SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Internet Video Coding

Internet Video Coding is a video coding standard. IVC was created by MPEG, was intended to be a royalty-free video coding standard for use on the Internet, as an alternative to non-free formats such as AVC and HEVC; as such, IVC was designed to only use coding techniques which were not covered by royalty-requiring patents. According to MPEG founder and chairman Leonardo Chiariglione IVC is "practically dead", because 3 companies made statements "I may have patents and I am willing to license them at FRAND terms" covering IVC, meaning that implementations might have to pay money to the companies; this patent threat meant that IVC was unusable for its intended purpose as a safe royalty-free video coding format. ITU-T/ITU-R/ISO/IEC defines 3 types of patent licensing; the goal for IVC was to only use techniques patented under type 1, while the 3 companies said they may have patents under type 2. The text of the code of practice is as follows: 2.1 The patent holder is willing to negotiate licences free of charge with other parties on a non-discriminatory basis on reasonable terms and conditions.

Such negotiations are left to the parties concerned and are performed outside ITU-T/ITU-R/ISO/IEC. 2.2 The patent holder is willing to negotiate licences with other parties on a non-discriminatory basis on reasonable terms and conditions. Such negotiations are left to the parties concerned and are performed outside ITU-T/ITU-R/ISO/IEC. 2.3 The patent holder is not willing to comply with the provisions of either paragraph 2.1 or paragraph 2.2. MPEG issued a Call for Proposals in July 2011 for royalty-free video coding formats. 3 proposals were received: Web Video Coding, proposed jointly by Apple, Fraunhofer HHI, Magnum Semiconductors, Polycom, RIM, etc.. Web Video Coding was another name for the Constrained MPEG-4 AVC baseline profile. Video Coding for Browsers, proposed by Google and identical to Google's VP8. Internet Video Coding, proposed by several universities, developed from scratch. Web Video Coding did not have a guarantee from all patent holders that the patents covering Web Video Coding would be licensed royalty-free.

As IVC's compression performance outperformed WVC and VCB, IVC was approved as ISO/IEC 14496-33 in June 2015. The Internet Video Codec project by IETF has similar goals to IVC, looks to settle on a video coding format in 2018. AOMedia Video 1 from the Alliance for Open Media is the primary contender for NETVC

Trond Fausa AurvÄg

Trond Fausa Aurvåg is a Norwegian actor, film director and poet. After graduating from the Norwegian National Academy of Theatre in 2001, he has acted at Oslo Nye Teater since 2001. Here he has acted in plays such as Manndomsprøven and Tatt av kvinnen; as a film actor he is best known for his leading roles in the films Andreaskorset and Den brysomme mannen. He has starred in the music video for Lemaitre's song We Got U, he won two Amandas—the main Norwegian film award—in 2006, for best actor for his role in Den brysomme mannen, for the short film Alene menn sammen, which he directed. He gained some international attention co-starring with Steven Van Zandt in the successful TV-series Lilyhammer, playing Van Zandt's right hand and partner in crime. For this role he won the Gullruten Award in 2014 for best actor. Aurvåg lives with actress Lena Kristin Ellingsen, in Oslo. Budbringeren 1732 Høtten Nissene på låven Andreaskorset Den brysomme mannen Tatt av kvinnen Home for Christmas Lilyhammer Neste Sommer Thin Ice Norsemen The Innocents Trond Fausa Aurvåg on IMDb