George P. Lakoff is an American cognitive linguist and philosopher, best known for his thesis that lives of individuals are influenced by the central metaphors they use to explain complex phenomena; the conceptual metaphor thesis, introduced in his and Mark Johnson's 1980 book Metaphors We Live By has found applications in a number of academic disciplines. Applying it to politics, literature and mathematics has led Lakoff into territory considered basic to political science. In his 1996 book Moral Politics, Lakoff described conservative voters as being influenced by the "strict father model" as a central metaphor for such a complex phenomenon as the state, liberal/progressive voters as being influenced by the "nurturant parent model" as the folk psychological metaphor for this complex phenomenon. According to him, an individual's experience and attitude towards sociopolitical issues is influenced by being framed in linguistic constructions. In Metaphor and War: The Metaphor System Used to Justify War in the Gulf, he argues that the American involvement in the Gulf war was obscured or "spun" by the metaphors which were used by the first Bush administration to justify it.
Between 2003 and 2008, Lakoff was involved with a progressive think tank, the now defunct Rockridge Institute. He is a member of the scientific committee of the Fundación IDEAS, Spain's Socialist Party's think tank; the more general theory that elaborated his thesis is known as embodied mind. Lakoff served as a professor of linguistics at the University of California, from 1972 until his retirement in 2016. Although some of Lakoff's research involves questions traditionally pursued by linguists, such as the conditions under which a certain linguistic construction is grammatically viable, he is best known for his reappraisal of the role that metaphors play in the socio-political life of humans. Metaphor has been seen within the Western scientific tradition as a purely linguistic construction; the essential thrust of Lakoff's work has been the argument that metaphors are a conceptual construction and are in fact central to the development of thought. In his words: "Our ordinary conceptual system, in terms of which we both think and act, is fundamentally metaphorical in nature."According to Lakoff, non-metaphorical thought is possible only when we talk about purely physical reality.
People do not notice these metaphors for various reasons, including that some metaphors become'dead' in the sense that we no longer recognize their origin. Another reason is that we just don't "see" what is "going on". In intellectual debate, for instance, the underlying metaphor according to Lakoff is that argument is war: He won the argument. Your claims are indefensible, he shot down all my arguments. His criticisms were right on target. If you use that strategy, he'll wipe you out. According to Lakoff, the development of thought has been the process of developing better metaphors, he points out that the application of one domain of knowledge to another offers new perceptions and understandings. Lakoff began his career as a student and a teacher of the theory of transformational grammar developed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor Noam Chomsky. In the late 1960s, however, he joined with others to promote generative semantics as an alternative to Chomsky's generative syntax. In an interview he stated: During that period, I was attempting to unify Chomsky's transformational grammar with formal logic.
I had helped work out a lot of the early details of Chomsky's theory of grammar. Noam claimed — and still does, so far as I can tell — that syntax is independent of meaning, background knowledge, cognitive processing, communicative intent, every aspect of the body... In working through the details of his early theory, I found quite a few cases where semantics and other such factors entered into rules governing the syntactic occurrences of phrases and morphemes. I came up with the beginnings of an alternative theory in 1963 and, along with wonderful collaborators like "Haj" Ross and Jim McCawley, developed it through the sixties. Lakoff's claim that Chomsky asserts independence between syntax and semantics has been rejected by Chomsky, who has given examples from within his work where he talks about the relationship between semantics and syntax. Chomsky goes further and claims that Lakoff has "virtually no comprehension of the work he is discussing", his differences with Chomsky contributed to fierce, acrimonious debates among linguists that have come to be known as the "linguistics wars".
When Lakoff claims the mind is "embodied", he is arguing that all of human cognition, up through the most abstract reasoning, depends on and makes use of such concrete and "low-level" facilities as the sensorimotor system and the emotions. Therefore, embodiment is a rejection not only of dualism vis-a-vis mind and matter, but of claims that human reason can be understood without reference to the underlying "implementation details". Lakoff offers three distinct sorts of arguments in favor of embodiment. First, using evidence from neuroscience and neural network simulations, he argues that certain concepts, such as color and spatial relation concepts, can be entirely understood through the examination of how processes of perception or motor control work. Second, based on cognitive linguistics' analysis of figurative language, he argues that the reasoning we use for such abstract topics as warfare, economics, or morality is somehow root
StreetArtNews is an art magazine and online newspapers to represent and promote street and urban art, globally. It was founded in 2009 by Rom Levy. StreetArtNews was established in 2009 by a French art curator. StreetArtNews showcased the works by several global street and urban artists for one week in June 2016 at the Urban Nation Berlin, in Schöneberg, which included artworks by Felipe Pantone, Okuda San Miguel, Tristan Eaton, it curated Dubai Street Museum, a street and urban art to promote artists from all around the world. It was initiated in 2016 after an approval from UAE's Vice President Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, it is the number one online art newspaper according to 2019 report
Son of Briartic was a Canadian Thoroughbred racehorse. Bred by Canada's most prominent horseman, E. P. Taylor, he was out of the mare Tabola, a daughter of U. S. Racing Hall of Fame inductee Round Table, his sire was the multiple stakes winner Briartic, a son of Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame inductee Nearctic, who sired Northern Dancer. Son of Briartic was purchased by Dave Kapchinsky of Edmonton, voted the 1981 Sovereign Award for Outstanding Owner in Canadian racing. Kapchinsky raced the colt under the banner of his Paddockhurst Stable with trainer Jerry Lavigne responsible for his race conditioning. At age two, Son of Briartic won three stakes races at Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto and the following year won three more stakes, including Canada's most prestigious race, the Queen's Plate. For his Plate win, under jockey Paul Souter, Son of Briartic defeated Runaway Groom, to whom he finished third in the second leg of the Canadian Triple Crown, the Prince of Wales Stakes. Retired to stud duty at first in Canada, where he had a major Impact on the Canadian Racing Industry, for many years in the State of Washington, Son of Briartic proved a good stallion who produced more than forty stakes winners.
Pensioned at age twenty-two in 2001, following a fracture of a pastern bone he was humanely euthanized in 2003. His influence as a sire in Washington was such that Emerald Downs in Auburn, named a race in his honor. Son of Briartic's pedigree and partial racing stats
George Karsten was a German botanist born in Rostock. In 1885 he earned his doctorate from the University of Strasbourg, in 1892 received his habilitation in botany at the University of Leipzig. On, he served as an associate professor at the Universities of Kiel and Bonn. In 1909 he became a professor at the University of Halle and was appointed director of the botanical garden. With Heinrich Schenck, he was editor of a popular journal of botany called Vegetationsbilder. Karsten is remembered for his studies of phytoplankton, among his written works are publications on phytoplankton collected from the deep-sea Valdivia Expedition of 1898–99: Lehrbuch der Pharmakognosie des Pflanzenreiches für Hochschulen und zum Selbstunterricht mit Rücksicht auf das neue deutsche Arzneibuch Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf Das Phytoplankton des Antarktischen Meeres nach dem Material der deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition 1898-1899. Das Phytoplankton des Atlantischen Ozeans nach dem Material der deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition 1898-1899.
Das Indische Phytoplankton nach dem Material der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition 1898-1899. Catalogus-professorum-halensis Koeltz Scientific Books
Catherine Kudlick is professor of history and director of the Paul K. Longmore Institute on Disability at San Francisco State University, she is affiliated professor in the Laboratoire ICT Université Paris VII. From 2005 to 2009 she served as president of the Disability History Association and on the board of directors for both the Society for Disability Studies and the Western Society for French History. While on the board of SDS, she oversaw the creation of Guidelines for Disability Studies. In 2010, along with Professor Susan Schweik, she headed an initiative that brought together scholars to explore the future of disability studies, she has spearheaded a number of initiatives related to electronic accessibility in higher education and her scholarship explores history of medicine, history of epidemics, the relationship between disability history and history of medicine in eighteenth and nineteen-century France. The field has been shaped by her essays: "Disability History: Why We Need Another Other" in the American Historical Review and "Comment: At the Borderland of Medical and Disability History" Bulletin of the History of Medicine" in the Bulletin of the History of Medicine She has published personal thought-pieces ‘"Black Bike, White Cane: Timely Confessions of a Special Self", "The Blind Man's Harley: White Canes and Gender Identity in Modern America", a Notable Essay in 2005's Best American Essays Her books include Reflections: the Life and Writings of a Young Blind Woman in Post Revolutionary France with Dr. Zina Weygand and Cholera in Post-Revolutionary Paris: A Cultural History.
After the death of Paul K. Longmore in 2010, she oversaw completion and publication of his magnum opus, "Telethons: Spectacle and the Business of Charity". Kudlick earned her BA from University of California, Santa Cruz in 1980 and her PhD from University of California, Berkeley, in 1988, she was professor of history at University of California Davis from 1989 to 2012 and was a visiting professor Conservatoire national des arts et métiers in Paris She was named director of the Paul K. Longmore Institute on Disability in 2012, where she led the exhibit "Patient No More: People with Disabilities Securing Civil Rights" and co-leads with Bryan Bashin of the Lighthouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired in San Francisco's Superfest International Disability Film Festival. French edition Une Jeune aveugle dans la France du XIXème siècle Erès, 2004 "Our Ancestors the Sighted: Making Blind People French and French People Blind, 1750–1991" in Nancy Hirschmann and Beth Linker, eds. Civil Disabilities:Citizenship and Belonging, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015,143-164"Smallpox and Survival: Rewriting Paradigms from a New EpidemicScript" in Susan Burch and Michael Rembis, eds.
Disability Histories University ofIllinois Press, 2014, Chapter 9. "Guy de Maupassant, Louisa May Alcott, Youth at Risk: Lessons from the NewParadigm of Disability" Paedagogica Historica International Journal of the History ofEducation,45: 1-2, 37-50. "Modernity's Miss-Fits: Blind Girls and Marriage in France and America, 1820–1920"in Rudolph Bell and Virginia Yans, eds. Women on Their Own: InterdisciplinaryPerspectives on Being Single 2008. 149-55. "Disability and ‘Divorce’: A Blind Parisian Cloth Merchant Contemplates his Optionsin 1756," in Gendering Disability, Bonnie G. Smith and Beth Hutchison, eds.." The Outlook of The Problem and the Problem with The Outlook: Two AdvocacyJournals Reinvent Blind People in Turn-of- the-Century America" in Paul K. Longmore and Lauri Umansky, eds; the New Disability History: AmericanPerspectives, New York University Press, 2001, 187-213. Knittingclio.org
Bohdan Blavatskyi is a Soviet Ukrainian former football forward and now a football coach since 1994. Bohdan Blavatskyi started his coaching career in 1994 taking charge of FC Harai Zhovkva. In 1995, he won the Ukrainian Amateur League with this club. In 1998, Bohdan became the head coach of Ukrainian Premier League club, Prykarpattya Ivano-Frankivsk. In 1999–2000, he was coach of Podillya Khmelnytskyi. In 2000–2003, he was in charge of FC Krasyliv, which finished first in the Ukrainian Second League under his leadership and were promoted to the Ukrainian First League. In 2003–04, he was coach of Spartak Ivano-Frankivsk. In 2004–05, he was the coach of Metalurh-2 Zaphorizhya, in 2005-06 he was the coach of Obolon Kyiv, he was the coach of FC Podillya-Khmelnytskyi in its debuting season of 2007–08. After it finished 3rd, Bohdan left to PFC Nyva Vinnytsia where he is the head coach. Info on Nyva website Bohdan Blavatskyi at the Football Federation of Ukraine