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George Dantzig

George Bernard Dantzig was an American mathematical scientist who made contributions to industrial engineering, operations research, computer science and statistics. Dantzig is known for his development of the simplex algorithm, an algorithm for solving linear programming problems, for his other work with linear programming. In statistics, Dantzig solved two open problems in statistical theory, which he had mistaken for homework after arriving late to a lecture by Jerzy Neyman. At his death, Dantzig was the Professor Emeritus of Transportation Sciences and Professor of Operations Research and of Computer Science at Stanford University. Born in Portland, George Bernard Dantzig was named after George Bernard Shaw, the Irish writer. Born to Jewish parents, his father, Tobias Dantzig, was a mathematician and linguist, his mother, Anja Dantzig, was a linguist of French Jewish origin. Dantzig's parents met during their study at the University of Paris, where Tobias studied mathematics under Henri Poincaré, after whom Dantzig's brother was named.

The Dantzigs immigrated to the United States, where they settled in Oregon. Early in the 1920s the Dantzig family moved from Baltimore to Washington, his mother became a linguist at the Library of Congress, his father became a math tutor at the University of Maryland, College Park. Dantzig attended Central High School. By the time he reached high school he was fascinated by geometry, this interest was further nurtured by his father, challenging him with complicated problems in projective geometry. George Dantzig received his B. S. from University of Maryland in 1936 in mathematics and physics, part of the University of Maryland College of Computer and Natural Sciences. He earned his master's degree in mathematics from the University of Michigan in 1938. After a two-year period at the Bureau of Labor Statistics, he enrolled in the doctoral program in mathematics at the University of California, where he studied statistics under Jerzy Neyman. With the outbreak of World War II, Dantzig took a leave of absence from the doctoral program at Berkeley to work as a civilian for the United States Army Air Forces.

From 1941 to 1946, he became the head of the combat analysis branch of the Headquarters Statistical Control for the Army Air Forces. In 1946, he returned to Berkeley to complete the requirements of his program and received his Ph. D. that year. Although he had a faculty offer from Berkeley, he returned to the Air Force as mathematical advisor to the comptroller. In 1952 Dantzig joined the mathematics division of the RAND Corporation. By 1960 he became a professor in the Department of Industrial Engineering at UC Berkeley, where he founded and directed the Operations Research Center. In 1966 he joined the Stanford faculty of Computer Science. A year the Program in Operations Research became a full-fledged department. In 1973 he founded the Systems Optimization Laboratory there. On a sabbatical leave that year, he headed the Methodology Group at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Laxenburg, Austria, he became the C. A. Criley Professor of Transportation Sciences at Stanford, kept going, well beyond his mandatory retirement in 1985.

He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dantzig was the recipient of many honors, including the first John von Neumann Theory Prize in 1974, the National Medal of Science in 1975, an honorary doctorate from the University of Maryland, College Park in 1976; the Mathematical Programming Society honored Dantzig by creating the George B. Dantzig Prize, bestowed every three years since 1982 on one or two people who have made a significant impact in the field of mathematical programming, he was elected to the 2002 class of Fellows of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences. Dantzig died on May 13, 2005, in his home in Stanford, California, of complications from diabetes and cardiovascular disease, he was 90 years old. Freund wrote further that "through his research in mathematical theory, economic analysis, applications to industrial problems, Dantzig contributed more than any other researcher to the remarkable development of linear programming".

Dantzig's work allows the airline industry, for example, to schedule crews and make fleet assignments. Based on his work tools are developed "that shipping companies use to determine how many planes they need and where their delivery trucks should be deployed; the oil industry long has used linear programming in refinery planning, as it determines how much of its raw product should become different grades of gasoline and how much should be used for petroleum-based byproducts. It is used in manufacturing, revenue management, telecommunications, architecture, circuit design and countless other areas". An event in Dantzig's life became the origin of a famous story in 1939, while he was a graduate student at UC Berkeley. Near the beginning of a class for which Dantzig was late, professor Jerzy Neyman wrote two examples of famously unsolved statistics problems on the blackboard; when Dantzig arrived, he assumed that the two problems were a homework assignment and wrote them down. According to Dantzig, the problems "seemed to be a little harder than usual", but a few days he handed in completed solutions for the two problems, still believing that they were an assignment, overdue.

Six weeks Dantzig received a visit from an excited professor Neyman, eager to te


DRUM! is a North American educational drumming magazine. It features artist profiles, product reviews and advanced transcriptions covering rock and related styles of music; the magazine was launched in 1991 with Andy Doerschuk as editor. In the 1990s it gained a reputation for its coverage of younger drummers in contemporary styles such as punk, rap-rock, metal, it was the first magazine to feature artists such as Tré Cool, Chad Smith, Travis Barker and others on its covers. A typical issue of DRUM! Includes artist features and in-depth stories on topics such as playing techniques or new products. Additionally, it includes reviews of new recordings and drum products, short news items and health tips, challenging lessons; the magazine was started by Andy Doerschuk, Phil Hood, Connie Hood in 1991. The first issue appeared in September, 1991, with Charlie Benante of the band Anthrax and session drummer Joe Franco on the cover. At the time it was a tabloid-sized magazine, distributed free musical equipment stores and record shops within California.

In 1996 the magazine began global distribution. Today it is available in 24 countries worldwide, with more than 90 percent of copies going to Canada and the U. S. Prior to starting DRUM!, Andy Doerschuk was the founding editor of Drums & Drumming Magazine, a short-lived publication, part of GPI/Miller Freeman, the publishers of Guitar Player, Bass Player and other magazines in the late'80s and early'90s. Phil Hood worked at GPI and was the publisher of Drums & Drumming and EQ magazines, he had been the editor of Frets, an acoustic music magazine. Drums & Drumming was shuttered by GPI during the 1991 recession; the assets of the magazine were sold to a competitive publication. At that point and Hood decided to start their own magazine; some content from the magazine has been online since the mid-1990s, when it was first made available on AOL. The company's main web site,, features magazine content as well as daily news, concert photography, video lessons and other features. The magazine has the Drummies.

Voting takes place from February–April each year and the winners are announced in the summer months.

Stockholm Cup International

The Stockholm Cup International is a Group 3 flat horse race in Sweden open to thoroughbreds aged three years or older. It is run at Bro Park over a distance of 2,400 metres, it is scheduled to take place each year in September; the event was held at Ulriksdal as the Grand Prix. It was established in 1937, was contested over 1,800 metres; the race became known as the Stockholm-Löpning in 1951. Its prize money was increased in 1955, by this time its distance was 2,400 metres, it was renamed the Stockholm Cup in 1956. There was no running from 1960 to 1962, the race was transferred to Täby in 1963, its prize was less than it had been but it was raised again in 1975. The word "International" was added to its title in 1979; the Stockholm Cup International was given Group 3 status in 1991. It was the first race in Scandinavia to be classed at this level. Täby Racecourse closed in May 2016 and the Stockholm Cup International was transferred to Täby's replacement, Bro Park, from the 2016 running. * The 1971 race was a dead-heat and has joint winners.

List of Scandinavian flat horse races Recurring sporting events established in 1937 – this race is included under its original title, Grand Prix. Racing Post: 1988, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, – Stockholm Cup. – International Federation of Horseracing Authorities – Stockholm Cup International. – Stockholm Cup International. Winners of all the years – Stockholm Cup International – Täby

Pyrgospira tampaensis

Pyrgospira tampaensis, common name the Tampa turrid, is a species from sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pseudomelatomidae. The size of the shell varies between 32 mm; this species occurs in the Gulf of Mexico. Bartsch and Harald A. Rehder. "New turritid mollusks from Florida." Proceedings of the United States National Museum Rosenberg, G.. Gastropoda of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 579–699 in: Felder, D. L. and D. K. Camp, Gulf of Mexico–Origins and Biota. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas A. J. W. Hendy, D. P. Buick, K. V. Bulinski, C. A. Ferguson, A. I. Miller. 2008. Unpublished census data from Atlantic coastal plain and circum-Caribbean Neogene assemblages and taxonomic opinions "Pyrgospira tampaensis tampaensis". Retrieved 16 January 2019. Tucker, J. K.. "Catalog of recent and fossil turrids". Zootaxa. 682: 1–1295

Wearside Combination Football League

The Wearside Combination Football League was a non-league football competition based in County Durham, England. It was confirmed that as of the 2015–16 season the Wearside Combination League would come to an end after 70 years. Sunderland Hendon were the last champions of the league. Hall Farm are the last runners up of the league; the Combination in its most recent guise was established in 1945. Prior to the Second World War it had operated as the Sunderland and District Nonconformist and Brotherhood League; as well as the change of name it came under the control of the Durham County Football Association for the first time. Many players joined the Combination from pub and factory teams, in turn moved up to the Wearside League or the Northern League; the Wearside Combination had no official place in the English football league system, but could be approximated at level 13 below the Wearside League and the Durham Alliance League. In addition to the league, the teams competed for a number of cups.

Wearmouth and Hylton Aged Peoples Trophy This cup was established in 1934 to raise funds for the Aged Miners homes in Sunderland. As the charity was wound up, the competition was renamed in 2001. Alan Hood Memorial Trophy This charity competition was established in 1926 to support the Blind Institute charity. In 1989 it was renamed in honour of Combination vice-chairman Alan Hood, killed in a road accident; the trophy is a full-size replica of the European Cup. Alan Croft Memorial Trophy for SportsmanshipThis trophy is awarded each season to the club, judged the most sportsmanlike in both on- and off-field conduct, it is named after Alan Croft, Combination vice chairman until his death in 1980. League Challenge CupThis cup was donated to the League in 1950 by noted local ice cream manufacturers the Notarianni Brothers. Divisional champions since 2000 are: In February 2015 following an emergency meeting of clubs, after the resignation of Sunderland Cheers left only nine clubs in the league, three unnamed clubs stated their intention to fold at the end of the season.

The remaining six clubs unanimously voted to seek a merger with the Wearside Football League and join the new Wearside League Development Division. Official website

A. T. Saunders

Alfred Thomas Saunders was an accountant and amateur historian of the early days of South Australia, with a particular interest in the sea and River Murray. Working with his own remarkable collection of chronological but un-indexed notes, an incredible memory and a passion for facts stated, he came to be regarded as South Australia's unofficial historian. By engaging in controversy, he attracted a wide following. On many occasions he challenged writings by famous writers and public figures, including Joseph Conrad, who became something of a friend. Saunders' grandparents and Ann Galway left the North of Ireland on the Adam Lodge in 1837 and arrived in Sydney on 13 July 1837. Ten years they came to Port Adelaide in the Juno, the first steamship to enter Port Adelaide from another colony under its own steam. Both his mother and her sister married ship captains, his father, Captain Thomas Alfred Saunders arrived in South Australia from Hobart in 1849, in 1852 was appointed first harbormaster at Port Elliot a busy harbour, while there, helped survey the treacherous Murray Mouth.

Saunders was born at Queenstown, South Australia in the house his grandfather William Galway built in 1859 the only two-storey house in the area owned by Frank Coleman. Young Alfred, after only two years' schooling, began work in 1867 as an office boy. From late 1875 to 1876 he worked as a clerk for Coombe Brothers, storekeepers in the fledgling town of Port Pirie, so gained valuable first-hand knowledge of its early days. From 1895 to 1905 he was employed by the sharebroker Mr. H. L. Conran to keep his records. In November 1886 he contributed his first article to a South Australian newspaper, his impressions of the effect the newly laid railway to Mount Gambler was having upon Beachport, he continued to write, as the years went by the pursuit of South Australian history became a serious hobby. His greatest asset in this endeavour was his collection of clippings from every South Australian newspaper from 1837 to 1909, arranged chronologically, relying on his memory to locate the required article.

He had records of the arrival of every ship which had visited South Australia. Nearly every day he answered an enquiry relating to South Australian history, contacted authors and newspapers, not only in every Australian State, but in England and America, with corrections on matters of fact. Around 1911 Saunders took to visiting his bedridden aunt, who regaled him with stories of her time in the Spice Islands, where she had met the famed naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace and the notorious Bully Hayes; the more he checked her dates and facts, the more he trusted her memory and decided to commit the Hayes story to print. Having begun to write a history of Hayes, he found it essential to visit Singapore and Hong Kong. Any search undertaken by him was not abandoned until all possible avenues of information had been exhausted. Clerks in the British Admiralty were called upon to delve into the dusty past, to complete Mr. Saunders' record of some old time sailing ship, he once wrote to Joseph Conrad, pointing out an error that the author had made, after Conrad had written acknowledging the mistake, a correspondence sprang up between them.

Conrad visited South Australia as mate of the Torrens in 1893. A passenger on the same ship was John Galsworthy. Saunders noticed the name John Galsworthy among the passenger list of The Torrens, wrote to Conrad to ascertain if the Galsworthy mentioned was the author. Conrad replied. Conrad visited South Australia a few years in the Otago; the visit was recalled in a letter by Conrad to Saunders:'14 June 1917, Capel House, near Ashford, Kent.'Dear Mr. Saunders — You are a terror for tracking people out, it strikes me if I had done some thing involving penal servitude I would not like to have had you after me. However, I have done nothing of the sort, am not to now — too old, I can enjoy without misgivings the evidences of your skill and acuteness. Many thanks for your letter with the enclosures, giving the history of those lively ladies, the daughters of the late lamented Bully Hayes. All the inferences and surmises in your letter are correct. I did go to Minlacowie; the farmers around were nice to me and I gave their wives – on a never-to-be-for gotten day – a tea party on board the dear old Otago lying alongside the jetty there.

The Smile of Fortune story does belong to the Otago cycle. The Secret Sharer in the same volume does in a way, as far as the Gulf of Siam selling goes; the swimmer himself was suggested to me by a young fellow, second mate in the sixties of the Cutty Sark, had the misfortune to kill a man on her, but his skipper had the decency to let him swim ashore to the Java coast, as the ship was passing through Anjer Straits. The story was well remembered in the merchant service in my time. To a man of letters and a distinguished publicist so experienced as your self I need not point out that I had to make material from my own life's incidents, combined, for artistic purposes. I don't think. After all, I am a writer of fiction, it is not what happens, but the manner of presenting it that settles the literary, the moral value, of my work. My little volume of autobiography, of course, is genuine; the rest is a less close approximation to facts and suggestions. What I claim as true are my mental and emotional reactions to life, to men, their affairs, their passions, as I have seen them.

I have, in that sense, kept always true to myself. I have not the time to write more at present