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Geography of Oman

Oman is a country situated in Southwest Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf, between Yemen and the United Arab Emirates. The coast of Oman was an important part in sultanate. Oman is located in the southeastern quarter of the Arabian Peninsula and covers a total land area of 309,500 km2; the land area is composed of varying topographic features: valleys and desert account for 82 percent of the land mass. The sultanate is flanked by the Gulf of Oman, the Arabian Sea, the Rub' al Khali of Saudi Arabia, all of which contributed to Oman's isolation; the country's contacts with the rest of the world were by sea, which not only provided access to foreign lands but linked the coastal towns of Oman. The Rub' al-Khali, difficult to cross with modern desert transport, formed a barrier between the sultanate and the Arabian interior; the Al Hajar Mountains, which form a belt between the coast and the desert from the Musandam Peninsula to the city of Sur at Oman's easternmost point, formed another barrier.

These geographic barriers kept the interior of Oman free from foreign military encroachments. Natural features divide the country into six distinct areas: Ru'us al-Jibal, including the northern Musandam Peninsula. Except for the foggy and fertile Dhofar, all of the coast and the lowlands around the Hajar mountains are part of the Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert ecoregion, while the mountains themselves are a distinct habitat; the northernmost area, extends from the tip of the Musandam Peninsula to the boundary with the United Arab Emirates at Hisn al-Dibba. It borders the Strait of Hormuz, which links the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Oman, is separated from the rest of the sultanate by a strip of territory belonging to the UAE; this area consists of low mountains forming the northernmost extremity of the Western Hajar. Two inlets and Malcom, cleave the coastline about one third of the distance from the Strait of Hormuz and at one point are separated by only a few hundred meters of land.

The coastline is rugged, the Elphinstone Inlet, 16 kilometres long and surrounded by cliffs 1,000 to 1,250 m high, has been compared with fjords in Norway. The UAE territory separating Ru'us al Jibal from the rest of Oman extends as far south as the coastal town of Shinas. A narrow, well-populated coastal plain known as Al-Batinah runs from the point at which the sultanate is re-entered to the town of As-Sib, about 140 km to the southeast. Across the plains, a number of wadis populated in their upper courses, descend from the Western Hajar Mountains to the south. A ribbon of oases, watered by wells and underground channels, extends the length of the plain, about 10 km inland. South of As Sib, the coast changes character. For about 175 km, from As-Sib to Ras al-Hadd, it is barren and bounded by cliffs its entire length. Although the deep water off this coast renders navigation easy, there are few natural harbors or safe anchorages; the two best are at Muscat and Matrah, where natural harbors facilitated the growth of cities centuries ago.

Al Sharqiyah is the northeastern region of the Sultanate of Oman and overlooks the Arabian Sea to the east and includes the inner side of the Eastern Hijr Mountains. The region consists of the following states: South Al Sharqiyah - The state of Sur is its administrative capital in addition to the states of Jalan Bani Bu Ali and Jalan Bani Bu Hassan and Alwafi and Masirah. North Al Sharqiyah - The state of Ibra is its administrative capital in addition to the states of Bidiyah, Al-Mudhaibi, Wadi Bani Khalid, Damma and Al-Tayyeen; the desolate coastal tract from Jalan to Ras Naws has no specific name. Low hills and wastelands meet the sea for long distances. Midway along this coast and about fifteen kilometers offshore is the barren Masirah Island. Stretching about 70 km, the island occupies a strategic location near the entry point to the Gulf of Oman from the Arabian Sea; because of its location, it became the site of military facilities used first by the British and by the United States, following an access agreement signed in 1980 by the United States and Oman.

West of the coastal areas lies the tableland of central Oman. The Wadi Samail, a valley that forms the traditional route between Muscat and the interior divides the Hajar range into two subranges: Al-Ḥajar Al-Gharbī and Al-Ḥajar Ash-Sharqī. At the same time, mountains in the central region, where the highest of the Hajar are located, are recognised as the "Central Hajar"; the general elevation is about 1,200 m, but the peaks of the high ridge known as Jebel Akhdar, rise to more than 3,000 m. Jabal Akhdar is a home of a unique species of wild goat. In the hope of saving this rare animal, Sultan Qabus ibn Said has declared part of the mountain a national park. Behind the Western Mountains are two inland regions, Az-Zahirah and Inner Oman, separated by the lateral range of the Rub al Khali. Adjoining the Eastern Hajar Mountains are the sandy regions of As

Lakeview Shock Incarceration Correctional Facility

Lakeview Shock Incarceration Correctional Facility is a minimum security shock incarceration prison in New York in the United States. The prison is located in Chautauqua County, New York; the facility provides special treatment for non-violent offenders. The mission of New York State Corrections and Community Supervision is “to improve public safety by providing a continuity of appropriate treatment services in safe and secure facilities where inmates’ needs are addressed and they are prepared for release, followed by supportive services for all parolees under community supervision to facilitate a successful completion of their sentence”. In July 1987, New York State established the Shock Incarceration Program through legislation, which mandated that the Department of Corrections and Community Services create a six-month program that would prepare young, non-violent inmates for early release consideration. Lakeview Shock Incarceration Correctional Facility is like a boot camp or military style that intended to shock an offender into changing poor behavioral patterns.

Lakeview Shock Incarcerated Correction Facility offer several programs to give inmates the tools to maintain a healthy and sober lifestyle once released on parole. Staff conducts one mandated program, the Alcohol Substance Abuse Treatment/Network program, held one-day per week and one evening per week with each platoon. Documentation showed. In addition, Network staff conducts one Network class per week with each platoon. Information reviewed indicates. According to information reviewed, in all, inmates receive over 570 hours of ASAT/Network programming while they participate in the Shock Incarceration Program. Lakeview Shock Academic Education program includes 12 hours of weekly academic study where every student spends two three-hour modules once a week and three-hour evening classes twice a week. InPREA Audit Report Page 8 of 110 Lakeview Shock Incarceration C. F. mates are able to obtain their General Education Diploma through the education program. The Vocational Education Program at Lakeview Shock Incarceration Correctional Facility consists of trade shops.

Vocational programs are provided in two modules four days a week and two nights per week or two modules five days a week. Each shop has a capacity of 19-20 inmates to attend each of the modules. Lakeview offers seven vocational programs including: Custodial Maintenance, Computer Operator/Digital Literacy & MOS Certification, Building Maintenance, Floor Covering, Painting & decorating, Upholstery. NY prison information

Yell (company)

Yell known as Yell UK, is the subsidiary in the United Kingdom of global media organization, hibu. Operating in the online marketing space, as of March 2020, Yell has created over 54,000 websites and managed 20,000 PPC campaigns for customers in the United Kingdom. Yell has been publishing yellow pages since 1966 as a portion of General Post Office, launched its Yell.com website in January 1996. General Post Office first included Yellow Pages in its telephone directory for Brighton of 1966; the General Post Office expanded its Yellow Pages throughout the United Kingdom in 1973. In January 1996, Yell.com was launched as a local search engine for businesses in the United Kingdom. Yell announced a demerger from its parent company BT in January 2001. In May 2001, Yell was sold to venture capitalists Apax Partners and Hicks, Tate & Furst for £2.1 billion. In April 2005, it was announced that Yell was partnering with Google to make local classified content available through Google's search engine. Yell integrated Apptus technology into its search engine to broaden is search capacity and enhance site development in January 2008.

In May 2009, Yell expanded its offerings to include Google AdWords. Yell threatened Yellowikis with legal action in July 2006, claiming that consumers would confuse the two organisations. In October 2009, an app was launched for Yell.com on the iPhone app store. Yell UK announced that it was changing its traditional Yellow Pages A4 format to a smaller size in February 2010 in order to improve usage of the directory. At that time, the directories contained an average of 54% recycled fiber content. In October 2010, Yell moved in their new headquarters in Reading, United Kingdom. Richard Hanscott was named CEO of Yell in June 2011. In May 2012, Yell's parent company Yell Group announced. In August 2014, Hibu UK changed its customer facing brand back to Yell, they relaunched with updated websites, pay per click advertising and a new display advertising proposition. In November 2016, Glassdoor named Richard Hanscott to its list of Highest Rated CEOs in the United Kingdom. In September 2017, it announced that the Yellow Pages will be no longer be published on paper from 2018 since it launched in 1966.

The final edition was published in January 2019. In August 2019, it was announced that Claire Miles would become the new CEO for Yell starting in October 2019. Official website Google Premier Partner

Ahmedur Rashid Chowdhury

Ahmedur Rashid Chowdhury is a Bangladeshi publisher and writer. He won 2016 Pinter International Writer of Courage Award, selected by writer Margaret Atwood, The Jeri Laber international freedom to publish Award, 2016 and Ossietzky Prize 2018, his writings were published in newspapers and blogs. In 1990, Chowdhury founded Shuddhashar magazine, he established a publishing house, under the same name, in Dhaka in 2004. Shuddhashar won Shahid Munir Chowdhury Award by the Bangla Academy in 2013. In February 2015, he received a death threat, for publishing materials of atheist writers. On October 31, 2015, he was attacked by assailants with machetes, he was hospitalized in a critical condition. Ansar Al Islam claimed the responsibility, he went into exile and settled in Norway in January 2016. Now he is editing his online magazine Shuddhashar. Chowdhury was the finalist of 2016 IPA Freedom to Publish Prize and International Publishers Association, Prix Voltaire Short List, 2018. In 2017 he gave an "inspiring" presentation at the Oslo Freedom Forum.

Editor Shuddhashar Publisher Shuddhashar Nil Bishe Sish Kate Thot Shuddhashar magazine website

Callington Mill

Callington Mill is a Lincolnshire tower mill built in 1837 in Oatlands, Tasmania by John Vincent. It has been restored so that it is now in full working order and is the only operating mill of its type in the Southern Hemisphere, it is the third oldest windmill in Australia. Traditional baker and blacksmith Alan Scott was a central figure at the mill. Today the mill is a major tourist attraction of Oatlands. Visitors surrounds; the mill site comprises the windmill, a granary, miller’s cottage and mill owner’s house. John Vincent was born in 1779 in England. In 1803 he married in London Susannah Rivers, the same age. Over the next twenty years the couple had seven children. In 1823 at the age of 44 they decided to move to Tasmania, they immigrated with their children on the ship Elizabeth which arrived in Hobart in 1823. After they came to Tasmania they had two more children. Over the next decade John became the proprietor of two licensed hotels, one in Bothwell called the Norwood Inn and one at Spring Hill called the London.

His eldest son John Jubilee Vincent was an innkeeper and ran the Lake Frederick Inn at Oatlands. This hotel still stands today. In about 1836 at the age of 57 John decided to build the flour windmill at Oatlands, he used the best technology available in this project. It seems that he was proud of this investment and he announced its opening in the newspaper in 1837; the advertisement is shown on the right. However his interest in the mill was short-lived and the following year he tried to rent it, he advertised it in the newspaper giving a good description of its surrounds. It said: “THE Callington Mill, in the township of Oatlands, considered one of the first rate windmills in the country, surpassed by none in its situation for business. Fitted up with two pair of good stones and smut machines. On the premises is a good granary, stable and cart houses, with piggeries and fowl house, about two acres of garden ground in cultivation. To be let with the above are six Cottages, all occupied, paying good rents.

Application to be made to Mr. John Vincent, the proprietor”His attempt to let the mill appears to have been unsuccessful and two years he sold it to his eldest son John Jubilee Vincent. John Jubilee Vincent was born in England in 1809 and was fourteen when he came with his parents to Tasmania. During the early 1830s he was the pound keeper at Oatlands. and for several years was an innkeeper as mentioned above. In about 1840 he bought the mill from his father. An advertisement appeared in the Hobart Colonial Times announcing his new ownership. In 1846 he installed a steam engine in the mill and again he publicised this with an advertisement in the newspaper, it stated that the prices for milling would be: "For grinding………………6d per bushel. "For grinding and dressing……………9d per bushel"He operated the mill for about ten years but in the early 1850 when the gold rush began in Victoria he left Tasmania and moved to the goldfields. He died at Mountain Creek, Moonambel near Bendigo in 1862. In 1853 shortly after leaving Tasmania, John Jubilee Vincent sold the mill to Thomas Jillett Thomas Jillett was born in 1817 in Hobart Tasmania.

He was the son of a convict named Robert Jillett and his wife Elizabeth Bradshaw, a free settler, who arrived in Sydney in 1799. In 1844 Thomas married Mary Ann Shone, the child of a convict; the couple lived at York Plains near Oatlands. He was a successful sheep farmer. Thomas announced his new ownership of the mill in 1853, he operated the mill for about ten years. At one time in the early 1860s he rented the mill to William Exton who left in 1862. In 1863 Thomas Jillett sold the mill to his nephew John Bradshaw and a few years left Tasmania and bought a sheep property in the Wimmera in Victoria. Http://www.jillettfamily.com John Bradshaw was born in 1827 in Hobart. His father was William Bradshaw, the brother of Thomas Jillett. In 1859 he married Maria Bacon, born in England and had arrived as a free settler with her parents Martha and Denis Bacon in 1833, it seems that before buying the mill in 1863 from his uncle Thomas Jillett, John managed it for him as he advertised for a stoker for the mill in 1854.

After he bought the property he made some notable improvements. In 1870 he bought a silk dressing machine. In 1873 he installed a Boddington mill stone and a descriptive account of this was given in the newspaper. "Boddington is the name of a superior mill stone imported and erected at the Oatlands steam-mill. Mr. John Bradshaw has, we believe, been the first to apply Boddington's patent in the colony, which has the reputation of not only doing the milling of wheat more efficaciously than the old " Burr," but of producing more flour to the bushel cereal. If the latter be the case, there is little doubt that Mr Bradshaw's enterprise will be amply rewarded by increased business. In 1880 John Bradshaw advertised the sale of the mill and shortly after it was bought by Percy Douglas MacLaren. Percy Douglas MacLaren was born in

Marcel Wengler

Marcel Wengler is a Luxembourg composer and conductor. From 1972–1997, he headed the Conservatoire de Luxembourg. Since 2000, he has been director of the Luxembourg Music Information Centre, his compositions include symphonies, chamber music and musicals. Born in Esch-sur-Alzette, Wengler studied at the Conservatoire Royal de Musique in Brussels and at the Musikhochschule in Cologne. Igor Markevitch and Sergiu Celibidache were his mentors during his conducting studies; as a conductor, Wengler has worked across Europe with a variety of radio companies, recording over a hundred works. With the RTL Symphony Orchestra, he has recorded a series of CDs covering works by Luxembourg composers. Wengler has composed around 80 works, including symphonies and concertos as well as a stage and ballet music. In 1983, he wrote the music for Volker Schlöndorff's film Un amour de Swann with the Munich Philharmonic, his musical, Rex Leo, has been staged both in Graz. In 1995, he conducted the first performance of his Cello Concerto with the Portuguese National Symphony Orchestra in Lisbon and, in 1997, his Viola Concerto with Garth Knox and the Nuremberg Symphony Orchestra.

His Violin Concerto was performed during the World Music Days in Romania and he conducted the première of his Flute Concerto with the Orquestra Nacional do Porto. His compositional style was influenced by Beethoven and Mahler and by Karl Amadeus Hartmann and Hans Werner Henze. Marcel Wengler is the President of the Luxembourg Society for Contemporary Music, founded in 1983, where he has done much to promote Luxembourg composers who would otherwise have little chance of having their music performed in their native country. One of the achievements of the LSCM was the formation of the Luxembourg Sinfonietta ensemble which he has directed since it was founded in 1999. Since 2000, he has been director of the Luxembourg Music Information Centre which publishes catalogues of Luxembourg compositions and participates in building up an international databank of new music. 1978: first prize, International Conductors’ Competition, Rio de Janeiro StageRex Leo, Musical OrchestraSinfonietta Konstellationen Symphony No. 2 Versuche über einen Marsch.