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George Frideric Handel

George Frideric Handel was a German British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well known for his operas, anthems, concerti grossi and organ concertos. Handel received important training in Halle and worked as a composer in Hamburg and Italy before settling in London in 1712, he was influenced both by the great composers of the Italian Baroque and by the middle-German polyphonic choral tradition. Within fifteen years, Handel had started three commercial opera companies to supply the English nobility with Italian opera. Musicologist Winton Dean writes; as Alexander's Feast was well received, Handel made a transition to English choral works. After his success with Messiah he never composed an Italian opera again. Blind, having lived in England for nearly fifty years, he died in 1759, a respected and rich man, his funeral was given full state honours, he was buried in Westminster Abbey in London. Born the same year as Johann Sebastian Bach and Domenico Scarlatti, Handel is regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Baroque era, with works such as Messiah, Water Music, Music for the Royal Fireworks remaining steadfastly popular.

One of his four coronation anthems, Zadok the Priest, composed for the coronation of George II, has been performed at every subsequent British coronation, traditionally during the sovereign's anointing. Another of his English oratorios, has remained popular, with the Sinfonia that opens act 3 featuring at the 2012 London Olympics opening ceremony. Handel composed more than forty opera serias in over thirty years, since the late 1960s, with the revival of baroque music and informed musical performance, interest in Handel's operas has grown. Handel was born in 1685 to Georg Händel and Dorothea Taust, his father, aged sixty-three when George Frideric was born, was an eminent barber-surgeon who served the court of Saxe-Weissenfels and the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Georg Händel was the son of a coppersmith, Valentin Händel, who had emigrated from Eisleben in 1608 with his first wife Anna Belching, the daughter of a master coppersmith, they were Protestants and chose reliably Protestant Saxony over Silesia, a Habsburg possession, as religious tensions mounted in the years before the Thirty Years War.

Halle was a prosperous city, home of a salt-mining industry and center of trade. The Margrave of Brandenburg became the administrator of the archiepiscopal territories of Mainz, including Magdeburg when they converted, by the early 17th century held his court in Halle, which attracted renowned musicians; the smaller churches all had "able organists and fair choirs", humanities and the letters thrived. The Thirty Years War brought extensive destruction to Halle, by the 1680s it was impoverished. However, since the middle of the war the city had been under the administration of the Duke of Saxony, soon after the end of the war he would bring musicians trained in Dresden to his court in Weissenfels; the arts and music, flourished only among the higher strata, of which Handel's family was not a member. Georg Händel was born at the beginning of the war, was apprenticed to a barber in Halle at the age of 14, after his father died; when he was 20, he married the widow of the official barber-surgeon of a suburb of Halle, inheriting his practice.

With this, Georg determinedly began the process of becoming self-made. Anna died in 1682. Within a year Georg married again, this time to the daughter of a Lutheran minister, Pastor Georg Taust of the Church of St. Bartholomew in Giebichenstein, who himself came from a long line of Lutheran pastors. Handel was the second child of this marriage. Two younger sisters were born after the birth of George Frideric: Dorthea Sophia, born 6 October 1687, Johanna Christiana, born 10 January 1690. Early in his life Handel is reported to have attended the Gymnasium in Halle, where the headmaster, Johann Praetorius, was reputed to be an ardent musician. Whether Handel remained there or for how long is unknown, but many biographers suggest that he was withdrawn from school by his father, based on the characterization of him by Handel's first biographer, John Mainwaring. Mainwaring is the source for all information of Handel's childhood, much of that information came from J. C. Smith, Jr. Handel's confidant and copyist.

Whether it came from Smith or elsewhere, Mainwaring relates misinformation. It is from Mainwaring that the portrait comes of Handel's father as implacably opposed to any musical education. Mainwaring writes that Georg Händel was "alarmed" at Handel's early propensity for music, "took every measure to oppose it", including forbidding any musical instrument in the house and preventing Handel from going to any house where they might be found; this did nothing to dampen young Handel's inclination. Mainwaring tells the story of Handel'

What Goes Around (Dave Holland album)

What Goes Around is Dave Holland's first big band album, released in 2002. The album features his working quintet of the period augmented to big band size with thirteen members; the record won Holland his first Grammy Award as a leader, in the category Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album. The album has seven tracks, all of which, except "Upswing", are re-arrangements of his recorded tunes. Richard S. Ginell's review on AllMusic describes these rearrangements as having "more urgency and more tension". John Eyles of BBC wrote "...this album is promising. There are quite a few milestone albums in Dave Holland's ECM recording career. What Goes Around can be added to that list. In time, it will acquire significance as the debut album of Holland's Big Band, it is a solid beginning rather than a sparkling one, but it has many tantalising avenues that cry out to be developed further. As Holland himself has commented about this band, "Something has been put in motion, I see what the next ten years are going to be about."

"Triple Dance" - 9:50 "Blues for C. M." - 9:02 "The Razor's Edge" - 6:15 "What Goes Around" - 17:18 "Upswing" - 6:51 "First Snow" - 11:48 "Shadow Dance" - 14:43 Dave Holland – double bass Antonio Hart – alto saxophone, flute Mark Gross – alto saxophone Chris Pottertenor saxophone Gary Smulyanbaritone saxophone Robin Eubanks, Andre Hayward, Josh Rosemantrombone Earl Gardner, Alex Sipiagin, Duane Eubankstrumpet, flugelhorn Steve Nelsonvibraphone Billy Kilsondrums Official website

Lot M. Morrill

Lot Myrick Morrill was an American statesman who served as the 28th Governor of Maine, in the United States Senate, as Secretary of the Treasury appointed by President Ulysses S. Grant. Morrill was an accomplished politician serving in several elected and appointed offices throughout his lifetime. Morrill, as Secretary of Treasury, was devoted to hard currency rather than paper money and dedicated himself to serve the public good rather than party interests. Morrill was popularly received as Treasury Secretary by the American press and Wall Street, was known for his financial and political integrity. Morrill was President Grant's last Secretary of the Treasury. A native of Maine, Morrill was educated in public school and after attending Waterville College served as principal of a private school in New York, he studied law and passed the bar in 1839, afterwards setting up law practices in Readfield and Augusta, Maine. Morrill, known for his eloquent speaking, soon become popular among Democratic friends advocating temperance.

Morrill was elected to Maine's House of Representatives in 1854 as a Democrat and served as Chairman of the Maine Democratic Party. However, as the nation divided over slavery during the 1850s, Morrill's politics changed and he went over to the Republican Party for the sole reason that the Republicans were opposed to the expansion of slavery, he was elected Maine's state senator in 1856 as a Republican, elected Governor of Maine in 1858, serving until 1861 during the outbreak of the American Civil War. Morrill was elected Maine's U. S. Senator in 1861 when a vacancy opened in the U. S. Senate, after Sen. Hannibal Hamlin assumed the office of Vice President under President Abraham Lincoln. Morrill's extended tenure for 15 years as U. S. Senator took place during Reconstruction. Morrill sponsored legislation that outlawed slavery in Washington D. C. and advocated suffrage for African American freedman. In 1876, Sen. Morrill was appointed U. S. Secretary of the Treasury by President Grant, to fill in a vacancy after Sec. Benjamin Bristow resigned from office.

His political rival James G. Blaine was appointed Maine's Senator after Morrill resigned from the Senate to accept the position of Secretary of Treasury. Morrill's tenure was less than a year. Upon his retirement from the Treasury Department, President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Morrill to the Collector of Customs in Portland, where he held this position until his death in 1883. Lot M. Morrill was born on May 3, 1813 in Belgrade to Nancy Morrill, he was of English ancestry, his earliest immigrant ancestor was Abraham Morrill, who came to America from England in 1632 as part of the Great Puritan migration. The Morrill family was large, his older brother Anson P. Morrill was a prominent U. S. statesman. After attending common school, Morrill taught at a local academy to earn money to go to college. At the age of 18, Morrill attended Waterville College. After attending Waterville, Morrill served as principal of a private western New York college for a year. Morrill studied law under Justice Fuller in Readfield.

Morrill passed the bar in 1839, built up a successful law practice. At this time Morrill began to associate with the Democratic Party and was popular speaker among his Democratic friends. Morrill entered politics as a speaker for early temperance movement in Maine and other political movements. In 1841, having become locally famous, Morrill moved to Augusta, Maine where he spoke in front of Maine's capital legislative committees; as a speaker, Morrill gained much experience in state politics. Morrill started a law practice in Augusta. In 1849, Morrill became Chairman of Maine's Democratic Party and served in this position until 1856; as a Democrat, Morrill was elected to Maine's House of Repusentatives in 1854. Morrill began to break from his party's platform starting in 1855 changing over to the Republican Party. During the Presidential election of 1856, Morrill believed James Buchanan was a good candidate, however he stated the Democratic Party's platform was "a flagrant outrage upon the country and an insult to the North".

Morrill's change of political views were shared by his brother, Anson P. Morrill, his friend and future Vice President Hannibal Hamlin. Morrill severed ties with the Democratic Party and formally became a Republican in 1856; as a member of the Republican Party, Morrill was elected a Maine state senator in 1856, serving as Senate President. He was the first Republican to hold the position which would be held by Republicans until 1964, with one brief exception, he was elected Governor of Maine in 1858. Morrill served as Maine's governor until January 1861 when he was elected to the U. S. Senate to replace Hannibal Hamlin, who had left his seat to become Abraham Lincoln's running mate. Morrill came into the U. S. Senate at a pivotal moment in history before the American Civil War. In 1861, Sen. Morrill argued against compromise on the principles of slavery in order to restore the peace. In February 1861, Morrill attended the Peace Conference of 1861 and opposed John J. Crittenden's compromise arguments, similar to those made in the Crittenden Compromise.

In March 1862, Morrill supported legislation that permitted the freedom of confiscated Confederate slaves captured during the War. Morrill believed. In A