This article describes the use and availability of biodiesel in various countries around the world. Argentina’s biodiesel industries are booming as a result of domestic demand along with strong export markets. Biodiesel production in Argentina grew from 130,000 tons in 2006 to 2.5 million tons in 2010, expecting to produce 3 million tons by 2011. Argentina is a net exporter of biodiesel, nearly all of, shipped to Europe, overtaking in production the U. S. this year. Argentina ranks as the world’s fourth largest producer, due to its emerging domestic market. Argentina is considering a raise from B7 to B10, increasing consumption to 1.3 million tons per year but negotiations need to happen with the automotive industry first. The Argentine biodiesel industry is based on the use of soybean as feedstock. Production is geographically concentrated in the provinces of Santa Fe. All major players in Argentina’s vegetable oil industry own or are constructing biodiesel plants; the Fuel Standard Determination 2003 was signed by the Minister for the Environment and Heritage on 18 September 2006.
The determination sets out the chemical parameters of the Biodiesel standard. It sets out the associated test methods that the Government will use to determine compliance. Biodiesel subsidies are to be phased out by 2011, after the passing of the Fuel Tax Bill 2006. All of the metropolitan trains and most of the metropolitan buses in Adelaide operate on a B5 blend; the South Australian Government has stated that it will soon move to B20 or higher blends. Several councils across Australia are using B20. Brazil opened a commercial biodiesel refinery in March 2005, it is capable of producing 12,000 m³ per year of biodiesel fuel. Feedstocks can be a variety of soybean oil, or castor bean oil; the finished product will be a blend of diesel fuel with 2% biodiesel and, after 2013, 5% biodiesel, both usable in unmodified diesel engines. As of 2005, there were 7 that are planned to open; these three factories were capable of producing 45.6 million of liters per year. Petrobras launched an innovative system.
In Brazil, castor bean is the best option to make biodiesel, because it's easier to plant and costs less than soybean, sunflower or other seeds. In Belgium, there are refineries at Feluy. Phnom Penh Biodiesel Cambodia started producing biodiesel in 2007 using a 100-liter biodiesel batch processor imported from Thailand. Biodiesel Cambodia focused on biodiesel production from Jatropha Curcus plants, they worked on grass roots projects, encouraging farmers to plant Jatropha. In 2008 Biodiesel Cambodia started focusing on large scale plantations and attempted to partner with large scale land owners and investors; when oil prices crashed investors pulled out and Biodiesel Cambodia sold their production equipment and ceased operations in late 2008. Sihanoukville in 2007 a non-profit named Planet Biodiesel Outreach Cambodia started a small scale biodiesel production plant; the biodiesel was used to provide fuel for their travel company. Their idea was to operate an environmentally friendly tour company and to use the proceeds to run a school for impoverished Cambodian children and provide food, education, school supplies and transportation free of charge.
They ran their school bus on 100% biodiesel, produced from waste vegetable oil. Planet Biodiesel Outreach Cambodia shut down in 2008 due to lack of donor funding and the inability to raise enough revenue from their tour company. Siem Reap - In 2008 Angkor Hospital for Children decided they wanted to power their new visitor center with 100% biodiesel in an effort to be environmentally responsible. A new local NGO was formed called Naga Biofuels to produce the biodiesel from used cooking oil. Naga Biofuels worked with Angkor Hospital and partnered with several other non-profits in Cambodia to produce biodiesel and a glycerin based soap from used cooking oil. In 2011 Naga Biofuels started working with Angkor Golf Resort and several other businesses and expanded their operations. After 7 years of being the only biodiesel producer in Cambodia, Naga Biofuels changed their name to Naga Earth and started focusing on additional recycling projects in the Kingdom of Cambodia; as of July 2016, they are partnering with 25 different businesses and NGOs that are using their biodiesel.
The Government of Canada exempted biodiesel from the federal excise tax on diesel in the March 2003 budget. However Government of Canada re-introduced federal excise tax on Bio-Diesel in the March 2013 budget and takes effect on April 1, 2014. Quebec - Rothsay of Ville Ste Catherine, produces 35,000 m³ of biodiesel per year; the shuttle bus connecting students between the two campuses of Concordia University are run on Biodiesel. Targray, one of the most important B99 and B100 biodiesel suppliers in North America, is headquartered in Kirkland, Quebec, an on-island suburb of Montreal. Nova Scotia - The Provincial Government of Nova Scotia uses biodiesel in some public buildings for heating as well as for public transportation. Halifax Regional Municipality has converted its bus fleet to biodiesel, with a future demand of 7,500 m³ of B20 to B50—reducing biodiesel content in low temperatures to avoid gelling issues—and 3,000 m³ split between B20 and B100 for building he
Hugh Alan Leslie OBE was an Australian politician. He was a member of the Country Party and served terms in the Western Australian Legislative Assembly and House of Representatives, he was a newspaper editor before entering politics. Leslie was born in South Africa on 17 April 1900 to Charles Leslie and Helen Gibson, his parents died when Hugh was young and he was raised in a facility, educated at King William's Town and Grahamstown College, at Grahamstown. Leslie served in the South African armed forces from 1916 to 1919 and worked in small jobs until emigrating to Victoria, Australia in 1923 and arriving in Western Australia in 1927. Leslie became active in Country Party affairs and became Wyalkatchem's branch secretary in 1928. On 26 December 1931 Leslie married Isabel Margaret Dawson bearing seven children; the North-Eastern Wheatbelt Tribune acquired Leslie as its editor in that same year and he went on to become its proprietor. Leslie exited the print media in 1939 and became chairman of the Wyalkatchem District Patriotic Committee and the president of the local Returned Sailors' and Soldiers' Imperial League of Australia.
He joined the army in 1940, stationed in the Middle East. Leslie's right leg was amputated in 1941 following an injury in Libya and was discharged from the army in 1943, he was elected to the Western Australian Legislative Assembly on 20 November of that year in the seat of Mount Marshall. He served as the party whip and party secretary until his resignation from State parliament on 30 October 1949. Leslie won the Division of Moore on 10 December 1949 and continued a successful political career, including a six-year stint with the Public Accounts Committee from 1952 to 1958, he lost his seat in 1958, regained it in 1961. Leslie resigned from his position in 1963 due to his wife's ill health. After the 1964 Senate elections he was suspended from the Country Party for five months for allowing how-to-vote cards similar to the Liberal Party's to be distributed. In 1967 Leslie was appointed Order of the British Empire. Leslie died on 2 September 1974 in Repatriation General Hospital in Nedlands, Perth