George, Duke of Saxony

George the Bearded, Duke of Saxony, was Duke of Saxony from 1500 to 1539 known for his opposition to the Reformation. While the Ernestine line embraced Lutheranism, the Albertines were reluctant to do so. Despite George's efforts to avoid a succession by a Lutheran upon his death in 1539, he could not prevent it from happening. Under the Act of Settlement of 1499, Lutheran Henry IV became the new duke. Upon his accession, Henry introduced Lutheranism as a state religion in the Albertine lands of Saxony. Duke George was a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece, his father was Albert the Brave of Saxony, founder of the Albertine line of the Wettin family, his mother was Sidonie, daughter of George Podiebrad, King of Bohemia. Elector Frederick the Wise, a member of the Ernestine branch of the same family, known for his protection of Luther, was a cousin of Duke George. George, as the eldest son, received an excellent training in theology and other branches of learning, was thus much better educated than most of the princes of his day.

As early as 1488, when his father was in East Frisia fighting on behalf of the emperor, George was regent of the ducal possessions, which included the Margraviate of Meissen with the cities of Dresden and Leipzig. He is buried with his wife Barbara in the purpose-built Georgskapelle in Meissen Cathedral; the room contains a magnificent altarpiece by Lucas Cranach the Elder. In 1677 a ornate ceiling was added to the chapel, designed by Wolf Caspar von Klengel. George was married at Dresden, on 21 November 1496, to Barbara Jagiellon, daughter of Casimir IV, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania and Elisabeth, daughter of Albrecht II of Hungary, they had ten children, but all, with the exception of a daughter, died before their father: Christof. Johann, Hereditary Duke of Saxony; this union was childless. Wolfgang. Anna. Christof. Agnes. Frederick, Hereditary Duke of Saxony; this union was childless. Christine, married on 11 December 1523 to Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse. Magdalena, married on 6 November 1524 to Joachim Hector Hereditary Elector of Brandenburg.

Margarete. In 1498, the emperor granted Albert the Brave the hereditary governorship of Friesland. At Maastricht, 14 February 1499, Albert settled the succession to his possessions, endeavoured by this arrangement to prevent further partition of his domain, he died 12 September 1500, was succeeded in his German territories by George as the head of the Albertine line, while George's brother Heinrich became hereditary governor of Friesland. The Saxon occupation of Friesland, was by no means secure and was the source of constant revolts in that province. Heinrich, of a rather inert disposition, relinquished his claims to the governorship, in 1505 an agreement was made between the brothers by which Friesland was transferred to George, while Heinrich received an annuity and the districts of Freiberg and Wolkenstein, but this arrangement did not restore peace in Friesland, which remained a source of trouble to Saxony. In 1515 George sold Friesland to the future Emperor Charles V for the moderate price of 100,000 florins.

He tried to keep the newmade lands of het Bildt which weren't granted him by Charles V. These troubles outside of his Saxon possessions did not prevent George from bestowing much care on the government of the ducal territory proper; when regent, during the lifetime of his father, the difficulties arising from conflicting interests and the large demands on his powers had brought the young prince to the verge of despair. In a short time, however, he developed. In his desire to achieve good order and the amelioration of the condition of the people, he sometimes ventured to infringe on the rights of the cities, his court was better regulated than that of any other German prince, he bestowed a paternal care on the University of Leipzig, where a number of reforms were introduced, Humanism, as opposed to Scholasticism, was encouraged. From the beginning of the Reformation in 1517, Duke George directed his energies chiefly to ecclesiastical affairs. Hardly one of the secular German princes held as as he to the Church, he defended its rights and vigorously condemned every innovation except those countenanced by the highest ecclesiastical authorities.

At first he was not opposed to Luther, but as time went on and Luther's aim became clear to him, he turned more and more from the Reformer, was in consequence of this change of attitude, drawn into an acrimonious correspondence in which Luther, according to some without any justification criticized the duke. The duke was not blind to the undeniable abuses existing at that time in the Church. In 1519, despite the opposition of the theological faculty of the university, he originated the Disputation of Leipzig, with the

Luke Perry (artist)

Luke Perry is an English artist known for his monumental sculptures most those celebrating under-represented peoples and the heritage of the Industrial Revolution in the Black Country. He is the chief artist of his non-profit company Industrial Heritage Stronghold. Trained at Margaret Street Luke gained a First Class Honours with his Degree Piece winning recognition as the only Public Artwork to be featured in the New Generation Arts Festival whilst the accompanying short film'Poveri Fiori' went on to win awards for film in London. After an early career in documentary film - winning a Bronze medal for short film at the London International Short Film Festival - he returned to the Black Country to establish Industrial Heritage Stronghold, he has won numerous awards to date including the Cultural Champions Award and Birmingham City University Alumni of the year and a Black Country Masters. His more recent works can be viewed on He began to receive national recognition in 2010 when he was a co-presenter of the Channel 4 television series Titanic:The Mission.

In recent years Luke has dedicated his practice towards creating sculptures that level the playing field regarding equal representation of diverse groups in the UK and continues to work on and develop sculptures to this end such as the Lions of the Great War Monument in Smethwick, SS Journey - A Monument to Immigrants and Aethelflaed Queen of Mercia. Lions of the Great War - Monument to Soldiers of Undivided India in the First World War Aethelflaed - Heroine Queen of Mercia SS Journey - A Monument to Immigrants James Conway - Stockport's Cockleshell Hero Zoroastrian Faroahar Lady Chainmakers Monument The People of Walsall Wood Pit Head Monument - Walsall Wood Titanic Anchor - Netherton Titanic Bow - Belfast Cradley Column - Cradley Heath Steel Manifesto

Bhokardan (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Bhokardan Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of the 288 Vidhan Sabha constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India. Bhokardan is one of the five Vidhan Sabha constituencies located in Jalna district, it covers the entire Jafferabad part of Bhokardan tehsil of this district. Bhokardan is part of the Jalna Lok Sabha constituency along with five other Vidhan Sabha segments, namely Jalna and Badnapur in Jalna district and Silod and Paithan in Aurangabad district. 1990: Raosaheb Dadarao Danve, Bharatiya Janata Party 1995: Raosaheb Dadarao Danve, Bharatiya Janata Party 1999: Vithalrao Anna Sapkal Bharatya Janata Party 2004: Chandrakant Pundlirao Danve, Nationalist Congress Party 2009: Chandrakant Pundlirao Danve, Nationalist Congress Party 2014: Santosh Raosaheb Danve, Bharatiya Janata Party Bhokardan List of constituencies of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha