monsoon from late May to September, the Northeast Monsoon from October to March. The Northeast Monsoon, originating in China and the north Pacific, brings in more rainfall compared to the Southwest Monsoon, which originates from the deserts of Australia. March and October form transitions between the two monsoons. Local climates are affected by the presence of mountain ranges throughout Malaysia, climate can be divided into that of the highlands, the lowlands, coastal regions; the coasts have a sunny climate, with temperatures ranging between 23 and 32 °C, rainfall ranging from 10 to 30 centimetres a month. The lowlands have a similar temperature, but follow a more distinctive rainfall pattern and show high humidity levels; the highlands are cooler and wetter, display a greater temperature variation. A large amount of cloud cover is present over the highlands, which have humidity levels that do not fall below 75%; the highest temperature was recorded at Chuping, Perlis on 9 April 1998 at 40.1 °C.

The lowest temperature was recorded at Mount Kinabalu, Sabah on 28 October 2018 at −2.4 °C. The snowfall was recorded in a year was 3 cm at Mount Kinabalu, Sabah in 1975, 1990 and 1993; the highest rainfall recorded in a day was 608 mm in Kota Bharu, Kelantan on 6 January 1967. The highest rainfall recorded in a year was 5,687 mm at Sandakan, Sabah in 2006. Meanwhile, the lowest rainfall recorded in a year was 1,151 mm at Tawau, Sabah in 1997; the wettest city in Malaysia is Kuching, Sarawak with an average rainfall of 4,159 mm with 279 days of rain a year. The driest place in Malaysia is in Perak with average rainfall of only 1,787 mm a year. Malaysia is located on the Sunda shelf, is tectonically inactive; the oldest rocks in the country date from 540 million years ago, are sedimentary. The most common form of rock is limestone, formed during the Paleozoic Era. Limestone laid down in East Malaysia during the Tertiary period has since eroded, such erosion forms basins of sedimentary rocks rich in oil and natural gas.

The mountain ranges in Malaysia were formed through orogenesis beginning in the Mesozoic era. The total land area of Malaysia is 329,847 square kilometres, the 66th largest country in the world in terms of area, it is the only country to contain land on the Malay archipelago. Peninsular Malaysia makes up 132,090 square kilometres, or 40% of the country's land area, while East Malaysia covers 198,847 square kilometres, or 60%. From the total land area, 1,200 square kilometres or 0.37% is made up of water such as lakes, rivers, or other internal waters. Malaysia has a total coastline of 4,675 kilometres, Peninsular Malaysia has 2,068 kilometres, while East Malaysia has 2,607 kilometres of coastline. Malaysia has the 29th longest coastline in the world; the two distinct parts of Malaysia, separated from each other by the Natuna Sea, share a similar landscape in that both West and East Malaysia feature coastal plains rising to hills and mountains. Peninsular Malaysia covers the southern half of the Malay Peninsula, extends 740 kilometres from north to south, its maximum width is 322 kilometres.

It is mountainous, with more than half of it over 150 metres above sea level. About half of Peninsular Malaysia is covered by granite and other igneous rocks, a third more is covered by stratified rocks older than the granite, the remainder is covered by alluvium. Harbours are only available on the peninsula's western side, the most fertile land occurs when river valleys flow out to the sea; the coastal plains bordering the straits of Malacca are the most densely populated areas of Malaysia, contains Malaysia's capital, Kuala Lumpur. East Malaysia, on the island of Borneo, has a coastline of 2,607 kilometres, it is divided between coastal regions and valleys, a mountainous interior. There are only two major cities and Kota Kinabalu. Much of southern Sarawak is coastal lowlands, which shifts to a series of plateaus going north, ending in the mountainous regions of Sabah. Malaysia is flat, with many mountain ranges but modest in elevation scattered in its territory. With notable exception is Crocker Range, the highest mountain range in Malaysia located in state of Sabah, which divides the state in ha

List of senators of French West Africa

Following is a list of senators of French West Africa, people who represented the colonies in French West Africa in the Senate of France during the French Fourth Republic. All of these colonies became independent countries between 1958 and 1960. Senators for Dahomey under the French Fourth Republic were: France granted autonomy to the Republic of Dahomey in 1958 and full independence on 1 August 1960. Senators for French Guinea under the French Fourth Republic were: On 2 October 1958 Guinea proclaimed itself a sovereign and independent republic with Ahmed Sékou Touré as president. Senators for the Ivory Coast under the French Fourth Republic were: In 1958 Ivory Coast became an autonomous member of the French Community and in 1960 the country became independent. Senators for Mauritania under the French Fourth Republic were: Mauritania became an independent nation in November 1960. Senators for Niger under the French Fourth Republic were: Niger became an autonomous state within the French Community on 4 December 1958.

The country acquired full independence on 3 August 1960. Senators for Senegal under the French Fourth Republic were: On 4 April 1959 Senegal and the French Sudan merged to form the Mali Federation, which became independent on 20 June 1960; the Federation broke up on 20 August 1960, when Senegal and French Sudan each proclaimed independence. Senators for the French Sudan under the French Fourth Republic were: On 4 April 1959 Senegal and the French Sudan merged to form the Mali Federation, which became independent on 20 June 1960; the Federation broke up on 20 August 1960, when Senegal and French Sudan each proclaimed independence. Senators for French Togoland under the French Fourth Republic were: French Togoland became an autonomous republic within the French union in 1955. On 27 April 1960 Togo became independent. Senators for French Upper Volta under the French Fourth Republic were: Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French community on 11 December 1958; the country became independent on 5 August 1960

Shake Your Bon-Bon

"Shake Your Bon-Bon" is the third single taken from the second self-titled album by Ricky Martin. It was released on October 12, 1999; the US maxi-single includes "Almost a Love Song", an English version of Martin's song "Casi un Bolero", taken from the Grammy-winning album Vuelve. The Australian maxi-single contains one new song, called "Ay, Ay, Ay It's Christmas"; the music video aired in September 1999, was directed once again by Wayne Isham. Ricky Martin received nominations for Best Male Video and Best Dance Video at the 2000 MTV Video Music Awards. "Shake Your Bon-Bon" peaked at number twenty-two on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States. It peaked at number twelve in the United Kingdom and number twenty-seven in Australia, where it was certified Gold; the song was used in two TV spots for the ninth-generation Toyota Corolla, with actor Brad Pitt driving the car. William Hung recorded this song on his album Inspiration; the lyrics "Shake your bon-bon, shake your" are sung by a penguin in the animated film Happy Feet.

Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

William Harrell Nellis

William Harrell Nellis was a United States fighter pilot who flew 70 World War II combat missions. He was shot down the last time fatally. On April 30, 1950, the Las Vegas Air Force Base in Nevada was renamed Nellis Air Force Base in his honor. Soon after his birth in Santa Rita, New Mexico and his parents Cecil and Marguerite, moved to Searchlight, Nevada and, when he was 13, to Las Vegas, Nevada, he graduated from Las Vegas High School. He did not go to college, but subsequently joined the Army Enlisted Reserve Corps on December 9, 1942, training in Albany, Georgia, he was commissioned a flight officer on January 7, 1944. On July 9, 1944, Nellis was assigned to the 513th Fighter Squadron, in support of General George Patton's Third Army. On December 27, 1944, flying a P-47 Thunderbolt during the Battle of the Bulge, he was shot down by ground fire while strafing a German convoy in Luxembourg, he was too low to bail out. Nellis's remains were recovered from his wrecked aircraft the following April.

He was buried at Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery and Memorial near Liège, Belgium

The Great Wife Hope

"The Great Wife Hope" is the third episode of The Simpsons' twenty-first season. Broadcast on the Fox network in the United States on October 11, 2009, it sees the men of Springfield taking immense interest in a new combat sport called mixed martial arts. Marge is appalled by the violent sport and demands that the creator put a stop to it, but he agrees only if she will fight him in a match and win. "The Great Wife Hope" was directed by Matthew Faughnan. Former Ultimate Fighting Championship champion; the episode featured multiple cultural references to fighting moves and positions, along with a single reference to professional wrestling promotion owner Vince McMahon. Since airing, the episode has received positive reviews from television critics towards the final scene, it received a 4.3/7 Nielsen rating with adults ages 18–49, behind all other programs aimed at that demographic in its timeslot. The men of Springfield become obsessed with a violent new string of mixed martial arts competitions called "Ultimate Punch Kick and Choke Championships".

The kids soon begin to fight in small MMA matches of their own at the playground of Springfield Elementary School. While Bart and Nelson are fighting in one match, Marge sees them and is disgusted by the violent nature of the entire sport, she and a group of concerned women begin protesting the sport in front of the MMA stadium. Marge decides to go on stage before a match begins and demands that everyone cease the sport entirely. Chett Englebrit, creator of the sport, agrees with Marge but only if she can win. Marge begins practicing rhythmic gymnastics. However, the family believes that her methods are unsuitable for the extreme task at hand and get her professional help, she learns boxing from Dredrick Tatum, wrestling from former Yale wrestler Mr. Burns and Judo from Akira, bullying from Jimbo and Kearney. Now trained, she enters the ring with Englebrit and is knocked to the ground. Bart wants to stand up for his mother and runs into the stadium to take her place, but is thrashed by Englebrit.

Marge witnesses this and beats Englebrit, winning their bet. Marge pulls down the ring's microphone and begins to give a speech, having had a change of heart about the demise of the violent sport upon having discovered her own dark side, she realizes, that everyone has left the building to watch a drunken brawl in the parking lot. As Marge and Homer leave to have some MMA-inspired sex and his sister, enter the empty ring and decide to settle their lifelong feud and there; as they approach each other to throw a punch, the credits begin, but the scene returns to depict Lisa punching Bart to the ground. "The Great Wife Hope" was directed by Matthew Faughnan. The writers of The Simpsons had a vast amount of knowledge and appreciation for mixed martial arts and included multiple references and themes of the sport throughout the episode. Former Ultimate Fighter champion Chuck Liddell guest starred as himself, signing photographs for fans, including Bart, at a cost of $25. Liddell commented that being a guest star was "very cool" and that the recording sessions were "easy".

The episode is a satire of the combat sport of mixed martial arts. Throughout the episode, characters perform multiple fighting positions. For example, Bart puts Nelson in a triangle choke at the playground when the two are fighting, while Marge takes out Englebrit with a flying armbar. Marge explains in the beginning of the episode that she found out about a creative new sport called "Crazy Bowling" by typing in "girls having fun"—after ignoring several thousand pages of porn—into the search engine Google. H. R. Pufnstuf is parodied as HufnStuf on Ice, because Englebrit's assistant claims the next day, Hufnstuf on Ice will need the space. Marge claims that the word Ultimate makes everything worse, though Otto Mann protests that it does not affect the popular sport Ultimate Frisbee. Englebrit carries similar traits to the professional wrestling promoter Vince McMahon. Marge tries to train for the match by performing rhythmic gymnastics, she practices boxing with a character named Dredrick Tatum, a parody of renowned boxer Mike Tyson.

"The Great Wife Hope" aired in the United States on October 11, 2009 on the Fox network. In this initial broadcast, it received a Nielsen rating of 4.3/7, totaling 7.5 million viewers in the 18-19 demographic. The episode received positive reviews from television critics. IGN reporter Robert Canning gave the episode a 7.7/10 rating, commenting that "what made me enjoy'The Great Wife Hope' were the peripheral bits and jokes outside the main storyline. There were many, they were funny. Emily VanDerWerff of The A. V. Club, giving the episode a "B", wrote that it had "some amusing detours along the way", she compared "The Great Wife Hope" positively to season two's "Itchy & Scratchy & Marge", writing that Marge's attempts to bring down the MMA sport is the parallel to her trying to bring The Itchy & Scratchy Show off the air due to its severe cartoon violence in the latter episode. The staff of the website MMAjunkie said the episode was a sign that MMA had "truly made it" and fans of the sport could appreciate the writer's knowledge on the topic.

Among more negative reviews include Jason Hughes of TV Squad, who commented that several jokes in the episode did not work, such as the reveal that Krusty the Clown has been sleeping with Sideshow Mel's wi

Vineyard Records UK

Vineyard Records UK is the worship ministry of Vineyard Churches UK and Ireland. It is a not-for profit music label that exists to document and release worship songs that are being written in the Vineyard UK church movement. Established in 1998 as Vineyard Music a division of Vineyard Music worldwide the organisation rebranded in 2005 to become known as Vineyard Records UK. VRUK have released a number of worship albums since 1998, their most well known being the Come Now is the Time to Worship and Hungry albums. Artists who have recorded for Vineyard Records UK include: Vicky Beeching Nigel Briggs Brenton Brown Brian Doerksen Great Big God Samuel Lane Kathryn Scott Nigel Hemming Harmony Smith Trent Band Official website