George Catlin was an American painter and traveler, who specialized in portraits of Native Americans in the Old West. Travelling to the American West five times during the 1830s, Catlin was the first white man to depict Plains Indians in their native territory. George Catlin was born in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania; as a child growing up in Pennsylvania, Catlin had spent many hours hunting and looking for American Indian artifacts. His fascination with Native Americans was kindled by his mother, who told him stories of the western frontier and how she was captured by a tribe when she was a young girl. Years a group of Native Americans came through Philadelphia dressed in their colorful regalia and made quite an impression on Catlin, his early work included engravings, drawn from nature, of sites along the route of the Erie Canal in New York State. Several of his renderings were published in one of the first printed books to use lithography, Cadwallader D. Colden's Memoir, Prepared at the Request of a Committee of the Common Council of the City of New York, Presented to the Mayor of the City, at the Celebration of the Completion of the New York Canals, published in 1825, with early images of the City of Buffalo.
Following a brief career as an attorney, Catlin produced two major collections of paintings of American Indians and published a series of books chronicling his travels among the native peoples of North and South America. Spurred by relics brought back by the famous Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804–1806 owned by his friend, Charles Willson Peale, claiming that his interest in America's'vanishing race' was inspired by a visiting American Indian delegation in Philadelphia, he set out to record the appearance and customs of America's native peoples. Catlin began his journey in 1830 when he accompanied Governor William Clark on a diplomatic mission up the Mississippi River into Native American territory. St. Louis became Catlin’s base of operations for five trips he took between 1830 and 1836 visiting fifty tribes. Two years he ascended the Missouri River more than 3000 km to Fort Union Trading Post, near what is now the North Dakota-Montana border, where he spent several weeks among indigenous people who were still untouched by European culture.
He visited eighteen tribes, including the Pawnee and Ponca in the south and the Mandan, Cheyenne, Crow and Blackfeet to the north. There he produced the most penetrating portraits of his career. During trips along the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers, as well as visits to Florida and the Great Lakes, he produced more than 500 paintings and gathered a substantial collection of artifacts; when Catlin returned east in 1838, he assembled the paintings and numerous artifacts into his Indian Gallery, began delivering public lectures that drew on his personal recollections of life among the American Indians. Catlin traveled with his Indian Gallery to major cities such as Pittsburgh and New York, he hung his paintings "salon style" -- side by one above another. Visitors identified each painting by the number on the frame. Soon afterward, he began a lifelong effort to sell his collection to the U. S. government. The touring Indian Gallery did not attract the paying public Catlin needed to stay financially sound, the United States Congress rejected his initial petition to purchase the works.
In 1839 Catlin took his collection across the Atlantic for a tour of European capitals. As a showman and entrepreneur, he attracted crowds to his Indian Gallery in London and Paris; the French critic Charles Baudelaire remarked on Catlin’s paintings, "He has brought back alive the proud and free characters of these chiefs, both their nobility and manliness."Catlin wanted to sell his Indian Gallery to the U. S. government to have his life's work preserved intact. His continued attempts to persuade various officials in Washington, D. C. to buy the collection failed. In 1852 he was forced to sell the original Indian Gallery, now 607 paintings, due to personal debts; the industrialist Joseph Harrison acquired the paintings and artifacts, which he stored in a factory in Philadelphia, as security. Catlin spent the last 20 years of his life trying to re-create his collection, recreated more than 400 paintings; this second collection of paintings is known as the "Cartoon Collection", since the works are based on the outlines he drew of the works from the 1830s.
In 1841 Catlin published Manners and Condition of the North American Indians, in two volumes, with 300 engravings. Three years he published 25 plates, entitled Catlin’s North American Indian Portfolio, and, in 1848, Eight Years' Travels and Residence in Europe. From 1852 to 1857 he traveled through South and Central America and returned for further exploration in the Far West; the record of these years is contained in Last Rambles amongst the Indians of the Rocky Mountains and the Andes and My Life among the Indians. Paintings of his Spanish American Indians are published. In 1872, Catlin traveled to Washington, D. C. at the invitation of Joseph Henry, the first secretary of the Smithsonian. Until his death that year in Jersey City, New Jersey, Catlin worked in a studio in the Smithsonian "Castle". In 1879 Harrison’s widow donated the original Indian Gallery, more than 500 works, along with related artifacts, to the Smithsonian; the nearly complete surviving set of Catlin's first Indian Gallery, painted in the 1830s, is now part of the Smithsonian American Art Museum's collection.
The associated Catlin artifacts are in the collections of the Department of Anthropolo
Peter W. Chiarelli is a retired United States Army general who served as the 32nd Vice Chief of Staff of the U. S. Army from August 4, 2008 to January 31, 2012, he served as commander, Multi-National Corps – Iraq under General George W. Casey, Jr.. He was the Senior Military Assistant to the Secretary of Defense from March 2007 to August 2008, he retired from the U. S. Army on January 31, 2012 after nearly 40 years of service, was succeeded as Vice Chief of Staff by Gen. Lloyd J. Austin III. Chiarelli was born in Seattle, Washington on March 23, 1950, he is a Distinguished Military Graduate of Seattle University Army ROTC. Chiarelli was commissioned a second lieutenant in September 1972. Throughout his career, he has served in Army units in the United States and Belgium, he has commanded at every level from platoon to corps. His first assignments were with the 9th Infantry Division at Fort Lewis, including: support platoon leader for 3rd Squadron, 5th Cavalry Regiment. Chiarelli's principal staff assignments were Operations Officer, 1st Cavalry Division, at Fort Hood, Texas.
He commanded a motorized infantry battalion and a motorized infantry brigade at Fort Lewis, Washington. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in political science from Seattle University, a Master of Public Administration degree from the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs at the University of Washington, a Master of Arts degree in national security strategy from Salve Regina University, he is a graduate of the U. S. Naval Command and Staff College and the National War College. Chiarelli has worked to reduce suicide rates in the Army. Out of concerns for stigma, he began using the term posttraumatic stress, dropping the word "disorder" from the medical name posttraumatic stress disorder, his term had subsequently become standard use in the armed forces, but was not taken up by the medical community. The name "posttraumatic stress injury" has been proposed by some psychiatrists in 2012, is endorsed by Chiarelli. Chiarelli is CEO of One Mind, dedicated to benefiting all affected by brain illness and injury through fostering fundamental changes – using open science principles and creating global public-private partnerships among governmental, corporate and philanthropic communities – that will radically accelerate the development and implementation of improved diagnostics and cures – while eliminating the stigma that comes with mental illness.
The Hero of Military Medicine Award was presented May 4, 2011, to Army Vice Chief of Staff Gen. Peter W. Chiarelli for his efforts to help Soldiers with traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress; the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine presented the award at the National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington, D. C. during a HJF Center for Public-Private Partnerships event. This article is in the public domain. General Peter W. Chiarelli Vice Chief of Staff United States Army Biography at Carnegie council Cloud, David; the Fourth Star: Four Generals and the Epic Struggle for the Future of the United States Army. Random House. Vice Chief of Staff at the United States Army Peter W. Chiarelli on Facebook Appearances on C-SPAN Works by or about Peter W. Chiarelli in libraries Interview at PBS Frontline, March 5, 2010
Loving Couples is a 1980 American romantic comedy film written by Martin Donovan and directed by Jack Smight. It stars James Coburn, Susan Sarandon and Stephen Collins; the plot offers a comic spin on adultery. When Greg crashes his sports car, doctor Evelyn comes to his rescue, the two soon are engaged in an affair. Evelyn's workaholic husband learns about it from Greg's live-in girlfriend, scatterbrained television weather girl Stephanie, the two begin to engage in a dalliance of their own. Complications arise when the two couples plan a clandestine weekend getaway at the same Acapulco resort; the scenes in Mexico were shot in San Diego and the hotel interiors were filmed at the Ambassador Hotel on Wilshire Boulevard in Los Angeles. The film grossed $2,806,659 in the US. Together with A Change of Seasons, the film was one of two 1980 20th Century Fox releases starring Shirley MacLaine that dealt with the subject of marital infidelity. Shirley MacLaine — Dr. Evelyn Lucas Kirby James Coburn — Dr. Walter Kirby Susan Sarandon — Stephanie Beck Stephen Collins — Greg Plunkett Sally Kellerman - Mrs. Liggett Nan Martin - Walter’s Nurse Anne Bloom - Nurse Helena Carroll - Prudence Marilyn Chris - Sally Pat Corley - Delmonico Clerk Michael Currie - Ken John de Lancie - Alan Peter Hobbs - Frank Sam Weisman - Cop A soundtrack to the movie was released on Motown Records featuring new music from The Temptations and Billy Preston.
Featured the song "Bass Odyssey" by Jermaine Jackson from his 1976 album My Name Is Jermaine. Take Me Away And So It Begins Turn Up the Music I'll Make It With Your Love And So It Begins I'll Make It With Your Love There's More Where That Came From Bass Odyssey All songs were produced by Teddy Randazzo, except for "Bass Odyssey", produced by Greg Wright. Karlin himself produced the instrumental versions of "And So It Begins" and "I'll Make It With Your Love". In her review in The New York Times, Janet Maslin called the film "a flat, lifeless movie... about as uneventful and unromantic as a romantic comedy can be" and added, "it never creates the impression that any of the lovers much care about one another, or that they're people at all."Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times called it "a dumb remake of a old idea, done so much better so many times before, that this version is wretchedly unnecessary... the whole project smells like high-gloss sitcom."Variety opined, "Direction by Jack Smight is assured and never lags.
MacLaine is in top form and sweet in turn. Coburn delivers a casually effective light comedy performance. Sarandon is topnotch."Time Out New York says it "subscribes to conventions as old as the hills and twice as rocky, burying any hints of feminist awareness beneath the routines of macho courtship. Faced with direction paced at a lethargic crawl and dialogue of inconceivable banality, the cast respond with performances of glazed charm."The film is rated M in New Zealand, "Suitable for mature audiences 16 years and over." Loving Couples on IMDb Loving Couples at Rotten Tomatoes Loving Couples at Box Office Mojo Loving Couples at the TCM Movie Database