President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (LDS Church)
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles is a priesthood calling in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In general, the President of the Quorum of the Twelve is the most senior apostle in the church, aside from the President of the Church; when the President of the Church dies, it is the President of the Quorum of the Twelve who becomes the new church president. The calling of President of the Twelve has been held by 26 men, 15 of whom have gone on to become President of the Church; the current President of the Quorum of the Twelve is Dallin H. Oaks. Since Oaks is a counselor in the First Presidency, M. Russell Ballard is serving as acting president. Upon the death of the President of the Church, the First Presidency automatically dissolves, leaving the Twelve Apostles as the highest leadership body and their President as the highest official in the church. On the death of church president Joseph Smith in 1844, this position was held by Brigham Young, he persuaded the majority of church members that Smith's death left him and not Sidney Rigdon, Smith's First Counselor in the First Presidency, as the senior leader.
Smith had taught the apostles, "Where I am not, there is no First Presidency over the Twelve."In 1847, the Quorum of the Twelve reconstituted the First Presidency, with Young as church president. During Young's presidency, seniority within the Quorum of the Twelve was formalized to mean "continuous service as an Apostle since being ordained as one of the Twelve"; the original apostles of 1835 had been ranked by age, two of them had been excommunicated and restored to fellowship. With this rule in place, it was John Taylor who led the church after Young's death in 1877, first as President of the Twelve and after 1880 as President of the Church with Wilford Woodruff as President of the Twelve. After Taylor died in 1887, Woodruff did not reorganize the First Presidency until 1889, but before his own death in 1898, he advised the Quorum of the Twelve that "in all future time, when the President of the Church should die and thereby the First Presidency become disorganized, it would be the duty of the proper authorities of the Church to proceed at once without any unnecessary delay, to reorganize the First Presidency."
Snow followed this advice and since every interval between the death of the President of the Church and the ordination of a new president has been less than two weeks, long enough to complete the funeral services and allow for the Quorum of the Twelve to nominate and sustain the President of the Twelve as the new church president. When the President of the Twelve becomes the President of the Church, the next apostle in seniority becomes the new President of the Twelve; the President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles is the priesthood leader of the members of the Quorum. As such, all members of the Quorum report directly to him; the president's other duties consist of presiding at and conducting weekly meetings of the Quorum in the Salt Lake Temple. When adherents refer to the President of the Quorum of the Twelve, his name is prefaced by the honorific title "President". If the President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles is asked to become a counselor in the First Presidency, the President of the Quorum retains that title but is not numbered among the Twelve, the most senior apostle, not in the First Presidency is named as Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
The Acting President assumes all of the duties that would rest upon the President of the Quorum. The title of Acting President was first used in 1918 for Rudger Clawson; the position has been used during times of infirmity of a President of the Twelve: for example, Howard W. Hunter was Acting President for the infirm Marion G. Romney from 1985 to 1988. Boyd K. Packer was the Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles from 1994 to 2008 when Gordon B. Hinckley and Thomas S. Monson were presidents of the Quorum but in the First Presidency. On January 16, 2018, the church announced that due to the call of Dallin H. Oaks as a counselor in the First Presidency, M. Russell Ballard would serve as Acting President
Heber J. Grant
Heber Jeddy Grant was an American religious leader who served as the seventh president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Grant worked as a bookkeeper and a cashier was called to be an LDS apostle on October 16, 1882, at age 25. After the death of Joseph F. Smith in late 1918, Grant served as LDS church president until his death; the first president born after the exodus to Utah, Grant was the last LDS Church president to have practiced plural marriage. He had three wives, though by the time he became church president in 1918 only his second wife, Augusta Winters, was still living. In business, Grant helped develop the Avenues neighborhood of Salt Lake City. In 1884, he served a term as a representative to the Utah Territorial Legislature. Grant was born in Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, the son of Rachel Ridgeway Ivins and Jedediah Morgan Grant, his father was a counselor in the First Presidency to Brigham Young. Rachel Grant was a native of New Jersey, where she had converted to the LDS Church at about 20.
Her cousin and brother-in-law, Israel Ivins, was the first person baptized a Latter-day Saint in New Jersey. Jedediah Grant died. After Jedediah's death, Rachel married Jedediah's brother, George Grant, but he fell into alcoholism so she divorced him. Rachel became the dominant influence in Heber's life, she served for many years as president of the 13th Ward Relief Society in downtown Salt Lake City. He was known for his determination to achieve goals that were beyond his reach; as a child, he wanted to join the baseball team that would win the Utah territorial championship, but others believed him to be too physically awkward to be successful. In response, he purchased a baseball and practiced throwing the ball for hours against his barn to improve; the team he joined won the championship. In similar fashion, Grant expressed a desire to be a successful bookkeeper although many of his associates criticized his penmanship, he practiced his writing to the point that he was invited to teach penmanship at one of the local academies.
There were no free public schools in Salt Lake City when Grant was a child, but his mother kept him enrolled in various others while he was growing up. After working as a bookkeeper in the insurance business in 1877, Grant became an assistant cashier with Zion's Savings Bank and afterwards opened an insurance business with Nephi Clayton. Grant became a partner with D. W. Jennings, he founded an additional insurance agency in Ogden and, for a time, owned the Ogden Vinegar Works. In the late 1890s, Grant served as the business manager for the newly-formed official LDS magazine, the Improvement Era. Grant continued to be involved in business activities after his call as an apostle, he founded many new businesses, including a bank. He was the main founder of the Salt Lake Theatre. Grant lost a large amount of money in the Panic of 1893 and never recovered from its adverse financial effects, he was the main person to negotiate new financing to the LDS Church in New York at the time. His efforts kept the church going until Lorenzo Snow's late-1890s call for tithing placed the church in a better financial situation.
Grant was made a block teacher when he was still a youth, rare at the time. He was ordained a Seventy at 15, rare at the time. In June 1875, when the first Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association was organized in the Salt Lake 13th Ward, Grant 19, was called to serve as a counselor to Junius F. Wells in its presidency. At 26, he served a mission to the Native American Indians from 1883 to 1884. Grant's early church assignments included service on the Church Salary Committee and the Sunday School General Board. Grant was made Second Assistant in the Superintendency of the General YMMIA in 1898; when Joseph F. Smith became president of the church and head of the YMMIA, Grant was made First Assistant, where he served until he became church president. In 1880, Grant became president of the Tooele Utah Stake, moving there with his wife and their children. Around Lucy began to develop health problems. In 1882, Grant was called as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve. Early in his service in the quorum, he made many trips to Arizona, earning the title "The Arizona Apostle."
Grant twice served missions among the Yaqui in Mexico. In 1901, Grant was sent to Japan to open the church's Japanese Mission, he served as the mission president until 1903, when he returned home but was immediately sent to preside over the British and other European missions of the church. He returned from the British mission in 1905. During the ensuing decade and Grant oversaw church education programs, the Genealogical Society of Utah and the Improvement Era. Grant succeeded Joseph F. Smith as church president in November 1918, he was not sustained in the position by the general church membership, until June 1919 because of the influenza pandemic of 1918, which forced a delay of the church's traditional springtime general conference. During his tenure as church president, Grant enforced the 1890 Manifesto outlawing plural marriage and gave guidance as the church's social structure evolved away from its early days of plural marriage. In 1927, he authorized the implementation of the church's "Good Neighbor" policy, intended to reduce antagonism between Latter-day Saints and the US government.
Grant dedicated the first temples outside of Utah since Kirtland. The first was the Hawaii Temple, followed by the Alberta Temple, the first outside the United States, the Arizona Temple; the church began the Idaho Falls Temple, which was
Joseph Smith Jr. was an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement. When he was 24, Smith published the Book of Mormon. By the time of his death, 14 years he had attracted tens of thousands of followers and founded a religion that continues to the present. Smith was born in Vermont. By 1817, he had moved with his family to the burned-over district of western New York. Smith said he experienced a series of visions, including one in 1820 during which he saw "two personages", another in 1823 in which an angel directed him to a buried book of golden plates inscribed with a Judeo-Christian history of an ancient American civilization. In 1830, Smith published what he said was an English translation of these plates called the Book of Mormon; the same year he organized the Church of Christ, calling it a restoration of the early Christian church. Members of the church were called "Latter Day Saints" or "Mormons", Smith announced a revelation in 1838 which renamed the church as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.
In 1831, Smith and his followers moved west. They first gathered in Kirtland and established an outpost in Independence, Missouri, intended to be Zion's "center place". During the 1830s, Smith sent out missionaries, published revelations, supervised construction of the Kirtland Temple; the collapse of the church-sponsored Kirtland Safety Society Anti-Banking Company and violent skirmishes with non-Mormon Missourians caused Smith and his followers to establish a new settlement at Nauvoo, where he became a spiritual and political leader. In 1844, Smith and the Nauvoo city council angered non-Mormons by destroying a newspaper that had criticized Smith's power and practice of polygamy. Smith was imprisoned in Illinois where he was killed when a mob stormed the jailhouse. Smith published other texts that his followers regard as scripture, his teachings discuss the nature of God, family structures, political organization, religious collectivism. His followers regard him as a prophet comparable to Moses and Elijah, several religious denominations consider themselves the continuation of the church that he organized, including The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the Community of Christ.
Smith was born on December 23, 1805 in Sharon, Vermont to Lucy Mack Smith and her husband Joseph Sr. a merchant and farmer. Modern DNA testing of Smith's relatives suggests that his family were of Irish descent, as he carried a rare Y-DNA marker within Haplogroup R1b, found entirely in people of Northwestern Irish descent. Smith suffered a crippling bone infection when he was seven and, after receiving surgery, used crutches for three years; the family moved to the western New York village of Palmyra in 1816–17, after an ill-fated business venture and three years of crop failures, they took a mortgage on a 100-acre farm in the nearby town of Manchester. The region was a hotbed of religious enthusiasm during the Second Great Awakening. Between 1817 and 1825, there were several camp revivals in the Palmyra area, his parents disagreed about religion. Smith said that he became interested in religion by age 12; as a teenager, he may have been sympathetic to Methodism. With other family members, Smith engaged in religious folk magic, a common practice in that time and place.
Both his parents and his maternal grandfather had visions or dreams that they believed communicated messages from God. Smith said that, although he had become concerned about the welfare of his soul, he was confused by the claims of competing religious denominations. Years Smith stated he had received a vision that resolved his religious confusion. In 1820, while praying in a wooded area near his home, he said that God and Jesus Christ, in a vision, appeared to him and told him his sins were forgiven and that all contemporary churches had "turned aside from the gospel." Smith said. The event would grow in importance to Smith's followers, who now regard it as the first event in the gradual restoration of Christ's church to earth; until the 1840s, the experience was unknown to most Mormons. Smith may have understood the event as a personal conversion. According to his accounts, Smith was visited by an angel named Moroni, while praying one night in 1823. Smith said that this angel revealed the location of a buried book made of golden plates, as well as other artifacts, including a breastplate and a set of interpreters composed of two seer stones set in a frame, hidden in a hill near his home.
Smith said he attempted to remove the plates the next morning, but was unsuccessful because the angel returned and prevented him. Smith reported that during the next four years, he made annual visits to the hill, until the fourth and final visit, each time he returned without the plates. Meanwhile, the Smith family faced financial hardship, due in part to the death of Smith's oldest brother Alvin, who had assumed a leadership role in the family. Family members supplemented their meager farm income by hiring out for odd jobs and working as treasure seekers, a type of magical supernaturalism common during the period. Smith was said to have an ability to locate lost items by looking into a seer stone, which he used in treasure hunting, including several unsuccessful attempts to find buried treasure s
William McKinley was the 25th president of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination six months into his second term. During his presidency, McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, raised protective tariffs to promote American industry and kept the nation on the gold standard in a rejection of free silver. McKinley was the last president to have served in the American Civil War and the only one to have started the war as an enlisted soldier, beginning as a private in the Union Army and ending as a brevet major. After the war, he settled in Canton, where he practiced law and married Ida Saxton. In 1876, he was elected to Congress, where he became the Republican Party's expert on the protective tariff, which he promised would bring prosperity, his 1890 McKinley Tariff was controversial, which together with a Democratic redistricting aimed at gerrymandering him out of office led to his defeat in the Democratic landslide of 1890. He was elected governor of Ohio in 1891 and 1893, steering a moderate course between capital and labor interests.
With the aid of his close adviser Mark Hanna, he secured the Republican nomination for president in 1896 amid a deep economic depression. He defeated his Democratic rival William Jennings Bryan after a front porch campaign in which he advocated "sound money" and promised that high tariffs would restore prosperity. Rapid economic growth marked McKinley's presidency, he promoted the 1897 Dingley Tariff to protect manufacturers and factory workers from foreign competition and in 1900 secured the passage of the Gold Standard Act. McKinley hoped to persuade Spain to grant independence to rebellious Cuba without conflict, but when negotiation failed he led the nation into the Spanish-American War of 1898; the United States victory was decisive. As part of the peace settlement, Spain turned over to the United States its main overseas colonies of Puerto Rico and the Philippines while Cuba was promised independence, but at that time remained under the control of the United States Army; the United States annexed the independent Republic of Hawaii in 1898 and it became a United States territory.
Historians regard McKinley's 1896 victory as a realigning election in which the political stalemate of the post-Civil War era gave way to the Republican-dominated Fourth Party System, which began with the Progressive Era. McKinley defeated Bryan again in the 1900 presidential election in a campaign focused on imperialism and free silver, his legacy was cut short when he was shot on September 6, 1901 by Leon Czolgosz, a second-generation Polish-American with anarchist leanings. McKinley died eight days and was succeeded by his Vice President Theodore Roosevelt; as an innovator of American interventionism and pro-business sentiment, McKinley's presidency is considered above average, though his positive public perception was soon overshadowed by Roosevelt. William McKinley Jr. was born in 1843 in Niles, the seventh of nine children of William McKinley Sr. and Nancy McKinley. The McKinleys were of English and Scots-Irish descent and had settled in western Pennsylvania in the 18th century, tracing back to a David McKinley, born in Dervock, County Antrim, in present-day Northern Ireland.
There, the elder McKinley was born in Mercer County. The family moved to Ohio, he married her later. The Allison family was of English descent and among Pennsylvania's earliest settlers; the family trade on both sides was iron-making, McKinley senior operated foundries throughout Ohio, in New Lisbon, Niles and Canton. The McKinley household was, like many from Ohio's Western Reserve, steeped in Whiggish and abolitionist sentiment, the latter based on the family's staunch Methodist beliefs. William followed in the Methodist tradition, becoming active in the local Methodist church at the age of sixteen, he was a lifelong pious Methodist. In 1852, the family moved from Niles to Poland, Ohio so that their children could attend the better schools there. Graduating from Poland Seminary in 1859, he enrolled the following year at Allegheny College in Meadville, Pennsylvania, he was an honorary member of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. He remained at Allegheny for only one year, returning home in 1860 after becoming depressed.
He spent time at Mount Union College in Alliance, Ohio as a board member. Although his health recovered, family finances declined and McKinley was unable to return to Allegheny, first working as a postal clerk and taking a job teaching at a school near Poland, Ohio; when the Southern states seceded from the Union and the American Civil War began, thousands of men in Ohio volunteered for service. Among them were McKinley and his cousin William McKinley Osbourne, who enlisted as privates in the newly formed Poland Guards in June 1861; the men left for Columbus where they were consolidated with other small units to form the 23rd Ohio Infantry. The men were unhappy to learn that, unlike Ohio's earlier volunteer regiments, they would not be permitted to elect their officers. Dennison appointed Colonel William Rosecrans as the commander of the regiment, the men began training on the outskirts of Columbus. McKinley took to the soldier's life and wrote a series of letters to his hometown newspaper extolling the army and the Union cause.
Delays in issuance of uniforms and weapons again brought the men into conflict with their officers, but Major Rut
Glare is difficulty of seeing in the presence of bright light such as direct or reflected sunlight or artificial light such as car headlamps at night. Because of this, some cars include mirrors with automatic anti-glare functions. Glare is caused by a significant ratio of luminance between the glare source. Factors such as the angle between the task and the glare source and eye adaptation have significant impacts on the experience of glare. Glare can be divided into two types, discomfort glare and disability glare. Discomfort glare results in an instinctive desire to look away from a bright light source or difficulty in seeing a task. Disability glare impairs the vision of objects without causing discomfort; this could arise for instance. Disability glare is caused by the inter-reflection of light within the eyeball, reducing the contrast between task and glare source to the point where the task cannot be distinguished; when glare is so intense that vision is impaired, it is sometimes called dazzle.
Glare can reduce visibility by: reduction of brightness of the rest of the scene by constriction of the pupils reduction in contrast of the rest of the scene by scattering of the bright light within the eye. Reduction in contrast by scattering light in particles in the air, as when the headlights of a car illuminate the fog close to the vehicle, impeding vision at larger distance. Reduction in contrast between print and paper by reflection of the light source in the printed matter. Reduction in contrast by reflection of bright areas on the surface of a transparent medium as glass, plastic or water. Bloom surrounding objects in front of glareSunglasses are worn to reduce glare. An anti-reflective treatment on eyeglasses reduces the glare at night and glare from inside lights and computer screens, caused by light bouncing off the lens; some types of eyeglasses can reduce glare that occurs because of the imperfections on the surface of the eye. Light field measurements can be taken to reduce glare with digital post-processing.
Glare is measured with luminance meters or luminance cameras, both of which are able to determine the luminance of objects within small solid angles. The glare of a scene i.e. visual field of view, is calculated from the luminance data of that scene. The International Commission on Illumination defines glare as: visual conditions in which there is excessive contrast or an inappropriate distribution of light sources that disturbs the observer or limits the ability to distinguish details and objects; the CIE recommends the Unified glare rating as a quantitative measure of glare. Other glare calculation methods include CIBSE Glare Index, IES Glare Index and the Daylight Glare Index; the unified glare rating is a measure of the glare in a given environment, proposed by Sorensen in 1987 and adopted by the International Commission on Illumination. It is the logarithm of the glare of all visible lamps, divided by the background lumination L b: U G R = 8 log 0.25 L b ∑ n, where log is the common logarithm, L n is the luminance of each light source numbered n, ω n is the solid angle of the light source seen from the observer and p n is the Guth position index, which depends on the distance from the line of sight of the viewer.
Afterimage Lens flare Lyot stop Over-illumination Specular reflection Visual comfort probability Selective yellow
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U. S. state of Utah. With an estimated population of 190,884 in 2014, the city is the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,153,340. Salt Lake City is further situated within a larger metropolis known as the Salt Lake City–Ogden–Provo Combined Statistical Area, a corridor of contiguous urban and suburban development stretched along a 120-mile segment of the Wasatch Front, comprising a population of 2,423,912, it is one of only two major urban areas in the Great Basin. The world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is located in Salt Lake City; the city was founded in 1847 by followers of the church, led by Brigham Young, who were seeking to escape persecution that they had experienced while living farther east. The Mormon pioneers, as they would come to be known, at first encountered an arid, inhospitable valley that they extensively irrigated and cultivated, thereby establishing the foundation to sustain the area's present population.
Salt Lake City's street grid system is based on the north-south east-west grid plan developed by early church leaders, with the Salt Lake Temple constructed at the grid's starting point. Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lake, the city was named Great Salt Lake City. In 1868, the 17th Utah Territorial Legislature dropped the word "Great" from the city's name. Immigration of international members of the church, mining booms, the construction of the first transcontinental railroad brought economic growth, the city was nicknamed the Crossroads of the West, it was traversed by the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway, in 1913. Two major cross-country freeways, I-15 and I-80, now intersect in the city. Salt Lake City has developed a strong outdoor recreation tourist industry based on skiing, the city hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics, it is the industrial banking center of the United States. Before settlement by members of the LDS Church, the Shoshone and Paiute had dwelt in the Salt Lake Valley for thousands of years.
At the time of Salt Lake City's founding, the valley was within the territory of the Northwestern Shoshone. One local Shoshone tribe, the Western Goshute tribe, referred to the Great Salt Lake as Pi'a-pa, meaning "big water", or Ti'tsa-pa, meaning "bad water"; the land was treated by the United States as public domain. The first American explorer in the Salt Lake area was Jim Bridger in 1825, although others had been in Utah earlier, some as far north as the nearby Utah Valley. US Army officer John C. Frémont surveyed the Great Salt Lake and the Salt Lake Valley in 1843 and 1845; the Donner Party, a group of ill-fated pioneers, had traveled through the Great Salt Lake Valley in August 1846. The valley's first permanent settlements date to the arrival of the Latter-day Saints in July 1847, they had traveled beyond the boundaries of the United States into Mexican Territory seeking a secluded area to safely practice their religion away from the violence and the persecution they experienced in the Eastern United States.
Upon arrival at the Salt Lake Valley, president of the church Brigham Young is recorded as stating, "This is the right place, drive on." Brigham Young claimed to have seen the area in a vision prior to the wagon train's arrival. They found. Four days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young designated the building site for the Salt Lake Temple; the Salt Lake Temple, constructed on the block called Temple Square, took 40 years to complete. Construction started in 1853, the temple was dedicated on April 6, 1893; the temple serves as its centerpiece. In fact, the southeast corner of Temple Square is the initial point of reference for the Salt Lake meridian, for all addresses in the Salt Lake Valley; the pioneers organized a state called State of Deseret, petitioned for its recognition in 1849. The United States Congress rebuffed the settlers in 1850 and established the Utah Territory, vastly reducing its size, designated Fillmore as its capital city. Great Salt Lake City replaced Fillmore as the territorial capital in 1856, the name was shortened to Salt Lake City.
The city's population continued to swell with an influx of converts to the LDS Church and Gold Rush gold seekers, making it one of the most populous cities in the American Old West. Explorer and author Richard Francis Burton traveled by coach in the summer of 1860 to document life in Great Salt Lake City, he was granted unprecedented access during his three-week visit, including audiences with Brigham Young and other contemporaries of Joseph Smith. The records of his visit include sketches of early city buildings, a description of local geography and agriculture, commentary on its politics and social order, essays and sermons from Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and other leaders, snippets of everyday life such as newspaper clippings and the menu from a high-society ball. Disputes with the federal government ensued over the church's practice of polygamy. A climax occurred in 1857 when President James Buchanan declared the area in rebellion after Brigham Young refused to step down as governor, beginning the Utah War.
A division of the United States Army, comman
J. Golden Kimball
Jonathan Golden Kimball was a leader of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, serving as a member of the First Council of the Seventy from 1892 until his death in 1938. He is considered one of the most beloved of the church's general authorities. In the years since his death, "Uncle Golden" has become a near legendary character among church members comparable to what Will Rogers or Mark Twain are to the general American public. Kimball was born in Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, the son of apostle Heber C. Kimball and Christeene Golden Kimball, he was one of sixty-five children fathered by Heber C. Kimball, a practitioner of the early LDS doctrine of plural marriage. Kimball was one of the first generation of Latter-day Saints to be born after the Mormon pioneers' exodus to Utah in 1847, was familiar with the pioneer experience and the expansion of Latter-day Saint settlements in the Intermountain Region. Kimball was fifteen when his father died. To support the family, he became a mule driver.
His mother kept boarders as well as sewing for Zion's Co-operative Mercantile Institution or ZCMI, one of the first department stores in the United States. In 1876, he and his brother, established a horse and cattle ranch in Meadowville, Rich County, moved there with their immediate family, he cut timber during the winter for use in the construction of the church's Logan Utah Temple and worked as superintendent of a lumber mill. After hearing an 1881 speech by educator Karl G. Maeser, the Kimball brothers decided to leave their ranch and return to school, they attended Brigham Young Academy in Provo, receiving certificates in Bookkeeping and Commercial Arithmetic in June 1881. After completing his education, Kimball was called as a missionary to the southern United States on April 6, 1883 by LDS Church president John Taylor. Kimball remembered that he:... left Chattanooga, with twenty-seven elders assigned to the Southern States. There were all kinds of elders in the company—farmers, few educated—a pretty hard-looking crowd, I was one of that kind.
The elders preached, talked, sang, advertised loudly their calling as preachers. I kept still for once in my life. I saw a gentleman on the train. I can visualize that man now. I didn't know, he knew. The elders soon commenced a discussion and argument with the stranger, before he got through they were in grave doubt about their message of salvation, he gave them a training. That man proved to be President B. H. Roberts. For the first year of his mission Kimball served in Virginia. Kimball served in a time of some violence in the South, he was serving in the mission office in Chattanooga, as mission secretary, when three LDS elders were killed by a mob as they held services on Sunday, August 10, 1884. Although he developed a case of malaria, which troubled him for many years, Kimball remained active in the mission until his release in the spring of 1885. Kimball returned to ranching in the Bear Lake Valley and married Jennie Knowlton, a daughter of John Q. and Ellen Smith Knowlton. The couple had three boys and three girls.
While living in the Bear Lake area, Kimball served as a home missionary, somewhat like modern ward missionaries. Shortly Kimball was made the head of the Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association for the Bear Lake Stake. A short time Kimball, along with his brothers and Elias, set up a business called Kimball Brothers with branches in Montpelier and Logan, Utah and at this time Kimball moved to Logan. In 1891, he was called to return as president of the Southern States Mission. In a conference address in 1927, he summarized his experiences in the southern states: I was in the South three years, presiding over the mission, under the greatest hardships and the greatest difficulties I have endured in all my life... yet I have had the greatest joy and the greatest peace and happiness. In 1892, while still serving as mission president, Kimball was called to be a general authority and member of the First Council of Seventy, he humorously attributed his new position to his father's influence: Some people say a person receives a position in this church through revelation, others say they get it through inspiration, but I say they get it through relation.
If I hadn't been related to Heber C. Kimball I wouldn't have been a damn thing in this church. Kimball served as a general authority for forty-six years. During the time, it was customary for church leaders to travel to Mormon communities in the western territories and states. Kimball gave sparkling with humor and wit. A tall lean man, his voice was described as rasping, he was well known for swearing good naturedly from the pulpit, sprinkling "damns" and "hells" into his speeches. Although the habit was of concern to other church leaders, subjected him to counsel from church president Heber J. Grant on many occasions, this common touch made Kimball one of the most beloved leaders in the church's history. Asked how he could get away with the way he spoke, Kimball is said to have replied: Hell, they can't excommunicate me. I repent too damned fast; this "folksy" style was backed by intelligence and deep spirituality, Latter-day Saints would travel long distances to hear him speak at conferences."J.
Golden" stories have become a type of folklore for members of the LDS Church. One of the best known has LDS Church president Grant wr