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A geopark is a unified area that advances the protection and use of geological heritage in a sustainable way, promotes the economic well-being of the people who live there. There are national geoparks. A UNESCO definition of global geopark is a unified area with a geological heritage of international significance. Geoparks use that heritage to promote awareness of key issues facing society in the context of our dynamic planet. Many geoparks promote awareness of geological hazards, including volcanoes and tsunamis and many help prepare disaster mitigation strategies with local communities. Geoparks embody records of past climate changes and are indicators of current climate changes as well as demonstrating a "best practise" approach to using renewable energy and employing the best standards of "green tourism". Tourism industry promotion in geoparks, as a geographically sustainable and applicable tourism model, aims to sustain, enhance, the geographical character of a place. Geoparks inform about the sustainable use and need for natural resources, whether they are mined, quarried or harnessed from the surrounding environment while at the same time promoting respect for the environment and the integrity of the landscape.

Geoparks are not a legislative designation though the key heritage sites within a geopark are protected under local, regional or national legislation. The multidisciplinary nature of the concept of geopark and tourism promotion in geoparks differentiates itself from other models of sustainable tourism. In fact, sustainable tourism promotion within geoparks encompasses many of the features of sustainable tourism including geo-tourism, community-based tourism and integrated rural tourism and cultural heritage tourism; the Global Geoparks Network is supported by United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization. Many national geoparks and other local geoparks projects exist which are not included in the Global Geoparks Network; the geoparks initiative was launched by UNESCO in response to the perceived need for an international initiative that recognizes sites representing an earth science interest. Global Geoparks Network aims at enhancing the value of such sites while at the same time creating employment and promoting regional economic development.

The 195 Member States of UNESCO ratified the creation of a new label, the UNESCO Global Geoparks, on 17 November 2015. This expressed governmental recognition of the importance of managing outstanding geological sites and landscapes in a holistic manner; this new designation formalized UNESCO's relationship with the Global Geoparks Network. The Global Geoparks Network works in synergy with UNESCO's World Heritage Centre and Man and the Biosphere World Network of Biosphere Reserves; the Global Geoparks Network was established in 1998 and received ad hoc support from UNESCO from 2001 until 2015, when the relationship and designation was formalized. Since 2015, members are designated by UNESCO, as UNESCO Global Geoparks. According to the Statutes and Operational Guidelines of the UNESCO Global Geoparks, for a geopark to apply to be included in the GGN, it needs to: have a management plan designed to foster socio-economic development, sustainable based on geotourism demonstrate methods for conserving and enhancing geological heritage and provide means for teaching geoscientific disciplines and broader environmental issues have joint proposals submitted by public authorities, local communities and private interests acting together, which demonstrate the best practices with respect to Earth heritage conservation and its integration into sustainable development strategies.

See UNESCO Global Geoparks. Geotourism Global Geoparks Network African Geoparks Network Asia Pacific Geoparks Network European Geoparks Network Latin America and the Caribbean Geoparks Network List of National Geoparks Global Geoparks Network European Geoparks Network Asia Pacific Geoparks Network

Juliet (The Four Pennies song)

"Juliet" is a pop song made famous by the band The Four Pennies. The track was recorded in 1964; the tune had been written by Mike Wilshaw and he and Lionel Morton and Fritz Fryer developed it into a song, named after Fryer's 2 year old niece. It was performed by the band in 1963 as their winning entry in a talent contest, leading to a recording session for Philips Records; the ballad was released as the B-side to "Tell Me Girl", but after receiving airplay the single was reissued with the sides flipped. "Juliet" was released as a single in the UK in February 1964 on the Philips label. Produced by Johnny Franz, "Juliet" was the Four Pennies' second hit single, it reached number one in the UK Singles Chart on 21 May 1964, stayed there for one week, but spent fifteen weeks in the chart."Juliet" was the only 1964 number one by a UK group not to chart in the United States."Juliet" proved to be the group's only Top 10 hit. The Four Pennies reached the Top 20 three more times after this, but never had another successful single.

The group folded in the autumn of 1966, after their last single release, written by the ex-Springfields member Tom Springfield — "No More Sad Songs for Me" — failed to chart. List of UK Singles Chart number ones of the 1960s Song lyrics at Four Pennies discography at at the Wayback Machine

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santiago de los Caballeros

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santiago de los Caballeros is a Latin rite Metropolitan Archdiocese in the Dominican Republic. Established on 25 September 1953 as the Diocese of Santiago de los Caballeros / Sancti Iacobi Equitum, on territory split off from Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santo Domingo Lost territories on 1978.01.16 to establish two suffragan daughters, Diocese of Mao–Monte Cristi and Diocese of San Francisco de Macorís Promoted on 14 February 1994 as Metropolitan Archdiocese of Santiago de los Caballeros / Sancti Iacobi Equitum Lost territory again on 1996.12.16 to establish another suffragan daughter, the Diocese of Puerto Plata. As per 2014, it pastorally served 1,118,000 Catholics on 3,633 km² in 89 parishes and 17 missions with 125 priests, 132 deacons, 350 lay religious and 37 seminarians; the Metropolitan has the following suffragan sees: Roman Catholic Diocese of La Vega Roman Catholic Diocese of Mao-Monte Cristi Roman Catholic Diocese of Puerto Plata Roman Catholic Diocese of San Francisco de Macorís.

Suffragan Bishops of Santiago de los Caballeros Apostolic Administrator Octavio Antonio Beras Rojas while Titular Archbishop of Euchaitæ and Coadjutor Archbishop of Santo Domingo. S. C. Carlos Tomás Morel Diplán (2016- Gregorio Nicanor Peña Rodríguez, appointed Bishop of Puerto Plata in 1996 List of Catholic dioceses in Dominican Republic GCatholic - data for all sections Official website of the Archdiocese of Santiago de los Caballeros "Archdiocese of Santiago de los Caballeros". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2007-02-15. Conferencia del Episcopado Dominicano

Paul H. Robinson Jr.

Paul Heron Robinson Jr. is a United States businessman, United States Ambassador to Canada from 1981 to 1985. He was born in Chicago on June 22, 1930, he attended Hinsdale Township High School in Illinois. Bidwell, in 1953. After graduating from high school, Robinson attended the University of Illinois, receiving a B. S. in 1953. Robinson served in the United States Navy from 1953 to 1955, he founded his own business, Incorporated, working as a broker for banks and professional institutions. He was an active member of the Republican Party. In 1981, President of the United States Ronald Reagan nominated Robinson to be United States Ambassador to Canada. Ambassador Robinson presented his credentials on July 15, 1981 and served in Ottawa until September 9, 1985, he began discussions with the Liberal government headed by Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau about easing trade restrictions between the U. S. and Canada. With the election of Progressive Conservative Brian Mulroney in the 1984 Canadian federal election, these talks were expanded to discussions about a comprehensive free trade agreement.

These discussions were the starting point of a process that would see the signing of the Canada – United States Free Trade Agreement on October 4, 1988. Paul H. Robinson, Jr. "Good Business For Good Neighbors", Chicago Tribune, Oct. 26, 1988


Carabane known as Karabane, is an island and a village located in the extreme south-west of Senegal, in the mouth of the Casamance River. This recent geological formation consists of a shoal and alluvium to which soil is added by accumulation in the branches and roots of the mangrove trees which cover most of the island. Along with the rest of Ziguinchor Region, Carabane has a tropical climate, cycling between a dry season and a wet season; the island was once considered an arid location where no useful plants were to grow, but it now supports several types of fruit tree, the most common of which are mangos and oranges. Although the nearby Basse Casamance National Park and Kalissaye Avifaunal Reserve have been closed for years because of the Casamance Conflict, Carabane has continued to attract ornithologists interested in its wide variety of birds. Various species of fish are plentiful around the island, but there are few mammals; the earliest known inhabitants of the island were the Jola, the ethnic group, still the most populous on the island.

The Portuguese were active in the region from the 16th century onwards. On January 22, 1836, the island was ceded to France by the village leader of Kagnout in return for an annual payment of 196 francs. A series of treaties between the French and the leaders of the local peoples ensued. In 1869, Carabane became autonomous, but it merged with Sédhiou in 1886. Since World War II, the population of the island has declined for a variety of reasons including periods of drought, the Casamance Conflict and, more the sinking of the ferry Joola in 2002. Much of the village's ability to trade and receive tourists was lost until 2014, when MV Aline Sitoe Diatta resumed ferry services to the island. Although Carabane was once a regional capital, the village has since become so politically isolated from the rest of the country that it no longer fits into any category of the administrative structure decreed by the Senegalese government; the Jola account for the majority of the island's population and Jola society has no formal hierarchy.

The indigenous population was animist, but although the sacred groves and fetishes survive as cultural icons of Casamance, the monotheistic belief systems of Catholicism and Islam have become the most held in Carabane. The literacy rate is 90%. Students attend a primary school on the island, but must move at least as far as Elinkine to continue their studies; the testimonies of explorers and colonial administrators demonstrate that Carabane has participated in rice cultivation, fishery and palm wine production for a long time. The rice cycle plays a central religious role in the lives of the population. Palm oil and palm wine are popular and traditional in the area; the fishery has long been dominated by artisan fishing, which supplies the daily needs of the island's population. Although there have been attempts to cultivate a tourism industry on the island, the inhabitants have been reluctant to participate. Carabane was added to the list of historic sites and monuments of Senegal in 2003; the etymology of Carabane remains unclear.

It could be connected to the Wolof word karabané, which means "who speaks a lot," or the Portuguese words casa and acaba, which mean "house" and "finish," respectively. According to this hypothesis, the name means the place "where the houses are finished," a possible allusion to the fact that this village was the first French capital in Basse Casamance. According to other sources, the name comes from karam akam, which means "the other side of the river." These uncertainties are augmented by the instability of the spelling: Karabane with an initial K suggests a Jola or Wolof origin, while Carabane with a C would suggest a Latin derivation, most through Portuguese or French. With a total area of 57 square kilometres, Carabane is the last major island in the mouth of the Casamance River in south-west Senegal, it is situated 12° 32' N latitude and 16° 43' W longitude and is, by way of Elinkine, nearly 60 kilometres away from Ziguinchor, the capital of the region of the same name, a little over 500 kilometres from Dakar, the country's capital."Il faut s'armer de patience pour rejoindre l'île de Carabane" is a common French phrase which means "One must have patience to reach the island of Carabane".

While this adage continues to hold true, it was more appropriate in the 19th century when, according to one traveller, a 26-hour boat trip from Rufisque to Carabane was deemed short, was credited to a favourable wind. Despite the close proximity to its neighbouring communities, a motorized pirogue trip to Carabane from Elinkine, the nearest village, takes about thirty minutes. Carabane may be accessed by a two- or three-hour boat trip from Ziguinchor. Travelling from Cap Skirring via Cachouane is possible, but as a detailed map of the region would make clear, the channels of salt water are not navigated. A recent geological formation, Carabane consists of a shoal and alluvium; the alluvium has developed because of the saltwater streams. As pointed out by early French observers, soils in the region are composed of sand and clay, differing in mixture and layer acco

Forever Country

"Forever Country" is a 2016 mashup performed by "Artists of Then, Now & Forever", a one-time gathering of 30 country music artists. The song combines elements of three previous country hits: John Denver's "Take Me Home, Country Roads", Willie Nelson's "On the Road Again", Dolly Parton's "I Will Always Love You"; the song was recorded to commemorate the Country Music Association Awards reaching its 50th year. CMA Awards producers had wanted to record a cover of a single song; the song was recorded in a span of three days in Nashville, Tennessee in June 2016 with Shane McAnally as producer, with the music video produced concurrently. "Forever Country" was released on September 16, 2016 and the video premiered four days on September 20 during Dancing with the Stars. All profits from the sale and streaming of the song go to music education supported by the CMA Foundation; the song debuted atop Billboard's Hot Country Songs chart, becoming the third song in history to achieve the feat and giving every artist featured on the song a #1 hit.

In a rare display, the rival Academy of Country Music gave "Forever Country" and the CMA their Video of the Year Award at their 2017 ceremony. The song was recorded to honor the 50th Annual Country Music Association Awards, it was produced by Shane McAnally and is a mashup of three existing songs: "I Will Always Love You" by Dolly Parton, "Take Me Home, Country Roads" by John Denver, "On the Road Again" by Willie Nelson. Along with Nelson and Parton singing portions of their own songs, the song features 28 other current and veteran country acts who are all previous CMA winners. Randy Travis, incapacitated by a stroke in 2013, was unable to record but makes a silent cameo appearance in the music video and is credited as an artist. Parton and Denver are all former CMA Entertainer of the Year winners; the idea for the song and its accompanying video was born at a CMA board meeting as a way to celebrate the milestone of 50 years of the CMA Awards. Everyone was brainstorming about an interesting and unique way to honor the 50th anniversary."

The CMAs approached Joseph Kahn – after he won the Grammy Award for Best Music Video for Taylor Swift's "Bad Blood" at the 58th Annual Grammy Awards – and solicited his opinion about whether there were any country songs which he would like to do. Kahn began to think about different possible songs but felt that the choices were too limited in terms of trying to get the entire history of country music into one song. So he pitched the CMA board the idea of doing a mash-up of three different songs, so that one would get more of a breadth of the history, he told CNN, "I didn't think one song could encapsulate all of country music, so I pitched the idea of doing a mashup of a couple songs and blending them together." But Kahn was told that it would never work and the reaction was the same to whomever he approached. After the idea coalesced, Shane McAnally was asked to take up the assignment to execute Kahn's idea, he was among the first people approached to take up the task, being on the CMA board as a result of his star-making work with Kacey Musgraves and Old Dominion.

He took on the job, but admits that he was hesitant to make a medley of the songs at first, saying that the process might work for the pop genre, but not for country, since "...we tell stories. And we can’t just cut into them and take a piece." He admitted that mashing together a bunch of country classics was "a scary process" and although Kahn wanted three songs, he envisioned one song being the focus. The two of them started with songs in mind that had same chord progressions. During the song searching process, a total of 40 songs were considered as potential contenders, most of which were previous CMA Song of the Year winners, or at least been nominated, songs with universal themes that could sound like a love song to the country genre. Kahn wanted to incorporate songs like "Gentle on My Mind" by Glen Campbell and "The Gambler" by Kenny Rogers in one of the original mash-ups, but everybody would keep coming back to "I Will Always Love You" by Dolly Parton, saying that it was sort of a quintessential song in the country genre.

But Kahn kept rebuffing the suggestion since his choices of music would not blend together with the song. After presenting a demo of a second medley he made that everyone loved, they would still request him to incorporate "I Will Always Love You". Kahn did not object to this idea but felt wary as to how a ballad would fit into a mash-up full of movement without making the entire thing a ballad. McAnally was having a hard time figuring out how the song could blend with any other song since it's such a personal song, which to him is a song to just one person, he felt that when the song – which he considers "sacred" – is sung over "Take Me Home, Country Roads", it takes on a new life. He was worried about approaching Parton to sing on the recording, as he thought that she might see including "I Will Always Love You" in a medley might compromise the integrity of the original song."Then one day, as co-arranger Josh Osborne and Kahn were playing around in the latter's office, the two realized that one could sing the verses of "I Will Always Love You" in the same tempo as "Take Me Home, Country Roads" and blend them without changing the chord structure, it worked.

Kahn gave credit to those people. Nelson's "On the Road Again", an ode to the life of a traveling musician, was a natural addition to the mix; the line "The life I love is making music with