George Soros, Hon is a Hungarian-American billionaire investor and philanthropist. As of February 2018, he had a net worth of $8 billion, having donated more than $32 billion to his philanthropic agency, the Open Society Foundations. Born in Budapest, Soros survived Nazi Germany-occupied Hungary and emigrated to the United Kingdom in 1947, he attended the London School of Economics, graduating with a bachelor's and a master's degree in philosophy. Soros began his business career by taking various jobs at merchant banks in the United Kingdom and the United States, before starting his first hedge fund, Double Eagle, in 1969. Profits from his first fund furnished the seed money to start Soros Fund Management, his second hedge fund, in 1970. Double Eagle was the principal firm Soros advised. At its founding, Quantum Fund had $12 million in assets under management, as of 2011 it had $25 billion, the majority of Soros's overall net worth. Soros is known as "The Man Who Broke the Bank of England" because of his short sale of US$10 billion worth of pounds sterling, which made him a profit of $1 billion during the 1992 Black Wednesday UK currency crisis.
Based on his early studies of philosophy, Soros formulated an application of Karl Popper's General Theory of Reflexivity to capital markets, which he claims renders a clear picture of asset bubbles and fundamental/market value of securities, as well as value discrepancies used for shorting and swapping stocks. Soros is a well-known supporter of progressive and liberal political causes, to which he dispenses donations through his foundation, the Open Society Foundations. Between 1979 and 2011, he donated more than $11 billion to various philanthropic causes, he influenced the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe in the late 1980s and early 1990s, provided one of Europe's largest higher education endowments to the Central European University in his Hungarian hometown. His extensive funding of political causes has made him a "bugaboo of European nationalists". Numerous American conservatives have promoted false claims that characterize Soros as a singularly dangerous "puppet master" behind a variety of alleged global plots, with The New York Times reporting that by 2018 these claims had "moved from the fringes to the mainstream" of Republican politics.
Conspiracy theories targeting Soros, of Jewish descent, have been described as antisemitic. Soros was born in Budapest in the Kingdom of Hungary to a prosperous non-observant Jewish family, like many upper-middle class Hungarian Jews at the time, were uncomfortable with their roots. Soros has wryly described his home as a Jewish antisemitic home, his mother Erzsébet came from a family. His father Tivadar was a lawyer and a well-known Esperanto-speaker who edited the Esperanto literary magazine Literatura Mondo and raised his son to speak the language.. Tivadar had been a prisoner of war during and after World War I until he escaped from Russia and rejoined his family in Budapest; the two married in 1924. In 1936, Soros's family changed their name from the German-Jewish Schwartz to Soros, as protective camouflage in antisemitic Hungary. Tivadar liked the new name because it is because of its meaning. In Hungarian, soros means "next in line," or "designated successor"; the Nazis barred Jewish children from attending school, Soros and the other schoolchildren were made to report to the Judenrat, established during the occupation.
Soros described this time to writer Michael Lewis: "The Jewish Council asked the little kids to hand out the deportation notices. I was told to go to the Jewish Council, and there I was given these small slips of paper... I took this piece of paper to my father, he recognized it. This was a list of Hungarian Jewish lawyers, he said,'You deliver the slips of paper and tell the people that if they report they will be deported'."Soros did not return to that job. That year at age 14, Soros posed as the Christian godson of an official of the collaborationist Hungarian government's Ministry of Agriculture, who himself had a Jewish wife in hiding. On one occasion, rather than leave the 14-year-old alone, the official took Soros with him while completing an inventory of a Jewish family's confiscated estate. Tivadar saved not only his immediate family but many other Hungarian Jews, Soros wrote that 1944 had been "the happiest of his life," for it had given him the opportunity to witness his father's heroism.
In 1945, Soros survived the Siege of Budapest, in which Soviet and German forces fought house-to-house through the city. In 1947, Soros became a student at the London School of Economics. While a student of the philosopher Karl Popper, Soros worked as a railway porter and as a waiter, once received £40 from a Quaker charity. Soros would sometimes stand at Speakers' Corner lecturing about the virtues of internationalism in Esperanto, which he had learned from his father. Soros took a Bachelor of Science in philosophy in 1951, a Master of Science in philosophy in 1954, both from the London School of Economics. In a discussion at the Los Angeles World Affairs Council in 2006, Alvin Shuster, former foreign editor of the Los Angeles Times, asked Soros, "How does one go from an immigrant
Art Monk Construction was founded by Eric Astor and Garrett Rothman in State College, Pennsylvania in 1993. When Rothman left State College to study abroad, Astor was joined in managing the label by Rich Kraemer, a childhood friend from Tempe and the two additionally formed Lumberjack Distribution and Furnace MFG to distribute and manufacture products for Art Monk Construction and other independent labels and artists; the operations moved to Falls Church, Virginia, in August 1995. Lumberjack Distribution was sold to Doghouse Records in 1997, whereupon Kraemer moved to Europe and Astor was left running Art Monk Construction and Furnace MFG by himself. Notable bands to release music on Art Monk Construction included Hoover, Darkest Hour, Kerosene 454, Seven Storey Mountain, Karate, The Trans Megetti, The Crownhate Ruin, The Van Pelt and Samuel. Official site Furnace MFG
The Big 12 Conference Women's Soccer Tournament is the postseason women's soccer tournament for the Big 12 Conference. The seven-match single-elimination tournament consisted of three rounds between eight-teams based on seeding from regular season conference play. Former conference members Nebraska Cornhuskers and Texas A&M Aggies share the record for most tournament championships: 5; the most-recent champions are the Texas Tech Red Raiders after winning the 2015 tournament. In 1996, the inaugural conference tournament was held at World Wide Technology Soccer Park in St. Louis. Blossom Athletic Center in San Antonio, Texas held the tournament from 1997 to 2012, has most been held at Swope Soccer Village since 2013. Official website