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George H. Tichenor

George Humphrey Tichenor was a Kentucky-born physician who introduced antiseptic surgery while in the service of the Confederate States of America. Thereafter, in private practice in Canton, Mississippi, he developed the formula that became "Dr. Tichenor's Antiseptic." Tichenor was born in Ohio County in western Kentucky to Rolla Tichenor and the former Elizabeth Hymphrey. He was educated in private schools. Tichenor was a businessman in Franklin, when the American Civil War began. After the American Civil War had begun, in 1861, he entered military service with the 22nd Tennessee Cavalry Regiment. In 1863, he became an enrolling Confederate officer, thereafter an assistant surgeon, during which time he is believed to have been the first in the Confederacy to have used antiseptic surgery. Tichenor experimented with the use of alcohol as an antiseptic on wounds, he was badly wounded in the leg in 1863, amputation was recommended. He insisted on treating his wounds with an alcohol-based solution of his own devising.

His wound healed, he regained the use of his leg. His potential reputation as a humanitarian was clouded by his fierce regional loyalty. An unconfirmed story was circulated that Dr. Tichenor's antiseptic was granted the first patent issued by the Confederate government. An image of the Confederate Battle Flag remained on the product label well into the 20th century. Tichenor developed his antiseptic formula in Canton and thereafter practiced medicine in Baton Rouge, from 1869 to 1887, he started bottling Dr. Tichenor's Patent Medicine in New Orleans. A patent was registered in 1882; the company producing this liquid was incorporated in 1905 and is still in existence, though the recommended uses are now more modest: principally as a mouthwash and topical antiseptic. Tichenor married the former Margaret A. Drane of Kentucky, they had three sons: George H. Tichenor, Jr. and Elmore Drane Tichenor. He was a member of the Baptist Church, he was adjutant commander of the Louisiana division of the United Confederate Veterans.

He is interred in Roselawn Memorial Park in La.. "George Humphrey Tichenor", A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography, Vol. 2, p. 791 Homepage for Dr. Tichenor's Antiseptic Mouthwash "And speaking of which... Dr. Tichenor's Antiseptic" "Swingin' With Dr. Tichenor" - NOLAvie a look at Dr. Tichenor's in New Orleans area culture

Nevada State Route 361

State Route 361 is a 62.853-mile-long state highway in central Nevada, United States. The highway serves the town of Gabbs following Gabbs Valley Road through the extreme northwestern tip of Nye County. Gabbs is isolated from the rest of the County, requiring travel on SR 361 through other counties in order to reach any other major town in Nye County. SR 361 was known as State Route 23. State Route 361 in Mineral County at a junction with U. S. Route 95 1.0 mile northwest of Luning. From there, the highway heads north towards the mountains of the Gabbs Valley Range; the route curves east to climb up to Calavada Summit, turns northward again to pass over Petrified Summit before leaving the mountain range. Route 361 heads northeast, entering Gabbs Valley and Nye County as it approaches the town of Gabbs; as the highway heads out of Gabbs it intersects State Route 844, providing access to Ione and Berlin-Ichthyosaur State Park via the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest. SR 361 continues north from here, reentering Mineral County before entering Churchill County.

The route comes to an end at an intersection with U. S. Route 50 at Middlegate; the general routing of present-day SR 361 first appeared on state highway maps in 1929 as an unpaved road, State Route 23. By 1939, the portion of the route in Mineral and Nye Counties had been realigned further east; the final alignment of SR 23, shown as a paved highway, was in place by 1946. The route remained unchanged until the 1976 renumbering of Nevada's highway system. On July 1, the SR 23 designation was replaced by State Route 361; this change was first seen on the 1978–79 edition of the official highway map. Note: Mileposts in Nevada reset at county lines; the start and end mileposts for each county are given in the county column. United States portal U. S. Roads portal

Postage stamps and postal history of Israel

The postage stamps and postal history of Israel is a survey of the postage stamps issued by the state of Israel, its postal history, since independence was proclaimed on May 14, 1948. The first postage stamps were issued two days on May 16, 1948. Pre-1948 postal history is discussed in postal history of Palestine; the postal history of Israel builds upon the centuries-long development of postal services in Palestine. During the rule of the Mamluks, mounted mail service was operated in Deir al-Balah and other towns on the Cairo to Damascus route. During the Ottoman period, postal services relied upon Turkey's stamps. Foreign consulates set up the early post offices. During World War I, the British Egyptian Expeditionary Force occupied Palestine and demarcated stamps as "E. E. F." in 1918. During the British Mandate, postage stamps and services were provided by British authorities. At first using temporary stamps issued in February 1918 by the British Expeditionary Forces in Palestine, in February 1920 issuing permanent stamps bearing the imprint: "Palestine Eretz Israel."

From 1933 to 1948, mandate services included airmail stamps and, as an innovation, air letter cards. In April 1948, the British discontinued all postal services, post offices and operations were, in part, turned over to the Israeli government. In May 1948, as the British withdrew and postal services broke down, the provisional government issued overprints on Jewish National Fund stamps and ad hoc postage was created in Nahariya and Safed. Stamps have been issued by Israel Post, the Israeli postal operator, since Sunday, 16 May 1948, the first business day after Israel declared independence, Saturday being a day of rest; the first set of stamps was entitled Doar Ivri. The first set of definitive stamps included values of 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 50, 250, 500, 1000 mils; the stamps were printed by letterpress, perforated or as a rouletted variation, with Israel's emblematic "tabs" with marginalia about the stamp. Stamp booklets were issued for the 10, 15 and 20 mil stamps; the Doar Ivri stamps were designed by Otte Wallish using ancient coins from the First Jewish–Roman War and Bar Kokhba revolt.

Israeli stamps are trilingual, in Arabic and Hebrew, following the practice of the British Mandate of Palestine. Israel Post first issued postage due stamps, tête-bêche and gutter pairs in 1948, airmail stamps in 1950, service stamps, for government offices, in 1951 and provisional stamps in 1960; the tabs have gone through three unofficial phases. From 1948 to 1954, the tabs were written in Hebrew. From 1954 until 1967, the inscriptions were in Hebrew and French. Since 1967, the tabs are Hebrew and English. A tab is matched with the wrong stamp, as with two mix-ups on some Doar Ivri stamps. From the outset, Israel created its own commemorative cancellations, including a first day cancel for the new Doar Ivri on May 16, 1948, cancels for the Maccabiah Games and its major cities the same year. By 1960, more than 325 unique postmarks had been designed. Beginning with the Doar Ivri stamps, Israel has provided first day covers. For instance, on July 5, 1967, a first day cover featuring Moshe Dayan was issued from the new post office in Jerusalem, soon after the Six-Day War.

Israel has 64 post offices in 1950, expanding to 114 by 1960 and, after the Six-Day War, to 178 branches by 1970. In 1955, two settlements in the Negev began a red truck. By 1990, Israel ran 53 routes for 1,058 locations, including Israeli settlements in the West Bank and Gaza. Due to hyperinflation, in 1982 and 1984 Israel issued non-denominated stamps with an olive branch design; these stamps were said to be dreary yet convenient, insofar as they avoided the need for both the government and the customers to update their postage. During the 1990s, Israel experimented with vending machines for postal labels; the Klussendorf machines and their labels were withdrawn from service in 1999. Twenty-two colorful designs were issued, including 12 tourist sites and seven holiday season designs. Israel Post provides the Express Mail Service in cooperation with 143 other postal suthorities; the Israel Defense Forces provide mail services for the military. During the 1973 Yom Kippur War, for example, the IDF postal agency issued a series of postcards with cartoons to boost morale.

Postcards show an Israeli cartoon character looming over Damascus and fire raining down on Egyptian pyramids, "Judgment Day, pictured here." In its early years, Israel issued stamps picturing the Jewish holidays, Petah Tikva, the Negev, the Maccabiah Games, Independence bonds. Every year, Israel issues a festival series to commemorate Rosh Hashanah. In 1948, the festival series featured the "flying scrolls." In a self-reflective gesture, the postal authority issued a souvenir sheet commemorating its own first stamps. In 1952, Israel issued its first stamp honoring Chaim Weizmann. Other honorees of the 1950s included Theodor Herzl, Edmond de Rothschild, Albert Einstein, Sholem Aleichem, Hayim Nahman Bialik and Eliezer Ben-Yehuda; the first woman honored was Henrietta Szold, the first rabbi was the Baal Shem Tov, the first non-Jew was Eleanor Roosevelt. In 1998, Israel was the first country to honor Chiune Sugihara, who has since been honored on stamps from Gambia, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

Stamps were issued in memory of two Arab leaders, King Hassan II of Morocco and King Huss


Zaslawye or Zaslaŭje is a historic city in the Minsk Region of Belarus, 20 kilometres northwest of Minsk. In 2009 its population was 14,400. According to chronicles, Zaslawye was founded in 985 by Vladimir the Great who sent his wife Rogneda to live here with their son Izyaslav of Polotsk, the founder of the princely house of Polatsk, it is mentioned in historical writings as Izyaslavl. The town's current name derives from this name. In the early Middle Ages, the town was the centre of the Principality of Izyaslavl. In the 11th century, the town was fortified. There is a modern outdoor statue of Rogneda and Izyaslav on the grounds. During the period of Reformation, the town was a nest for followers of Socinianism; the town became a part of the Minsk Governorate of the Russian Empire after the Second Partition of Poland in 1793. Soviet power was established in November 1917. German occupation lasted from February to December 1918. In 1919, the town became a part of the Byelorussian SSR. Polish occupation lasted from July 1919 to July 1920.

This district center was under German occupation from 28 June 1941 to 4 July 1944. In 1939, Jews comprised 9 % of numbering 248 people. In October 1941, the Germans gathered 100 Jews of the city in a ghetto, a building occupied by Soviet border guards, it was forbidden to go outside, they didn’t received food. The ghetto was supervised day and night. On September 26 and 27, 1941, all the Jewish males were killed, at least 20 people in total, 12 of them burned in the ghetto building. On September 29, around 100 Jews women and elderly people, were taken on horse carts out of the ghetto under the pretext of future resettlement to Minsk, they were all shot in a pit in the forest near the village of Sloboda. For a month following the liquidation of the ghetto, 35 Jewish women were kept in one of the houses on Bazarnaya Street, they were used for different kinds of forced labor until they were all shot on October 29, 1941. Situated in north-western suburb of Minsk, is part of its urban area and one of its main towns with Fanipol and Machulishi.

Considering that the Belarusian capital, seat of Minsk Raion, is administratively separated from it, Zaslawye is the most populated settlement of the proper raion. All historical attractions of Zaslaŭje are situated in the downtown not far from the Belarus Railway Station; the most interesting of them are the Zamechek archaeological site of the Zaslaŭje town of the 10 – 12th centuries, the Val Site that includes town ramparts and the fortified Savior Transfiguration Church, the Phara St Mary Church of the 18th century, a small skansen of a traditional wooden tavern, smithy and steam mill. Symon Budny Views of Zaslavl Jurkau kutoczak — Юркаў куточак — Yury's Corner. Заслаўе Photos on

Gamal Al-Ghandour

Gamal Mahmoud Ahmed El-Ghandour is a retired Egyptian referee. He became infamous for being the referee of the 2002 World Cup quarterfinal between Spain and South Korea. El-Ghandour has refereed the 2002 African Cup of Nations final, the second leg of the 2002 African Cup Winners' Cup final, five successive African Cup of Nations, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, he is the first African referee to run a match in the UEFA European Football Championship. He has participated in one Olympic Games, one FIFA Confederation Cup, one AFC Asian Cup, he refereed in two FIFA World Cups, France 1998 and Korea/Japan 2002. In the South Korea vs. Spain match in the 2002 World Cup, he controversially disallowed two Spanish goals and his linesmen—one Ugandan, the other Trinidadian—judged one Spanish attack after another to be offside, he is the first Egyptian referee to play as a professional referee. Profile Gamal El-Ghandour


The Glyptothek is a museum in Munich, commissioned by the Bavarian King Ludwig I to house his collection of Greek and Roman sculptures. It was designed by Leo von Klenze in the neoclassical style, built from 1816 to 1830. Today the museum is a part of the Kunstareal. From October 2018 until the autumn of 2020 the Glyptothek is closed due to renovation works; the Glyptothek was commissioned by the Crown Prince Ludwig I of Bavaria alongside other projects, such as the neighboring Königsplatz and the building which houses the State Collection of Greek and Roman Antiquities, as a monument to ancient Greece. He envisioned a "German Athens"; the Glyptothek is Munich's oldest public museum. The layout of the Königsplatz complex was designed by the architects Karl von Fischer and Leo von Klenze in 1815, the latter arranged it in the style of a forum, with the Glyptothek on the north side. Colorful frescoes and stuccos made by distinguished artists such as Peter von Cornelius, Clemens von Zimmermann, Wilhelm von Kaulbach adorned the walls of the museum.

In the few years between 1806 and the opening of the museum in 1830, Ludwig completed a notable collection of Greek and Roman sculpture. Through his agents, he managed to acquire such pieces as the Medusa Rondanini, the Barberini Faun, and, in 1813, the figures from the Aphaea temple on Aegina; the Second World War did not destroy much of the artwork in the Glyptothek. Since the Assyrian Hall erected in the inner court by Klenze in 1864 was not rebuilt, the Assyrian Orthostat reliefs from the palace of king Ashur-nasir-pal II and a lion from the Ishtar Gate of Babylon were moved into the Staatliche Sammlung für Ägyptische Kunst; the museum was designed in the Classical Greek - Italian style. The portico is Ionic, the outer walls contain niches, in which 18 original Roman and Greek sculptures stand, six on each wall; the thirteen rectangular, square or round rooms are arranged around a courtyard, the vestibule in the central building dominates the halls of height. In front of the vestibule is the portico of twelve Ionic columns.

The overlying gable includes a group of Johann Martin von Wagner represents Athena as protector of the plastic arts. The exterior walls are adorned with sculptures in niches, while the windows are open to the interior courtyard; the sculptures represent mythical or historical representatives of the arts, these are in the front of the Königsplatz Daedalus, Hadrian, Pericles and Hephaestus. On the western and eastern side of the building there are sculptors of the Renaissance and of the times when the Glyptothek was built, including Bertel Thorvaldsen and Antonio Canova, whose works were once on display earlier in the Hall of the Glyptothek but were moved to the Neue Pinakothek; the museum was built out of marble. However, during World War II the museum was bombed, reconstructed; the walls from the interior are painted with a light plaster. The interior has domed vaulting; the Glyptothek contains sculptures dating from the archaic age to the Roman era. Other notable sculptures and reliefs can be found here.

This collection is complemented by the terracotta and bronze collections in the Staatliche Antikensammlung, located opposite the Glyptothek. Among the most famous sculptures covering Archaic Greece are the Munich Kouros, the Kouros of Tenea and the temple figures from Aegina. Of the latter, there are in fact two sets of similar sculptures at the Glyptothek; as archeologists excavated the site at Aegina, these two sets were discovered, it was theorized that the original temple was destroyed during the Peloponnesian War and another temple was erected shortly after in its place. The extant temple of c. 500 BC was built over the remains of an earlier temple of c. 570 BC, destroyed by fire c. 510 BC. The elements of this destroyed temple were buried in the infill for the larger, flat terrace of the temple, are thus well preserved. To the most famous sculptures of Classical Greece belong the portrait of Homer, the so-called Munich King, who represented Hephaestus, the Statue of Diomedes, the Medusa Rondanini, the Funeral stele of Mnesarete, the Statue of Eirene, the grave relief of a youth with his hunting dog", a portrait of Plato, the Alexander Rondanini and the Ilioneus.

The most famous sculpture representing the Hellenistic period is the Barberini Faun. Among the famous Roman copies of Greek sculptures are the Boy with the Drunken Woman; the Glyptothek keeps a large collection of Roman busts, among the most famous ones are the busts of Gaius Marius and Sulla, the Emperors Augustus, Septimius Severus and his wife Julia Domna. A heroised statue portrays Domitian as prince. With the support of the cultural foundations of the German states, the Glyptothek was able to acquire in 2017 a bust of Caligula, excavated in Córdoba in 1937; the Emperor, like the Munich portrait of his ancestor Augustus, bears the corona civi