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George Bernard Shaw

George Bernard Shaw, known at his insistence as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic and political activist. His influence on Western theatre and politics extended from the 1880s to his death and beyond, he wrote more than sixty plays, including major works such as Man and Superman and Saint Joan. With a range incorporating both contemporary satire and historical allegory, Shaw became the leading dramatist of his generation, in 1925 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Born in Dublin, Shaw moved to London in 1876, where he struggled to establish himself as a writer and novelist, embarked on a rigorous process of self-education. By the mid-1880s he had become a respected music critic. Following a political awakening, he joined the gradualist Fabian Society and became its most prominent pamphleteer. Shaw had been writing plays for years before his first public success and the Man in 1894. Influenced by Henrik Ibsen, he sought to introduce a new realism into English-language drama, using his plays as vehicles to disseminate his political and religious ideas.

By the early twentieth century his reputation as a dramatist was secured with a series of critical and popular successes that included Major Barbara, The Doctor's Dilemma and Caesar and Cleopatra. Shaw's expressed views were contentious, he courted unpopularity by denouncing both sides in the First World War as culpable, although not a republican, castigated British policy on Ireland in the postwar period. These stances had no lasting effect on his productivity as a dramatist. In 1938 he provided the screenplay for a filmed version of Pygmalion for which he received an Academy Award, his appetite for politics and controversy remained undiminished. In the final decade of his life he made fewer public statements, but continued to write prolifically until shortly before his death, aged ninety-four, having refused all state honours, including the Order of Merit in 1946. Since Shaw's death scholarly and critical opinion about his works has varied, but he has been rated among British dramatists as second only to Shakespeare.

The word Shavian has entered the language as encapsulating Shaw's ideas and his means of expressing them. Shaw was born at 3 Upper Synge Street in a lower-middle-class part of Dublin, he was the youngest child and only son of Lucinda Elizabeth Shaw. His elder siblings were Elinor Agnes; the Shaw family was of English descent and belonged to the dominant Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. His relatives secured him a sinecure in the civil service, from which he was pensioned off in the early 1850s. In 1852 he married Bessie Gurly. If, as Holroyd and others surmise, George's motives were mercenary he was disappointed, as Bessie brought him little of her family's money, she came to despise her ineffectual and drunken husband, with whom she shared what their son described as a life of "shabby-genteel poverty". By the time of Shaw's birth, his mother had become close to George John Lee, a flamboyant figure well known in Dublin's musical circles. Shaw retained a lifelong obsession; the young Shaw suffered no harshness from his mother, but he recalled that her indifference and lack of affection hurt him deeply.

He found solace in the music. Lee was a teacher of singing; the Shaws' house was filled with music, with frequent gatherings of singers and players. In 1862, Lee and the Shaws agreed to share a house, No. 1 Hatch Street, in an affluent part of Dublin, a country cottage on Dalkey Hill, overlooking Killiney Bay. Shaw, a sensitive boy, found the less salubrious parts of Dublin shocking and distressing, was happier at the cottage. Lee's students gave him books, which the young Shaw read avidly. Between 1865 and 1871, Shaw attended four schools, his experiences as a schoolboy left him disillusioned with formal education: "Schools and schoolmasters", he wrote, were "prisons and turnkeys in which children are kept to prevent them disturbing and chaperoning their parents." In October 1871 he left school to become a junior clerk in a Dublin firm of land agents, where he worked hard, rose to become head cashier. During this period, Shaw was known as "George Shaw". In June 1873, Lee left Dublin for London and never returned.

A fortnight Bessie followed him. Shaw's explanation of why his mother followed Lee was that without the l

Suzano school shooting

The Suzano school shooting known as the Suzano massacre, was a school shooting that took place on March 13, 2019, at the Professor Raul Brasil State School in the Brazilian municipality of Suzano, São Paulo State. The perpetrators, Guilherme Taucci Monteiro and Luiz Henrique de Castro, both former students at the school, killed five students and two school employees. Before the attack, in a car shop near the school, the pair killed Monteiro's uncle. After the shooting, Monteiro killed his partner and committed suicide; the attack was the second major school shooting in Brazil after the Realengo massacre in 2011. Earlier in the day, the gunmen shot three times and killed Monteiro's uncle, Jorge Antônio Moraes in a nearby car shop; the two attackers drove to the school in a white Chevrolet Onix that Castro had rented at Localiza Hertz. School cameras recorded the attackers entering the school at around 9:40 a.m. local time, one after the other, with a delay of around 10 seconds. Monteiro entered the building first.

He turned around and began shooting at two school staff members as well as several students at a distance of 3 feet in front of him, before entering the main patio in search of more potential victims. He disappeared from camera and moved on to the institution's linguistics center. By this time, Castro appeared on camera entering the building in a hurry while holding several weapons, including a bow which he left on the floor, he struck them with a hatchet. Fleeing students started to run from the patio towards the school entrance hall. On the way, they encountered Castro, still in the entrance hall. Other students who had hidden themselves when they first heard gunshots were able to avoid being shot. Five students between 14 and 17 years old and two school staff members were killed; the school was locked down by police, who searched it and found a bow and arrow, a crossbow, possible Molotov cocktails and a wired bag. A bomb squad was found that it was a fake explosive; the shooters were Luiz Henrique de Castro.

Monteiro lived with his grandparents. Both the attackers had been pupils at the targeted school with Monteiro dropping out of school due to bullying last year; the attackers had been close friends since childhood. The attackers had planned the attack for a year and, inspired by the Columbine massacre, they hoped the attack would draw more attention than the Columbine massacre. According to some reports, both perpetrators were influenced by Dogolachan, a far-right imageboard known for inciting terrorism and violence where they had been asking for weapons and support. On this imageboard Luiz was known as luhkrcher666 and Guilherme as 1guY-55chaN. In a statement from Monteiro's mother, Monteiro had been bullied because of his acne, she stated that he had been harassed by a fellow pupil. A third suspect, not directly involved in the attack, stated that the perpetrators intended to carry out rapes; the perpetrators might have been influenced by Elephant, a movie about a school shooting in which a murder-suicide between the shooters end the movie.

Two victims were school staff members. The first victim to be shot was a pedagogical coordinator. Five high school students were killed, four of whom died in school and one on his way to the hospital; the attack left eleven students wounded, who were taken to nearby hospitals. Two of these victims, who presented a more serious clinical condition, were transferred to Hospital das Clínicas in São Paulo. StudentsCaio Oliveira, 15 Claiton Antônio Ribeiro, 17 Douglas Murilo Celestino, 16 Kaio Lucas da Costa Limeira, 15 Samuel Melquíades Silva de Oliveira, 16School staffMarilena Ferreira Vieira Umezu, 59 Eliana Regina de Oliveira Xavier, 38Perpetrator's relativesJorge Antônio Moraes, 51, uncle of Guilherme Taucci Monteiro Many authorities, politicians and other people expressed their condolences and commented on the tragedy. João Doria, governor of São Paulo, canceled his routine activities and flew to Suzano in a helicopter along with Rossieli Soares, the state's Secretary of Education. Doria decreed 3 days of mourning in the state.

President Jair Bolsonaro lamented the tragedy and expressed his condolences to the victims' families on a tweet posted 6 hours after the tragedy. Ricardo Vélez Rodríguez, Minister of Education, expressed solidarity: "My condolences to the families. I express my contempt towards that demonstration of violence. I'll be following the investigation". Onyx Lorenzoni, Chief of Staff tweeted his condolences. Damares Alves, Minister of Women and Human Rights, lamented the event and offered support by the Ministry. Rodrigo Maia, President of the Chamber of Deputies, expressed his solidarity towards the families of victims and said that "it's time for Brazil to unite forces and competences to understand what happened and prevent new massacres like that one from occurring". Davi Alcolumbre, President of the Senate, expressed his condolences and tweeted: "I hope that the real causes behind that tragedy be discovered"; as a result of the shooting, many congress members brought the question of gun control back into debate, with some criticizing the relaxation of gun laws.

Dias Toffoli, President of the Supreme Federal Court, read a note during an ordinary plenary section on March 13 in which he expressed his solidarity towards the families and friends of t

Attingal (Lok Sabha constituency)

Attingal Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 20 Lok Sabha constituencies in Kerala state in southern India. This constituency came into existence in 2008 following the delimitation of the parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendation of the Delimitation Commission of India constituted in 2002. Attingal Lok Sabha constituency is composed of the following assembly segments: Varkala Attingal Chirayinkeezhu Nedumangad Vamanapuram Aruvikkara Kattakkada Chirayinkil List of Constituencies of the Lok Sabha Indian general election, 2014 2014 Indian general election Election Commission of India: https://web.archive.org/web/20081218010942/http://www.eci.gov.in/StatisticalReports/ElectionStatistics.asp