1880 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1880 throughout the world. National League: Chicago White Stockings National Association: Washington NationalsInter-league playoff: Washington def. Chicago, 4 games to 3 February 5 – The Worcester Ruby Legs are admitted to the National League. March 31 – The Worcester Ruby Legs offer the Providence Grays $1,000 for negotiating rights with Providence player-manager George Wright; the Grays refuse Wright remains the reserved property of Providence. April 21 – George Wright turns down the Providence Grays final contract offer; as a reserved player obligated to Providence, Wright has no other option. April 28 – Lew Brown, catcher for the Boston Red Caps, arrives drunk for an exhibition game and is suspended for the entire season by the Red Caps. May 1 – The Cincinnati Stars make their major league debut with a 4–3 loss to the Chicago White Stockings by a score of 4–3 at Bank Street Grounds. May 1 – Roger Connor and Mickey Welch make their debuts for the Troy Trojans.
Troy loses 13 -- 1 to the Worcester Ruby Legs. May 1 – Ned Hanlon makes his debut for the Cleveland Blues in a losing effort. Hanlon will be elected to the Hall-of-Fame in 1996. May 5 – Charley "Old Hoss" Radbourn debuts for the Providence Grays. May 20 – Chicago White Stockings manager Cap Anson begins alternating Larry Corcoran and Fred Goldsmith to form the first pitching rotation in major league history. May 29 – The Chicago White Stockings set a National League record by winning their 13th consecutive game, a record they will shatter in 4 weeks. June 10 – 1879 home run champ Charley Jones of the Boston Red Caps becomes the first player to hit 2 homers in one inning in a Boston victory over the Buffalo Bisons. June 12 – Lee Richmond of the Worcester Ruby Legs pitches the first perfect game in professional history in a 1–0 victory over the Cleveland Blues. June 17 – John Montgomery Ward of the Providence Grays pitches the 2nd perfect game in 6 days as the Grays defeat Pud Galvin and the Buffalo Bisons 5-0.
The National League would not see another perfect game until 1964. July 8 – The Chicago White Stockings win their 21st consecutive game; this record will stand until 1916. It still stands as the 2nd longest winning streak in major league history. July 11 – The Chicago Tribune publishes runs batted in for the first time. July 17 – Harry Stovey of the Worcester Ruby Legs hits his first big league home run. Stovey will become the first player in history to reach 100 career home runs. August 6 – Tim Keefe makes his major league debut with the Troy Trojans, pitching a 4-hitter in defeating the Cincinnati Reds. Keefe will end up with 342 career wins and be elected to the Hall-of-Fame in 1964. August 19 – Larry Corcoran of the Chicago White Stockings pitches a no-hitter against the Boston Red Caps. August 20 – Pud Galvin pitches a no-hitter for the Buffalo Bisons against the Worcester Ruby Legs, it is the 2nd day in a row. August 27 – Bill Crowley of the Buffalo Bisons records 4 assists from the outfield for the second time this season, having done it on May 24.
Crowley remains the only outfielder to have 4 assists in one game on two separate occasions. September 1 – Charley Jones of the Boston Red Caps refuses to play after the club fails to pay him $378 in back pay; the team responds by suspending and black-listing him. Jones will never again play in the National League, although he will appear again beginning in 1883 in the American Association. September 2 – The first night game is played in Nantasket Beach, Massachusetts; the Jordan Marsh and R. H. White department stores from Boston play to a 16–16 tie. September 8 – The Polo Grounds in New York City are leased by a new Metropolitan team being led by Jim Mutrie. September 9 – Buck Ewing makes his debut for the Troy Trojans. September 15 – John O'Rourke, older brother of Jim O'Rourke, becomes the first player to hit 4 doubles in one game. September 15 – The Chicago White Stockings clinch the pennant with a 5–2 win over the Cincinnati Reds. September 29 – The Polo Grounds hosts its first baseball game as the newly formed New York Metropolitans defeat the National Association champion Washington Nationals 4–2.
2,500 people attend the game, the largest crowd to see a game in New York City in several years. September 30 – The last place Cincinnati Stars win their final game 2–0 in front of 183 fans; this will be the last game for this troubled franchise, although the city will see the current version of the Reds begin play in 1882. October 4 – The National League prohibits the sale of alcoholic beverages in member parks and prohibits member parks from being rented out on Sundays; these rulings are directly aimed at the Cincinnati Stars club who did both in order to raise additional money for their continual struggling finances. October 6 – The Cincinnati Stars refuse to abide by the new rules set down and are kicked out of the National League. December 8 – The National League rejects the Washington Nationals bid for membership and accepts the Detroit Wolverines as its newest member. December 9 – The National League re-elects William Hulbert as president and adopts several new rules for 1881. Among the new rules are reducing called balls for a walk down to 7 and moving the pitching box back 5 feet to the new distance of 50 feet.
January 5 – Dutch Jordan January 13 – Goat Anderson January 21 – Emil Batch January 22 – Bill O'Neill January 23 – Julián Castillo January 27 – Bill Burns February 6 – Frank LaPorte February 14 – Claude Berry February 16 – Carl Lundgren March 2 – Danny Hof
Robert T. Mathews was an American right-handed professional baseball pitcher who played in the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, the National League of Major League Baseball and the American Association for twenty years beginning in the late 1860s, he is credited as being one of the inventors of the spitball pitch, rediscovered or reintroduced to the major leagues after he died. He is credited with the first legal pitch which broke away from the batter, he is listed at 5 feet 5 inches tall and 140 pounds, small for a pro athlete in his time, when the average height of an American male in the mid-19th century was 5 feet 7 & 1/4 inches tall. Mathews was born in 1851, in Baltimore, he played as a teenager with the Maryland club of that city, he made the team a dangerous one. Mathews began his career at the age of 16 for the Marylands of Baltimore in 1868. A year he moved to the senior club, the following year the club declared themselves professional, resulting in the creation of the National Association of Base Ball Players.
On August 19, he made his first start in the league against the Orientals of New York, winning 28-15. For the 1871 season, he and some other Maryland players signed with the Fort Wayne Kekiongas. On May 4, 1871 in Fort Wayne, Indiana, he pitched a shutout in the inaugural game of the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, the first professional league. In his first season, he went 6-11 in 19 complete games and 169 innings, with a 5.17 ERA, 17 strikeouts and 21 walks. In the following season, he rebounded with a 25-18 record in 49 games and 406 innings while having a 3.19 ERA, 52 walks and 57 strikeouts, the latter being a league high. He appeared as a batter in 19 games for 89 at-bats, batting.270 with 10 RBIs and a.612 OPS, with the latter two being career highs. Mathews went to the New York Mutuals alongside teammate Dick Higham. In 1873, he played in 52 out of the 53 games the team played for the season, going 29-23 with a 2.58 ERA in 443 innings with 62 walks and 79 strikeouts, although the team finished 4th.
One notable game was on July 3, when he allowed only two hits in a six inning rain-shortened game against Washington while scoring a run on a triple in a 2-1 win. However, research in recent years has alleged match-fixing over suspicious play during a game in the season. In a game on August 9, 1873, he was the losing pitcher in a 12-2 washout by the Brooklyn Atlantics in which they scored four runs to open up the game in the first inning. For 1874, he pitched in all 65 games of the season for the Mutuals, throwing 578 innings while having a 42-22 record and a 1.90 ERA, 41 walks and 101 strikeouts, although the Mutuals finished 2nd place to the Boston Red Stockings. He threw 32 wild pitches, a career high. On June 18, he pitched in a 38-1 victory over Chicago while allowing two hits in a game with severe wind conditions. A second accusation of match-fixing occurred in the season, as one player was seen in the company of a gambler in the area of Chicago on the August 5 home game, where the odds shifted towards Chicago.
Mathews left in the fifth inning on a groin injury while leading 4-2, with John Hatfield serving to pitch the rest of the game and losing the game 5-4. After the game, it was revealed that Chicago had known the possibility of Mathews not playing due to a doctor's note the Mutuals produced certifying his play despite a warning. For 1875, he pitched in 70 out of 71 of New York's games in the final year in the NA. However, he went 29-38 with a 2.49 ERA on 625.2 innings with 20 walks. Additionally, he allowed career highs in hits and batters faced, he led the league in complete games and innings pitched. He appeared in a career high 70 games as a batter, making 264 at-bats and garnering 48 hits and 15 RBIs for a.182 batting average and a.188 OBP. He threw a one-hitter on May 22 in a 4-0 win over Brooklyn in which he faced just 28 batters on no errors. Overall, he went 131-112 in the NA. with his wins being third most in the league behind Albert Spalding and Dick McBride. He led the Association in career amount of strikeouts per nine innings.
For 1876, he played in 56 out of 57 games for the Mutuals while going 21-34 with a 2.86 ERA with 55 complete games on 516 innings while having 37 strikeouts and 24 walks. During the season, he turned over a telegram, sent from a gambler, with a sting being set up to try and lure more out of the gambler, with the results being published in the New York Herald to try and discourage any more game-fixings. In his three years with New York, he had went 100-83 with a 2.31 ERA on 1,646.2 innings, with 266 strikeouts. The dissolving of the Mutuals meant that Mathews joined the Cincinnati Reds for 1877, his season went going 3-12 in 15 games with a 4.04 ERA on 129.1 innings pitched with 9 strikeouts and 17 walks. After the season, he joined a team in Janesville in the League Alliance. For 1878, he bounced around between Worcester, he was plagued by drunkenness, which led to him being expelled from the latter team in July, to the point where he was replaced by Bud Fowler. He went 8-12. Along with other members, they played as the Baltimore Waverlys for a few games.
On October 15, he signed with the Providence Grays. In 27 games played for the G
Troy Trojans (MLB team)
The Troy Trojans were a Major League Baseball team in the National League for four seasons from 1879 to 1882. Their home games were played at Putnam Grounds and Haymakers' Grounds in the upstate New York city of Troy, at Troy Ball Clubs Grounds across the Hudson in Watervliet, or "West Troy" as it was known at the time. Overall, the franchise won 131 games and lost 194; the Trojans, along with the Worcester NL team, were expelled from the league shortly before the end of the 1882 season, as Troy and Worcester were seen as too small for the league's ambitions, but were encouraged to play out the rest of their seasons as lame-duck teams. On September 28, 1882, only six fans appeared to watch Worcester host the Trojans in the second-to-last game of the season only 25 arrived for the last game between the two teams. Among games that have had at least one paying attendee, the attendance figure of six is the lowest attendance recorded at a Major League baseball game. In 1883 the New York Gothams known as the Giants, took the Trojans' former slot in the National League.
Four of the original Gotham players were former members of the disbanded Trojans, including three Hall of Famers: Buck Ewing, Roger Connor and Mickey Welch. A previous team named the Union Base Ball Club Lansingburgh was organized in 1860, the successor to the Victories of Troy, was a member of the National Association of Base Ball Players; that team was given the nickname Haymakers by a defeated New York City team. Notable players for the Trojans included Hall of Famers Dan Brouthers, Ewing, Tim Keefe, Welch. Another Troy Trojans minor league team continued play until at least 1916. 1879 Troy Trojans season 1880 Troy Trojans season 1881 Troy Trojans season 1882 Troy Trojans season Troy Trojans all-time roster Baseball-Reference.com
Shutouts in baseball
In Major League Baseball, a shutout refers to the act by which a single pitcher pitches a complete game and does not allow the opposing team to score a run. If two or more pitchers combine to complete this act, no pitcher is awarded a shutout, although the team itself can be said to have "shut out" the opposing team; the ultimate single achievement among pitchers is a perfect game, accomplished 23 times in over 135 years, most by Félix Hernández of the Seattle Mariners on August 15, 2012. By definition, a perfect game is counted as a shutout. A no-hitter completed by one pitcher is a shutout unless the opposing team manages to score through a series of errors, base on balls, catcher's interferences, dropped third strikes, or hit batsmen; the all-time career leader in shutouts is Walter Johnson, who pitched for the Washington Senators from 1907–1927. He accumulated 110 shutouts, 20 more than the second place leader, Pete Alexander; the most shutouts recorded in one season was 16, a feat accomplished by both Pete Alexander and George Bradley.
These records are considered among the most secure records in baseball, because pitchers today earn more than one or two shutouts per season with a heavy emphasis on pitch count and relief pitching. Complete games themselves have become rare among starting pitchers; the current leader among active players for career shutouts is Clayton Kershaw, who has thrown 15. A shutout is defined by Major League Baseball rule 10.18: A shutout in baseball statistics is abbreviated as ShO or SHO, not to be confused with strikeout. To achieve a shutout, a pitcher must pitch a complete game without allowing the other team to score a run. However, there are other stipulations to this rule. Jim Creighton of the Excelsior of Brooklyn club is regarded to have thrown the first official shutout in history on November 8, 1860. In the National League's inaugural season of 1876, the eight teams played between 59–70 games, but it was common for each team to only have one pitcher on the team who pitched every inning of every game.
For that reason, George Bradley pitched 16 shutouts in 1876, which still stands as the Major League record. Bradley's 16 shutouts in one year were half the total number he pitched in his nine-year career as a pitcher. From 1876–1916, 10 shutouts or more a season was recorded 19 times. With the increase in power hitting in the live-ball era, as well as the increased utilization of relief pitchers and complete games declined. Since 1917, 10 or more shutouts a season has only been achieved 10 times by pitchers with exceptional seasons. Jim Palmer was the last American League pitcher to achieve this mark with 10 in 1975, John Tudor was the last National League pitcher with 10 in 1985. In 1968 for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Don Drysdale pitched a Major League record six consecutive shutouts on his way to a total of eight. While his statistics that year are overlooked when compared to fellow National League pitcher Bob Gibson, Drysdale did pitch a then-record 58⅔ consecutive scoreless innings pitched over the course of a month, whereby he did not allow an opposing run.
He can be said to have "shut out" the opposition for 58⅔ consecutive innings pitched. That scoreless streak would be broken by Dodgers pitcher Orel Hershiser in 1988, who pitched one more out than Drysdale to record 59 consecutive shutout innings. Ed Reulbach of the Chicago Cubs is the only pitcher in Major League Baseball history to have pitched two shutouts on the same day. On September 26, 1908, the Cubs played a doubleheader against the Brooklyn Dodgers. Reulbach pitched both games to completion. Red Barrett holds the record for the fewest pitches needed to complete a nine-inning shutout with only 58 pitches—the fewest pitched in any nine-inning game in Major League history, as well as the quickest night game at one hour and 15 minutes. Among other records, Walter Johnson has the most Opening Day shutouts with seven, Jamie Moyer is the oldest player to pitch a Major League shutout at 47 years 170 days old. Christy Mathewson holds the postseason record with four shutouts, including an unprecedented three during the 1905 World Series.
It is possible for a pitcher to record a shutout without starting the game or pitching a complete game, so long as all the outs in the game are recorded under the same pitcher with no opposing runs scored by the other team. A pitcher who begins the game is recorded as the starting pitcher, regardless of how long that pitcher pitches in the game. A pitcher must face at least one batter before being removed to be considered the starting pitcher and get recorded with the game started, whether the batter faced reached base or was put out in any way. If the starting pitcher is removed from the game before the first recorded out by the opposing team, the pitcher that replaces him can still be eligible for a shutout if the game ends with the opposing team failing to score a run. However, the replacement pitcher can not complete game. In addition to that, the replacement pitcher must complete the rest of the game without being taken out himself for another pitcher at any time during the game. An instance of this occurred on June 23, 1917 when Babe Ruth of the Boston Red Sox walked the first batter of the Washington Senators, Ray Morgan, in the bottom of the first inning.
Ruth engaged in an argument with home plate umpire Brick Owens, whereby Ruth was ejected and escorted off the field. Ruth's replacement, Ernie Shore, proceeded to finish the game without allowing th
John A. "Cub" Stricker, born John A. Streaker was an American professional baseball second baseman, he played in Major League Baseball for seven different teams during his 11-season career with the Philadelphia Athletics and Cleveland Blues/Spiders. Born in Philadelphia, Stricker was signed by the Athletics as a free agent in 1882 and played four seasons with moderate success, he would get his most playing time while with the Cleveland Blues though, did well with the opportunity his first season with them in 1887, when he batted.264 in 131 games, scored 122 runs scored, stole 86 bases. He stole 60 bases the following year, finished his career with a respectable 278, along with 1,106 base hits and a.239 batting average. In 1892, he was signed by the St. Louis Browns to be the team's player-manager, his time was cut short. The final straw came after a home loss, Stricker jumped into the stands and punched a fan, heckling the team, he was traded soon after to the Pittsburgh Pirates in exchange for Pud Galvin.
Cub did not play a game for the Pirates, as he was traded again, three days to the Baltimore Orioles in exchange for Adonis Terry. Though his career was unremarkable, it was marred by an incident in his final season, while playing with the Washington Senators. During the sixth inning of a game on August 5, 1893 in Philadelphia, the crowd was jeering the Senators relentlessly when, after making the third out, Stricker walked over near the crowd and feigned throwing the ball at them a couple times until he did release the ball; the ball struck the ground before the fence that divided the crowd and the baseball field and bounded over the fence and struck a young man in the face, breaking his nose. Stricker was arrested, held until a hearing could be conducted, he apologized, explaining that it was an accident. Stricker died at the age of 78 in his hometown of Philadelphia, was interred at West Laurel Hills Cemetery in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania. List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders List of Major League Baseball player-managers Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference The Editors of Total Baseball.
Baseball:The Biographical Encyclopedia. Sports Illustrated. P. 1096. ISBN 1-892129-34-5. Cub Stricker at Find a Grave
A third baseman, abbreviated 3B, is the player in baseball whose responsibility is to defend the area nearest to third base — the third of four bases a baserunner must touch in succession to score a run. In the scoring system used to record defensive plays, the third baseman is assigned the number'5'; the third baseman requires good reflexes in reacting to batted balls, as he is the closest infielder to the batter. The third base position requires a strong and accurate arm, as the third baseman makes long throws to first base; the third baseman sometimes must throw to second base in time to start a double play. The third baseman must field fly balls in fair and foul territory. Third base is known as the "hot corner", because the third baseman is close to the batter and most right-handed hitters tend to hit the ball hard in this direction. A third baseman must possess good hand-eye coordination and quick reactions in order to catch hard line drives sometimes in excess of 125 miles per hour. Third basemen must begin in a position closer to the batter if a bunt is expected, creating a hazard if the ball is instead hit sharply.
As with middle infielders, right-handed throwing players are standard at the position because they do not need to turn their body before throwing across the infield to first base. Mike Squires, who played fourteen games at third base in 1982 and 1983, is a rare example of a third baseman who threw lefty; some third basemen have been converted from middle infielders or outfielders because the position does not require them to run as fast. Expectations of how well a third baseman should be able to hit have varied a great deal over time. Players who could hit with more ability were not suited for third base, either because they were left-handed or because they were not mobile enough for the position. However, the beginning of the live-ball era in the 1920s created a greater demand for more offense, third basemen have since been expected to hit either for a high average or with moderate to substantial power. Since the 1950s the position has become more of a power position with sluggers such as Eddie Mathews, Mike Schmidt and Ron Santo becoming stars.
There are fewer third basemen in the Baseball Hall of Fame than there are Hall of Famers of any other position. Furthermore, with the notable exception of John McGraw and Bobby Cox, few third basemen have gone on to have successful managing careers, with Jimmy Dykes and Negro Leaguer Dave Malarcher being the next most prominent managers who began their careers at third base. Frank "Home Run" Baker Johnny Bench Wade Boggs George Brett Jimmy Collins Ray Dandridge Judy Johnson George Kell Freddie Lindstrom Edgar Martínez Eddie Mathews John McGraw Paul Molitor Brooks Robinson Mike Schmidt Pie Traynor Jud Wilson Ron Santo Chipper Jones Brooks Robinson – 16 Mike Schmidt – 10 Scott Rolen – 8 Eric Chavez – 6 Robin Ventura – 6 Buddy Bell – 6 Ken Boyer – 5 Doug Rader – 5 Ron Santo – 5 Nolan Arenado – 5 Gary Gaetti – 4 Adrián Beltré – 4 Matt Williams – 4 Frank Malzone – 3 Evan Longoria – 3 David Wright – 2 Wade Boggs – 2 Graig Nettles – 2 Manny Machado – 2 Graig Nettles: 412 Graig Nettles: 410 Brooks Robinson: 410 Brooks Robinson: 405 Harlond Clift: 405 Mike Schmidt: 404 Doug DeCinces: 399 Brandon Inge: 398 Clete Boyer: 396 Mike Schmidt: 396 Buddy Bell: 396 Denny Lyons: 255 Jimmy Williams: 251 Jimmy Collins: 251 Jimmy Collins: 243 Willie Kamm: 243 Willie Kamm: 236 Frank Baker: 233 Bill Coughlin: 232 Ernie Courtney: 229 Jimmy Austin: 228
Baltimore Orioles (1882–1899)
The Baltimore Orioles were a 19th-century American Association and National League team from 1882 to 1899. The early ball club, which featured numerous future Hall of Famers, finished in first place three consecutive years and won the "Temple Cup" national championship series in 1896 and 1897. Despite their success, the dominant Orioles were contracted out of the League after the 1899 season, when the N. L. reduced its number of teams and franchises from 12 to 8, with a list of teams and cities limited to just the northeastern United States which endured for the next half-century. This controversial action resulting in the elevation of the former Western League by leaders such as Ban Johnson, into a newly-organized American League in 1901 of which the new reorganized Baltimore Orioles were a prominent member for its first two seasons which "waged war" on the elder "Nationals"; the team was founded in 1882 as a charter member of the American Association, a major league. After several years of mediocrity, the team dropped out of the league in 1889, but re-joined in 1890 to replace the last-place Brooklyn Gladiators club which had dropped out during the season.
After the Association folded, the Orioles joined the National League in 1892. The beginnings of what was to become a legendary team can be traced to June 1892, when Harry Von der Horst hired Ned Hanlon to manage the Orioles, giving him stock in the team and full authority over baseball operations. Ned moved his growing family to a house. After two years finishing near the bottom of the league, the Orioles won three consecutive pennants with several future Hall of Famers under player/manager Ned Hanlon from 1894 to 1896, they followed up the title run with two consecutive second-place finishes. Accordingly, they participated in all four editions of the Temple Cup series, winning the final two in 1896 and 1897. After the team's 1898 second-place finish and most of the team's stars were moved across to the Brooklyn Dodgers of the National League by the joint ownership of the clubs. Following a fourth-place finish in 1899, the National League eliminated four teams from the circuit, the Orioles among them.
First-year player/manager John McGraw followed through on his threats to abandon the NL and form a club in the rival American League, doing so beginning in 1901. A high-minor league franchise in the old Eastern League filled the void left by the Orioles in 1903, including local product and future baseball icon Babe Ruth and Lefty Grove winning an unbroken string of six straight titles, 1919–1925 in the "Triple A" level of minor league baseball in the reorganized International League, but top-level professional baseball would not return to Baltimore until the St. Louis Browns relocated to the City in 1954; the Orioles played at the old Oriole Park, in Harwood, south of the Waverly neighborhood at 29th and Barclay Streets, from 1890 to 1891. During the 1891 season, the Orioles moved a few blocks away to Union Park on Huntington Avenue and Greenmount Avenue, where they would play and win their famous three straight championships for the old "Temple Cup" in 1894–1895-1896, they were removed from the N.
L. roster after the 1899 season when the League was controversially reduced from 12 team franchises to 8, which endured for the next half-century. For further info see List of baseball parks in Maryland; the original Orioles were one of the most storied teams in the history of the game. Managed by Ned Hanlon, they won NL pennants in 1894, 1895 and 1896, sported some of the most colorful players in history including John McGraw, Wee Willie Keeler, Hughie Jennings, Joe Kelley, Wilbert Robinson, Dan Brouthers, they were rough characters who invented "scientific" baseball, the form of baseball played before the home run became the norm in the 1920s. Like the style known today as "small ball", the "inside baseball" strategy of Orioles featured tight pitching and run tactics, stolen bases, precise bunting. One such play, where the batter deliberately strikes the pitched ball downward onto the infield surface with sufficient force such that the ball rebounds skyward, allowing the batter to reach first base safely before the opposing team can field the ball, remains known as a Baltimore Chop.
Matt Kilroy pitched a no-hitter for the Orioles on October 6, 1886. Bill Hawke threw one on August 16, 1893, the first from the modern pitching distance of 60 feet, 6 inches. Jay Hughes threw a no-hitter for the Orioles on April 22, 1898. Instead of "flying spikes," it was "flying mouths" that most made the 1890s Orioles stand out. In the 1890s the major Baseball franchises were keen to find ways to keep their venues, players active in the winter months. One solution was to launch a National soccer league containing the same teams names as, some players from its Baseball parent. Soccer was growing in popularity in the United States at the time but a combination of poor adverti